And of course this bias doesn’t just go away beyond the classroom.

Male biology students consistently underestimate female peers, study finds

Female college students are more likely to abandon studies in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) disciplines than their male classmates, and new research from the University of Washington suggests that those male peers may play a key role in undermining their confidence.

Published this week in the journal PLOS ONE, the study* found that males enrolled in undergraduate biology classes consistently ranked their male classmates as more knowledgeable about course content, even over better-performing female students.

The over-ranking equated to males ranking their male peers smarter by three-quarters of a GPA point* than their equally-performing female classmates, showing what researchers say amounts to a clear and consistent gender bias. Female students, on the other hand, repeatedly showed no significant bias in whom they picked as knowledgeable.

“This shows that there is a huge inequity in who male students think is strong in the class materials,” said lead author Dan Grunspan, a doctoral candidate in the UW Department of Anthropology.

Males were consistently nominated as being more knowledgeable by their male peers, regardless of performance.

Daniel Z. Grunspan, Sarah L. Eddy, Sara E. Brownell, Benjamin L. Wiggins, Alison J. Crowe, Steven M. Goodreau. Males Under-Estimate Academic Performance of Their Female Peers in Undergraduate Biology Classrooms. PLOS ONE, 2016; 11 (2): e0148405 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148405
Antonin Scalia’s death could lead to more 4-4 ties. Here’s what happens if it does.
Affected cases on abortion and women's rights, immigration, voting rights, religious power of employees, busting unions, and many others.
By Libby Nelson

Here’s why Scalia’s death matters for the future of women, people of color, voters, immigrants, unions, Obama care etc. in the United States. There were 9 Supreme Court Justices - 5 were modern conservatives, 4 lean left. Now there are 8, meaning 4 conservatives and 4 liberals. Obama will not be able to appoint a replacement this year.

So, in the case of a tie, the lower court’s decision is upheld and no precedent is set. The court traditionally does not issue an opinion.

Here are some of the most consequential cases still pending before the court. It’s not clear that all of them were likely to result in 5-4 splits, but here’s what could happen if they end up as a 4-4 tie:

  • Whole Women’s Health v. Cole: A challenge to the Texas law that has closed about half of the state’s abortion clinics since 2013, and the first major abortion case in nearly a decade. The Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled largely in favor of the law, meaning a tie would leave it in place without setting a new precedent on abortion.
  • US v. Texas: The challenge to President Obama’s 2014 executive action on immigration, which would protect about 4 million people — including unauthorized immigrants who’d come to the US as children and are now older than 30, as well as some parents of US citizens or permanent residents  — from deportation. The Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled against the Obama administration in November; a tie would uphold that decision.
  • Evenwel v. Abbott: A case considering whether all residents or only eligible voters should be counted when drawing state legislative districts. Counting those who are not eligible to vote — convicted felons, immigrants who are not citizens, and children, among others — generally helps Democrats; not counting those people would give a bigger voice to white and rural voters. The lower court, the US District Court for the western district of Texas, held that everyone should be counted; a tie would uphold that.
  • Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association: A case challenging whether public employees who are not members of a union can be required to pay an “agency fee” or “fair share fee” to cover the cost of collective bargaining for the contract that also applies to them. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled against the California nonunion teachers who argued they should not have to pay, but they did so for the case to be appealed to the Supreme Court, which would have to overturn a precedent to find in the nonunion teachers’ favor.
  • Zubik v. Burwell: A challenge to the Obama administration’s accommodation for religious nonprofits who object to being required to offer health insurance covering birth control. (The nonprofits themselves are not required to pay for the coverage, but they must submit a form so that the insurers themselves will do so.) The Third Circuit Court of Appeals found the accommodation is not a burden on religious freedom.
  • Fisher v. Texas: A challenge to Texas’ use of affirmative action in admissions that the court has already decided once before, in 2013, and sent back to a lower court. Justice Elena Kagan has recused herself because she dealt with the case as solicitor general, meaning only seven justices will be voting on the final opinion and a tie is not possible. Anthony Kennedy is the swing vote, with the decision likely to be 4-3.

Imagine Loki won after Avengers Assemble. Thor returned to Asgard to mount an army but is stopped from returning (even using Odin’s dark magic) by Loki’s powers. When he finally does find a way to return, he finds the humans ready to defend Loki with their lives.

In Thor’s absence Loki got rid of politicians and instead listened to the people and their needs. He invited the Avengers to be his advisers (albeit with many precautions at first because they obviously did not trust him).

He placed value on people over profit and using his powers, managed to reverse the worst of our pollution, warning that shareholders/owners/directors of any business found polluting in the future, risking lives and health, would have their money confiscated, their business totally disbanded and sold off piecemeal, with all monies being given to the victims and the clean-up operations.

When he found out what teachers were paid, he flipped his shit because “these people are entrusted with the future of your civilisation, and you expect to attract the best by paying them a pittance?”

He made all education and healthcare free, paid everyone above a living wage, encouraged people to find their talents and pursue them, and made sure the trains run on time. Even those in dead-end jobs that they hate got improved pay, lots of holiday/vacation time, and guaranteed sick pay/maternity leave/paternity leave etc.

He did away with racism, sexism, basically every prejudice you can imagine, because offenders who said something prejudiced were magically silenced for a week (or more) and those who did something prejudiced were magically paralysed because “If you can’t do/say anything nice, you shouldn’t do/say anything at all”.

He has a range of punishments that are basically harmless, very effective, and fit the crime. Like if you hit someone, you feel the sensation of being hit once very hour (good luck sleeping) for a day/week/month, but whilst you feel the pain, it does no physical harm.

Thor finally returns and looks around at the peace and harmony in awe, thinking it must be a trick but eventually his friends, the Avengers make him see that it’s real, and Loki really is a good king.
Queer ASL
Queer ASL is a queer & transgender positive environment with a focus on creating a more accessible, affordable, and safer space for folks who want to learn ASL in Vancouver, BC.

Queer ASL focuses on introducing basic American Sign Language and Deaf culture to queer & transgender learners in Vancouver, BC. This involves learning the alphabet, finger-spelling, facial expressions, vocabulary, and grammar structures. At home, students access homework videos that feature the local queer signing community and a collection of Deaf culture information such as identity politics, cultural norms, history, current topics and issues, etc. The courses have a voice-off policy in order to both be respectful of signing spaces and to immerse ourselves in a signing environment. People who complete Queer ASL classes are able to carry basic conversations with signing queer folks and have a better understanding of the deaf/signing community.

The courses are taught through using powerpoints, videos, demonstrations, dialogue practice via partners and groups. All instructors are deaf and queer. Deaf queer guests (often folks featured in the homework videos) at times visit to provide additional perspectives and show students how we all have different signing styles. By having guests, this allows both signing queers and Queer ASL students become familiar with each other, thus building a bridge.

We generally have 3-4 cycles of classes per year. To keep an eye on upcoming classes, email us at to be added to our mailing list. Also, liking our facebook and keeping an eye on our events can be helpful.

This entrepreneur is making it easier for students to win scholarships

Raised by a single mother in Birmingham, Ala., Christopher Gray knew he wouldn’t be handed his college tuition on a silver platter. And despite getting $1.3 million in scholarships (which covered his four years at Drexel University with the rest to be redeemed if he decides to pursue a Master’s and PhD), Gray came out of the application process frustrated.

“There’s all this money in the marketplace looking for students. There are students on the other side and they can’t find money. And all this money gets unawarded,” Gray, 24, tells Yahoo Finance.

He thought there should be an easier way to find scholarships. So he created Scholly, a mobile and web app that instantly matches high school, college and graduate school students with scholarships they qualify for… [+]

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Richard Muller (the physics professor who wrote the famous “Physics for Future Presidents” - amazon) has done a nice answer in quora to the question: What is the significance of the number √2  in maths and physics?. I recommend full reading (it’s short), but this is the central point:

Why is this so fundamental? The reason is that it is a bit of knowledge that could not have been discovered experimentally. It is something we know only by the application of abstract reasoning, reasoning that is not based on physical reality. It says that there are truths that exist only in the mind.

Its truth is not obvious. Suppose I told you that the square-root of 2 is exactly given by 1,607,521 divided by 1,136,689. Your typical 10-place calculator would verify that it is indeed this number, although if you go beyond 10 places, you’ll discover that it isn’t. And yet the mathematical proof is short and easy enough that it can be understood by anyone who knows simple high-school algebra.

The Khan Academy’s video above show us this elemental proof.

dorothyparkerdrankhere asked:

THANK YOU i'm glad someone hates PBIS incentive crap as much as i do.

omg so about the PBIS thing, our high school implemented it this year and neither the teachers nor the students take it seriously cause it’s absolutely horrendous. It’s become a huge joke in our school and we now call our principal “Papa PBIS”

Oh, you guys are definitely not the only ones. I feel like it’s one of those things that sounds good in theory but such a pain to put into practice and rarely has the follow-through that it’s intended to have.
Researchers have discovered a much faster way to learn new skills
How to level up twice as quickly.

“For skills to improve, we must update an existing memory with new information,” the researchers conclude. If you practice the exact same thing the exact same way every time, you’re not layering much new knowledge over what you already know.


Nếu con cái xin một lời khuyên “Nên chọn học ngành gì”, thì bạn sẽ trả lời như thế nào?

Hầu hết các phụ huynh, có mặt trong hội thảo hướng nghiệp mà tôi được tham dự, đều trả lời:

1. Nên khuyến khích học ngành cháu đam mê.
2. Nên khuyến khích học ngành cháu có năng khiếu.

Hai tiêu chí lựa chọn này, mới nghe thì rất hay. Nhưng tôi lại thấy khá mạo hiểm.

Ở đây có một cái bẫy đơn giản, nhưng nhiều người không nhận ra.

Thực tế, đam mê là một khái niệm khá mơ hồ.
Cháu sẽ đam mê một tuần, một tháng, một năm,… rồi chán, rồi bỏ, rồi đam mê những cái mới; hay cháu sẽ đam mê một thứ suốt cuộc đời? Không ai biết trước được. Vì thế, mang một cái bất định, không chắc chắn như “đam mê” làm tiêu chí lựa chọn ngành nghề thì chẳng khác gì chúng ta đánh bạc với tương lai của các cháu.

Và năng khiếu là một khái niệm còn trừu tượng hơn.
Năng khiếu được phát hiện khi đứa trẻ giỏi hơn các bạn cùng trang lứa về một thứ gì đó. Và chúng ta, những người làm cha làm mẹ, vì yêu con, nên luôn có xu hướng khuếch đại thêm. Nhưng trong số trẻ hát hay, vẽ đẹp hơn bạn bè, có bao nhiêu phần trăm sẽ trở thành ca sĩ, họa sĩ chuyên nghiệp? Xác suất có lẽ thấp hơn chơi số đề. Bởi vì, từ “có một chút năng khiếu” cho tới “thực sự có tài năng để thành công” là một khoảng cách xa vời.

Gia đình tôi không khuyến khích hai cô con gái chọn ngành học theo tiêu chí đam mê và có năng khiếu.

Chúng tôi thống nhất rằng, học là để sau này trở thành người có ích.
Có hai lựa chọn: hoặc là có ích cho xã hội, hoặc là có ích cho bản thân - gia đình.
Để có ích cho xã hội, hãy học những ngành nghề mà xã hội đang cần.
Để có ích cho bản thân - gia đình, hãy học những ngành nghề sau này dễ xin việc và có thu nhập tốt.
Quá trình học càng gian khổ bao nhiêu, sau này ra làm việc càng thuận lợi bấy nhiêu. Giống như “thuốc đắng giã tật”, kiến thức khi học càng boring, thì sau này ra làm việc, nó càng usefull.

Gia đình tôi thấy cách tiếp cận này phù hợp với hai cô con gái của mình - những đứa trẻ khi bé đã không phải là thần đồng và ba mẹ chúng cũng chỉ mong khi lớn lên các cháu trở thành những người bình thường, có công ăn việc làm, không ăn bám gia đình, xã hội.

PS: Nếu bạn tin con mình thực sự đam mê và có năng khiếu đặc biệt, thì vẫn có thể lựa chọn ngành học theo các tiêu chí này. Tuy nhiên, bạn nên cẩn trọng trước khi ra quyết định, vì nó ảnh hưởng đến chính tương lai của con bạn.

A lot of times kids assume (hell lots of people assume) that because I’m an art teacher, my grades weren’t important to me, school wasn’t important, I didn’t get good grades.

The other day a kid said to me, “Well it’s not like you got good grades in school miss. Just your art was important. I only care about my art.”

“Well, I’m glad your art is important, but actually, my grades were VERY important. I went to ________ high school.” (actually the rival high school to the school I teach at now!)

“EW REALLY?? _______________???” (school) At this point the whole class is listening.

“Yes, I graduated 10th out of 500 students, with a 4.25 GPA. I took almost all AP and honors classes. Then I went to college and graduated with a 3.7, and I’m currently in grad school getting my masters with a 4.0. You need to care about more than just your art, or sports, or whatever else, your grades are important.”

“Wait…..were you a NERD in school???”

“Yes. Yes I was.”

Whole class: 😱😱😱😱😱😬😬😬😬😬😬