ene is wife

Very Basic German #3

1. definite articles (nominative (first) case)

In German there’s three definite articles for singular nouns:

der (masculine), die (feminine), das (neuter)

and one definite article for plural nouns: die

Rules:

Masculine nouns:                      

  • Nouns for masculine persons and functions/professions: Vater, Pilot, Arzt;                        
  • Names of seasons: Frühling, Sommer, Herbst, Winter;                        
  • Names of months: Januar, Juli, Dezember;                        
  • Names of days of the week: Montag, Dienstag, Sonntag;                        
  • Names of compass directions: Nordwest(en), Süd(en);                        
  • Names of precipitations: Regen, Schnee, Hagel;                        
  • Names of car brands: Audi, BMW, Mercedes;                        
  • Names of trains: IC;                        
  • Nouns derived from verbs without suffix: Gang, Fang;                        

  The following categories of nouns have mainly the article der:                    

  • Names of alcoholic beverages: Cognac, Wein, Whiskey;                            
     exceptions: das Bier;                                                    
  • Names of rivers outside Europe: Amazonas, Mississippi;                        
  • Names of mountains: Mont Blanc, Kilimanjaro;                            
                                                               exception: die Zugspitze;                                                  
  • Following sufixes:
  • –er (nouns derived from verbs): Fahrer, Lehrer;                        
  • –ismus: Kapitalismus, Journalismus;                        

   Most of nouns with the following suffixes have the article der:                    

  • –ant: Demonstrant, Elefant;                            exceptions: das Croissant, das Restaurant;                                                    
  • –ling: Lehrling, Schützling;                            
    exceptions: das Dribbling, das Bowling;                                                    
  • –ner: Rentner, Schaffner, Zöllner;                            exceptions: das Banner, die Wiener (Wurst);                                                    
  • –or: Motor, Traktor;                            
      exceptions: das Gegentor, das Chlor

  Feminine nouns:                   

  • Nouns for feminine persons and functions/professions: Mutter, Friseuse, Ärztin;                        
  • Names of motorcycle brands: Harley Davidson, BMW (only motorcycle), Yamaha;                        
  • Names of planes and ships: Boeing 747, Titanic;                        
  • Cardinal numbers: Eins, Drei;                        

Following categories have mostly feminine nouns:               

  • Names of plants and trees: Birke, Chrysantheme, Rose;                      exceptions: der Ahorn, das Veilchen;                                                    

Furthermore, nouns with the suffixes below have the article die:                    

  • –falt: Vielfalt;                        
  • –heit: Freiheit, Sicherheit;                        
  •   –keit: Möglichkeit, Schnelligkeit;                        
  •   –schaft: Freundschaft, Mannschaft;                        
  •   –t (nouns derived from verbs): Fahrt, Tat;                        
  •   –ung: Leitung, Zeitung;                        

  Foreign nouns with the suffixes below have the article die:                    

  • –ade: Hitparade, Marmelade;                        
  • –age: Garage, Passage;                        
  • –anz: Eleganz, Dominanz;                        
  • –enz: Existenz, Tendenz;                        
  • –ik: Kritik, Musik;                        
  • –ion: Diskussion, Koalition;                        
  • –tät: Identität, Qualität;                        
  • –ur: Agentur, Reparatur;                        

Most of nouns with the following suffixes have the article die:                    

  •   –e: Grenze, Lampe;                            
    exceptions: der Junge, der Friede;                                                    
  • –ei: Abtei, Metzgerei;                            
    exceptions: das Ei, der Papagei;                                                    
  •   –ie: Diplomatie, Psychologie;                            
      exceptions: der Junkie, der Hippie;                                                    
  • –in: Ärztin, Studentin;                            
      exceptions: das Benzin, der Harlekin;                                         


Neutro nouns:

 The following nouns have the article das:                    

  • Diminutives (–chen, –lein): Kaninchen, Fräulein;                        
  • Nouns derived from infinitives: Essen, Schreiben;                        
  • Nouns derived from adjectives: Gute, Böse;                        
  • Names of colors: Rot, Gelb, Blau;                        

The following categories of nouns have mainly the article das:                    

  • Almost all of the 112 known chemical elements: Aluminium, Kupfer, Uran;                            
    6 exceptions: der Kohlenstoff, der Sauerstoff, der Stickstoff, der Wasserstoff, der Phosphor, der Schwefel;                                                    
  • Names of metals: Blei, Messing, Zinn;                            
    exceptions: die Bronze, der Stahl;                                                    
  • Fractions: Drittel (⅓), Viertel (¼);                            
    exception: die Hälfte (½);                                                    

  Furthermore, nouns with the suffixes below have the article das:                    

  •   –ial: Material, Potenzial;                        

  Most of nouns with the following suffixes have the article das:                    

  •  –ment: Instrument, Parlament;                            
      exceptions: der Konsument, der Zement;                                                    
  • –nis: Ergebnis, Tennis;                            
    exceptions: die Fahrerlaubnis, die Wildnis;                                                    
  •   –o: Auto, Konto;                            
    exceptions: die Avocado, der Euro;                                                    
  • –tum: Quantum, Ultimatum;
    exceptions: der Reichtum, der Irrtum;                                                    
  • –um (nouns of Latin origin): Publikum, Museum, Stadium;

2. indefinite articles (nominative (first) case)

There’s again three:

ein (masculine), eine (feminine), ein (neuter)

3. some nouns

das Jahr, -e year

die Leute (pl.) people

das Mal, -e time (as in number of times)

die Arbeit, -en work, job

das Beispiel, -e example

das Prozent, -e percent

die Zeit time

die Hand, -¨e hand

die Frau, -en woman, wife, Mrs.

die Stadt, -¨e city

der Mensch, -en human being

der Herr, -en man, gentleman, Mr.

das Kind, -er child

der/das Teil, -e part

der Tag, -e day

das Problem, -e problem

der Mann, -¨er man

die Welt, -en world

das Land, -¨er country, land

das Recht, -e right, law

die Frage, -n question

das Ende, -n end

das Haus, -¨er house

die Million (Mio.), -en million

der Fall, -¨e fall, case


Please fell free to ask me questions!

En - Sv

An engagement - En förlovning
en förlovning - förlovningen - förlovninger - förlovningerna
En: She broke off the engagement and ran away with George Clooney.
Sv: Hon bröt förlovningen och sprang iväg med George Clooney.
Engaged - Förlovad
En: Erik proposed to her and she said yes! Now they’re engaged!
Sv: Erik friade till henne och hon sa ja! Nu är de förlovade!
A fiancé (a man who is engaged to be married) - En fästman
en fästman - fästmannen - fästmän - fästmännen
En: Stop staring at my fiancé’s butt!
Sv: Sluta stirra på min fästmans rumpa!
A fiancée (a woman who is engaged to be married) - En fästmö
en fästmö - fästmön - fästmör - fästmörna
En: His fiancée told me that she’s planning a romantic cruise for them.
Sv: Hans fästmö sa till mig att hon planerar en romantisk kryssning åt dem.

A wedding - Ett bröllop
ett bröllop - bröllopet - bröllop - bröllopen
En: “This is going to be the best wedding I’ve ever had!” “How many weddings have you had?”
Sv: “Det här kommer att vara det bästa bröllopet som jag någonsin har haft!” “Hur många bröllop har du haft?”
A groom - En brudgum
en brudgum - brudgummen - brudgummar - brudgummarna
En: The groom is vomiting in the bathroom.
Sv: Brudgummen kräks i badrummet.
A bride - En brud
en brud - bruden - bruder - bruderna
En: The bride had a flower bouquet full of lilies.
Sv: Bruden hade en blombukett full med liljor.

Married - Gift
En: My grandparents have been married for 300 years.
Sv: Mina farföräldrar har varit gifta i 300 år.
En: He is married to a celebrity.
Sv: Han är gift med en kändis.
As you may have heard, “gift” in Swedish also means…poison! (and venom / toxin)
Not married (single) - Ogift
En: Are you married or single?
Sv: Är du gift eller ogift?
To marry - Att gifta sig
att gifta sig - gift sig! - gifter sig - gifte sig - gift sig
En: Will you marry me?
Sv: Vill du gifta dig med mig? (literally “do you want to get married with me”)
A husband - En man
En: My husband is a fantastic cook.
Sv: Min man är en fantastisk kock.
A wife - En fru
en fru - frun - fruar - fruarna
En: I rented the movie The Stepford Wives. Do you want to watch it with me?
Sv: Jag hyrde filmen Fruarna i Stepford. Vill du titta på den med mig?

io / ryuu (ioryuu) version 

this post is mainly comprised of quotes about the members of the earth defense club and may include spoilers so read at your own caution !! ok this one will be based on our favourite listless can’t-be-bothered yufuin en and his wife atsushi yoo

pls note that these reviews were written in a enatsu / ioryuu shipper perspective (lol @ me for being enatsu trash) and please do not distributemy translations anywhere + i got these quotes from here ( keep in mind that everything is in korean lmao) and if there are any mistakes please feel free to fix me on them as these are my first translations !!

naruko io

beside the two teenagers (en&atsushi) that stood in realisation of what they’ve just done, a fellow adolescent named naruko io (17) yelled: “the roaring prince, battle lover sulfur!”

‘there must be some kind of mistake, everything about this is. normally at this time of the day, i’d be counting my weekly profit and transferring money into cheques. i definitely cannot understand this narcissistic pose, this isn’t the real me. to be precise, the pose i am currently in was made against my own will by that pink wombat’s bizarre powers. i even visited the research laboratory to try and get rid of this bracelet which was again, created completely against my will. they were clueless, it all ended with them thinking that there was something wrong with my head.’

poor io omg i didn’t know he was that against being a part of the battle lovers… apparently he counts the amount of times he’s become a battle lover for his fucking damage insurance and he’s been visiting all sorts of research stations to try and find a way to get rid of his powers lmao

other than that, it is stated in the novels that io is a billionaire who lives alone… and in his house, each floor is a completely different living space for instance on the FX business floor, countless computers and other technologies are installed and as stated by yumoto it’s like the NASA research station, the interior of a spaceship and etc… and he earned all of that by himself wtf

apparently in the io/yumoto illustration, you are given the appearance of one of io’s many living spaces and the blogger stated that it looked nothing like the room of a high school student ^^;; wombat stated “his hobbies have already surpassed the usual boundary, he might even have the ability to create a change on this globe.” 

ryuu : “what does io smell like exactly?”
atsushi : “wouldn’t ryuu know that kind of thing the most?”
zaou san tilted his head as kinugawa san said this.
ryuu : “nope, it’s the complete opposite. since i’ve been with him for so long, it’s become harder for me now.”
atsushi : “now that you say that, i feel as if it’s become harder for me to smell io too.”
ryuu : “ah, definitely. you have no smell.”
io : “is that so… does that mean i’m odourless?”

io looked down with a discouraged expression on his face.

en : “eh? were you depressed by that just then?”

yufuin san stated bluntly.

io : “no, it’s nothing like that. well, it’s better than hearing that i smell of cash.”
atsushi : “you want your own smell too don’t you? you’re a human so you won’t be completely odourless… en chan, smell io for us.”

as yufuin san came closer to the younger teenager, naruko san immediately moved his body away.

io : “i’ll pass on that, thank you.”
- pg 193 wombat’s pov of the defense club’s conversation

i laughed a little too hard at this… it’s cute how io wants to be known as a normal high school student despite his wealth aw aw ww another possibly useless information of io !! normally when you’re lacking sugar in your body you’ll eat sweet food but apparently io consumes glucose (??) direct quote from the blogger ..???? 

ok now ryuu -

zaou ryuu

although the look on io’s face was not a good one, zaou ryuu (16)’s voice stayed light (?). 

“the thrilling prince, battle lover vesta!”

showing a passionate wink with his eye, ryuu displayed a perfect pose as if there were no flaws in what he was currently doing. 

‘it’s fortunate that i looked better than the others, it would have be suspicious if i showed an energy resembling a love which has been nourished for over a hundred years withering so instantaneously (nice simile..??..??). i don’t hate doing this, i get to wear outfits which you don’t usually get the chance to wear. but how did this all start, exactly? it’s all because of that pink wombat’s spontaneous appearance that i’m in this position now. before that guy came i was living a happy, enjoyable life with girls surrounding me (pf)- now thanks to him my time with girls has become shorter- (how can it be shorter than it already was) well, like i said, i don’t hate doing this completely.’
- pg 19 ryuu’s monologue

ryuu is a year younger than io… I REPEAT RYUU IS A YEAR YOUNGER THAN IO .. .wow i find that really cute somehow .„??? 

“in other words, although ryuu likes girls he’s the type that gets bored of them after a period of time.”

when did this all begin- i’ll admit, i live a ‘after dating girls i spend the rest of my time with io… type of life
- pg 94 ryuu’s flashback as well as monologue

although ryuu enjoys spending his time with girls, as shown in the anime (episode 9… i think? the one with the melon guy uk) after a certain period of time, he’s the type to get easily bored of them ;; 

apparently ryuu grew up living with his grandmother so that’s why he became familiar with female presences and enjoys spending time with them.. ww that’s really cute aw he likes it when girls grow an interest in him and when he’s able to make them happy !! but when the girls start growing interest in anyone other than him, he behaves like a child/becomes sad and ends his relationships with them.. lmao this probably happens often omg

i feel as if ryuu’s actually dating girls to please himself mentally bc it’s stated that instead of dating an individual and loving that one person deeply, he prefers dating between 2-3 girls at the same time.. so like rocchi from durarara!! 

‘it’s certain that it’s true… io is a definite, also yufuin senpai and kinugawa senpai, when i’m with them i don’t feel bored. i never found being with them bothersome or a pain in the ass, eh- although fighting those monsters is though… not only that, but being around yumoto is enjoyable too. seeing that guy jump at wombat never fails to make me laugh… i can’t imagine even staying in this room for more than 2 days if they were all girls… ‘
- pg 101 ryuu’s monologue

this really suggests that ryuu’s lady’s-man act is all a camouflage… 

in my opinion i think the person next in line after yumoto when it comes to companionship is definitely ryuu… he often states that girls can be annoying and the dates he goes on are sometimes boring lmao

its also confirmed that ryuu goes to io’s house during the holidays to play video games together and when he’s on a date with girls, he constantly thinks of what io said in the past day or smth like for instance “ah- io asked me to come along with him to eat that new limited edition gyudon~”

atsushi : “although ryuu gives off the vibe of a mischievous boy, at the same time you’re like a girl too,”

zaou san wore a complicated expression on his face as kinugawa san said this.

ryuu : “eh- what do you mean i’m like a girl?”
atsushi : “hm, for instance when you’re with io, it’s like you’re the girl in the situation position-wise.”

atsushi is the voice of all ioryuu shippers jfc it’s like this in episode 7 too omg maybe they were right about atsushi being a sadist… and now that i notice it the author of the novel is also the screenplay director of episode 7 omfg

oh yea o ye a another information apparently ryuu likes cherries yes yes start the headcanons 

click the link below if you haven’t seen the other ones !!

review of the novel | hakone yumoto | yufuin en / kinugawa atsushi | naruko io / zaou ryuu