egypt religion

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In Egypt, 3 Muslim female police officers died protecting Christians in Palm Sunday attack

  • In Egypt, three Muslim female police officers — Nagwa El-Haggar, Asmaa Hussein and Omneya Roshdy — are being hailed as heroes for attempting to save the lives of Coptic Christians targeted in two attacks that took place on Palm Sunday.
  • El-Haggar, a brigadier general for the Egyptian police force, died while in the line of duty at St. Mark’s Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Alexandria. She was 53.
  • The attack at St. Mark’s killed at least 17 people and injured 48 others; the suicide bombings took place right outside the main gates of the cathedral. ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack. El-Haggar was conducting inspections for people entering the church. The bomb detonated when she rushed to the aid of her male co-workers after noticing they had trouble with the suspect, Arab News reported.
  • On Twitter, Council of Arab-British Understanding’s Joseph Willits tweeted photos of El-Haggar, including one taken minutes before the attack. Read more. (4/10/2017 8:34 PM)

anubis · jackal god of mummification

The jackal-god of mummification, he assisted in the rites by which a dead man was admitted to the underworld. Anubis was worshipped as the inventor of embalming and who embalmed the dead Osiris and thereby helping to preserve him that he might live again.

Anubis is portrayed as a man with the head of a jackal holding the divine sceptre carried by kings and gods; as simply a black jackal or as a dog accompanying Isis. His symbol was a black and white ox-hide splattered with blood and hanging from a pole. It’s meaning is unknown.

requested by: @katiecro28 (sorry I took so long)

A set of four ancient Egyptian limestone canopic jars, used for holding organs removed from the deceased during the mummification process.  Each of the jars represents one of the four sons of Horus: (L-R)  jackal-headed Duamutef (stomach); baboon-headed Hapi (lungs);  falcon-headed Qebehsenuef  (intestines); and human-headed Imsety (liver).  Artist unknown; ca. 900-800 BCE (Third Intermediate Period).  Found at Abydos; now in the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore.  Photo credit: Walters Art Museum.

bastet · goddess of cats, fire and pregnant women

Bastet was the goddess of fire, cats, of the home and pregnant women. According to one myth, she was the personification of the soul of Isis. She was also called the “Lady of the East”. As such, her counterpart as “Lady of the West” was Sekhmet. The goddess Bastet was usually represented as a woman with the head of a domesticated cat. However, up until 1000 BC she was portrayed as a lioness. Bastet was the daughter of Re, the sun god. It may have been through him that she acquired her feline characteristics. When Re destroyed his enemy Apep, he was usually depicted as a cat. As portrayed as a cat, she was connected with the moon

requested by: @oblivions-kiss

Ancient Egyptian amulet depicting a ram-headed falcon, made from gold, lapis lazuli, turquoise, and carnelian.  Artist unknown; 26th regnal year of Ramesses II “the Great” = 1254 BCE.  Found in the tomb of an Apis bull in the Serapeum of Memphis, Saqqara; now in the Louvre.  Photo credit: Guillaume Blanchard/Wikimedia Commons.

osiris · god of the dead and ruler of the underworld 

A god of the earth and vegetation, Osiris symbolized in his death the yearly drought and in his miraculous rebirth the periodic flooding of the Nile and the growth of grain. He was a god-king who was believed to have given Egypt civilization. Osiris was the first child of Nut and Geb, and therefore the brother of Seth, Nephthys, and Isis. He was married to his sister, Isis. He was also the father of Horus and Anubis. These traditions state that Nephthys (mother of Anubis) assumed the form of Isis, seduced him (perhaps with wine) and she became pregnant with Anubis.

Hieroglyphic decorations from the temple of the 18th Dynasty female pharaoh Hatshepsut (r. ca. 1479-1458 BCE) at Deir el-Bahari, on the west bank of the Nile opposite Luxor.  Here, Hatshepsut’s stepson, co-regent, and eventual successor Thutmose III (r. 1479-1425 BCE) is shown presenting offerings to the falcon-headed god Horus.  Photo credit:  Przemyslaw Idzkiewicz.

anuket · water goddess of elephantine 

Anuket was originally a water goddess from Sudan. Her name meant, “to embrace” which was interpreted to mean that her embrace during the annual Nile floods fertilized the fields. Later, she became a goddess of lust, whose attributes and cult were obscene. However, her cult’s origins can be traced back to the Old Kingdom. She is closely associated with Nubia. She is not an imported goddess though. Anuket was generally depicted as a woman wearing a tall headdress made either of reeds or of ostrich feathers, often holding a sceptre and the ankh symbol, but was occasionally shown in the form of a gazelle.

Bronze aegis of the goddess Isis, showing the goddess wearing a tripartite wig with twelve uraeus-serpents.  Artist unknown; 30th Dynasty (Late Period, 380-343 BCE).  Found at Saqqara; now in the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, University College London.  Photo credit: Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin/Wikimedia Commons.