encyclopedia illustration

Noguchi Tetsuya 野口哲哉

“Komu-gi Kinoe Takehito 着甲武人猫散歩逍遥図 warrior cat walk” - Noguchi Tetsuya’s warrior classification Encyclopedia 野口哲哉展 - 野口哲哉の武者分類図鑑 - Kyoto exhibition - Japan - 2014

Matt Alt- co-author of Yokai Attack and Yurei Attack- posted this on his Facebook page today.

Hiroko and I have some big news. For the last year or so, we have been quietly working on our English translation of Toriyama Sekien’s key yokai encyclopedias: the 1776 Gazu Hyakki Yagyō, the 1779 Konjaku Gazu Zoku Hyakki, the 1781 Konjaku Hyakki Shūi, and the 1784 Hyakki Tsurezure Bukuro.

We call our compiled translation “Japandemonium Illustrated,” and aiming to be as complete as possible, include translations of all the prefaces and afterwords in addition to the individual entries. We also spent a great deal of time searching various archives for the most well-preserved copies of the books, and we believe that Japandemonium Illustrated represents the cleanest copies of the material ever printed to date. More details to come, but it’s due out in Spring 2016 from Dover Publications! Here’s the Amazon link:


The yōkai encyclopedia; Akateko
Medium: ink pens and watercolor.

An akateko (赤手児, lit. “red handed child”) is a yōkai from the folklore of Aomori prefecture, specifically in the city of Hachinohe. The monster is also a legend local to Kagawa and Fukushima prefectures.The monster is described as the red hand of a small child descending from a tree. It is accompanied by the spectre of a young woman at the base of the tree whose beauty lulls unsuspecting passerby into a trance or fever state.

(Please do tell us if we messed up the names or the stories, we would really appreciate that).

anonymous asked:

Hi! Can I ask you, what do you think about the idea of reincarnation? I am not sure what buddhists are suppossed to believe about it

Hello! Namaste :)
It is a common belief that Buddhism and reincarnation is connected but Buddhism rejects to idea of reincarnation and believes in a concept called “Rebirth”. 

Reincarnation is “ the view that there is a soul or subtle essence imprinted with an enduring personal stamp that transmigrates or commutes from body to body” - John Snelling

Rebirth is the belief in the casual connection between one life and another. The way in which you live your life and your karmic accumulation conditions your next life.

A good way to explain it is through an analogy:

“the flame of a dying candle lights a new candle and then dies out. The new candle is alight, but it is the same flame? It is neither the same nor different flame, there has simply been a transference of energy from one object to another.”

I hope that helped! I got the information and direct quotes from ‘The illustrated encyclopedia of Buddhist Wisdom’ by Gill Farrer-Halls, Its a brilliant book and I definitely recommend to anyone interested in Buddhism.

C xo


Outlander is back, so it seems only fitting to do a Scottish themed FRIDAY FASHION FACT! Nothing is more instantly associated with Scotland than a tartan kilt. There are a lot of myths surrounding the history of this national fashion, so lets set the fact straight.

In about the 8th Century BCE, the pre-Celtic Hallstatt culture of central Europe created a simplistic check-patterned fabric. As the Celtic culture developed, so did their tartans, and when they spread to Scotland, their fabrics went with them. The earliest known tartan in Scotland was the 3rd century Falkirk Tartan, a simple gingham-like check pattern which is still very common today, particularly in menswear. The pattern took several more centuries to develop into what we now think of as tartan. It wasn’t until the late 16th Century that the pattern became popular across Scotland.

Many people believe that this is when clan tartans began. While this is incorrect, it is an understandable mistake. Towns and villages would have a very limited number of fabric makers, possibly just one, and these fabric makers would each create their own distinct tartans. Since families tended to stay in the same area for generation upon generation, they would wear the same few tartans. It was more a matter of limited access to different tartans, instead of “official” clan tartans. Additionally, tartans from the same region tended to have the same color scheme, due to the natural dyes available in those regions. Therefore, it was often possible to identify where a person came from based on the colors of their tartan.

The first big turning point in the history of tartan was when Scotland and England officially unified at the beginning of the 18th Century. There was some extremely bad blood between England and Scotland, to say the very least (which, evidenced by the recent election, still remains to this day), but the tension was amplified by the fact that Parliament had dethroned the Stuart House, and placed the Hanover House as monarchs. The Jacobites, who supported the Stuarts, rebelled repeatedly for decades in an attempt to restore the throne. The Jacobites and their supporters proudly sported tartan. In an attempt to squash their cause, the government instated the Dress Act of 1746, which banned tartan completely, with the exception of the British Highland Regiments’ uniforms. Eventually, for a variety of reasons, the Jacobite Rebellions ended, and with the persuasion of the Highland Society of London, the Dress Act was repealed in 1782.

The second big turning point for tartan was during the Romantic Era, beginning in the 1820s. It was dubbed Romantic for a reason, as the poets, novelists, and artists began romanticizing history. Sir Walter Scott wrote about the Jacobites, and King George IV visited Scotland, then had his portrait painted in full Highland Dress. Shortly before this time, in 1815, the Highland Society of London began to put together an official registration of clan tartans- the start of official clan tartans. Tartan officially became a craze when in 1848, Queen Victoria purchased Balmoral Castle. Scottish fashion swept the nation, and the pattern remains stylish to this day.

As for kilts, to put it very simply, they began in the 16th Century as a large piece of fabric draped over the shoulder. It was so long, that soon men began to wrap the long end around their waist. This was known as a “belted plaid.” It was often in tartan, but not always. Basically, the kilt was developed and perfected from there. The pleats were added to make the garment more polished, and less bulky. So sorry, Braveheart fans, but William Wallace never wore a kilt.

Want to learn more about the history of tartan and kilts? Check out these books:

Scottish National Dress and Tartan, by Stuart Reid

The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Tartan, by Iain Zaczek

Have a question about fashion history that you want answered in the next FRIDAY FASHION FACT? Just click the ASK button at the top of the page!

phoenix-feminist  asked:

Please mentor me and teach how to start becoming a witch!!!

That’s…That’s a TALL order, honey. Seriously, there are entire volumes written on the subject, and I can only speak from my own experience.

What I can do is offer you the advice I’d give to any new witch, direct you to my website (I’m trying to add as much resource material as I can), and let you know that my inbox is open for any questions you might have. (I made a post here about my specialties and the subjects on which I can answer questions.)

The best thing to do when you’re starting is to do lots of research. Look into the different philosophies and religions under the pagan umbrella. Talk to witches here on tumblr, get a first-hand account of their practices if they’ll allow it.

Read blogs and articles and field guides about herbs and trees. Become aware of the social issues facing the pagan community. Discover why there is no such thing as “black” magic and why there are some formerly common words (g*psy, spirit animal, smudging, totem, chakra, karma, etc.) which you should never use improperly again. Learn about cultural appropriation and why you should never, ever do it. Make yourself socially aware and socially responsible.

Learn about yourself. Discover what speaks to you. Develop your own set of beliefs, your own set of practices. Understand and accept that these can and will change as you continue to learn. Understand that witchcraft is a practice, not a religion, but that you can apply religion to it, if that is your wish.

Be aware when you look for book sources that a lot of authors in pagan literature are coming from a Wiccan or Neo-Wiccan viewpoint. This is not necessarily a bad thing, but it’s important to know, and it’s important to read critically. Steer clear of books by D.J. Conway, Laurie Cabot, Margaret Murray, Edain McCoy, Silver RavenWolf, Ana Riva, and most theory-based books by Scott Cunningham and Kate West. These have been known to be problematic and rife with incorrect information.

And remember: Not all witches follow the Wiccan Rede.

My website has a page of source material that I refer to frequently, and a page of online resources for supplies, e-texts, and witch-owned etsy shops. There are also downloadable spreadsheets listing the magical uses of several hundred types of herbs, flowers, and other plants on the Plant Magic page. (I don’t claim to be an expert, I’m just sharing what I’ve learned.)

Respect your fellow practitioners, no matter what deities they do or do not follow. That includes the Satanists, the Luciferians, the Lokeans, the Christopagans, the secular witches, and the atheists too. Do not knock it because you don’t understand it. Expect that as a new practitioner you’re going to catch some flack if you make a mistake. Don’t take it personally. Consider your mistakes to be valuable learning opportunities. If you’re in the wrong and an apology is called for, make one. Learn from that too.

There is no one right way of being a witch or practicing witchcraft. There are only three hard and fast rules:

  1. Be respectful of the beliefs and practices of others, even when you don’t agree with them. (That includes not forcing your beliefs on others.)
  2. Never stop learning, always seek more knowledge and experience than you had yesterday.
  3. Don’t be an asshole.

Discovering your area of expertise may not happen right away; some specialties only come with time. There are three things you can do to help yourself along the way:

  1. EXPLORE - Read. Network. Talk to people. Find out about all kinds of shit you can do with magic. Find out what types of magic interest you. Find out which types of magic are appropriate for you to be practicing (be careful not to take things from closed cultures or religions).
  2. LEARN - Make a list of magical things that pique your interest. Study up on those things. Talk to people who include those things in their practices and see if they’re willing to give you some advice. Build up a knowledge base.
  3. PRACTICE - If it holds your interest through all the studying, give it a try. Start with the basics and hone your skills. See if it feels right. If it does, keep at it. If not, move on to the next thing.

If you’re going to work with herbs, definitely get your hands on some medical books and field guides. It helps to be able to identify the plants and also to be aware of any health risks associated with using or handling them. Here are a few that I recommend:

  • The Complete Guide to Herbal Medicines (Fetrow & Avila)
  • Rodale’s Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs (Rodale Press)
  • Western Medicinal Plants & Herbs (Peterson Field Guides)

*surveys post* Yeah, that should be good to get you started.

One last thing: family situations.

While it’s important to have pride in yourself and to not be ashamed of being a witch, it’s also important to maintain your personal safety. If you are in a situation where you honestly feel that you could be harmed or evicted for openly practicing witchcraft, then either find a safe space elsewhere for your physical practices, restrict yourself to non-physical practices (i.e. meditation and studying), or don’t practice until you’re in a place where it’s safe to do so. I don’t generally encourage lying, but if lying, even by omission, if going to keep your skin whole, then do it.

Stay safe and good luck, witchling!