edward flanders

You know I made a list of people that we need to talk more about: 

  • Matilda of Flanders- wife of William the Conqueror 
  • Empress Matilda- the first woman to fight for the right to rule England 
  • Queen Matilda- Stephen’s wife, who was pretty bad ass too
  • Eleanor of Aquitaine- Was the Queen of France AND England, Duchess of Aquitaine in her own right, went on a fucking crusade, successfully secured a divorce, evasively escaped two men who were trying to kidnap her and force her into marriage, rebelled against her second husband, basically ruled England during Richard I’s reign, and was a HUGE influence over John when she was still alive. Ran around Europe, even as an old woman, getting shit done. 
  • Edward III- BEST KING EVER (also an adoring husband but whateves) 
8

♔  T H E  W A R S  O F  T H E  R O S E S  ♔

1464 - 1478: THE MIDDLE

I think it cites us, brother, to the field,
That we, the sons of brave Plantagenet,
Each one already blazing by our meeds,
Should notwithstanding join our lights together
And over-shine the earth as this the world.

Henry VI, Part 3 (2.1.34-38)

KEY YORKIST MALE FIGURES DURING THIS PERIOD:

❀ Edward IV of England - fled to Flanders after the restoration of Henry VI in 1470 and raised an army in Burgundy; returned to England under the pretence of merely reclaiming his dukedom, Edward then marched south and eliminated the remaining Lancastrian resistance at Tewkesbury; declared war on France in 1475 which ended before it began with the Treaty of Picquigny
❀ Richard of York, 1st Duke of Gloucester - was raised in Richard Neville’s household but stayed loyal to Edward throughout his rebellions; fled to Flanders with Edward in 1470 and participated in his restoration; then married Anne Neville and fought over the Beauchamp and Despenser estates with his brother, George
❀ Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick - killed at the Battle of Barnet after turning coat to Lancaster and engineering Henry VI’s second reign
❀ George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence - turned coat to Lancaster and back to York during Henry VI’s second reign; executed in 1478 for treason, reportedly drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine
❀ Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers - inherited his title Earl Rivers after his father was executed by Richard Neville in 1469; joined Edward and Richard in Flanders in 1470 and returned to fight at the Battle of Barnet where he was wounded; was sent to Brittany in 1472 to fend off French invasion; appointed governor of the Prince of Wales household in 1473
❀ William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings - Lord Chamberlain to Edward IV of England, Master of the Mint & Lieutenant of Calais
❀ John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk - High Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk
❀ John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk - Constable of Wallingford Castle, High Steward of Oxford University & Knight of the Order of the Garter

BATTLES:

♔ Battle of Hedgeley Moor - 25th of April 1464
♔ Battle of Hexham - 15th of May 1464
♔ Battle of Edgecote Moor - 26th of July 1469
♔ Battle of Losecoat Field - 12th of March 1470
♔ Battle of Barnet - 14th of April 1471
♔ Battle of Tewkesbury - 4th of May 1471