IN 313 CE, Constantine the Great (272 – 337 CE) ended the sporadic-yet-terrifying Christian persecutions under the Roman Empire with his “Edict of Milan,” and brought the Christian church under imperial protection. Not surprisingly, public social activities and normative culture changed, quite dramatically and favorably, for the early Christians. 

Previously, early Christians faced dangers from outside of the faith and often had to “worship underground,” in order to avoid both physical dangers and social oppression from various Pagan and Jewish factions in the first three centuries of the faith. However, after Constantine’s imperial endorsement and favoritism for Christian leaders and the laity, a new cultural permissiveness and secularism arose within the faith; and pious believers began to worry more about inner church immorality, abuse, and vice.

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Article by John S. Knox on AHE

Nibelungen Bridge over the Rhine at Worms by Armin Kübelbeck

Worms in Rheinland-Pfalz, Southwestern Germany, is situated on the Upper Rhein, about 60 km from Frankfurt/Main. A pre-Roman foundation, it was the capital of the Kingdom of the Burgundians in the 5th century and hence the scene of the medieval legends referring to this period, notably the first part of the Nibelungenlied. Worms has been a Roman Catholic bishopric since at least 614, and was an important palatinate of Charlemagne. Worms Cathedral is one of the Imperial Cathedrals and among the best examples of Romanesque architecture in Germany. Worms prospered in the High Middle Ages as an Imperial Free City. Among more than 100 Imperial Diets held at Worms, the Diet of 1521 ended with the Edict of Worms in which Martin Luther was declared a heretic. Today, the city is an industrial center and famed for its Liebfraumilch wine

14/30 Days of Deity Devotion

Day Fourteen: Has worship of this deity changed in modern times?

It’s currently impossible to recreate the worship of Asclepius in ancient times, because that worship was temple-based. His temples, and those of all the other ancient gods, were closed by Imperial edict 1500 years ago, and their ruins are now archaeological and World Heritage sites. 

What remained was the continuity of belief that healing can occur through dreams. Medieval Christians experienced dreams in which a saint healed them, and awoke cured of their illness. In the 19th century, Sigmund Freud used dream interpretation to help people recover from mental illness. His student C.G.Jung believed that the dreams themselves were part of the process of recovery.   

Today, scientists study and teach a technique called lucid dreaming, inducing and controlling dreams to help patients solve life problems, improve symptoms of depression, overcome phobias, and deal with PTSD. 

In this way, the hand of the god stretches across the centuries to continue his work of healing through dreams.

Fresco wall painting in a cubiculum (bedroom) from the Villa of P. Fannius Synistor at Boscoreale circa. 40–30 BCE; Late Republican, Roman
Metropolitan Museum of Art Image source: Artnet

30 days of deity devotion meme

Breath of Fire

[For Zutara Week, Day 3: Memories. An homage to ST:TNG’s “Tapestry.”]


And for @honxrable

“We. Will. Not. Disarm.”

The wiry, green-glad nobleman shifted his spectacles and tried to narrow his eyes at the firelord. Zuko gave an answering look that made the ambassador quail.

It was easy to glare when one of his eyes was set in a permanent frown.

Daquan, though he lowered his gaze, retained his grip on the scroll. “This,” he said, “is an edict signed by all the minor Earth Kingdom royalty, that we will halt all trade with the Fire Nation unless you immediately cease your naval operations near the colonies and dismantle the gates of Azulon.”

Zuko all but tore the document from the ambassador’s hands, wondering whose son Daquan had to be to get such a prestigious position. The thought faltered as Zuko remembered whose son he was.

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Toronto Should Get Angry About How Council Has Failed to Address the City's Social Housing Crisis | politics | Torontoist
While politicians fight to look like budget hawks, the city's most vulnerable see their homes fall apart.
By Torontoist

Only five per cent of Toronto lives in social housing, and many of us don’t regularly interact with these homes or know that they’re in our neighbourhoods. That’s a problem because these units—mostly built in the 50s to 70s—are crumbling in the face of political neglect.

This problem will only be exacerbated by Council’s edict to cut 2.6 per cent from every City department and agency. The upshot? More units will be shuttered and fewer repairs will get done at a time when the agency’s tenants—including some of the city’s most vulnerable citizens—need the help most. […]

aequa  asked:

"She burned her, Zuko! A girl in Kya's class burned her face!" Katara cried, rushing into Zuko's office, tears pouring down her cheeks as she sobbed. "Her teacher came to the palace to get me, but I was too late! I healed it, but there's a scar- I should have come faster. The girl was an Ozai supporter, she- she, oh Agni, I can't even say what she said to Kya!" Katara choked out, shaking her head with grief. "It's a scar- it- it looks like," Katara covered her mouth, crying. "Yours."


Zuko jolted from his chair, he was sleepily writing edicts for his people, but then Katara came in, crying, and he jumped. His heart started to race and he jumped into action. Then, when she said Kya was hurt, Zuko’s eyes widened, he swallowed thickly, standing, and putting his arms on Katara’s. “What? What do you mean? Katara–” he began, moving his hands to cup her face. He shook his head as her next words fell through her mouth. 

“No… no, no– no one would… you’re telling me a child…” he rambled, upset, angry, hands now shaking, as anxiety welled in his chest. “Agni, where’s my baby? Who are this girl’s parents? I–I need to see them… they need to be put under watch, they’re likely loyalists,” Zuko spoke, growing frazzled, as he headed towards the door, face sallow with worry.

Class Feature Friday: Order of the Eclipse (Samurai Order)

Created (in the Golarion Setting, at least) by a militant nation of hobgoblins, the Order of the Eclipse believes that it is the right and duty of a warrior to utilize every advantage they have, more specifically darkness, and the natural darkvision the race possesses.

This is actually pretty awesome, as it gives us a way to emulate the classic trope of the “warrior who makes a pact with dark forces to gain darkness-related powers that don’t overshadow their martial prowess”. For indeed, there is a supernatural component to this order, one that makes a pact or bond with “the darkness” or some other shadowy force as vague or specific as is needed for the game.

Of course, cavaliers can also take this order, as can any member of any race, not just hobgoblins. However, races without darkvision may find it difficult to utilize these abilities properly, and may be disrespected by their darkvision-possessing peers.

The edicts of this order is simple, never use light unless necessary, extinguish the light of foes, and maintain absolute loyalty to the military organization one belongs to.

Shrouded in shadow and menace, these warriors are especially frightening to those that they challenge.

Their shadow-empowered natures allows them to share their enhanced senses with their mount and vice-versa, allowing them to take normally diurnal mounts as well as benefit from more darkness-associated creatures.

Imbuing their blades in a special darkness, these samurai can enshroud themselves in a cloak of shadow that moves with them, making them very hard to locate without darkvision. Curiously enough, those of the same order, and their mounts, are unaffected by this specific aura of night.

Eventually, regardless of what vision they possessed before, these warriors gain truly supernatural sight, piercing all shadow and darkness, making them truly at home in pitch blackness.

Looking to emulate the “dark power” warrior, or just want to take advantage of darkness with a class not normally suited for it? This might be right up your alley. Intimidation, ambushing, and avoidance are your friends with this order, so be sure to build for that.

If you really want to play up the “pact with dark powers” aspect of this order, consider breaking out things like the diabolic pact rules, fiendish obedience feats and benefits, possession rules, devilbound creature template, and so on. Be sure to check with your GM and/or players of what they’re comfortable with, and have fun with your villain or antihero!


Worshippers of the Demonic Lord of Night, the Brotherhood of Fangs are a cult of vampires that reject all light. Many are powerful mages that manipulate shadow and darkness. Others, however, are warriors who perform dark pacts of obedience to their sinister patron, and are rewarded with the ability to channel his darkness.

The emperor has fallen ill, and his steward runs the empire in his absence. All seems as usual on the surface, but a new bodyguard follows the steward everywhere, clad head to toe in armor, with a demonic face mask, and radiating an aura of darkness.

As a direct insult to the Knights of Stars (treat as paladins in a spacefaring setting that gain their holy power directly from the stars), the Knights of the Void formed to mirror and opposed them. While not truly empowered the way their goodly rivals are, something in the vacuum answers their call, imbuing them with power over the void. Perhaps when they prove themselves, it will empower them further.


Mail Transmog: Shaman, Hunter

Head: Steamworker’s Goggles
Shoulder: Wild Gladiator’s Pauldrons (Alliance only)
Shoulder: Warmongering Gladiator’s Ringmail Spaulders (Horde only)
Chest: Ancient Archer’s Chestguard
Hands: Mistshroud Gauntlets
Waist: Wayfaring Belt
Legs: Infection Resistant Legguards
Feet: Sparkmail Boots

Offhand: Shomi’s Fan
Offhand: Tyrannical Gladiator’s Endgame (Alliance only)
Shield: Norushen’s Enigmatic Barrier
2h Axe: Ramaladni’s Blade of Culling
2h Mace: Warhammer of Arrogance
Staff: Edict of Argus
Staff: Portal-Ripper’s Staff
Staff: Primal Gladiator’s Battle Staff (Alliance only)
1h Axe: Eye of Purification
1h Mace: Jerthud, Graceful Hand of the Savior
Fist Weapon: Black Bruise
Fist Weapon: Claws of Creation
Dagger: Steel Bladebreaker (Alliance only)

Thank you so much for your patience. I am finally feeling better and working on getting all the pending requests fulfilled and queued. I really like how this one turned out, I love the colors. Thanks for the request!

hebisreal  asked:

Is it true Priscilla made dinners at graceland more controlled because elvis let the guys order whatever they wanted?

Absolutely.  In an excerpt from her book, “Elvis and Me,” it reads:

Vernon resented the regulars acting as if Graceland was their personal club. They’d go into the kitchen at any hour and order anything they wanted. Naturally, everyone ordered something different. The cooks worked night and day keeping them happy. Vernon felt, “To hell with the boys. Their main concern should be Elvis.”
What was really outrageous was that the regulars were ordering sirloin steaks or prime ribs while Elvis usually ate hamburgers or peanut butter and banana sandwiches.
I wasn’t too popular around Graceland when I started reorganizing the kitchen. I set down a policy of having one menu per meal, and anyone who didn’t like what was on it could go to a local restaurant. This new edict resulted in much grumbling from the guys, but the cooks were relieved, and Vernon sanctioned my decision, announcing, “It’s about time someone organized the meals. It was beginning to look like we were feeding half of Memphis.”

When and How to Listen to Google's Public Statements About SEO - Whiteboard Friday

Posted by randfish

When Google says jump, it’s hard not to jump. Often we take the words of Google representatives as edict and law, but it’s important to understand subtleties and to allow for clarification with time. In today’s Whiteboard Friday, Rand discusses some angles to consider that will help you stay grounded when the “Big G” makes a statement about SEO.

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Video Transcription

Howdy, Moz fans. Welcome to another edition of Whiteboard Friday. This week we’re going to chat about the public statements that Googlers make and how we, as marketers, as SEOs, should be interpreting and understanding those statements.

So I actually wrote down a few things that Googlers have said. These are quotes taken from websites that have quoted them. So they may not be perfect. For example, if you are someone from Google who actually made these statements, you might say, “That’s not exactly how I phrased that.” Well, it’s how the websites quoted you. So Search Engine Roundtable and SEM Post and Search Engine Land, places like that, is where I got these quotes.

When something is missing

So for example, someone from Google says, “301, 302, 307, don’t worry about it. Use whatever makes sense for you. They all pass PageRank.” So you might have seen over the last few weeks there’s been a lot of tweets and stories, blog posts written about how we no longer as SEOs have to worry about the type of 30x redirect that we put in place. If there are 302s, that’s fine. Google seems to be passing PageRank through them.

Well, there’s actually been a bunch of discussion about this, because the evidence is on the totally other side, that if you have a website with a bunch of redirects that are not 301s, 302s, 307s, and you change them to 301s, which is the permanent redirect status code, it sure looks like Google organic search traffic sends more visits to those redirected pages or to the target of the redirected pages. Why would that be if it didn’t matter in the first place? Is it just a bunch of correlation but not causation results because it looks way too consistent? Or is there something else going on here?

Many folks, for example, pointed to the fact that the word “PageRank” might be the operative thing here. In fact, this is one of the things that I would say personally. When Google says they all pass PageRank or they all pass the same amount of PageRank, remember PageRank is Google’s original ranking formula from 1997 that Larry and Sergey developed in college. It is not a comprehensive, holistic representation of every possible signal that is in Google’s ranking algorithm, 200 or 500+ of them. It’s not everything that a machine learning system could possibly interpret. Maybe the machine learning systems that are in place at Google for spam or for relevancy or for importance, for trust, whatever they are have determined that 301s are in fact the better one to use or should be interpreted as a stronger signal. So you’ve got to be careful when reading a statement like this. It does generate a lot of discussion in our field, but it’s not the only case. This has happened for a decade and a half now in the SEO world, where people from Google say things publicly.

When they don’t get it right

For example, you might remember a couple years ago, “The mobile-friendly update will be bigger than Panda and Penguin combined.” Then, of course, the mobile update rolled out — what was that, June of 2014 — and we all scratched out heads and went, “Gosh, that was not much of an update at all. It seems like things didn’t shake up very much.” Then Google sort of explained, “Well, a lot of websites did end up updating. Oh, I guess we had a more staggered update rollout of it than we were expecting, and so maybe you didn’t see a lot of change.” Well, certainly that seems awkward in comparison to that statement.

When we get clear-cut(ts) answers

Another statement, this statement I actually love. I love statements like this from Google. So this is when Eric Enge, from Stone Temple, was interviewing Matt Cutts and he asked Matt about whether a 301 redirect would lose some amount of relevancy or ranking ability when it was being moved over, whether there was any risk to moving a page. Matt replied, “I am not 100% sure whether the crawling and indexing team has implemented that sort of natural PageRank decay, so I’ll have to go and check.” Then there was a note in the text that said, “Note in a follow-up email Matt confirmed there is some loss of PageRank through a 301.” Well, PageRank or link ranking factors, whatever you want to call it.

That’s great. This is, “I don’t know, but I’ll go check with the team that does know.” Then a response of, “Yes, the thing that you assumed is in fact the case and I can confirm it.” That’s awesome. I love, love, love statements like this. I sort of wish we could nudge Google into doing more of that, of the hey, we ask a question and you go, “Well, I think it’s this, but I’m going to go check with exactly that team that’s responsible for writing the code that implements that piece, so that we can tell you an honest and complete answer.” That’s terrific.

When they’re saying there’s a chance

But then you might get statements like this one, which are real tough. “External links to other sites isn’t specifically a ranking factor, but it can bring value to your content, and that in turn can be relevant for us in search. Whether or not they are followed doesn’t really matter.” That is a hard, hard statement to interpret. The first sentence says, “External links. We don’t use them. They’re not a ranking factor.” The second sentence says, “But those links might bring value to your content, and that in turn can be relevant for us in search,” which almost seems to contradict the first sentence. Those two things don’t go together.

I think this statement was not from Garry. This is John Mueller I think said this one. “Whether or not they are followed doesn’t really matter.” Okay, so if you are using them, followed or not followed doesn’t matter. Tough statement to interpret. I’m not sure what to take away from that. The only thing I think I might be able to do is to say, “I should probably test it. I should figure it out for myself.”

Recommendations for analyzing and interpreting Google’s words

In fact, I’ve got some recommendations for you when you are analyzing these words from Google, because it can be really tough to say, “How do I know which statements I can trust? Which one is the external links statement? Which one is the, ‘I’ll go check and I’ll tell you which one is the flat-out wrong statement?’ Which one is the, 'Well maybe this is right, but maybe it’s just not telling me the whole story.’”

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(A) Consider all the ways that the statement could be true while the surface-level info is technically wrong. So, for example, on the external links one, maybe the statement is true that it’s not specifically used as a ranking factor or not separately used, but maybe it’s used in concert with other signals. That’s what was trying to be said there by John, and it just came out in a funny way that the language would be parsed on the surface as very misinterpreted. So if someone from Google says, “A does not equal C,” you might say, “Aha, so that means B or D could equal C.” There you go.

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(B) Give statements some time to be amended or modified, at least a few weeks. For example, you’ll remember that the statement about 301s, 302s, and 307s, there was a statement made by Gary from Google and Gary said this. Then just a couple weeks later, he amended the statement to say, “Oh, right, there are also canonicalization issues, which is separate maybe from ranking issues, but probably you don’t care, because canonicalization will affect your rankings. 301s do help with canonicalization in Google, whereas 302s and 307s might not help as much,” which is sort of saying, “Wait, so they are interpreted differently and there could be some reasons why when I change 302s to 301s rankings and traffic go up. Aha.” That statement took a little while to come out, but it did kind of correct the record.

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© I like data and I like experiments over opinions and public statements. So for example, a few months ago now, the folks at Reboot Online did a great study about external links. They created some fake words and built up a bunch of web pages. Some of the web pages did have external links on them. Some of them didn’t. They saw that Google was extremely consistent in always ranking the ones that had external-pointing links that were followed versus external but not followed or no external links or internal links only, that kind of stuff. I think their results were pretty conclusive.

There are all sorts of reasons why this statement might have been wrong. Maybe when John said it, it was correct. Or maybe his second sentence is really the truth here and the first sentence is more, “Well, it’s not its own separate, specific thing,” and so the interpretation is what matters. In either case, that data, that experimentation, hugely valuable and important for us as an industry and I really like paying attention to those things and then trying to verify and replicate and apply on our own sites.

(D) The last thing I’ll say is, look, we need to be empathetic and forgiving. A lot of Googlers are working in a giant, giant corporation, tens of thousands of employees at Google, hundreds of different teams that potentially contribute. Just the ones that we know of, there’s Core Ranking folks, there’s Web Spam folks, there’s Crawling and Indexing folks, and Search Quality folks, and Webmaster Tools folks, and Webmaster Trends Analysts, and all these many different departments. It’s not always the case that a Gary or a John or any of the representatives and Andre can go and talk to the engineers who wrote the code and have them pull that right up and say, “Aha, yes, this exactly is what’s going on here and here’s why and here’s how we wrote it.” You just don’t get that level of clarity and sophistication.

So they have to operate with the knowledge that they have and with the information that they are being told. We, likewise, need to give them some room to amend their statements. We need to follow up ourselves with our own data, and we need to be careful about how we interpret and parse the sentences and phrasing that they give us.

All right, everyone, look forward to your comments and your thoughts about things Google has said over the years, how they’ve been helpful to you, potentially harmful to you, and hopefully we’ll see you again next week for another edition of Whiteboard Friday. Take care.

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Web Design 1 | Toronto Web Development

@Regrann from @48laws757 - There was in fact a “law” of sorts that demanded women of color in Louisiana to cover their hair with a fabric cloth starting in 1789 as a part of what was called the Bando du buen gobierno (Edict for Good Government). What these rules were meant to do was try to curtail the growing influence of the free black population and keep the social order of the time. The edict included sections specifically about the changing of certain “unacceptable” behaviors of the free black women in the colony including putting an end to what he and others believed to be the overly ostentatious hairstyles of these ladies which drew the attention of white men, and the jealousy of white women. These rules are called the “Tignon Laws” A tignon (pronounced “tiyon”) is a headdress.

Apparently, women of color were wearing their hair in such fabulous ways, adding jewels and feathers to their high hairdos and walking around with such beauty and pride that it was obscuring their status. This was very threatening to the social stability (read: white population) of the area at the time. The law was meant to distinguish women of color from their white counterparts and to minimize their beauty.

Black and multi racial women began to adopt the tignon, but not without a little ingenuity. Many tied the tignon in elaborate ways and used beautiful fabrics and other additions to the headdress to make them appealing. In the end, what was meant to draw less attention to them made these ladies even more beautiful and alluring.

During the 19th century, Marie Leveau (d. 1881), a devoted Catholic known as the Voodoo Queen, was generally a feared figure in New Orleans. Though apparently adept with Voodoo charms & potions of all kinds, Marie’s real power came from her extensive network of spies & informants. The New Orleans elite had the careless habit of detailing their most confidential affairs to their slaves & servants, who then often reported to Marie out of respect & fear. As a result, Marie appeared to have an almost amazing knowledge of the workings of political & social power in New Orleans, which she used to build her power as a voodoo priestess. #48laws757 #Regrann

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Bogles wants this card so bad! (Or they would, if it cost 2 less or something. Modern players want some really efficient cards!)

I invented this card while fiddling with my Spellwild Bogles deck (using Spellwild Ouphe + Shielding Plax/others to make a super-efficient Bogle), wishing I had a nice way to circumvent edict effects.

Honestly I’m a bit surprised this kind of thing doesn’t exist. Yes, there’re Tajuru Preserver; Sigarda, Host of Herons (personal favorite); and Assault Suit, but nothing which protects a particular creature in quite this way.

Also it can double as an odd tech chard to turn off things like Qasali Pridemage (if their mana isn’t up/they have no other targets), since it means the controller can’t pay its cost (sacrificing the creature).

Makes me wonder if Canopy Cover could be a good anti-Bogle card. Just have a Glaring Spotlight long enough to enchant their creature, and they can’t put any more enchantments on it. :) Honestly though, Paraselene and Patrician’s Scorn (Or if you’re me, Spring Cleaning!) are just better.

obscuram-ens  asked:

To what degree to absorbed people's cultures retain their individual identity? Is there any sort of state missionaries or suppressors of customs that are considered abhorrent?

// As long as you pay your taxes, fight in the army when called, and don’t cause problems, I think Noxus would basically leave its conquered territories alone.  Unless the territory is in financial ruin, or has some kind of major dysfunction, I think Noxus would let them govern themselves to a degree, though they’d probably appoint governors for territories that would deal with things at a more local level.

If you’re strong, and don’t cause problems for the Empire (like cost them money, start an uprising, spout treasonous words, decline your service in the Legion, raid and pillage, break laws or edicts) then you should be fine.  Noxus can’t afford to have stormtroopers on every corner waving swords at you if you step out of line. 

They’d probably use local defenses, people familiar with the area and customs, to manage things.  It’s just smarter to do things that way, and as long as people are following the Noxian way, I don’t think they’d care what god you worship, or what your culture is, unless that culture directly interferes in what Noxus is trying to do.

Basically, you’d know you’re part of the Noxian Empire, they wouldn’t let you forget it, those Noxtoraa mean something, but they wouldn’t rub your face in it or be any more in your face that your standard government.  Sure, there would be assholes, and there would probably be some abuse of power, but largely, I don’t think life in Noxian territory would be all that much different than that outside of it, other than the fact that you’re sworn to Noxus, pay your taxes, and fight its wars.