There has been some discussion of international shipping in the Vulture Culture tag recently, and I’d like to share what I know about the US regulations, and why most of the US vultures will probably be unable to offer international shipping.
Failure to file a declaration for importation or exportation of fish
or wildlife when required by the regulations in 50 C FR Part 14 is a
violation of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 as amended (16 U.S.C.
1531 et. seq.)
As an entomologist who has
dealt with international shipping of insect specimens both privately and on behalf
of research institutions, I can say that there is in fact a considerable
amount of paperwork required for the exchange to be legal, even if the non-US country has no wildlife import/export laws. Insects are
considered “wildlife” by the USFWS, so importing them or exporting them
(or articles made with their parts) requires the same permits that any
mammalian wildlife product does. Border officers are often entirely unaware of the law when it comes to insects (as I discovered, ending up in a circle-jerk of half a dozen agencies saying it was another agencies’ jurusdiciton), and calling them does little good–if you take their incorrect advice and end up breaking the law, you will still be held responsible and may have your specimens confiscated.
For exporting from OR importing to the US, you will need to fill out a 3-117 form.
Unfortunately for amateur entomologists, all specimens must be
identified to species level and declared individually. No fee is
involved if the specimen is a gift, but the transfer is limited to 5 or
fewer “similar items” (ie less than five of the same specimen for insects, less than five coyote skulls, etc). Make sure the foreign sender/recipient fills out
the proper exportation/importation permits (the 3-117 is only the US
half of the paperwork).
If the specimens are to be SOLD COMMERCIALLY, the US seller or buyer must have an exporters/importers permit,
which is expensive–current rates are $100 per year plus $93 fee per
shipment for unprotected animals or $186 per shipment for protected animals. Additional fees apply for rushed shipments.
You can work through a commercial wildlife importer/exporter, but their fees are high. Unless the specimen you want to get to/from the US is extremely valuable, it is likely to be too expensive to be worth considering.