engineering geology
Women in Science You Should Be Following On Social Media
Your Guide To #WomeninSTEM on Social
By Sci Chic

Hey check out who made the list ;) 

This list does a great job of covering a bunch of different fields within STEM so even if you are not interested in space there will be something for you!

Fieldwork, from plant fossils to robotics

“Thousands of US groundwater aquifers have been inadvertently contaminated with chlorinated solvents, such as perchloroethene (PCE) and trichloroethene (TCE). Chlorinated solvents are both toxic and persistent and classified as possible carcinogens by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. I am investigating the reaction of these chemicals with iron minerals commonly found in the soil. I synthesize iron and sulfur bearing minerals and monitor reactions in experiments with PCE or TCE. We hypothesize that these minerals are one natural pathway that transforms these contaminants to benign products.”

– Johnathan D. Culpepper, graduate research assistant, The University of Iowa

“The definitions of race and crime change. Criminology is a multidisciplinary field that combines my interest in human behavior and the diverse ways societies define deviance and race. I am generally interested in social institutions, racial ideology, inequality and social disorganization theory. For example, one of my current projects examines the link between African American-owned businesses and urban crime. Additionally, I am exploring how pre-hire psychological screenings impact adverse correctional employee behavior. As a former correctional officer, I am proud of scientifically addressing issues that may have implications on policy and practice by establishing research relationships with institutions.”

– TaLisa J. Carter, Ph.D. student, Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware

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History’s Ten Greatest Polymaths

10. Benjamin Franklin

One of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Franklin was a renowned polymath and a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he is known for the lightning rod, bifocals, and the Franklin stove. He facilitated many civic organizations, including Philadelphia’s fire department and The University of Pennsylvania, an Ivy League institution.

9. Immanuel Kant

German philosopher who is regarded as one of the most important thinkers of modern Europe, and his influence on Western thought is immeasurable. He was the starting point and inspiration for the German Idealism movement in the late 18th and early 19th Centuries, and more specifically for the Kantianism which grew up around him in his own lifetime. His works, especially those on Epistemology, Metaphysics and Ethics, such as his masterworks the "Critique of Pure Reason" and the "Critique of Practical Reason,“ achieved a complete paradigm shift and moved philosophy beyond the debate between the Rationalists and Empiricists which had dominated the Age of Reason and the early Age of Enlightenment.

8. Baruch Spinoza

Dutch Philosopher who laid the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and the universe. He developed highly controversial ideas regarding the authenticity of the Hebrew Bible and the nature of the Divine. His notable ideas were Pantheism, determinism, neutral monism, parallelism, intellectual and religious freedom, and the separation of church and state. He came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. Spinoza's magnum opus, the posthumous "Ethics,“ in which he opposed Descartes' mind–body dualism, has earned him recognition as one of Western philosophy’s most important thinkers.

7. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a variety of metres and styles; prose and verse dramas; memoirs; an autobiography; literary and aesthetic criticism; treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour; and four novels. In addition, numerous literary and scientific fragments, more than 10,000 letters, and nearly 3,000 drawings by him exist.

6. René Descartes

French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. Dubbed the father of modern western philosophy, much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which are studied closely to this day. Descartes's Meditations on First Philosophy continues to be a standard text at most university philosophy departments. Descartes’s influence in mathematics is equally apparent; the Cartesian coordinate system—allowing reference to a point in space as a set of numbers, and allowing algebraic equations to be expressed as geometric shapes in a two- or three-dimensional coordinate system (and conversely, shapes to be described as equations)—was named after him. He is credited as the father of analytical geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry, used in the discovery of infinitesimal calculus and analysis. Descartes was also one of the key figures in the scientific revolution. In his theology, he insists on the absolute freedom of God’s act of creation. Descartes laid the foundation for 17th-century continental rationalism, later advocated by Baruch Spinoza and Gottfried Leibniz.

5. Archimedes

Ancient Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and analysis by applying concepts of infinitesimals and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometrical theorems, including the area of a circle, the surface area and volume of a sphere, and the area under a parabola. Other mathematical achievements include deriving an accurate approximation of pi, defining and investigating the spiral bearing his name, and creating a system using exponentiation for expressing very large numbers. He was also one of the first to apply mathematics to physical phenomena, founding hydrostatics and statics, including an explanation of the principle of the lever. He is credited with designing innovative machines, such as his screw pump, compound pulleys, and defensive war machines to protect his native Syracuse from invasion.

4. Aristotle

Greek philosopher and scientist. At seventeen or eighteen years of age, he joined Plato’s Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven (c. 347 BC). His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great beginning in 343 BC. The fact that Aristotle was a pupil of Plato contributed to his former views of Platonism, but, following Plato’s death, Aristotle immersed himself in empirical studies and shifted from Platonism to empiricism. He believed all peoples’ concepts and all of their knowledge was ultimately based on perception. Aristotle’s views on physical science profoundly shaped medieval scholarship. Their influence extended from Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages into the Renaissance, and were not replaced systematically until the Enlightenment and theories such as classical mechanics. Some of Aristotle’s zoological observations, such as on the hectocotyl (reproductive) arm of the octopus, were not confirmed or refuted until the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, which was incorporated in the late 19th century into modern formal logic. In metaphysics, Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Judeo-Islamic philosophical and theological thought during the Middle Ages and continues to influence Christian theology, especially the Neoplatonism of the Early Church and the scholastic tradition of the Roman Catholic Church. Aristotle was well known among medieval Muslim intellectuals and revered as “The First Teacher.” His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics. All aspects of Aristotle’s philosophy continue to be the object of active academic study today.

3. Leonardo Da Vinci

Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of palaeontology, iconology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time. Sometimes credited with the inventions of the parachute, helicopter and tank, he epitomised the Renaissance humanist ideal. Today, Leonardo is widely considered one of the most diversely talented individuals ever to have lived.

2. Isaac Newton

English physicist and mathematician (described in his own day as a “natural philosopher”) who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution. His book “Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy,” first published in 1687, laid the foundations for classical mechanics. Newton made seminal contributions to optics, and he shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for the development of calculus. Newton's Principia formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation, which dominated scientists’ view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton’s work removed the last doubts about the validity of the heliocentric model of the Solar System. Newton built the first practical reflecting telescope and developed a theory of colour based on the observation that a prism decomposes white light into the many colours of the visible spectrum. He formulated an empirical law of cooling, studied the speed of sound, and introduced the notion of a Newtonian fluid. In addition to his work on calculus, as a mathematician Newton contributed to the study of power series, generalised the binomial theorem to non-integer exponents, developed a method for approximating the roots of a function, and classified most of the cubic plane curves. Beyond his work on the mathematical sciences, Newton dedicated much of his time to the study of biblical chronology and alchemy, but most of his work in those areas remained unpublished until long after his death.

1. Nikola Tesla

Serbian-American inventor, discoverer, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, theoretical and experimental physicist, mathematician, futurist and humanitarian. Tesla was a hyperpolyglot who could speak eight languages fluently including: Serbo-Croatian, English, Czech, French, German, Hungarian, Italian, and Latin. Tesla has more original inventions to his credit than any other man in history. He has been accounted for 278 patents in 26 different countries. He was the true father of radio and a man far ahead of his time. He is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system that we still use today. He was the first to invent and patent a commutatorless alternating current induction motor that led to an AC/DC war with Thomas Edison. All electrical machinery using or generating alternating current is due to Tesla, without which our long distance trolley cars, our electrified power lines, and our subways would be impossible. The Tesla Induction Motor, the Tesla Rotary Converter, the Tesla Phase System of Power Transmission, the Tesla Steam and Gas Turbine, the Tesla Coil, and the Oscillation Transformer are perhaps his better known inventions. In his labs he conducted a range of experiments with mechanical oscillators/generators, electrical discharge tubes, and early X-ray imaging. He is also the father of remote control, building a wireless controlled boat exhibited in 1898. Although not recognized for, he was the first to discovery the electron, radioactivity, cosmic rays, terrestrial resonance, stationary waves (standing waves), and the first to invent fluorescent light bulbs. He first demonstrated wireless energy/power by lighting his phosphorescent light bulbs wirelessly in a demonstration given before the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia,1893. He also theorized a particle beam to be used for defense in war, and also to produce an artificial Aurora Borealis to light the night skies. In his later life he wanted to bring humanity so much more with his inventions and discoveries, but lacked the investments and funds to finish his work on a large scale. He would eventually die penniless and alone in his New York apartment, but like all the greats above, he lives on through all his inventions and contributions to this world that last until the end of man.


Steampunk Trilobite

skymurdock  asked:

psst! thoughts on Lyra Erso, especially what you think might've happened if she had somehow survived? does she get to meet Beru and Breha, do they form a little club of middle-aged women in the Rebellion?

The crystal was…interesting. 

Breha had wandered over to the cluttered table out of vague interest—amid the looming structures and finicky-looking equipment, the table was the only thing she trusted herself not to damage. It was a chaotic mess, tools and rock samples and notes scrawled on flimsi all scattered, stacked haphazardly. But Breha’s gaze had been drawn to the innocuous white crystal immediately. She couldn’t help picking it up, turning it over in her hand. Someone had drilled a hole through one end, and threaded a cord through it, as though it was meant to be worn as a pendant.

It felt oddly warm against her skin, like something living.

Breha thought of Leia inexplicably, and for a moment she panicked—but Leia was fine, stuck in yet another strategy meeting. She would be there in the mess for dinner, probably arguing with Captain Solo, or trying to bite back a grin as Luke teased Lieutenant Antilles. Leia was fine. She was—

Breha startled at the sound of a loud grunt, too-close behind her. When she whirled around there was a helmeted sentient sticking out of what had previously been a gaping hole in the ground. The faint sound of hammering, voices, could still be heard drifting up from depths unknown.

“Oh!” the human woman—at least, Breha was reasonably sure; it was hard to tell under the layer of grime—said. She hauled herself up and out of the hole, stumbled to her feet. “I’m sorry, I didn’t realize anyone was here. Have you been waiting long?”

“Only a moment or so,” Breha demurred. Now that she could see all of her, the sentient was definitely a human woman, dressed in something that may have, at one time, been a Rebel uniform. (It was encrusted with entirely too much dirt to be called that anymore.) She had repurposed a blaster bandolier, and stuck it full of what looked like laserscopes and spectrographs. 

There was a pickax at her hip.

Breha cleared her throat, tried again. “I was told Lyra Erso—”

“You must be with Acquisitions! They said someone would be coming by for the wishlist.”

“It’s not a wishlist,” Breha said, but she couldn’t summon her usual fierceness, the accompanying lecture about the importance of resource planning. 

So this was Lyra Erso.

Your husband killed my husband, Breha thought dizzily. She’d forgotten how to breathe, what came after exhale.

“Yes, yes,” Lyra Erso said, waving a hand dismissively. She had come to stand beside Breha, and was sifting through the cluttered mess of the desk with purpose. “I swear on the Force, the Rebellion has become almost as bad as the Order was when it comes to paperwork…”

Breha blinked. “The Order?”

Lyra Erso froze, a sheaf of flimsi in her hand. Breha watched a complicated expression flicker across her face, and then slide away. “Oh. That’s—I mean the Jedi Order,” she finally said, stiltedly. “I was…a youngling. At the temple on Coruscant. In another life.”

Now that Breha was looking, she could see that the lines around Lyra Erso’s mouth, her eyes, were not cracks in the dirt—she had to be just older than Breha, and that was a strange thought, that Galen Erso’s widow was the same age as Bail Organa’s.

“AgriCorps?” Breha hazarded. She wasn’t sure if there was a politer way to say, so you never made it to padawan.

“Engineering division. Mining geology and geoengineering, mainly.” Lyra Erso straightened up, and looked Breha in the eye. “You?”

“I was not in the AgriCorps,” Breha retorted dryly. Lyra Erso pulled a face, and Breha found herself adding, “But I knew many Jedi.”

“Ah. From Coruscant, then?”

“Alderaan,” Breha said, and Lyra Erso jerked, stumbling a few steps back, away from Breha. All the blood had drained from her face, and Breha watched her throat work as she swallowed.


“My husband was a senator on Coruscant for many years, though, and counted some of the High Councilors his friends.”

“I know,” Lyra said weakly. She looked as though she wasn’t breathing. “I—heard stories of Senator Organa. Though more from…My husband was a engineer. He worked on military contracts, so he—”

“I am aware,” Breha said, and she wasn’t able to keep the ice and fury out of her voice this time, not entirely. Lyra flinched.

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Went for a walk this afternoon and stumbled across this circular failure by the river valley! The real kicker: I had just walked out of my geotechnical engineering exam that consisted of slope failure questions.

(The construction workers were really confused to see a girl get so excited about this, whipping out her camera to take pictures.)


This is a rather impressive drive, Kotsifou Canyon, on the island of Crete. Much of Crete is uplifted limestones and I think this canyon likely is as well.


Pulling out samples during core drilling

pokemon high school au

all the teams are just really excited clubs

team rocket? engineering club. team magma? geology club. team aqua? swimming team. team galactic? astronomy club. team plasma? social justice club. team flare? fashion club.

everyone gets into random arguments and their reasons are pokemon. evidence is their moves. 

let the class war begin


In the 1920s and 1930s, the Government constructed a road from the east side of Glacier Park to the west side  across the continental divide and linking many of the Park’s main features. Known as “Going to the Sun Road”, it is regularly considered one of the most beautiful drives on Earth. This video takes you along that road and explores a bit of its history.


Skyscrapers are built to sway back and forth in the wind - that’s their structural response to forces on their side. That property also makes them resistant during earthquakes - they feel effectively the same force in a quake.

Despite knowing that, seeing a skyscraper sway in the 2011 Tohoku quake is quite impressive.
Wyoming Wants to Reject Teaching Climate Change Because It Would Wreck the Economy

Wyoming has announced it will prevent the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), a brand-new scientific cirriculum designed to bring American kids up to speed on the scientific process and the latest developments. In a recent budget proposal, state legislator Matt Teeters ® introduced the following amendment:

… neither the state board of education nor the department shall expend any amount appropriated under this section for any review or revision of the student content and performance standards for science. This footnote is effective immediately.

Why, exactly, has Wyoming taken this step? As with similar situations in Kentucky, where the governor overrode the legislature to implement NGSS, and Kansas, where legislators sued the state to prevent NGSS adoption as a matter of religious “freedom,” this move has everything to do with brewing anti-science sentiment in the modern Republican Party. According to Lisa Hoyos, president of Climate Parents, “The main reason they’re opposing NGSS is because of climate change. It’s the only issue they raised. These are like bread-and-butter science standards. It’s about engineering, it’s about geology, core content our kids need to be getting.”

Rep. Teeters more or less agrees that climate change is behind his opposition to NGSS. He was recently quoted as claiming NGSS “[handles] global warming as settled science. There’s all kind of social implications involved in that that I don’t think would be good for Wyoming,” such as his impression that it would “wreck Wyoming’s economy.” And the chair of the State Board of Education says that they voted to “revise the standards to present climate change as a theory, instead of a fact, and to present the benefits mineral extraction has brought Wyoming.”

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The Sherlock Holmes AU (by gravelyhumerus)
  • Dr Sameen Shaw is on medical leave from the military 
  • She’s an army doctor 
  • She was an army doctor 
  • Her troop experienced a minor explosion
  • She finds herself in London, they put her up in a hotel until she gets back on her feet
  • (What ever that means)
  • She runs into an old friend, Zoe Morgan who tells her about a mutual friend who needs a flatmate 
  • Shaw agrees to see the place, and meet Root, despite Zoe’s warnings about her being “a bit eccentric” 
  • Shaw likes her privacy, but London is expensive, and her stipend only goes so far
  • Root was not looking for a roommate, Zoe just thought she needed human contact
  • (Whatever that means)
  • But she is certainly up for being roommates with Shaw 
  • Especially the “mate” part 
  • Root thinks she’s funny 
  • Shaw finds Root’s too-wide smile a little unnerving but the rent is cheap and she doesn’t see any other options
  • Root’s a bit weird. She knows a lot about crime, and engineering, and geology but very little about stuff that Shaw would consider common sense
  • Root is very un lady-like, which is exactly what Shaw likes, she thinks they’ll get along just fine
  • She wears trousers, and its all really gay and badass
  • Even if Root’s a little annoying, with her innuendos and her dumb hair and her big eyes and her very kissable lips and-
  • Anyways
  • Shaw soon learns that Root works as a Consulting Detective, which totally sounds made up
  • She apparently uses her “deductive reasoning” (which Shaw must say is not always deductive but mostly abductive and occasionally inductive but Shaw isn’t sure Root ever actually took a philosophy course so she doesn’t point this out) to solve cases the police cannot 
  •  She also uses her surprisingly sophisticated mechanical skills and a strange sort of connection to the city. She has tons of weird inventions, and she seems to shift from identity to identity as if it was as easy as breathing. Everyone knows her as a different person, but at the same time, everyone has heard of Root
  • Shaw is only slightly impressed 
  • Shaw begins working part time at a small medical clinic but finds herself getting dragged on Roots “missions” more and more often
  • The missions involve a lot of shooting her pistol and a little making out (mostly with Root)
  • Shaw doesn’t complain, its hard to find a gal pal in 1881
  • Root’s known by villains and the authorities alike. She’s secretive and elusive and will do just about anything
  • Her morals are questionable, but Shaw kinda finds that hot
  • Sometimes Root finds herself on the other side of the law. or the other side of a hot iron
  • Their first official case is that of The Man in the Suit
  • He’s some kind of vigilante that keeps saving people, and handing criminals off to random constables on the street
  • He’s technically a criminal himself
  • The cops both want him caught and want him to continue
  • Its a tough call
  • Root takes it upon herself to deduce how he does his work
  • The man in the suit leads her to Harold Finch
  • He’s in the business of saving people and stopping violent crimes from happening
  • Root doesn’t really care whether Reese and Finch are heros or villains, she just wants to solve the case
  • Root discovers the way Harold keeps ahead of all the crimes, even stopping the ones Root was planning on committing herself
  • He always seems to be there for the victims, and on the tail of the perpetrators
  • She realizes that she is being watched, that Harold has a secret system of street children, who spy on people every hour of every day
  • They report to him and are extremely effiecent (he bribes them with money and food)
  • She wants that power
  • Shaw doesn’t particularly care about the power. She likes Root, and shooting people, and the good food their housekeeper makes. So she wants what Root wants, because all the good stuff seems to come with Root. She also wants Harold’s dog 
  • The game is afoot.
Watch on

The bridge over Longjiang River, Yunnan, south-west China, is over 8,000-feet-long and 920-feet-high, one of the longest suspension bridges in the world, just opened.