economics of bulking

In rightly rejecting the right-wing fiction of free-standing market forces and autonomous residential choices, Massey and Denton end up dismissing the role of underlying market imperatives altogether. At one point, they explicitly reject the relevance of class as an analytic. But they do so by perpetuating the unproductive class and race dichotomy and operationalizing class in a static, quantitative way (namely, by equating it with household income). In doing so, they find that the upper-income black population still experiences high rates of segregation; ergo, race trumps class.This is true enough, but only as long as one accepts such a reductionist definition of class in the first place. That reductionist view also closes off the holistic analyses that might more fruitfully explore the relationship between political economy and racial attitudes and their spatial consequences.

Taking racial disparity as a starting point can subtly coerce a univariate view that precludes attention to many overarching class dynamics. One of these is intra-racial inequality. On residential segregation, a recent study by Sean Reardon and Kendra Bischoff shows that income segregation among blacks in the 100 largest metropolitan statistical areas ‘grew rapidly in the 1970s and 1980s, at a rate more than three times faster than the corresponding growth of white income segregation’, during the exact time span that is American Apartheid’s focus. This concurrent development does not invalidate American Apartheid’s overall findings, especially its authors’ emphasis that upwardly mobile blacks who move to suburbs still tend to end up in ones that are more segregated.But it does suggest that a bifurcated ‘two societies’ model tells us little about what goes on within the two nodes themselves. Strictly racial interpretation prevents careful consideration of other forces shaping social life.

That approach is necessary and undeniably useful for seeing general macro-level trends, but there are many micro-level trends that it cannot pick up, including urban redevelopment initiatives, suburban heterogeneity  (however  limited),  and  economic exploitation and gentrification (by both blacks and whites). Black-on-black gentrification, in particular, tends to occur in small corridors, and thus can easily be masked by these conventional quantitative analyses of segregation. Moreover, when cast in the language of racial disparity, such aggregate analysis takes the larger percentage of blacks who are residentially segregated as a marker of little black political and economic power altogether. But this birds’ eye view cannot capture the small but influential number of blacks who defy residential constraints, and in turn, play influential roles in the ‘black urban regimes’, the constellation of black elected officials, political appointees, and pro-growth business interests that exert an enormous impact on urban development. Just as a robust aggregate GDP figure (to take just one example) can mask the economic stress experienced by the bulk of the population, so too can the depressing aggregate figures on minority outcomes – like those in American Apartheid and much racial disparities research – mask the affluence of a handful. Considered this way, the thematic maps periodically trucked out to show pervasive segregation may in fact obscure more subtle trends. For this work and others, then, method and choice of data obscure as much as they illuminate.

—  Adolph Reed Jr. and Merlin Chowkwanyun, “Race, Class, Crisis: The Discourse of Racial Disparity and its Analytical Discontents”

One Cracked columnist took the new Alien game to its extreme/logical/BEST conclusion.

What 16 Straight Hours of Alien: Isolation Teaches a Man

#6. Get Into the Head of the Character

Packing for 15 hours worth of pants-shitting game horror, I decided to start at a brisk 8 a.m. on the Saturday after the release. That way I could theoretically finish before midnight. That meant buckets of morning grogginess to hone in, and so in the spirit of terror I opted to up my nerves with a series of 5-Hour Energy shots administered once every three hours. This overlap seemed both logical and economic, because buying bulk shots would give me the efficiency and stamina of 25 hours worth of energy compacted into the span of 15. And to sweeten the deal, it would cost less money for nearly a third more energy in my bloodstream. It’s just good math.

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anonymous asked:

Personally, I used to be pro life, but since getting older, learning more and becoming a much more mature adult, I can see the many good reasons for abortion. I agree with the one anon. Catching it early, it is not a baby yet. What if you were raped or can't afford to take care of a child? What if there is something wrong with you and the fetus could endanger your life? Or you could endanger it's life? If I were to get pregnant now, I would abort. I believe in the importance of being pro choice.

(Referencing this.)

Hello. Do you know, the timing of your message is uncanny because the way you laid out your argument fits almost perfectly with an article I read just a few days ago. It talks about how abortion activists are changing their strategy to move away from the vague term “pro-choice” and towards more specific talking points like “women’s health” and “economic security” - and the bulk of your argument is made up of those exact two talking points. 

Catching it early, it is not a baby yet. - I wonder if you consciously chose to use the term “catching it early.” That’s the term doctors use when they talk about a cancer or a disease. 

What if you were raped - I have to refer back to my post about abortion being only one of two things. If abortion just means getting rid of a “blob” then there’s no justification needed at all. But if it’s a living baby, the fact that it was conceived in rape does not make the baby any less alive than any other unborn baby. I’m certainly not trying to belittle the suffering of any woman who has been raped - but if I’m going to stand by my belief that life begins at conception, then I don’t get to squirm away from the difficult questions by picking and choosing which unborn babies I defend. A baby conceived in rape is no less deserving of protection than the most wanted, hoped for baby in the world.

As an aside, I find it bizarre that an organisation like Planned Parenthood would even attempt to claim that they stand for victims of rape:

Planned Parenthood’s cover-up of child sex trafficking

Investigations found seven Planned Parenthood clinics in four different states were willing to aid and abet the sex-trafficking of minor girls by supplying confidential birth control, STD testing, and secret abortions to underage girls and their traffickers.

Planned Parenthood’s cover-up of sexual abuse:

Investigations found eight Planned Parenthood clinics in five different states were willing to cover-up sexual abuse, disregarding mandatory suspected statutory rape reporting laws.  Clinics also provided instructions on how to circumvent parental consent laws.

Planned Parenthood Sued for Doing Abortion on Raped 13-Year-Old, Returning Her to Rapist:

Throughout the visit, four staff members spoke with and observed R.Z. and her step-father. All of them had opportunity to see that R.Z.’s birth date indicated she was only thirteen—well below the age of consent. Yet, none of them asked R.Z. about their relationship. None of them asked why their last names were different. None of them asked about potential sex abuse. And none of them reported anything to the state.

After the abortion, R.Z. walked back out to the parking lot, got into her step-father’s car, and went back home. And the abuse continued.

or can’t afford to take care of a child? - I would make two points on this:

(a) It’s estimated that there are between 1 and 2 million people waiting to adopt a child in the U.S. The number of abortions performed every year is about 1,300,000. The number of adoptions is about 58,000. For every single baby aborted, there was very likely someone waiting to adopt and take care of him or her. 

(b) I find the “economic” argument extremely shaky for another reason. What if I lost my job when my child was two years old and I couldn’t afford to take care of her? Following your logic, is economic security the only justification needed for killing a child?

What if there is something wrong with you and the fetus could endanger your life? - Here is what I wrote to someone else who asked the same question:

“Abortions are never medically necessary. If a woman’s life is in danger and her baby has to be delivered early, I am not against that. But they can try to save the baby’s life too.* Now that I’ve realised that, it’s unbelievable to me how many stories I have read of doctors - people who are supposed to save lives - jumping straight to steering a woman towards abortion instead of trying to save her and her baby. 

This table shows that babies born as early as 23 weeks stand a 10-35% chance of surviving. The chances of a premature baby’s survival go up rapidly from that point on.

I think that many - maybe almost all - supporters of abortion believe that people who are against abortion must value the life of the baby above that of the mother. I don’t believe that at all. To me, both lives are equally valuable and equally deserving of protection.”

Or you could endanger it’s life?I think there must be a typo here somewhere, because you’ve just written that ending a baby’s life is the way to avoid endangering her life. 

I believe in the importance of being pro choice.That’s a very noble-sounding statement - but (and my intention isn’t to be rude) I’m surprised that your arguments don’t have more substance given that you used to be on the other side of the debate, and you must have done a lot of thinking on the subject. The post of mine that prompted you to write to me laid out my reasons for why I define life the way I do. You obviously disagree with me - but you didn’t attempt to refute any of the points I raised. If you were once pro-life, your definition of life must have changed for you to now support abortion. So I’m curious about how you would answer my questions to that other person on the subject of when life begins. 

Anyway, thanks for your message.