english discursive :(

hello friends!! i got an anonymous question about how to write argumentative essays and decided to compile what i’ve got into this sort of masterpost. so yeah, enjoy this! :]

types of discursive essays:

  • for and against- a formal piece of writing in which a topic is considered from opposing points of view. you should present both sides in a fair way by discussing them objectively + in equal detail.
  • opinion essay: a formal piece of writing which requires your opinion on a topic, that must be clearly stated, giving various viewpoints on the topic supported by reasons and/or examples. you should also include the opposing viewpoint in another paragraph.
  • solutions to a problem: must be formal. state problem + its causes clearly, then present your suggestions and the expected results or consequences these might have.

a good discursive essay includes:

  • an introductory paragraph stating the topic to be discussed
  • a main body in which points are clearly stated in separate paragraphs and exemplified or justified
  • a closing paragraph summarising the main points of the essay, in which you restate your opinion and/or give a balanced consideration of the topic

points to consider:

  • present each point in a separate paragraph [a well-developed paragraph contains a topic sentence, which summarises the contents of the paragraph, as well as a clear justification, explanation, or example in support of the point presented]
  • well-known quotations, rhetorical questions, or thought-provoking statements are useful devices to make your essay more interesting [can be used in introduction + conclusion]
  • before you begin writing, you should always make a list of the points you will present
  • do not use informal style [eg. contracted forms or colloquial language] or very strong language [eg. i know, i am sure]
  • use appropriate linking words/phrases to show links between paragraphs

formal style [what to use]:

  • passive voice + impersonal constructions
  • a range of advanced vocabulary
  • formal linking words/phrases
  • complex sentences with a variety of links, independent clauses etc…
  • inversion, especially in conditionals [eg. never has this been, were this true]

formal style [what not to use]:

  • short forms [eg. it’s, I’m] except when part of a quotation
  • colloquial expressions, phrasal verbs, idioms
  • simplistic vocabulary
  • a series of short sentences
  • simple linking words except for variety

+ my masterposts:

good luck with your essays, friends + if you ever need anything, feel free to message me <3