egypt religion

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In Egypt, 3 Muslim female police officers died protecting Christians in Palm Sunday attack

  • In Egypt, three Muslim female police officers — Nagwa El-Haggar, Asmaa Hussein and Omneya Roshdy — are being hailed as heroes for attempting to save the lives of Coptic Christians targeted in two attacks that took place on Palm Sunday.
  • El-Haggar, a brigadier general for the Egyptian police force, died while in the line of duty at St. Mark’s Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Alexandria. She was 53.
  • The attack at St. Mark’s killed at least 17 people and injured 48 others; the suicide bombings took place right outside the main gates of the cathedral. ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack. El-Haggar was conducting inspections for people entering the church. The bomb detonated when she rushed to the aid of her male co-workers after noticing they had trouble with the suspect, Arab News reported.
  • On Twitter, Council of Arab-British Understanding’s Joseph Willits tweeted photos of El-Haggar, including one taken minutes before the attack. Read more. (4/10/2017 8:34 PM)

anubis · jackal god of mummification

The jackal-god of mummification, he assisted in the rites by which a dead man was admitted to the underworld. Anubis was worshipped as the inventor of embalming and who embalmed the dead Osiris and thereby helping to preserve him that he might live again.

Anubis is portrayed as a man with the head of a jackal holding the divine sceptre carried by kings and gods; as simply a black jackal or as a dog accompanying Isis. His symbol was a black and white ox-hide splattered with blood and hanging from a pole. It’s meaning is unknown.

requested by: @katiecro28 (sorry I took so long)

A set of four ancient Egyptian limestone canopic jars, used for holding organs removed from the deceased during the mummification process.  Each of the jars represents one of the four sons of Horus: (L-R)  jackal-headed Duamutef (stomach); baboon-headed Hapi (lungs);  falcon-headed Qebehsenuef  (intestines); and human-headed Imsety (liver).  Artist unknown; ca. 900-800 BCE (Third Intermediate Period).  Found at Abydos; now in the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore.  Photo credit: Walters Art Museum.

bastet · goddess of cats, fire and pregnant women

Bastet was the goddess of fire, cats, of the home and pregnant women. According to one myth, she was the personification of the soul of Isis. She was also called the “Lady of the East”. As such, her counterpart as “Lady of the West” was Sekhmet. The goddess Bastet was usually represented as a woman with the head of a domesticated cat. However, up until 1000 BC she was portrayed as a lioness. Bastet was the daughter of Re, the sun god. It may have been through him that she acquired her feline characteristics. When Re destroyed his enemy Apep, he was usually depicted as a cat. As portrayed as a cat, she was connected with the moon

requested by: @oblivions-kiss

Funerary stele of a Greek-speaking Egyptian named Elemon (Ἐλέμων) from Lycopolis, depicting the deceased in traditional Egyptian dress, being escorted by Hathor and Anubis to Osiris.  Artist unknown; 1st cent. CE (Roman period).  Now in the Louvre.

osiris · god of the dead and ruler of the underworld 

A god of the earth and vegetation, Osiris symbolized in his death the yearly drought and in his miraculous rebirth the periodic flooding of the Nile and the growth of grain. He was a god-king who was believed to have given Egypt civilization. Osiris was the first child of Nut and Geb, and therefore the brother of Seth, Nephthys, and Isis. He was married to his sister, Isis. He was also the father of Horus and Anubis. These traditions state that Nephthys (mother of Anubis) assumed the form of Isis, seduced him (perhaps with wine) and she became pregnant with Anubis.

Detail from the Papyrus of Ani, a richly illustrated copy of the Book of the Dead prepared for the scribe Ani.  Here, Anubis weighs Ani’s heart against the ma’at feather.  Artist unknown; ca. 1250 BCE (19th Dynasty, New Kingdom).  Now in the British Museum.

Girl of Jackals

So I’ve been getting a fair few questions about my obsessions with jackals and ancient Egypt.

Well, for me it’s more than just an interest or obsession, it’s an actual matter of faith. I believe in and practice the faith of the ancient Egyptians in a form known as Kemetic Orthodoxy. (Kemet was how ancient Egyptians refered to their own land/nation/etc.)

I’ve been a member of my faith for more than 12 years now, and finding it in the first place was a years-long journey that started after I rejected the evangelical Christian church of my youth. (I have nothing against most Christians. Jesus was a pretty good dude if you actually look at what he really had to say.)

In my personal spiritual practice, I’m most strongly devoted to the “god” that most people would know as Anubis with reverence also payed to Osiris. (The people of Kemet had different names for them and a different concept of god than people are commonly familiar with.) Looking back on my life, Anubis has basically been with me for almost as long as I can remember, so finally finding a way to honor him was very much like coming home.

My one and only tattoo is a Djed pillar. The Djed pillar represents the spine of Osiris and represents strength, endurance, and stability. I got the tattoo at a time in my life where I really needed to those things and my life started to improve in those areas shortly thereafter.

So yeah, that’s why I’m so into jackals and ancient Egypt and all of that stuff, and a big part of why I’m so excited for Amonkhet and really hope that they can provide a respectful and fun representation of it for the broader Magic community.

For me, it’s not just mythology, it’s not just an interest, it’s deeply personal.

(If anyone has specific questions about my faith, I’m happy to discuss them privately, but this is about as much as I’m comfortable sharing with an unfiltered audience.)

Marble bust of the Greco-Egyptian deity Serapis.  Roman copy after a Greek original (4th cent. BCE) made by the sculptor Bryaxis for the Serapeum in Alexandria.  Now in the Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican City.

anuket · water goddess of elephantine 

Anuket was originally a water goddess from Sudan. Her name meant, “to embrace” which was interpreted to mean that her embrace during the annual Nile floods fertilized the fields. Later, she became a goddess of lust, whose attributes and cult were obscene. However, her cult’s origins can be traced back to the Old Kingdom. She is closely associated with Nubia. She is not an imported goddess though. Anuket was generally depicted as a woman wearing a tall headdress made either of reeds or of ostrich feathers, often holding a sceptre and the ankh symbol, but was occasionally shown in the form of a gazelle.