emperor franz i of austria


Empress Sissi and Emperor Franz Joseph at Bad Kissingen, 1898.

Empress Sissi forbad people to take photos to her after she turned 30, so there aren’t much photos of Sissi in maturer age. Happily, there are a few of her later years that let us to see how she looked. Despite she is covering her face with a fan and she is taking an umbrella her face can be seen, unlike other photos of her in the same situation.

The original photo and below a painting based on it.

anonymous asked:

I would love going to Vienna! Do you have a favorite landmark or a favorite place?

yes !! i am glad you asked !!

The Museumsquartier is a beautiful open space and like cultural center, there are like a fuck ton museums in the vicinity and both the Kunsthistorisches Museum and the Naturhistorisches Museum are a short walking distance i don`t know how famous they are but they were opened around 1891 by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria-Hungary and are like the biggest museums we have in Austria. They are insanely beautiful and really worth your time !!

The Hofburg is the former imperial palace beautiful !! gorgeus !! incredible !! an architectural marvel !! you should def hit that up 

Obivously Schloss Schönbrunn ! Both the Zoo and the Schloss itself are incredible but id recommend you check out the gardens as well !! They are super pretty and its just relaxing af to take a walk there !! Generally the parks in Vienna are amazing !!

Also Schloss Belvedere is a fucking stunner lol like everything is so fucking gorgeous it`s like a fairytale !! 

Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary Dies

Empress Zita (1892-1989), Crown Prince Otto (1912-2011), and Emperor Charles (1887-1922), pictured at Emperor Franz Joseph’s funeral.  An earlier photo of Otto and Charles is used as this blog’s avatar.

November 21 1916, Vienna–The Emperor Franz Joseph had acceded to the throne of Austria at the age of 18 during the last period of great upheaval in Europe–the revolutions of 1848.  He had brought the Empire largely intact through the events of 1848 and 1849, wars with Italy and Prussia, and the Augsleich which created the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.

After nearly 68 years on the throne, he commanded a great personal loyalty among most of his subjects, and still largely had absolute authority in all matters, especially in Austria.  On the evening of November 21, he died after a brief bout of pneumonia at the age of 86.  His death was a blow to Austro-Hungarian morale after a year of disasters.  It hit the troops on the Isonzo especially hard; this was Franz Joseph’s fourth war against Italy (and its predecessor, the Kingdom of Sardinia).  Even though Austria had lost territories in the previous wars, they had largely been successful against the Italians on the battlefield.

The new Emperor was Franz Joseph’s grandnephew, the Archduke Charles, who had become heir after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand that sparked the war.  He thought of himself as a reformer, and wanted to solve many of the social and national issues that were untouchable while Franz Joseph was on the throne.  Paramount, of course, was the war, which Austria-Hungary needed to survive intact if Charles was to keep his throne.  Charles, perhaps influenced by his Italian wife, Zita of Bourbon-Parma, was in full agreement with Foreign Minister Burián’s plans for a negotiated peace, and within days had asked him to continue with all haste.

Earlier Today:  HMHS Britannic, Sister to Titanic, Sinks in Aegean
Today in 1915: British Recon Flight Shot Down Near Ctesiphon After Spotting Turkish Reinforcements 
Today in 1914: Turks Beat Back Russians in the Caucasus

Sources include: John R. Schindler, Isonzo; Mark Thompson, The White War; József Galántai, Hungary in the First World War.

World Head of States in 1889


A photomontage made in 1889 featuring the heads of state of several countries at that time.

From left to right: Yohannes IV (Emperor of Ethiopia), Tewfik Pasha (Khedive of Egypt), Abdülhamit II (Sultan of the Ottoman Empire), Naser al-Din Shah Qajar (Shah of Persia), Christian IX (King of Denmark), Dom Luís I (King of Portugal), Willem III (King of the Netherlands), Dom Pedro II (Emperor of Brazil), Milan I (King of Serbia), Leopold II (King of the Belgians), Aleksandr III (Emperor of Russia), Wilhelm I (German Emperor & King of Prussia), Franz Joseph I (Emperor of Austria & King of Hungary), Victoria (Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland & Empress of India), Jules Grévy (President of the French Republic), Leo XIII (Pope), Meiji (Emperor of Japan), Guangxu (Emperor of China), Umberto I (King of Italy), Don Alfonso XII (King of Spain), Oscar II (King of Sweden and Norway) and Chester A. Arthur (President of the United States).

November 21, 1916 - Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Josef I Dies at age 86

Pictured - Franz Josef I, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia. His empire would not long survive his death.

Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria-Hungary expressed his “keen satisfaction” on November 20 upon receiving Woodrow Wilson’s telegram proposing a negotiated peace. Despite a bout of bronchitis, the 86-year-old Habsburg went to work as usual on official files. He had been an active monarch since becoming the Emperor of Austria in 1848, and had spent his life maintaining his European empire and resisting the forces of constitutionalism and nationalism. At his age, however, he could not play as large a role in managing the war effort in 1916, as he would have liked. His doctor persuaded him to go to bed on the afternoon of November 20, but nevertheless the old emperor ordered he be woken early the next day: “Tomorrow morning at half past three. I am behindhand with my work.”

His valet woke him on November 21, and Franz Josef spent his at work on official papers at he wanted. Then, just after 9, he suddenly died. He had ruled the Habsburg Empire for 68 years. Coincidentally, another death of note that November was Hiram Maxim, the inventor of the machine gun, who died in London age seventy-six. 

The new Emperor of Austria-Hungary was Franz Josef’s 29-year-old nephew, Archduke Karl, now Karl I. Commanding a corps in Romania, the young new emperor was as different from his uncle as could be. He was committed to ethnic reconciliation in the empire and willing to offer self-government. Immediately he took up his uncle’s last work, hoping to negotiate a peace with the Entente that could see Austria-Hungary escape the war intact.

Emperador Francisco José I de Austria y I Rey de Hungría
Imperator Franciscus Iosephus I Austriae et I Rex Hungariae
Kaiser Franz Joseph I. von Österreich und I. König von Ungarn
Emperor Francis Joseph I of Austria and I King of Hungary
Empereur François Joseph I d'Autriche et I Roi de Hongrie

Franz Schrotzberg (1811-1889), 1870.

period drama meme : (1/5) historical figures : Empress Elisabeth of Austria (Sisi)  

Elisabeth of Austria (24 December 1837 – 10 September 1898) was the wife of Emperor Franz Joseph I, and thus Empress of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Queen consort of Croatia and Bohemia.

Born into Bavarian royalty, Elisabeth (Sisi) enjoyed an informal upbringing, before marrying Franz Joseph when she was 16 years old. The marriage catapulted her into the much more formal Habsburg court life, for which she was ill-prepared and which she found uncongenial. Early in the marriage she was at odds with her mother-in-law, Princess Sophie, who took over the rearing of Elisabeth’s daughters, one of whom died in infancy. The birth of a male heir Rudolf improved her standing at court, but her health suffered under the strain, and she would often visit Hungary for its more relaxed environment. She came to develop a deep kinship with Hungary, and helped to bring about the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1867.

The 1889 death of her only son Rudolf, and his mistress Mary Vetsera, in a murder–suicide tragedy at his hunting lodge at Mayerling, was a shock from which Elisabeth never recovered. She withdrew from court duties and travelled widely, unaccompanied by her family. She was obsessively concerned with maintaining her youthful figure and beauty, this obsession taking the form of, among other things, a requirement that she be sewn into her leather corsets and spending two or three hours a day on her coiffure. While travelling in Geneva in 1898, she was stabbed to death by an Italian anarchist named Luigi Lucheni who selected her because he had missed his chance to assassinate Prince Philippe, Duke of Orléans, and wanted to kill the next member of royalty that he saw. Elisabeth was the longest serving Empress-consort of Austria, at 44 years.


Crown Prince Rudolf, the only son of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth of Austria, was born on 21 August 1858. In 1889, he died in a alleged suicide pact with his mistress, Baroness Mary Vetsera at the Mayerling hunting lodge. His death had a devastating effect on the already compromised marriage of the Imperial couple and interrupted the security inherent in the immediate line of Habsburg dynastic succession. As Rudolf had no sons, his cousin Archduke Franz Ferdinand eventually became the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand lead to Austria-Hungary’s declaration of war against Serbia, starting World War I.


On November 21st, 1916, Franz Joseph I of Austria died of pneumonia at the age of 86. He had been on the throne for 67 years, 355 days, longer than any other Austrian Emperor. The only reigns longer than his in the recorded history of Europe were Louis XIV of France and Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein.

You see in me the last European monarch of the old school.“

I implore you, give up this life at once and sleep during the night, which nature intended for sleep and not for reading and writing.
—   Emperor Franz Joseph I, in a letter to his wife, Empress Elisabeth ‘Sisi’ of Austria.

Happy Royal Gathering on the occasion of the wedding of Princess Zita and Archduke Charles, 21 October 1911.

The Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria beside Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony mother’s of the groom, received flowers his nephew the Archduke Franz Ferdinand is seen gently taking the bouquet away.The beautiful Archduchess Marie Valerie all smiley in the first gif. Then Franz Ferdinand is seen chatting and laughing with a blushing lady.

Unfortunately Franz Ferdinand’s wife Sophie the Duchess of Hohenberg is not fully seen in the footage, the spectator can only see a glimpse of her smiling broadly.

External image

On the evening of 21 November 1916, Emperor Franz Joseph died in Schönbrunn Palace at the aged of 86. He ruled for nearly 68 years, the third-longest in the recorded history of Europe. His reign had witnessed a lot of significant events in history among this is the First World War.

The picture above is dated 22nd November 1916 and shows Emperor Franz Joseph one day after his death.


On June 29th, 1875, Ferdinand I of Austria died. He was second child and oldest son of Francis II and his second wife, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily.

Due to the centuries of inbreeding among the royal families of Europe, particularly prevalent among the branches of the Habsburg family, he was born with multiple physical and mental problems. A younger sister, Maria Anna, also suffered from similar issues.  He succeeded his father as Emperor upon his death with a regent’s council ruling in his stead, though he was never officially declared incapable of ruling.

He was married to Maria Anna of Sardinia, but it’s though very unlikely the marriage was ever consummated and the couple had no children.

During the revolution of 1848, he was persuaded to abdicate in favour of his nephew, who would go on to rule for nearly 70 years as Franz Joseph I. Ferdinand and his wife lived in retirement together after that, and he died in Prague at the age of 82.

He was buried in Tomb 62 in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna. Maria Anna outlived him by nine years, dying in 1884, and was buried next to him in Tomb 63.