eleanor france

So I was having a conversation with @puffinator-0 the other night, and we started talking about possible developments with the ghost!laurens au.

This was one of my favorite ideas that resulted: Philip going on to become Frances Laurens’ ghost companion after he dies (whether from the duel or something else.) 

I really liked the concept, because I imagine after John told Philip about never getting to see his daughter, Philip - being the sunflower that he is - had always planned to one day go and meet her ( partially as thanks to John, and partially just because wanted to.) Well, he never got to in life, but death sure as heck wasn’t gonna stop him. 

They have a completely different dynamic; they’re closer in age, they’re intellectually matched, and of course, Philip knows more about Frances’ father than she does, which could hurt or help their budding relationship… 

10

top ten historical females - asked by @sansaregina

♔ Elizabeth Woodville - Queen Consort of England from 1 May 1464 - 3 October 1470 and again from 11 April 1471 - 9 April 1483; married to Edward IV of England; leading figure in the Wars of the Roses and mother to the Princes in the Tower; successfully organised the betrothal of her eldest daughter, Elizabeth of York, to Lancastrian claimant to the throne, Henry Tudor (later Henry VII of England) with his mother, Margaret Beaufort.
♔ Hürrem Sultan - Haseki Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1533/4  - 15 April 1558; legal wife to Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, first former slave to be elevated to such a rank in centuries; one of Suleiman’s most trusted advisors; engaged in several major building programs throughout the Ottoman Empire; first woman to remain in the Sultan’s court for the duration of her life; arguably began the era of the Sultanate of Women despite not becoming Valide Sultan herself.
♔ Isabella of France - Queen Consort of England from 25 January 1308 - 20 January 1327; married to Edward II of England; invaded England in September 1326 with her lover Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March leading to the abdication of her husband and the coronation of her son, Edward III; was Regent to her son from 1326 - 1330.
♔ Eleanor of Aquitaine - Suo jure Duchess of Aquitaine from 9 April 1137 - 1 April 1204; Queen Consort of France from 1 August 1137 - 21 March 1152; Queen Consort of England from 25 October 1154 - 6 July 1189; formally took up the cross on the Second Crusade as the feudal leader of her duchy; had her marriage to Louis VII of France annulled on the grounds of consanguinity; had a tumultuous marriage to Henry II of England; Eleanor was arrested by her husband in 1173 for her role in the Revolt of 1173/74 in favour of her son, Henry the Young King, she was to be imprisoned until Henry II’s death in 1189; when her son, Richard the Lionheart, left his kingdom on the Third Crusade, he left Eleanor to act as Regent.
♔ Turhan Hatice Sultan - Haseki Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 2 January 1642 - 12 August 1648; Valide Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 8 August 1648 (nominal) - 4 August 1683; Naib-i-Sultanat of the Ottoman Empire from 3 September 1651 - 1656; concubine to Sultan Ibrahim I; after Ibrahim’s deposition, her son, Mehmed, ascended the throne as Sultan Mehmed IV; upon this Turhan should have been recognised as Valide Sultan, however, she was overlooked in favour of her predecessor, Kösem; due to Turhan’s ambitions Kösem allegedly planned to depose Mehmed in favour of a grandson with a more pliant mother, this was reported to Turhan and Kösem was murdered; as both Regent and Valide Sultan, Turhan wielded enormous power, almost equal to that of her son and was the only woman in Ottoman history to do so; by 1656 Turhan turned more of her attention to patronage and rescinded most of her power to the Grand Vizier; last of the great figures in the era of the Sultanate of Women.
♔ Isabella of Portugal - Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen consort of Italy, Queen consort of Spain from 10 March 1526 - 1 May 1539; married to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor; her political union with Charles proved to be a love match; Isabella was to be a competent consort and was appointed Regent of Spain during her husband’s absences in 1529–1532 and 1535–1539; Isabella died after her sixth pregnancy ended in a stillbirth in 1539 and her death affected her husband deeply; in 1580 her son Philip II of Spain ascended the Portuguese throne claiming Isabella’s rights of succession and united  the Iberian Peninsula under one crown.
♔ Mary I of England - Queen Regnant of England and Ireland from 19 July 1553 - 17 November 1558; Queen Consort of Spain, Jerusalem and both the Sicilies; Archduchess of Austria; Duchess of Burgundy, Milan and Brabant; Countess of Habsburg, Flanders and Tyrol from 16 January 1556 - 17 November 1558; married to Philip II of Spain; when her father, Henry VIII of England, broke with the Catholic Church in 1533 he deemed his marriage to her mother, Catherine of Aragon, null and void and thus deemed Mary to be illegitimate; Mary was returned to the line of succession, in 1544; when Edward VI died, he excluded Mary from his will and the line of succession as she was Catholic; he named Lady Jane Grey as heir to the throne, whom Mary deposed (and later executed) on the 19 July 1553 after assembling an army and support in the days following her brother’s death; Mary’s first Parliament in October 1553, declared the marriage of her parents valid and abolished Edward’s religious laws; During 1553 Mary also returned her kingdom to the Catholic Church and the old Heresy Acts were revived; In January 1558, French forces took Calais, England’s sole remaining possession on the European mainland, it was an ideological loss that damaged Mary’s prestige.
♔ Livia Drusilla - Empress consort of the Roman Empire from 27 BCE - 14 CE; married first to Tiberius Claudius Nero with whom she had the future Emperor Tiberius, and Nero Claudius Drusus; she divorced her fist husband in favour of future Roman Emperor, Augustus when she was six months pregnant with her son, Drusus, and she married Augustus three days after his birth; Livia enjoyed the status of privileged counsellor to her husband, petitioning him on the behalf of others and influencing his policies; in 35 BCE Octavian gave Livia the unprecedented honour of ruling her own finances; Livia pushed her sons into positions of power with Tiberius eventually being declared Augustus’ heir in 4 BCE; when her husband died in 14 CE he left one third of his property to Livia, the will also adopted her into the Julian family and granted her the honorific title of Augusta, which permitted Livia to maintain her status and power after his death, under the new name of Julia Augusta.
♔ Catherine of Aragon - Queen Consort of England from 11 June 1509 - 23 May 1533; married first to Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales on 15 November 1501; after her marriage to Arthur, they both fell ill with sweating sickness and as a result Arthur died on 2 April 1502; Catherine was left a widow, during this time she lived as a virtual prisoner in London; in 1507 Catherine began to serve as the Spanish ambassador to England, the first female ambassador in European history; the Scots invaded England in September 1513 and Catherine rode north in full armour despite being heavily pregnant at the time and gave a speech to the troops; from 1525 onwards, Henry sought to divorce or annul his marriage to Catherine on the grounds that she had slept with his brother, her first husband, and was not a virgin when she wed Henry, so that he could marry the Lady Anne Boleyn; in 1531 Catherine was removed from Henry’s court and separated from her daughter; her marriage to Henry was annulled on 23 May 1533 but she continued to refer to herself as Henry’s only lawful wedded wife and England’s only rightful queen but was referred to as Dowager Princess of Wales on Henry’s order.
♔ Eleanor of Provence - Queen Consort of England from 20 January 1236 - 16 November 1272; married to Henry III of England; despite fulfilling all the necessary roles and duties expected of a Queen Consort at the time, Eleanor was deeply unpopular with the people due to her large retinue of Savoyard family members, who did not leave England after her coronation as well as her perceived influence over the King which created friction between the English barons and the crown, during his reign; Eleanor was made Regent in 1253 when her husband left for Normandy; she vigorously opposed Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester’s actions against her husband, and raised troops in France in Henry’s name; after her husband’s death in 1272, she remained in England to help raise her grandchildren.

A tribute to some lovely ladies that played a role in the life of everyone’s favorite revolutionary-manumission-abolitionist; John Laurens. (Drawn the way I imagine they’d look in the musical.)

(From top left- bottom)

Martha Laurens (Ramsay): John’s intelligent and curious younger sister; the family kin-keeper who would later go on to adopt her eldest brother’s orphaned daughter after his death. She married her father’s physician, David Ramsay.

Martha Manning (Laurens): John’s wife, who he married in order to protect her honor(as she was pregnant with their child.) She stayed in England to have the baby while John was fighting in the war, though they made multiple failed attempts to meet up. She died 1 year before John, while their daughter was still very young.

Frances Eleanor Laurens: John’s daughter, who he never got to meet. Orphaned at age 5, Frances was adopted by John’s sister Martha, who did everything she could to make sure Frances got a proper education. She and her only son (who would never marry and ended up being the last member of John Laurens’ bloodline) famously petitioned Congress for money that was owed to her father for serving.

(John had one other sister- Mary Eleanor ”Polly” Laurens Pinckney, who became the wife of Founding Father Charles Pinckney - but I didn’t discover that until after making this picture. So she’s the Peggy of the group, I guess. Sorry Polly.)

‘Photo album’ of the queens of England, 1066-1422.

1. Matilda of Flanders (1031-1083)

Queen consort to William I, ‘the Conqueror’, 1066-1083.

2. Matilda of Scotland (1080- 1118)

First queen consort of Henry I ‘Beauclerc’ 1100-1118.

3. Adeliza of Louvain (1103-1151)

Second queen consort of Henry I ‘Beauclerc’, 1121-1135.

4. Empress Matilda (1102-1167), the ‘Lady of the English’

Never crowned, but I thought she belonged on here because of her efforts to secure her claim. Matilda was the disputed claimant to the English throne from 1141-1148. She would have been the first queen regnant of England if crowned.

5. Matilda of Boulogne (1105-1152)

Queen consort of Stephen I, 1136-1152.

6.Aliènor of Aquitaine (1122-1204)

Queen consort of Henry II, 1154-1189. From 1172-1183, she held the title jointly with Marguerite of France, the wife of Henry the Young King.

7. Marguerite of France (1157-1197)

Queen consort of Henry the Young King. Co-queen with Aliènor of Aquitaine.

8. Berengaria of Navarre (sometime between 1165-1170- 1230)

Queen consort of Richard I ‘Lionheart’, 1191-1199.

9. Isabella of Angoulême (1188-1246)

Queen consort of John I ‘Lackland’, 1200-1216.

10. Eleanor of Provence (1223- 1291)

Queen consort of Henry III, 1236-1272.

11. Eleanor of Castile (1241-1290)

First queen consort of Edward I ‘Longshanks’, 1272-1290.

12. Marguerite of France (1279-1318)

Second queen consort of Edward I ‘Longshanks’, 1299-1307. She was never crowned, though she did use the title of queen.

13. Isabella of France (1295-1358), the ‘She-Wolf’

Queen consort of Edward II,  1308-1327. Regent for her son Edward III from 1327 to 1330.

14. Philippa of Hainault (1314-1369)

Queen consort of Edward III, 1330- 1369.

15. Anne of Bohemia (1366-1394).

First queen consort of Richard II, 1382-1394.

16. Isabella of Valois (1389-1409)

Second queen consort of Richard II, 1397-1399. Older sister of Catherine of Valois.

17. Joan of Navarre (1370-1437)

Queen consort of Henry IV ‘Bolingbroke’, 1403-1413.

18. Catherine of Valois (1401-1437)

Queen consort of Henry V, 1421-1422. Younger sister of Isabella of Valois.

Lord Byron was a french nobleman who spent the majority of his life hosting lavish salons while the local peasants starved. While some would argue Byron was far from a good person, history has taken to looking at him through a pair of rose-colored glasses, instead focusing on the various artists and musicians he was patron to. When the French Revolution began, he and several guests at his estate were killed by the uprising.

Lady Eleanor was the twin sister of Lord Byron. Only slightly more aware than her younger brother, Lady Eleanor advocated that something should be done about the mass starvation, but refused to actually aid the various relief efforts. She was also known for her contributions to the arts, and was known to be the model in several more risque paintings. Unlike her brother, she is believed to have survived the uprising and subsequent attack on her estate, but how long she survived after that is unknown.

7

Joanna I of Castile, Philip the Handsome and their offspring:

  • Eleanor (1498-1558)
  • Charles (1500-1558)
  • Isabella (1501-1526)
  • Ferdinand (1503-1564)
  • Mary (1505-1558)
  • Catherine (1507-1578)

OK NOW I HAVE MY OWN YOUTUBE AU (which i will never write bc im busy and this would require at least 5 chapters)

i will expand if asked tho

ok

philip - his channel is basically just poetry slams and self-written songs recorded in his bedroom and sometimes he’ll do one of the tag things or he’ll appear on his friends’ channels.

angelica - she makes a range of videos, but it’s mostly self-care, asmr-type things, and unboxings. also a lot of unique vintage hauls and weird products. she lives on The Edge.

theo - by far the most popular, she does various artsy things. making costumes and doing speedpaints and tutorials for an array of diys. she does a lot of collabs and sometimes reviews products.

georges - an indie film director. his sisters anastasie and virginie are usually the producer and screenwriter respectively. sometimes he forces his dad’s friends to be the actors. they’re actually pretty good, and most of his movies are lgbt themed. 

(u know he’s gotten “whoa those guys are hot” comments and he’s just like “BLOCKED AND REPORTED”)

frances - absolutely a let’s player. she’s probably loves horror and survival games, but she’ll take suggestions for basically anything and then immediately says “where is the button to kill people” and it’s a meme now.

mary and martha - they have a joint channel for makeup. mary does sfx makeup, more of the fantasy type but there’s some gore too, and martha does product reviews and glamorous, history-inspired tutorials.

angelica and martha are trans girls, georges is a trans boy, and theo is a nonbinary girl. 

mary is autistic don’t touch my daughter

also, hijabi theo. please consider. thank u for ur time.

also i ship angelica with mary because everyone says “omg what if burr and ham don’t know their children are dating and it’s awkward bc they’re enemies”

but has no one thought of JEFFERSON, WHO IS A WORSE (the worst) ENEMY? srsly it’s genius. also they both like sort of “weird” things like looking into medical oddities and stuff

imagine this, if you will: angelica has to come with ham to jefferson’s apartment bc he’s hanging out with her for the day but he also has a moral obligation to roast tjeffs when he makes a stupid tweet.

and while they’re yelling at each other, mary comes downstairs and asks if angelica wants to come to her room bc maybe she has sensory issues too (and immediately after is like “OH GOD WHY DID YOU SAY THAT”) but angelica’s like “sure”

and upon walking in she gasps bc MARY HAS A WHOLE SHELF FULL OF JARS WITH BULLETS AND COINS AND RUSTY KEYS AND SHE COLLECTS THAT SHIT TOO so she’s like “these are so great!!!!”

and mary shrugs “i don’t know, i just like how metal feels”

so the next time ham stomps out of his office grabbing his coat angelica asks to go with him and gets her collection of mourning pins and lace and mary’s like “!!!!!!!” and teaches her the wonders of pressing flowers and I JUST LOVE MY HOBBY GIRLFRIENDS OK DON’T JUDGE ME

@actualjohnlaurens aren’t u proud

2

Queens consort of England - Eleanor of Aquitaine

Eleanor was born in what is now southern France, most likely in the year 1122. She was well educated by her cultured father, William X, Duke of Aquitaine, thoroughly versed in literature, philosophy, and languages and trained to the rigors of court life when she became her father’s heir presumptive at the age 5. An avid horsewoman, she led an active life until she inherited her father’s title and extensive lands upon his death when she was 15, becoming in one stroke duchess of Aquitaine and by far the most eligible single young woman in Europe. She was placed under the guardianship of the king of France, and within hours was betrothed to his son and heir, Louis. The king sent an escort of 500 men to convey the news to Eleanor and transport her to her new home.

Louis and Eleanor were married in July 1137, but had little time to get to know one another before Louis’ father the king fell ill and died. Within weeks of her wedding, Eleanor found herself taking possession of the drafty and unwelcoming Cîté Palace in Paris that would be her new home. On Christmas Day of the same year, Louis and Eleanor were crowned king and queen of France.

Louis and Eleanor’s first years as rulers were fraught with power struggles with their own vassals–the powerful Count Theobald of Champagne for one–and with the Pope in Rome. Louis, still young and intemperate, made a series of military and diplomatic blunders that set him at odds with the Pope and several of his more powerful lords. The conflict that ensued culminated in the massacre of hundreds of innocents in the town of Vitry—during a siege of the town, a great number of the populace took refuge in a church, which was set aflame by Louis’s troops. Dogged by guilt over his role in the tragedy for years, Louis responded eagerly to the Pope’s call for a crusade in 1145. Eleanor joined him on the dangerous–and ill fated–journey west. The crusade did not go well, and Eleanor and Louis grew increasingly estranged. After several fraught years during which Eleanor sought an annulment and Louis faced increasing public criticism, they were eventually granted an annulment on the grounds of consanguinity (being related by blood) in 1152 and separated, their two daughters left in the custody of the king.

Within two months of her annulment, after fighting off attempts to marry her off to various other high-ranking French noblemen, Eleanor married Henry, Count of Anjou and Duke of Normandy. She had been rumored to have had an affair with her new husband’s father, and was more closely related to her new husband than she had been to Louis, but the marriage went ahead and within two years Henry and Eleanor were crowned king and queen of England after Henry’s accession to the English throne upon the death of King Stephen.

Eleanor’s marriage to Henry was more successful than her first, although not lacking in drama and discord. Henry and Eleanor argued often, but they produced eight children together between 1152 and 1166. The extent of Eleanor’s role in Henry’s rule is largely unknown, although it seems unlikely that a woman of her reputed energy and education would have been wholly without influence. Nonetheless, she does not emerge again into a publicly active role until separating from Henry in 1167 and moving her household to her own lands in Poitiers. While the reasons for the breakdown of her marriage to Henry remain unclear, it can likely be traced to Henry’s increasingly visible infidelities.

Eleanor’s time as mistress of her own lands in Poitiers (1168-1173) established the legend of the Court of Love, where she is reputed to have encouraged a culture of chivalry among her courtiers that had far-reaching influence on literature, poetry, music and folklore. Although some facts about the court remain in dispute amidst centuries of accumulated legend and myth, it seems that Eleanor, possibly accompanied by her daughter Marie, established a court that was largely focused on courtly love and symbolic ritual that was eagerly taken up by the troubadours and writers of the day and promulgated through poetry and song. This court was reported to have attracted artists and poets, and to have contributed to a flowering of culture and the arts. 

In 1173, Eleanor’s son “Young” Henry fled to France, apparently to plot against his father and seize the English throne. Eleanor, rumored to be actively supporting her son’s plans against her estranged husband, was arrested and imprisoned for treason. Once apprehended, she spent the next 16 years shuttled between various castles and strongholds in England, suspected of agitating against her husband’s interests and said by some to have played a role in the death of his favorite mistress, Rosamund. After years of rebellion and revolt, Young Henry finally succumbed to disease in 1183 and died, begging on his deathbed for his mother’s release. Henry released her, under guard, to allow her to return to England in 1184, after which she rejoined his household at least for part of each year, joining him on solemn occasions and resuming some of her ceremonial duties as queen.

Henry II died in July 1189 and their son Richard succeeded him; one of his first acts was to free his mother from prison and restore her to full freedom. Eleanor ruled as regent in Richard’s name while he took over for his father in leading the Third Crusade, which had barely begun when Henry II died. On the conclusion of the crusade, Richard (known as Richard the Lionheart) returned to England and ruled until his death in 1199. Eleanor lived to see her youngest son, John, crowned king after Richard’s death, and was employed by John as an envoy to France. She would later support John’s rule against the rebellion of her grandson Arthur, and eventually retire as a nun to the abbey at Fontevraud, where she was buried upon her death in 1204.

Blanche of Castile (Castilian: Blanca) was born on 4 March 1188 in Palencia, the third daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile and his wife Leonor Plantagenet. She was Queen of France as the wife of Louis VIII. She acted as regent twice during the reign of her son, Louis IX the Saint. She was one of the granddaughters of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine.


In her youth, she visited the Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, founded by her father, several times. In consequence of the Treaty of Le Goulet between Philip Augustus and John of England, Blanche’s sister, Urraca, was betrothed to Philip’s son, Louis. Their grandmother Eleanor of Aquitaine, upon getting acquainted with the two sisters, judged that Blanche’s personality was more fit for a queen consort of France. In the spring of 1200 Eleanor crossed the Pyrenees with her and brought her to France instead (historical rumour has it the French thought the sound of “Urraca” was hideous).

On 22 May 1200 the treaty was finally signed, King John ceding with his niece the fiefs of Issoudun and Graçay, together with those that André de Chauvigny, lord of Châteauroux, held in Berry, of the English crown. The marriage was celebrated the next day, at Port-Mort on the right bank of the Seine, in John’s domains, as those of Philip lay under an interdict. The marriage was only consummated after a few years, and Blanche bore her first child in 1205.

During the English barons’ rebellion of 1215-16 against King John, it was Blanche’s English ancestry as granddaughter to Henry II that led to Louis being offered the throne of England as Louis I. However, with the death of John in October 1216, the barons changed their allegiance to John’s son, the nine-year-old Henry. Louis continued to claim the English crown in her right, only to find a united nation against him. Philip Augustus refused to help his son, and Blanche was his sole support. She established herself at Calais and organized two fleets, one of which was commanded by Eustace the Monk, and an army under Robert of Courtenay. Eventually Louis’ claim faded.

Upon Louis’ death in November 1226, he left Blanche, by then 38, regent and guardian of his children. Of her twelve or thirteen children, six had died, and Louis, the heir — afterwards the sainted Louis IX — was but twelve years old. She had him crowned within a month of his father’s death in Reims and forced reluctant barons to swear allegiance to him. The situation was critical, since Louis VIII had died without having completely subdued his southern nobles. A minority made the Capetian domains even more vulnerable. To gain support, she released Ferdinand, Count of Flanders, who had been in captivity since the Battle of Bouvines. She ceded land and castles to Philip Hurepel, son of Philip II and his controversial wife Agnes of Merania.
She had to break up a league of the barons in 1226. Helped by Theobald IV of Champagne and the papal legate to France, Romano Bonaventura, she organized an army. Its sudden appearance brought the nobles momentarily to a halt. Twice more did Blanche have to muster an army to protect Capetian interests against rebellious nobles and Henry III of England. 

In 1229, she was responsible for the Treaty of Paris, in which Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse, submitted to Louis. By it his daughter and heir Joan was forced to marry Blanche’s son, Alfonso. He gave up all the lands conquered by Simon de Montfort to the crown of France. It also meant the end of the Albigensian Crusade.

At the cost of some of the crown’s influence in Poitou, Blanche managed to keep the English Queen mother Isabelle, Countess of Angoulême and her second husband, Hugh X of Lusignan, from supporting the English side. Pierre Mauclerc did support the English and Brittany rebelled against the crown in 1230. Blanche organized a surprise attack in the winter. She accompanied the army herself and helped collect wood to keep the soldiers warm. The rebellion was put down, which added to the growing prestige of Blanche and Louis.

Saint Louis owed his realm to his mother and remained under her influence for the duration of her life. After Louis came of age, in 1234, aged 20, her influence upon him may still be traced. The same year, he was married, and Blanche became Queen mother. Louis married Margaret of Provence, who was the eldest of the four daughters of Ramon, count of Provence, and Beatrice of Savoy.

In 1239, Blanche insisted on a fair hearing for the Jews, who were under threat by increasing Antisemitism in France. She presided over a formal disputation in the king’s court. Louis insisted on the burning of the Talmud and other Jewish books, but Blanche promised Rabbi Rehiel of Paris, who spoke for the Jews, that he and his goods were under her protection.

In 1248, Blanche again became regent, during Louis IX’s absence on the Crusade, a project which she had strongly opposed. In the disasters which followed she maintained peace, while draining the land of men and money to aid her son in the East. She fell ill at Melun in November 1252, and taken to Paris, but lived only a few days and died on 27 November 1252. She was buried at Maubuisson Abbey, which she had founded herself. Louis heard of her death in the following spring and reportedly did not speak to anyone for two days afterwards.

I always think Eleanor of Aquitaine’s female descendants need some more love. What a wonderful book trilogy would be: a book about Leonor Plantagenet and Alfonso VIII, and then two about their daughters: Queen Berenguela and her son Fernando the Saint and Queen Blanche and her son Louis the Saint. Awww!