eleonora gonzaga

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Royal Birthdays for today, November 18th:

Kōnin, Emperor of Japan, 709

Eleonora Gonzaga, Holy Roman Empress, 1630

Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia, 1772

Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands, 1774

Nicholas Nikolaevich, Russian Grand Duke, 1856

Qaboos bin Said Al Said, Sultan of Oman, 1940

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Royal birthdays for today, September 23rd:

Kublai Khan, Mongolian Emperor, 1215

Yolande of Valois, Duchess of Savoy, 1434

Eleonora Gonzaga, Holy Roman Empress, 1598

Ferdinand VI, King of Spain, 1713

Go-Sakuramachi, Empress of Japan, 1740

Marie Clotilde of France, Queen of Sardinia, 1759

Kokaku, Emperor of Japan, 1771

Juliane of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Russian Grand Duchess, 1781

Marie Elisabeth, Princess of Saxe-Meiningen, 1853

Omar Ali Saifuddien III, Sultan of Brunei, 1914

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The Three wives of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor:

Maria Anna of Spain - She was his first cousin, Ferdinad’s father and her mother were brother and sister. They were married in 1631 and had six children, three of whom survived to adulthood. Their marriage was described as friendly, Maria Anna was an adviser to her husband and even acted as Regent during his absence, She died during her last pregnancy, and her daughter Maria was still alive and born by Cesarean section, but would unfortunately die soon after as well. The mother and daughter were buried together in one coffin.

Maria Leopoldine of Austria - She was also his first cousin, their fathers were brothers. They were married in 1648, two years after his first wife’s death. Leopoldine was only 16 years old, and would sadly die the next year in childbirth with the couple’s first and only child, Archduke Charles Joseph.

Eleonora Gonzaga - She was married to Ferdinand two years after his second wife’s death. She was said to be a cultivated and religious person, founding several convents, writing her own poetry and founding a literary academy.  The couple had four children, two of whom survived to adulthood. Eleonora outlived her husband by 29 years, living well into the reign of her stepson, Leopold I.