Jehan Sadat (b. 1933) was the First Lady of Egypt between 1970 and 1981, and used
her position of power and influence to better the lives of millions in her
country. She was highly influential in the reformation of civil rights laws in
Egypt, particularly those concerning the rights of women, such as alimony and
custody of children.
She has founded a
number of organisations aimed at helping the poor and disadvantaged; these
include the Faith and Hope Rehabilitation Center, which offers medical and
training services to disabled veterans, and the Arab-African Women’s League.
Additionally, she was an active participant in the creation of the Egyptian
Blood Bank and the Egyptian Society for Cancer Patients, among others.
Memphis (منف) was the ancient capital of Aneb-Hetch of Lower Egypt. Its ruins are located near Mit Rahina, 20 km from Giza. According to legend, it was founded by the pharaoh Menes. Capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom, it remained important throughout ancient Mediterranean history as it occupied a strategic position at the mouth of the Nile delta. Its port harbored a high density of workshops, factories, and warehouses that distributed food and merchandise throughout the Ancient Kingdom. During its golden age, Memphis thrived as a regional center for commerce, trade & religion. Its history is closely linked to that of Egypt itself. Its eventual downfall is believed to be due to the loss of economic significance, following the rise of coastal Alexandria. Its religious significance also diminished after the abandonment of the ancient religion following the Edict of Thessalonica. Its ruins today show fragmented evidence of the past that have been preserved as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. It’s open to the public as an open-air museum.
Scattered throughout modern Egypt are many ancient temples which are
famous for their splendor and historical significance. The perfect
example of one of these breathtaking displays of luxury is the Temple of
Hathor. Built around 2250 BC, the artwork that runs throughout the
building is remarkably well kept, despite being thousands and thousands
of years old. As the main temple within the significant Dendera Temple
complex, it is known for being one of the best-preserved sites in all of