Two reactants, one product ;D
Yup. Just as run of the mill as that one internet treasure.
‘A molecule is added across the double bond of an unsaturated molecule to make a saturated molecule’
But that’s just a boring way of saying it. In organic chemistry, it’s the one where you break the bond with some hella electropositive electrophiles, (like Bromine)
This is pretty explanatory. Why am I even writing this out? It’s where an atom or group of atoms is replaced with another atom or group of atoms. holy fuck did I just blow your mind or what? I know. Contain yourselves.
An example of this could be pretty much anything, but the book says bromoethane and hydroxide ions to make alcohol. (or the hydration of ethene to become ethanol if you don’t want to be a ponce about it.)
Again, if you cant work this one out there is no hope. But. It is where there is one reactant and two products, think ‘thermal decomposition’ if you want. Not sure why you would really but it’s basically the same principle. In the book, it wants to say that ‘ethanol -(acid catalyst)–> Ethene + Water’ buuuut, fuck that shit amiright? that doesn’t make any sense.
that’s it really.