engine 12


The P75B60 V12 engine from the V12 LMR and the X5 Le Mans Prototype. This engine that propelled the V12 LMR to overall victories at the 12 Hours of Sebring and the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1999 was a development of the P70 from the McLaren F1 GTR. In the LMR, the engine developed roughly 700 PS and one of the best exhaust notes in motorsport.


     A-12 06933 served the CIA as the tenth Blackbird ever to be manufactured. When she rolled off the assembly line, she had the “edge treatment” paint job, which consisted of bare titanium finish, with only the edges (the hottest parts) of the aircraft painted. The dark blue, almost black paint served to attenuate heat away from the structure more efficiently. Later, the entire bird would be painted, as she is shown here at the San Diego Air & Space Museum in California.

     Airliners soar over the A-12 on their approach into San Diego International Airport. I was able to capture this in the final photo, an airliner’s bright lights making a streak behind the Blackbird. Passengers packed into their airliner may look down on the A-12 as they lumber over an aircraft that flew three times higher and four times faster than they. Those who flew the A-12 used the slogan “alone, unarmed and unafraid.”


Day 12/100 of productivity

I went to my dream school and god it put me in such a good mood, I just hope I can get in!! It’s the St. George UofT campus and the dining hall was recreated from the one in Oxford that they used in the harry potter movies !! A girl can only wish.

thenotoriousmma: Just coming back around after a whirlwind couple of days.
Thank you to all the fans for the support of the fight and the event! Without your support we as fighters are nothing so I thank you all!
Thank you to my team of coaches and training partners!
I had an amazing team and It truly was an amazing and enjoyable camp, and honestly I feel with just a little change in certain areas of the prep, we could have built the engine for 12 full rounds under stress, and got the better result on the night.
Getting to 12 rounds alone in practice was always the challenge in this camp. We started slowly getting to the 12 and decreasing the stress in the rounds the closer it got to 12. I think for the time we had, 10 weeks in camp, it had to be done this way. If I began with a loaded 12 rounds under much stress I would have only hit a brick wall and lost progress as a result and potentially not made the fight. A little more time and we could have made the 12 cleanly, while under more stress, and made it thru the later rounds in the actual fight. I feel every decision we made at each given time was the correct decision, and I am proud of everyone of my team for what we done in the short time that we done it.
30 minutes was the longest I have fought in a ring or cage or anywhere. Surpassing my previous time of 25 minutes. I am happy for the experience and happy to take all these great lessons with me and implement them into my camp going forward.
Another day another lesson!
Congrats to Floyd on a well fought match. Very experienced and methodical in his work. I wish him well in retirement. He is a heck of a boxer. His experience, his patience and his endurance won him this fight hands down. I always told him he was not a fighter but a boxer. But sharing the ring with him he is certainly a solid fighter. Strong in the clinch. Great understanding of frames and head position. He has some very strong tools he could bring into an MMA game for sure.
Here is a toast of whiskey to everyone involved in this event and everyone who enjoyed it!
Thank you to you all! Onto the next one!

Things I’ve Learned from the Invader Zim Comics: Part 1

Issues 1-5:

  • The Membranes eat dinner together.
  • Zim thinks that petty crime is a reign of terror.
  • “From the moment I set my amazing Zim-foot on this sad little world, you’ve been there like a squak in my shmoopsquizz.”
  • Zim has GIR mow/tend to the lawn.
  • GIR loves keeping organics in his head. He had an entire poodle in his head once! Also a baby.
  • Zim will make mash-up words to describe Dib when he can’t come up with any good insults.
  • Zim’s got three Vortian children in his lab to ‘encourage’ Prisoner 777 to help him. Kidnapping? Pshhh, NBD.
  • Spacepants. Sentient freakin’ spacepants.
  • Dib can understand what Minimoose is saying.
  • The Tallest briefly forgot who Zim was because they presumed he’d died during his stint of silence on Earth.
  • Zim once ate too many black hole donuts and vomited in space. Out of his cruiser’s windshield.
  • GIR has officially been a ‘space ship’.
  • Zim knew that the Gargantis Array wasn’t a planet-destroying weapon and yet he still sought it out just to humiliate Dib in front of the entire universe.
  • Zim casually asked Dib for ‘a ride home’ after he humiliated the heck out of him, which means Zim’s quite possibly grown accustomed to living on Earth.
  • Zim is impressed by Horkus 6′s technological prowess but thinks that they were dumb because ‘they didn’t write with words’.
  • GIR can translate texts in “insane mode”, as he tells him to stop and translate the Star Donkey markings in ‘non-insane mode’. We can presume ‘insane mode’ is his normal state considering what all he says on a regular basis.
  • Depending on where Zim flew into Horkus 6′s orbit, he should’ve seen that the Star Donkey caused the planet’s destruction. But he didn’t. Good job missing the huge context clues about the Star Donkey’s functionality.
  • Speaking from experience, Zim pulls off the ‘eccentric artist’ schtik all too well when he becomes Shminvader Shmim.
  • Zim has told Dib to ‘shut his face-butt’ on at least one occasion.
  • Zim was egotistical enough to build flying robots that would destroy anyone opposed to ‘Shminvader Shmim’s’ ‘artwork’. This is one of the first times we see Zim using something to control the human population on a relatively massive scale, technically speaking. This happens again later on in Issue 12.
  • Irken Engineer Skrang has a PAK full of Vortian brains that are connected to his head. He surely must have the highest IQ of all Irkens!
  • Zim is able to easily trace the origins of wormholes, at least when the Tallest use them to send him the Nacho-Munchin.
  • No matter how stupid and/or potentially deadly a task is that the Tallest assign to him, Zim carries their orders out. He does this “FOR THE GLORY OF THE EMPIRE!”.
  • He’s had a burst squeedlyspooch and lived.
  • No, really, GIR loves keeping organics in his head. Now there’s a chipmunk in there.
  • Zim made his base’s computer eject the chipmunk ‘intruder’ because said chipmunk “couldn’t be trusted”.
  • That means Zim was literally paranoid that a chipmunk would betray him. That’s actually sad.
  • Oh yeah, and guess who ramped up his paranoia? The Tallest. Because they’re jerks.
  • And then Zim ramped himself up even more. Poor thing.
  • At his most paranoid state, he trusts no one, not even GIR. He collapsed his base into a tiny cube buried deep underground to protect himself.
  • He caused half of the universe to explode, but not the half that the audience sees/ that the cast lives in.
  • Zim yells at ‘disobedient’ cats and presumably other animals like an old man yelling at kids to get off their lawn. 
  • In case you didn’t know already, Gaz has no tolerance for her brother’s jabberings about aliens, especially when he enters her personal space and yanks her headset off.
  • Seriously don’t do that. You’ll get sent to a nightmare world where you will suffer.
  • Dib wears space-themed PJs.
  • The Membranes likely eat breakfast together every morning, as we see Professor Membrane sitting at the table, and Dib coming downstairs to eat as well. Unless of course that scene was all part of Gaz’s simulation.
  • If it wasn’t, jeez! Membrane is brutal after Dib answers the door! He sold his son, whom he mistakenly called ‘Dub’, to spare Foodio 3000 (their chef robot) from getting taken away.
  • Professor Membrane initially hesitates to help Gaz create the machine that lets her travel through alternate realities because of what she wants to do with it, but as soon as she says it’s for science, he’s in.
  • Gaz nicknamed GIR ‘The Madman’.
  • GIR say himself that he’s ‘filled with chaos’.
  • He also finds exploding pants so funny he weeps tears of laughter.
  • The Membranes spend time gaming together.

     The final time an SR-71 Blackbird ever flew was over an Edwards Air Force Base open house on October 9, 1999. Its familiar sonic booms and thunderous roar would no longer tear through the Antelope Valley. Though, on the night of September 12, 2002, a single J58 engine would once more light up the High Desert with its bright afterburner plume. The engine that powered the Blackbird through four decades high speed, high altitude flight had its final firing that summer night, attached to a test stand at the edge of Rogers Dry Lake. Pratt & Whitney staff disposed of Edwards’ stockpile of the specialized JP7 fuel by running the engine in afterburner for hours. Some bystanders shed tears during this final firing. Some filled ziploc bags with the fuel, then tossed them by hand into the plume, watching them ignite and sparkle as they disturbed the sonic flow.

     Following this last hurrah, many J58 engines remain on display in museums. The photos above show examples of these at the National Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, Ohio, and Pima Air Museum in Tucson, Arizona.

Relief Efforts

🇵🇷 Puerto Rico 🇵🇷

Item donation centers in the 🇺🇸United States 🇺🇸


• Orlando: Harbor Community Bank (2320 S. Orange Ave.; 11681 S. Orange Blossom Trail, Suite 1; and 430 N. Semoran Blvd., 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday to Friday). Acacia (1865 N. Econlockhatchee Trail, 10 a.m.-7 p.m. Monday to Friday).

• Kissimmee: Harbor Community Bank (2591 Simpson Road and 100 Park Place Blvd., Suite 101, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday to Friday). Rigo Tile (770 E. Irlo Bronson Memorial Highway, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday to Friday).

• Altamonte Springs: Harbor Community Bank (420 E. Altamonte Drive, 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday to Friday.)

• Sanford: Harbor Community Bank (251 W. First St., 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday to Friday).

• Isla Del Encanto restaurant at 12850 SW 120th Street, Miami, FL 33186 on Friday from 12 p.m. to 10 p.m.

• Ana G. Méndez University at 15201 NW 79th Court, Miami Lakes, FL 33016 on Friday from 3 p.m. to 7 p.m., on Saturday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. and on Sunday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

• Mana Wynwood warehouse at 225 NW 2nd Avenue, Miami, FL 33127 on Saturday from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m.

• Ay Bendito food truck at 9225 SW 137th Avenue Miami, FL 33196 on Sunday from 1 p.m. to 6 p.m.

• In Broward County at Casa Borinquen at 6519 Taft Street, Hollywood, FL 33024 on Saturday from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m



• Engine 91/ Ladder 11: 242 E. 111th Street, New York, NY 11220 (East Harlem)
Engine 95/ Ladder 36: 29 Vermilyea Avenue, New York, NY 10033 (Inwood)
Engine 28/ Ladder 11: 222 E. 2nd Street, New York, NY 10009 (Lower East Side)


• EMS Station 26: 1264 Boston Road, Bronx NY 10456 (Morrisania)
EMS Station 55: 3134 Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10451 (Melrose)
Engine 64/ Ladder 47: 1214 Castle Hill Avenue, Bronx, NY 10462 (Castle Hill)
Engine 83/ Ladder 29: 618 E. 138th Street, Bronx, NY 10454 (Mott Haven/South Bronx)


• Engine 316: 27-12 Kearney Street, Queens, NY 11369 (East Elmhurst)]
Engine 289/ Ladder 138: 97-28 43rd Avenue, Queens, NY 11368 (Corona)
Engine 307/ Ladder 154: 81-17 Northern Boulevard, Queens, NY 11372 (Jackson Heights)


• Engine 271/ Ladder 124: 392 Himrod Street, Brooklyn, NY 11237 (Bushwick)
Engine 277/ Ladder 112: 582 Knickerbocker Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11221 (Bushwick)
Engine 201/ Ladder 114: 5113 4th Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11220 ( Sunset Park)
Engine 228: 436 39th Street, Brooklyn, NY 11232 (Sunset Park)
Engine 218: 650 Hart Street, Brooklyn, NY 11221 (Bushwick)

Staten Island

• Engine 153/ Ladder 77: 74 Broad Street, Staten Island, NY 10304 (Stapleton)
Engine 157/ Ladder 80: 1573 Castleton Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10302 (Port Richmond)
Ladder 79: 1189 Castleton Avenue, Staten Island, NY 10310 (Port Richmond)

Other areas in NEW JERSEY, TEXAS, GEORGIA, DELAWARE and other States have their own donation centers so please check your local communications for ways to help out the Island, we need and appreciate anything you can give ❤️💙🖤

***I’m not sure about how long the collection drives are in effect for, if they are indefinite or if they’ve concluded***

Avoiding Physicals By Hacking [McCoy x Reader] [1]

Avoiding Physicals By Hacking
Relationship: Chekov friendship
Warnings: Bones’ usual swearing
Word count: ~1500
Author Note:

[Part 2] [Part 3]

–Med Bay—13:04 PM

“L/N, you have a physical today.” said Dr. McCoy, looking down at his PADD.

“No, I took it two weeks ago,” you reply, staring at the doctor, daring him to deny it.

“Well… It says so here so I guess you’re free to leave,” mumbled the doc, more to himself then you, turning away and waving his hand dismissively.

With that you jumped off the bed and sprinted out before McCoy could ask you any more questions.  Once you were down in Engineering, you pulled up your PADD and double checked your falsified physical documents.  You have been doing this for six years, making everything the same except for your height and weight which you fixed accordingly.  Finding the false document sound, you turned off your PADD and went to work for the rest of the day.

Keep reading


Kubinka Tank Museum Part 3

1 & 2) Object 268: A Russian prototype assault gun, Object 268 was concieved in the summer of 1952 at the Kirov Plan in Leningrad. The vehicle was based off of the T-10 chassis. A prototype was produced in 1956 and successfully underwent trials but the vehicle never saw mass production. The vehicle featured a 152 mm M-64 main armament; which fired a shell weighing 43.5 kg. 

3) Object 277: The Object 277 was a further prototype development of the T-10 series, developed between 1957 and 1960. Similar in appearance to T-10 but larger, the Object 277 was built on a special base, using IS-7 and T-10 components. The tank featured a new 130mm M-65 gun with a stabilizer system and a new M-850 V-12 diesel engine developing 1000hp. The prototype was field trialed was not developed further.

4 & 5) Object 279: Russian prototype heavy tank developed in 1956 and produced by 1959. This special purpose tank was intended to fight on cross country terrain, inaccessible to conventional tanks, acting as a heavy breakthrough tank, and if necessary withstanding even the shockwave of a nuclear explosion.

6) Object 770: The Object 770 was developed in 1957. The tank was armed with a 130mm gun with dual axis stabilization and an autoloader system. The tank resembled the Object 277 but featured several major design characteristics including a modified hull, a new suspension system with six large road wheels per side, a hydro-mechanical transmission system and was powered by a newly developed V-10 diesel engine developing 1000hp. The Object 770 was field trialed but did not enter service with the Soviet Army.

7) Object 416: Also known as SU-100M. The Object 416 was developed in 1951 at the KhPZ plant in Kharkov. The idea was for a SPG with all the crew in the turret under protection. The SU-100M is unusual in its rear-mounted, fully rotating turret, harking back to it origins as a light-tank replacement for the A-44.

8 & 9) SU-100P: The SU-100P is a self-propelled gun based on a new design of chassis. It mounts a 100mm weapon in a small square superstructure at center of the hull, with an open crew compartment behind.

10) SU-152P: Similar to the SU-100P in concept, but mounting a more potent 152 mm gun. It was based on an elongated chassis shared with the Object 112 and SU-152G


     The David Clark S-901 pressure suit was designed to keep our fragile pink human body functioning in the extreme conditions of a triple sonic 90,000 foot ejection from a Blackbird. This involves heating from wind blast, followed immediately by frigid temperatures as you fall through the extremely low pressures of the stratosphere.

     Even on a normal flight, the suit protected pilots from the dangers of a typical cockpit environment. While flying the Blackbird at speed and altitude, the window panes a few inches in front of your eyes are heat soaked at the temperature of 650°F. If the shade visor was left up for too long, pilots would receive what looked and felt like a sunburn on their faces.

     This suit (as seen here on temporary display at the National Atomic Testing Museum in Las Vegas, Nevada) was the spare suit for A-12 pilot Jack Weeks, whom we lost on June 5, 1968. Weeks was flying A-12 Article 129 over the South China Sea when communications were lost. Contrary to major search efforts, no sign of him or the aircraft were ever found. At the time of this writing, the suit is now on display at the Southern Museum of Flight in Birmingham, Alabama, which was Weeks’ hometown.


     The Pratt & Whitney J58 engine, coupled with the world’s most complex air inlet system, propelled the Blackbird aircraft seamlessly through an enormous range of speeds. Originally, she was a Navy project designed to power the Martin P6M SeaMaster flying boat. She would eventually be painstakingly adapted to work at Mach 3+ flight and see operation in something very different than a seaplane.

     The Blackbird aircraft is constructed of over 90% titanium. The engines, however, used materials which could withstand even higher temperatures. Pratt & Whitney turned to exotic nickel and cobalt-based alloys, like Inconel X (which was also be used in the skin of the X-15 rocket plane, Mercury Spacecraft and Apollo F-1 Engine combustion chamber), with some of these materials experiencing operating temperatures of 1,600 °F. Fluid lines were plated with gold or silver. The exhaust ejector was coated with a thermal insulating ceramic which would reach 3,200 °F, undergoing so much heat and pressure that it would never char.

     When the J58 fires its afterburner, the whole aft end of the engine glows orange like molten lava. These materials allowed the J58 to operate in afterburner indefinitely, which was required for Mach 3+ cruise. Most aircraft can not continuously operate the afterburner for more than a few minutes at a time without suffering a catastrophic failure.

     During development, engineers searched high and low to find a lubricant that could operate under such a wide range of temperatures. Finally, a silicone-based grease was found, which had the consistency of thick peanut butter at room temperature. Before engine start, this grease was preheated to further liquify it. For engine start, the J58 required the assistance of two Buick V-8 or Chevy Big Block housed in a start cart on the ground.

     When the Blackbird cruised at Mach 3+, the compression of the air would cause incredible heating over the entire aircraft. The fuel inside the tanks would reach 350 °F. Normal JP-4 fuel would foam and possibly combust at these temperatures, so a special JP-7 fuel was developed with a special high flash point. Because of this high flash point, the J58 had a unique starting method. When the start cart had the engine spinning, a shot of Triethylborane (TEB) was injected into the combustion chamber. When TEB touches air, it explodes, which would cause the fuel in the engine to ignite, initiating engine start. Every time the pilot moved the throttle forward from idle, a shot of TEB was introduced into the combustion chamber. Additionally, every time the throttle was moved forward from full military power, teb was fired into the exhaust section of the engine to ignite the afterburner. 

     One of the most amazing parts of this engine is its compressor bypass system. When the aircraft flies at more than Mach 2.2, a series of large bypass tubes allow air from the inlet to bypass the compressor section, feeding it straight into the afterburner section, creating the majority of the engine’s thrust. However, this is not a true ramjet because even with these bypass tubes operate, air still flows through the compressor and combustion sections in a traditional manor. With these two concepts working together, we call the J58 a Turboramjet.

     The J58 could not do its job without an incredible inlet system. A supersonic shock wave builds up on the tip of the iconic cone that protrudes from the inlet. We call this cone a ‘spike’. Once air enters the inlet, it is forced into a system of shockwaves, diffusing the supersonic air, slowing the air to subsonic speed. This process creates a huge increase in air pressure, which can be fed into the engine, increasing its power and efficiency. This process is called pressure recovery. At Mach 1.6, the system of shockwaves inside the engine is optimized for maximum pressure recovery. When the aircraft accelerates faster than Mach 1.6, the spike has to retract into the inlet to properly shape balance the shockwaves to continue optimal pressure recovery through a range of speeds. The spike retracts 1.6’’ for each additional 0.1 Mach, and is retracted a total of 26’’ at full speed, Mach 3.2.

     Thanks to the wonderful Frontiers of Flight Museum in Dallas, Texas for allowing visitors to get up close and personal with this J58.