ellen-ochoa

Badass Scientist of the Week: Dr. Ellen Ochoa

Ellen Ochoa (1958—) is an astronaut, engineer and musician best known as the world’s first Hispanic female astronaut. Born in Los Angeles, Ochoa completed her undergraduate degree in physics at San Diego State University in 1975, then went on to achieve her Masters and PhD at Stanford University in electrical engineering. She’s a pioneer of spacecraft technology—she researched optical systems for automated space exploration at the NASA Ames Research Center, and she has co-invented an optical inspection system, an optical object recognition method, and a method to remove noise from images. In 1990, she was selected by NASA as a mission specialist and flight engineer, and served on her first space flight in 1993: a nine-day mission on the shuttle Discovery, during which the crew conducted atmospheric and solar studies, and Ochoa operated a research satellite in the study of the sun. Ochoa went on to undertake four space flights in total, logging over 950 hours in space. Her assignments while in the Astronaut Office included flight software, computer hardware development, and robotics development, and her awards include NASA’s Exceptional Service Medal (1997), Outstanding Leadership Medal (1995) and Space Flight Medals (2002, 1999, 1994, 1993). Aside from being an astronaut, Ochoa is also a classical flutist and a private pilot, and she currently lives in Texas with her husband and two children, where she serves as Director of Flight Crew Operations at Johnson Space Center, Houston.

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MARCH 30 - ELLEN OCHOA

Currently serving as the director of the Johnson Space Center, Ellen Ochoa was the first Latina astronaut. Since her first mission in 1993 - when she ventured out on the shuttle Discovery for nine days to study the Earth’s ozone layer - she has logged nearly 1,000 hours in space.

Holding a degree from Stanford in electrical engineering, Ochoa is also the co-inventor on three patents for an optical inspection system, an optical object recognition method, and a method for noise removal in images.

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Happy Mothers day! 

In a big number of countries today is mothers day,  so don’t forget to thank your mother for all she has done for you. 

In the top left Chiaki Mukai is supported by her mother during astronaut training. Top right shows Ellen Ochoa with her son on her arm after returning from space. shows. Anna Fisher (bottom left) was the first mother in space with her husband Bill Fisher and their daughter Kristen Ann.  In Bottom right is Paolo Nespoli with his mother, he lost her last year while he was in space.

 FYI: Korolyov, the Chief Designer, was of the opinion that female astronauts should not be mothers in order for them to concentrate on the space program. In China on the other hand, future female astronauts must have given birth naturally, according to china this will ensure that they are mentally and physically prepared for space.   

Mission Specialist Ellen Ochoa, wearing a Launch and Entry Suit (LES) and Launch and Entry Helmet (LEH), simulates an emergency egress procedure at JSC’s Mockup and Integration Laboratory (MAIL). Having exited the crew compartment trainer (CCT) a shuttle mockup, through an overhead aft flight deck window; Ochoa lowers herself to the ground using the sky-genie. Training instructor Kenneth D. Trujillo assumes the role of a crewmate assisting from a position on the ground. The sky-genie is carried on all Space Shuttle flights for emergency egress purposes.

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Science and Medicine

  • Astronauts: Franklin Chang-Dìaz, 1986. He flew on a total of seven space-shuttle missions. 
    Ellen Ochoa The first female Hispanic astronaut was Ellen Ochoa, whose first of four shuttle missions was in 1991.
  • Nobel Prize in Physics: Luiz Walter Alvarez, 1968, for discoveries about subatomic particles. Later, he and his son proposed the now-accepted theory that the mass dinosaur extinction was caused by a meteor impact.
  • Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine: Severo Ochoa, 1959, for the synthesis of ribonucleic acid (RNA).




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Ellen Ochoa - Astronaut
May 10, 1958

Wikipedia
Ellen Lauri Ochoa is a former astronaut and current Director of the Johnson Space Center. Ochoa became director of the center upon retirement of the previous director, Michael Coats, on December 31, 2012.

Ochoa became the first Hispanic woman in the world to go to space when she served on a nine-day mission aboard the shuttle Discovery in 1993. The astronauts were studying the Earth’s ozone layer. In her honor, Pasco School District # 1 in Pasco, Washington, Ellen Ochoa Elementary School in Cudahy, CA had named their newest schools after her, and in 2014 Green Dot Public Schools will open Ánimo Ellen Ochoa Charter Middle School in East Los Angeles, CA.

Ochoa was selected by NASA in January 1990 and became an astronaut in July 1991. Her technical assignments in the Astronaut Office includes serving as the crew representative for flight software, computer hardware and robotics, Assistant for Space Station to the Chief of the Astronaut Office, lead spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM) in Mission Control, and as acting as Deputy Chief of the Astronaut Office. A veteran of four space flights, Ochoa has logged nearly 1,000 hours in space. She was a mission specialist on STS-56 (1993), was payload commander on STS-66, and was mission specialist and flight engineer on STS-96 and STS-110 (2002). Ochoa was in Mission Control during the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster and was one of the first personnel informed of television coverage showing Columbia’s disintegration. Since 2007, she served as Deputy Director of the Johnson Space Center, helping to manage and direct the Astronaut Office and Aircraft Operations, and is retired from spacecraft operations. On January 1, 2013, Ochoa made history again by becoming the first Hispanic and second female director of NASA’s Johnson Space Center.

Photo:  Wikipedia