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2 October 1470
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– A rebellion organised by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands, restoring Henry VI to the throne.
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In March 1470, Warwick and Clarence chose this opportunity to rebel against Edward IV again. The Lincolnshire Rebellion against King Edward IV was defeated & Warwick was forced to flee to France on 1 May 1470.  There, he made an alliance with the former Lancastrian Queen Margaret of Anjou.
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Louis XI, who had just come to the throne of France with the death of his father, King Charles VII on 25 July 1461  had been looking for a way to trouble Edward IV by reinvigorating the Lancastrian claim to the throne of England.  In an accord between Louis XI, Queen Margaret and himself, Warwick agreed to restore Henry VI in return for French support for a military invasion of England. Warwick’s invasion fleet set sail from France for England on 9 September 1470.  This time, on the 2 October Edward IV was forced to flee to Flanders when he learned that Warwick’s brother, John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu, had also switched to the Lancastrian side, making Edward’s military position untenable.

On This Day In History
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29 August 1475
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The Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between the kingdoms of France and England.
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◼ The Treaty of Picquigny was a peace treaty negotiated on 29 August 1475 between the Kingdom of England & the Kingdom of France. It followed from an invasion of France by Edward IV of England in alliance with Burgundy & Brittany. It left Louis XI of France free to deal with the threat posed by Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.
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◼ The negotiations led to an agreement signed in 29 August 1475. The two kings agreed to a seven-year truce & free-trade between the two countries. Louis XI was to pay Edward IV 75,000 crowns upfront, essentially a bribe to return to England & not take up arms to pursue his claim to the French throne. He would then receive a yearly pension thereafter of 50,000 crowns. Also the King of France was to ransom the deposed Queen Margaret of Anjou, who was in Edward’s custody, with 50,000 crowns. It also included pensions to many of Edward’s lords.
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◼ Other provisions of the treaty were that if either king experienced a rebellion, the other would provide military support to defeat it. Edward’s daughter Elizabeth of York was to marry the Dauphin Charles when she came of age. The English claim to the French throne was to be subject to arbitration along with other disagreements between the monarchs. A committee should meet annually to discuss the issues & their conclusions should be binding. It was to comprise the archbishops of Canterbury & Lyons, Edward’s brother George, the Duke of Clarence, & Louis, Count of Dunois.
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◼ In addition to the king, his leading advisors also received pensions from the French. Thomas Rotherham the chancellor had 1,000 crowns a year. John Morton had 600 crowns, & Sir John Howard and Sir Thomas Montgomery 1,200 each. William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, who had been the chief advocate for the treaty, was to receive 2,000 crowns a year
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On This Day In History
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11th February 1466
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Elizabeth of York was born
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The Elizabeth of York life story;
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Daughter of the King; (Edward IV)
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Elizabeth of York was born at the Palace of Westminster as the eldest child of King Edward IV & his Queen,Elizabeth Woodville.
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Her christening was celebrated at Westminster Abbey, sponsored by her grandmothers Jacquetta of Luxembourg, Duchess of Bedford, & Cecily Neville, Duchess of York. Her third sponsor was her cousin,Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick.
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She was named a Lady of the Garter in 1477, along with her mother & her paternal aunt Elizabeth of York, Duchess of Suffolk.
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In 1469, she was briefly betrothed to George Neville.
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George initially supported Edward IV against the rebellion of George’s elder brother Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, but later joined the rebellion.
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As a result, the betrothal was called off. In 1475, Louis XI agreed to the marriage of Elizabeth of York & his son Charles, the Dauphin of France. In 1482, however, Louis XI reneged on his promise.
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#OnThisDayInHistory #ThisDayInHistory #TheYear1466 #ElizabethofYork #QueenConsort #Royalty #HouseofYork #History #Heritage #Queen #Monarchy #EnglishMonarchy #RoyaltyInArt #Portrait  #BritishMonarchy #EdwardIV #ElizabethWoodville #KingEdwardIV