How to tell fake news from real news

In November 2016, Stanford University researchers made an alarming discovery: across the US, many students can’t tell the difference between a reported news article, a persuasive opinion piece, and a corporate ad. This lack of media literacy makes young people vulnerable to getting duped by “fake news” — which can have real consequences.

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Want to strengthen your own ability to tell real news from fake news? Start by asking these five questions of any news item.

Animation by Patrick Smith

Who wrote it? Real news contains the real byline of a real journalist dedicated to the truth. Fake news (including “sponsored content” and traditional corporate ads) does not. Once you find the byline, look at the writer’s bio. This can help you identify whether the item you’re reading is a reported news article (written by a journalist with the intent to inform), a persuasive opinion piece (written by an industry expert with a point of view), or something else entirely.

Animation by Patrick Smith

What claims does it make? Real news — like these Pulitzer Prize winning articles — will include multiple primary sources when discussing a controversial claim. Fake news may include fake sources, false urls, and/or “alternative facts” that can be disproven through further research. When in doubt, dig deeper. Facts can be verified.

Animation by Martina Meštrović

When was it published? Look at the publication date. If it’s breaking news, be extra careful. Use this tipsheet to decode breaking news.

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Where was it published? Real news is published by trustworthy media outlets with a strong fact-checking record, such as the BBC, NPR, ProPublica, Mother Jones, and Wired. (To learn more about any media outlet, look at their About page and examine their published body of work.) If you get your news primarily via social media, try to verify that the information is accurate before you share it. (On Twitter, for example, you might look for the blue “verified” checkmark next to a media outlet name to double-check a publication source before sharing a link.)

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How does it make you feel? Fake news, like all propaganda, is designed to make you feel strong emotions. So if you read a news item that makes you feel super angry, pause and take a deep breath. Then, double-check the item’s claims by comparing it to the news on any three of the media outlets listed above — and decide for yourself if the item is real news or fake news. Bottom line: Don’t believe everything you read. There is no substitute for critical thinking.

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If you get in the habit of asking all 5 of these questions whenever you read a news article, then your basic news literacy skills will start to grow stronger. However, these are just the basics! To dive deeper into news and media literacy, watch the TED-Ed Lesson: How to choose your news. To find out more about what students need, read the Stanford University report, published here.

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Laura McClure is an award-winning journalist and the TED-Ed Editor. To learn something new every week, sign up here for the TED-Ed Newsletter.

Me: You know, the way video games model relationships as transactional exchanges undertaken purely for the edification or material benefit of the initiating party has a lot of unfortunate implications.

Also me, completely unironically: I’m sorry, you haven’t ground enough Social Link XP to unlock my tragic backstory yet.


                                                                   under the sea 
                                                                   darling it’s better 
                                                                   down where it’s wetter 
                                                                   take it from me.

This is one of my favorite mashups featuring Tina Belcher and Jimmy Junior Pesto from Bob’s Burgers as Sam and Suzy from Moonrise Kingdom.

I call it ‘Erotic Friend Fiction: Moonbutt Kingdom

Edification Nation

I have never used my writing to make a continuous disclosure of my personality to others but to discover for my own edification what I knew about various subjects which I found to be of importance to me; and that in consequence I had written a novel about London to find out why I loved it, a life of St Augustine to find out why every phrase I read of his sounds in my ears like the sentence of my doom and the doom of my age, and a novel about rich people to find out why they seemed to me to be as dangerous as wild boars and pythons.
—  Rebecca West, Black Lamb and Grey Falcon
Field Guide to MRAs: Introduction

I have found, in my journeys through the wilds of the internet, that the population of MRAs is much more diverse and complex than some may realize. I therefore decided, on my last trip, that I would prepare a treatise for the edification of my fellow feminists, as well as modestly suggest some best practices for dealing with MRAs encountered on the world wide web, as well as for those encountered in real life. I hope this can in some small way contribute to the knowledge of all who seek to bring reason, justice, and equality to the world.

A Field Guide For the Identification of MRAs and Anti-Feminists, Including Level of Severity, Recommended Response Tactics, and Safety Tips

Disclaimer: Some higher level MRAs will initially present at lower levels, so proceed with caution and revise tactics or disengage if a higher level belief rears its head. Levels are also often cumulative—a level 4 may open with a level 2 argument and proceed to a level 3 argument. All recommended tactics are based on actual beliefs; beliefs stated by MRAs in the wild may not be accurate or complete.


For each classification I will provide:

Level of Severity and Name:Level number denotes how far the MRA has bought into sexist ideology. As shorthand I have also provided a colloquial species name.

Basic Beliefs: What it says on the tin. The general belief system and common arguments made by each level.

Recommended Tactics: The response or responses that seem to be most effective at either changing the MRA’s mind or discrediting their argument with others. This is based purely on what I’ve seen and heard and is not necessarily complete. Please reblog with suggested tactics of your own!

In addition, I will also sometimes provide the following:

Safety Tip: Tips for interacting with the MRA without risk to body or mind, as well as common pitfalls of arguing with the type.

Demographics: Any interesting trends in the type population.

Identification Aid: Insistent terminology, odd focuses, or little quirks of a type that can aid in swift identification.

Descriptions of each level to follow. 

nezumiko  asked:

Your blog is a gem, and I read it just for fun as well as edification. I hope you can help with this question: My MC is a military medic. Think paramedic, but in a fantasy setting. I know medics have to have strong stomachs, and sympathy puking would be a career killer. But what if a paramedic was hungover and nauseated? Is training and on-the-job-hardening sufficient to make a medic exempt from triggered vomiting from nauseating sights, sounds, and smells?

……..I had a nice long draft of this which I destroyed by closing the window, because I am a moron-Scripty.

What on earth makes you think that being a sympathetic vomiter is a career-killer in a medic? I get sympathetically nauseous and I’m doing just fine (though I don’t vomit). I know others who do. It’s not as mocked inside the profession as you’d think. In fact, I respect my sympathetic-vomiter colleagues quite a bit, because it’s not something they can always control, and it’s no fun – and they keep showing up to work anyway.

In fact, I’d love to see this character in fiction. The medic who sympathy-pukes at the first sign of vomit, but is rock-steady under pressure and is the one person you want near your foxhole when the bullets (erm…. arrows? arrow… bullets?) start flying.

Also, I regret to inform you that drinking is basically an EMS national pastime, and that a great many of us have spent a great deal of time hung over. It may or may not be common practice for the un-drunk to start IVs on the drunk to keep them from becoming grossly hung over, or for medics to, uhh, “acquire” nausea medications and IV bags and treat themselves. I guarantee this occurs in the military as well.

Getting back to sympathy-nausea for a sec: different fluids affect people differently. I’m 100% okay with blood, mostly okay with gore, absolutely disgusted by feces (it’s the smell), and would love to never see someone hacking up phlegm again (ew ew ew ew ew). I don’t…. mind vomit, even though I get sympathetically nauseous if I smell it (I can watch and see and it’s no problem, it’s the smell that bugs me).

Just some tidbits of realism for anyone who wants them.

Go forth and give your medic a weak stomach!

xoxo, Aunt Scripty


Becoming a Patron lets you see the freaking future. Have you considered becoming a clairvoyant?

Free eBook: 10 BS “Medical” Tropes that Need to Die TODAY!  

Spiritual Alchemy : The Ego

…Excerpt from The Book of Lambspring…

“A savage Dragon lives in the forest,
 Most venomous he is, yet lacking nothing:
 When he sees the rays of the Sun and its bright fire,
 He scatters abroad his poison,
 And flies upward so fiercely
 That no living creature can stand before him,
 Nor is even the Basilisk equal to him.
 He who hath skill to slay him, wisely
 Hath escaped from all dangers.
 Yet all venom, and colours, are multiplied
 In the hour of his death.
 His venom becomes the great Medicine.
 He quickly consumes his venom,
 For he devours his poisonous tail.
 All this is performed on his own body,
 From which flows forth glorious Balm,
 With all its miraculous virtues.
 Here at all the Sages do loudly rejoice. “

~~Another long post but please bare with me. This applies to all of us.~~

The Ouroboros is the Dragon biting its own tail. This is a representation of the power of the ego mind and the dissolution of this part of yourself. I find the alchemical viewpoint on the ego flawed to a certain extent.

Ego: is the part of all of us that has been programmed by our subconsciousness/ our upbringing/ our environment. It is the part of us that is in essence who we think we are. This is also the part of us that lives in the lower 3 chakra of survival. These are also where the animal instinct lives.

Alchemical Process: Is to break down the ego. In the explanation above it states “ in the hour of his death” is speaking of the ego. We are told that it is the process of destroying the ego into its base form of spirit. Via working with the elements you impart your spirit into it and in the process of working with the physical you will effect the spiritual. One can also do this via mediation on the Tree of Life. It can be done via the practice of Yoga, also the cleansing and working of chakra. 

Now that we see where the ego comes from and the process of destroying it. Lets dive into what that means for us as a collective. The ego is a part of you as much as your hand is. It has learned from its surroundings to make you who you think you are. It is the part of you that wants to be validated. To be right all the time. To feel like it “belongs” to something bigger than itself. It will be the 1st part of you likely to feel slighted or start an argument even though in hindsight it really wasn’t a big deal. It is the animal you that will fight if cornered.

As you can see I am explaining the ego as “IT”, a thing but this is how gurus and sages want you to see it. Although IT is a part of you you can’t just “destroy” the ego, just like you can’t cut off your hand. What happens when you corner an animal? The creature fights back..correct? It’s the same thing with the ego. We can’t destroy it for IT is at the moment YOU. I was under the impression (self taught of course) from spiritual books/youtube that the ego needed to be dissolved. In some cases many teachers mention the destruction of the ego mind. Well what do you think happens when one tries to kill anything with consciousness? It fights back.

This is my experience.

The soul will make attempt after attempt to teach the mind. The mind can’t comprehend spirit since it can’t be explained by the senses. These experiences are seen, by the ego, as being done to us instead of for us. The ego is quick to pass the blame onto another never seeing itself as the cause of the effect.

Here is the main point…. the ego can’t be destroyed but it can be joined. This is the case of the previous emblems of polarity. Joining the heart and mind. The heart can understand spirit and what it is showing, but one needs to watch how one is acting and reflect often on the previous experience.

I never really knew what that meant till spirit showed me. Time after time I was given experience to show me my actions were affecting others. I said to myself “that’s not me” and “I’ve grown” and truth is it was only an excuse. I actually had to agree to myself that it was in fact…ME! I had to take responsibility for my own actions on how I make others feel. You can’t imagine how hard that was. To admit that all my reading and learning was for the edification of my ego. The male power of learning “occult knowledge” did not put into a tangible format something I could understand.

I had to stop and review the past. See how I talk to others. See my reaction and how it was handled. Know that in the moment I used “well I’m being funny” as an excuse to put others down. This was in no way intentional, but the end result was not putting anothers feeling before my own. To turn the other cheek and not make that off color comment. I let the ego run me instead of the other way. I saw it happening but it was like a train wreck. I couldn’t stop it or so I thought.

So the Ego can’t and does not want to die anymore than you want to step in front of a train. We can train the ego through self reflection on how to act. Use the mind at what its good at. Remember how in the past certain bad experiences made you feel. Think about yesterday and how you interacted with others. Tell your mind this is not how we want to act. I know it sounds crazy but your ego and spirit are separated.  

The apply the heart. Do unto others as you would have done to you. See that your feelings are an indicator of how others are projecting. Watching every moment now in the present and making the right decision. Even if you feel slighted, it truly is only words and feelings. Now I’m not saying to let abuse happen, but the small things which truly are small in the grand scheme of our daily lives.

One can merge the ego with the spirit. Let what you learn filter into your heart. Let the feeling flow but redirect the anger through the heart and not let the ego answer for you. Be more forgiving, even though you really don’t want to. That resistance is your ego. Don’t destroy/kill/dissolve your ego but let it pass your physical knowledge of your world around into the feeling of love.

The ego does not want to die. So why “kill’ it? Let it work for you and with you. Train it to see the emotion and not react. Let the reaction come from the heart. I found out that we are not supposed to be connected to the universal mind….but be connected to the universal heart! Humans are heart based. We are letting our environment keep us in the animal instinct of survival.

The reason women like Dita von Teese so much? Because no one ever doubted she was doing all this corset and Noir and fashion stuff for her own personal edification and satisfaction.  It was all about  what SHE liked and got off on.

She forced men into simply being supporting players in her fantasies.

And that’s empowering.

Holy Saturday – 15 April – The Lord’s descent into hell 

 The Creed proclaims “He descended into Hell.”    This homily for Holy Saturday from the 4th Century treats of the “harrowing of hell” and the rescue of Adam and Eve.  Note the parallels between Adam and Eve’s sin, which lost paradise for us and the passion of Christ, which won for us not simply an earthly paradise, but eternal life.   It was to the Limbo of the Fathers that Christ descended, a place of the dead that was emptied through His Passion, Resurrection and Ascension and no longer exists.   By this “Harrowing of Hell,” as His Descent is sometimes called, the doors to Heaven were swung open so that those who die in a state of grace may enter in, alleluia!   Adam, Eve, Noah, Abraham, Moses, the good thief on the cross — all the righteous were illuminated by the Presence of Christ in the place of death, making Sheol itself a paradise.   They remained there with Him until His Bodily Resurrection when the the “bars of Hell” were broken down and they were later able to enter into Heaven itself with His glorious Ascension.

“What is happening? Today there is a great silence over the earth, a great silence, and stillness, a great silence because the King sleeps; the earth was in terror and was still, because God slept in the flesh and raised up those who were sleeping from the ages. God has died in the flesh, and the underworld has trembled.

Truly he goes to seek out our first parent like a lost sheep; he wishes to visit those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death. He goes to free the prisoner Adam and his fellow-prisoner Eve from their pains, he who is God, and Adam’s son.

The Lord goes in to them holding his victorious weapon, his cross. When Adam, the first created man, sees him, he strikes his breast in terror and calls out to all: ‘My Lord be with you all.’ And Christ in reply says to Adam: ‘And with your spirit.’ And grasping his hand he raises him up, saying: ‘Awake, O sleeper, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give you light.

‘I am your God, who for your sake became your son, who for you and your descendants now speak and command with authority those in prison: Come forth, and those in darkness: Have light, and those who sleep: Rise.

‘I command you: Awake, sleeper, I have not made you to be held a prisoner in the underworld. Arise from the dead; I am the life of the dead. Arise, O man, work of my hands, arise, you who were fashioned in my image. Rise, let us go hence; for you in me and I in you, together we are one undivided person.

‘For you, I your God became your son; for you, I the Master took on your form; that of slave; for you, I who am above the heavens came on earth and under the earth; for you, man, I became as a man without help, free among the dead; for you, who left a garden, I was handed over to Jews from a garden and crucified in a garden.

‘Look at the spittle on my face, which I received because of you, in order to restore you to that first divine inbreathing at creation. See the blows on my cheeks, which I accepted in order to refashion your distorted form to my own image.

‘See the scourging of my back, which I accepted in order to disperse the load of your sins which was laid upon your back. See my hands nailed to the tree for a good purpose, for you, who stretched out your hand to the tree for an evil one.

`I slept on the cross and a sword pierced my side, for you, who slept in paradise and brought forth Eve from your side. My side healed the pain of your side; my sleep will release you from your sleep in Hades; my sword has checked the sword which was turned against you.

‘But arise, let us go hence. The enemy brought you out of the land of paradise; I will reinstate you, no longer in paradise, but on the throne of heaven. I denied you the tree of life, which was a figure, but now I myself am united to you, I who am life. I posted the cherubim to guard you as they would slaves; now I make the cherubim worship you as they would God.

“The cherubim throne has been prepared, the bearers are ready and waiting, the bridal chamber is in order, the food is provided, the everlasting houses and rooms are in readiness; the treasures of good things have been opened; the kingdom of heaven has been prepared before the ages.”

A reading from an ancient homily for Holy Saturday – prepared by Pontifical University Saint Thomas Aquinas, Rome.   While it appears that this comes from a Holy Saturday homily written in Greek dating back to the fourth century liturgy (PG 43, 439, 462f), the author of this text is unknown.


For our Edification – what does Hell mean?

Christ is in His tomb. Rather, His Body is in the tomb but when His Soul left His Body, He descended into Hell to “free the captives.”    “Hell” here refers to the place of the dead in general (“Sheol” in the Hebrew, or “Hades” in the Greek), not to the place of torment with which the word “Hell” is most usually associated with today.    The world “Hell” in the loosest, earliest sense includes:1.     the Limbo of the Fathers, the place for those who were righteous by charity and faith in the coming Messiah and who died before His Coming

2.     the Limbo of Infants, where, possibly, those who are sent who die without personal guilt but without Baptism after the time of Christ, or who died without charity and faith in the coming Messiah before the time of Christ.    This would be a place of beautiful, natural happiness, no punishment and no sensible suffering.

3.     Purgatory, where righteous people go to be cleansed of the temporal effects of their sins

4.     Gehenna, the “Hell of the Lost,” the eternal place of punishment for the damned, the place we usually refer to as simply “Hell” today

anonymous asked:

Honestly im growing old waiting for u to update your fics. Whats the point of calling urself a writer if u dont write? Haha I don't mean any disrespect but Im just wonderig what your waiting for lol. Give us the next chapter!

Hi honey :) Thank you for reading my work, and I’m glad you enjoyed it so much that you want more. I plan to deliver, believe me. 

That being said, what exactly do you think I’m doing when I’m not writing? Staring at a wall? Just for the sake of your edification, please know that I’m a full-time student in college, studying pre-med/public health and business. On top of these heavy majors, I also work, tutor, and lead a few clubs at my school, plus I start interning next semester for my practicum. Then throw in grocery shopping, cooking, having a social life, and sleep…it’s a lot. But I love it, and I love writing too - I just have to make sure I don’t throw away my career while I’m writing fics. I’m sure you can understand. 

I wouldn’t have even responded, but this is like the fifth message of this nature that I’ve gotten recently so just thought I’d clarify a few things. 

obviously anyone can say anything about the media they like or dont like and its cool but the funniest damn thing on this website is people who have steven universe critical sideblogs where they roleplay as steven universe characters and the whole gimmick is like, them reacting very angrily against their own writing. its just funny on a grand conceptual level. You’re putting those poor cartoon rocks for children through so much existential stress. how would you like it if you had to spend all of your life yelling at your own cosmic creator on the internet, for the edification of millions of cosmic adult spectators who are influenced by every involuntary and predestined aspect of your life, and also, you’re like nine and your dad might be the kidz bop all the small things guy

Kingsman Timeline

So because I’m a detail oriented gal, and I needed this info all in one place, I’ve compiled a canon compliant timeline of events in Kingsman: The Secret Service. See the end of the post for references to the other posts I used while compiling this list.

The biggest part for me was finding as many of the Sun headline dates as possible. I realize that the actual dates and such were likely not important to the set dressers, and they simply chose the front pages according to what they had available and what looked good on screen. A fair number were too generic for me to find definitive dates for, or I couldn’t get a clear enough image to actually read the headline. But I did manage to date more than I was expecting. (Also, it should be noted that the pages aren’t pinned to Harry’s wall in chronological order, which made the search process more difficult, and definitely points to the set dressers just going with what looked good, rather than what made sense canonically.)

I wanted to do this as an infographic, but I’ve got a million other things I should be doing, so this is just text. Anyone who wants to graphicize it is more than welcome.

@hartwinorlose and @agentdagonet, I’m tagging you because I think you both may find this rather interesting.

And of course, if anyone has any additional dates they can confirm and verify, please let me know and I’ll add them!

And so, the timeline!

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

Hi there! I'm glad I found your blog. I was wondering if you had any info on Sif? Do you worship her or maybe do you know blogs that are about her? I can find almost no info on her besides her 1 myth and I want to start worshipping. Thank you for your time :)

Hello anon!~

I respect and give praise to all the Gods, though I’ve decided to worship Loki and Freyja primarily. However, Sif is no exception! I’ve decided to pick up the torch and do a little research, both for your edification and mine. There are plenty of mentions of Sif in the few pieces of literature we have access to.

One of these mentions and one of the primary descriptions of Sif can be found in the prologue to the Prose Edda:

Then he [Thor] went forth far and wide over the lands, and sought out every quarter of the earth, overcoming alone all berserks and giants, and one dragon, greatest of all dragons, and many beasts. In the northern half of his kingdom he found the prophetess that is called Síbil, whom we call Sif, and wedded her. The lineage of Sif I cannot tell; she was fairest of all women, and her hair was like gold. [part 3, pg 7]

We can then see her depicted as a seer, in a similar fashion to Frigga. She is particularly known for her golden hair. It is also said that she is inimitably beautiful. This is only later reinforced by the drunken boasting of the giant Hrungnir in the Skáldskaparmál where he professes his desire to slay the Gods, with the sole exceptions of Freyja and Sif, whom he would rather take home instead.

Wikipedia is a tertiary source that may also be of some use to you. Beneath the heading Hair as wheat and potential cognates, it offers some suggestions as to how Sif may be connected to fertility and love. The etymological connections of her name also seem to reference marriage/wedlock.

She is also featured as a speaker in the Lokasenna, the legendary flyting where Loki mixes “mead with malice” and essentially calls all the Gods out, one by one.

Then Sif came forward and poured mead for Loki in a crystal cup, and said:

53. “Hail too thee, Loki, | and take thou here
The crystal cup of old mead;
For me at least, | alone of the gods,
Blameless thou knowest to be.”

Of course, Loki retorts:

54. “Alone thou wert | if truly thou wouldst
All men so shyly shun;
But one do I know | full well, methinks,
Who had thee from Hlorrithi’s arms,–
(Loki the crafty in lies.)”

He states here that Sif had been unfaithful (Hlorrithi being an alias for Thor) – implying that she’d slept with none other than Loki himself!

This can be potentially linked to his motivation for shearing off her golden hair (mentioned in the Skáldskaparmál) a theory that while purely speculative, can be supported here to a certain extent.

Of course, thanks to cunning Loki her hair is later replaced by a beautiful golden headpiece, fashioned by the Sons of Ivaldi.

So what do we know? That Sif is a seer, with long golden hair that can potentially be seen as an analogy for harvest and fertility. She is a mother and a wife, a reserved goddess whose only crime is one of passion in which she was (allegedly) seduced by the Trickster God.

As for blogs, I may not be able to help you. I haven’t ever seen a Sif devotee in my wanderings about Heathen tumblr, but here in the community that just means there’s a niche to be filled. Why not be the first? As far as resources go, you more than certainly have all you need to have your first blót.

Have a nice day, anon. Hope this helps!