ecological problems

This book is so great!!

You know how sometimes people say they care about animals but keep abusing and exploiting them?

Remember that time when certain activists and famous writers were outraged by factory farming, but that didn’t stop them from consuming animal flesh and animal products?

You might feel outraged by these inconsistencies and sometimes you might have no words to express this frustration in a civilized manner. Well, James McWilliams does this perfectly.

Search no more, get this book.

Just Food author James McWilliams’s exploration of the “compassionate carnivore” movement and the paradox of humanity’s relationship with animals.

In the last four decades, food reformers have revealed the ecological and ethical problems of eating animals raised in industrial settings, turning what was once the boutique concern of radical eco-freaks into a mainstream movement. Although animal products are often labeled “cage free,” “free range,” and “humanely raised,” can we trust these goods to be safe, sound, or ethical?

In The Modern Savage, renowned writer, historian, and animal advocate James McWilliams pushes back against the questionable moral standards of a largely omnivorous world and explores the “alternative to the alternative”-not eating domesticated animals at all. In poignant, powerful, and persuasive prose, McWilliams reveals the scope of the cruelty that takes place even on the smallest and-supposedly-most humane animal farms. In a world increasingly aware of animals’ intelligence and the range of their emotions, McWilliams advocates for the only truly moral, sustainable choice-a diet without meat, dairy, or other animal products.

The Modern Savage is a riveting expose of an industry that has typically hidden behind a veil of morality, and a compelling account of how to live a more economical, environmental, and ethical life.

vinzound  asked:

Hola x, ¿En el mundo futurístico en el que vives (21XX) cual es el porcentaje de flora y fauna que se ha extinguído? :'/

Aun asi, hay esperanza de que la flora y fauna natural se recupere algun dia.

||Q. Hi x, In the futuristic world in which you live (21XX) what is the percentage of flora and fauna that has been extinguished?
||A. Unfortunately we have a strong ecological problem, only 20% of the flora and fauna is natural, an attempt to solve this problem is to make artificial flora and fauna, although it is expensive, is a quick solution to this disaster, there is still hope that natural flora and fauna to recover someday.


Day 28-Pokemon Rangers

You’ve decided to go to Ranger school, and join the Pokemon Rangers. Though you have proven you are a tough trainer, this is unlike any challenge you have ever faced. You’re no longer trying to capture pokémon, instead your goal is to protect the world using a styler and the help of pokémon you befriend along the way.

Pokémon Rangers begin as Student Rangers, and after graduation, they become Area Rangers. Pokémon Rangers known as Area Rangers primarily operate out of Ranger Unions in Fiore, Almia and Oblivia where nature is held in higher regard than in other regions. However, a rare promotion can be gained where they become Top Ranger, earning many new privileges. Pokémon Rangers use Capture Stylers to calm and control wild Pokémon to help them solve ecological problems, defeat criminals using Pokémon to commit crimes, and arrest Pokémon poachers, acting as a sort of cross between a police officer and park ranger.

Pokémon Rangers usually have only one Pokémon - known as their “Partner”, that is with them at all times, and has been trained to a high level. Pokémon Rangers do not usually send Pokémon to battle each other directly, but generally use the Pokémon with them to power up the energies and extra settings on their Capture Stylers or to distract wild or enemy Pokémon with attacks that are not directly offensive. These powers are known as Poké Assist and are activated by having the Pokémon Ranger absorb a wild Pokémon’s power into their Capture Styler, where upon their Styler gains extra abilities depending on the Pokémon’s Type.

Card 1- Captures: It’s time to test your Ranger skills, trainer. What pokémon will you capture?
Card 2- Enemies: As it appears, there are always criminals who want to use pokémon for nefarious deeds. It’s your job to stop them. Which pokémon will assist you this time?
Card 3- Top Ranger: You’re one of the best in the land. How will you use your skills to help others?
Card 4- Mission Complete: You’ve finished your quest, your world is completely calm. How has your Ranger experience strengthened you?

Post a picture and tag it as: #pokemondivination or #pdc!


A standalone science fiction short story. The shepherd of the future tends, not to sheep, but to small mobile photovoltaic cells. But when poachers threaten his livelihood, will he be able to see them off with nothing but his wits?

I originally wrote this for a call for submissions, asking for things in the genre of ‘Solarpunk’. It was described as being fiction that exists in a future where we have perhaps dealt with some of the ecological problems that plague us now, or that focuses on the struggle to overcome them.

(via The Lion and the Lamb - YouTube)


Ecologico Permaculture garden in the dry jungle of Paraguay, with a bird concert. So many sounds, smells. This is only possible with biodiversity!

anonymous asked:

Could I have some headcanons for Dirk and Jake? Alone as well as as as a couple if you guys ship 'em? (3× as, is that even grammatically correct!? jegus.) Thanks in advance! Love your blog, you guys are awesome, please keep up the good work!


  • Jake completely loves biology, especially botany and zoology. He knows almost all of the flora on our world;
  • The same goes for the fauna;
  • He cares a lot about our ecological problems, for example pollution;
  • He eats all kinds of weird plants, that we would normally never eat;
  • He constantly organizes cleaning events in parks or forests;
  • He is tall, but still shorter than Dirk.


  • He shaves his legs. Constantly;
  • And arms. He shaves them too;
  • His voice is deeper than hell;
  • In school, his PE teacher wanted to put him as a substitute when he’s away, but he declined, wanting to teach robotics;
  • He enjoys painting his nails;
  • He is taller than a fuCKING giraffe.


  • Jake is one of the only people who have seen Dirk genuinely smile.
  • He thinks that his smile could cure cancer, end world hunger and stop all wars;
  • But Dirk mostly smirks;
  • And Jake thinks that his smirk is hELLA HOT DAMN;
  • But his smile is hotter;
  • Dirk secretly draws hentai shit about them;
  • At least he thinks it’s a secret.
Cooking is the BEST rank 1 Gift

It really is. Sure some combat gifts let you beat things really hard, but Cooking lets you solve both basic logistics problems AND large intractable ecological problems. You probably skimmed over it in the core book.  here’s the text.


Rank 1 Bone Gnawers Gift

The Garou must have a small pot (a coffee can will doe) and a ladle or spoon to use this Gift. He places whatever he can find into the pot — trash, beer cans, old newspapers, etc. — adds water (spit counts) and stirs. The result is a pasty, bland-tasting mush that is nevertheless edible and filling.

System: The player rolls Wits + Survival. The difficulty depends on the items “cooked.” Inedible but harmless material is difficulty 6, while actively toxic substances are difficulty 10.

Okay, yeah, whatever turn Not Food into food. that’s not that good.

Oh no. it is AMAZING.  Note how it says it works on anything including toxic waste, just at higher difficulty.  It does not require any kind of expenditure to use, just a roll.  Your Gnawer could use it 500 times in a day.  He could feed every Gnawer and Kinfolk in town.

More specifically any Gnawer with this gift SHOULD use it for at least one meal per day in service to Gaia.  And many locations the Gnawers want to take over they likely have a party at the start where everybody gets something made with Cooking.

Hey, my Kinfolk’s house ain’t safe because the dirt in the yard has lead paint chips in it and asbestos and its incredibly hard to clean up and get rid of? GNAWER HOUSE WARMING PARTY. everybody eat your bowl of Cooked dirt. Leftovers go in the compost bin and hey, lookit that, no more lead problem here, fam!  A problem nobody else could solve in any kind of timely or cost effective way, WE ATE THE PROBLEM.

Now aside from that, it also allows Gnawers to be incredibly good at surviving in remote environments.  And also explains how they got to be practically everywhere.  hey, we’re stuck on a ship for months with questionable provisions?  we get to the bottom of the food barrel and the Gnawer can just eat the barrel.  (or Cooked regular food that gone moldy or rancid). No wonder the Get liked palling around with the Gnawers in Viking era.  Cool, we can sail way farther than normal!

So any pack acting as a strike force should always include a Gnawer (or at least someone with the Gift) as they effectively don’t require resupply. They need water, but they don’t have to carry food or hunt for food.  They can lay low and eat whatever is at hand and can be Cooked (which is everything)

Gross; but your Gnawer can potentially just eat actual shit he Cooked.   Think about that in an enclosed environment where you have both a limited food supply AND limited ability to dispose of waste products.  SPACE GNAWERS.

Also: you can eat evidence. Murder weapon? what murder weapon? I just have a lovely bowl of… porridge.

so in  summary: you never need to carry or obtain food (expect for variety) AND you can clean up the environmental problems that nobody else has any kind of cheap, easy, and quick method of dealing with. COOK IT FOR GAIA.

Living Solarpunk Right The Fuck Now

As soon as I found out about solarpunk, I knew it was the movement for me. It’s exactly what I’d been waiting for – near future, optimistic science fiction focusing on ways to fix current ecological and social problems. 

But it’s more than science fiction to me. In solarpunk I see a legitimate way forward, and a strong aesthetic hook to convince people to adopt available methods. To me, solarpunk suggests that we don’t need to sacrifice beauty and comfort to live a more sustainable, ethical life. And I think people respond to that. I know I do. 

So I’m all in. I’m a solarpunk. I want to be as solarpunk as currently possible, and I want to insure that living a solarpunk life becomes more accessible to everyone. The lists below focus on looking at my own life, community, and choices through a solarpunk lens.

Keep reading

Nicholas Meyer was vehemently against the idea of Gillian Taylor ending up in the late 23rd century at the end of Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home. In an interview featured in The Making of the Trek Films, he said:

“In my version of the script, originally, when they all leave to go back, she didn’t leave. She said if anyone’s going to make sure this kind of disaster doesn’t happen, somebody’s going to have to stay behind, which I still think is the ‘righter’ ending. The end in the movie detracts from the importance of people in the present taking responsibility for the ecology and preventing problems of the future by doing something about them today, rather than catering to the fantasy desires of being able to be transported ahead in time to the near-utopian future society of the Star Trek era.”


Looking for an exotic locale to shoot your next zombie apocalypse movie? Might I suggest the abandoned Soviet research station on Rudolf Island in the high-Arctic on Franz Josef Land? It’s haunted, spooky, and, almost definitely, an ecological problem. Bonus: Not far from the Novaya Zemlya Nuclear Test Site!

filmedertorials  asked:

Hey Hank, I've been wondering something. Which is better for the environment: paper towels or electric hand-dryers? The electric ones usually say they're better, but it seems to me since they are powered by fossil fuels (I've never seen a solar powered one), made of metal and plastic (unlike a renewable source like wood), and not biodegradable (unlike paper products) this seems like a dubious claim. I was just curious and figured you'd know something about the topic.

Paper towels are also powered by fossil fuels. Trees are cut down and processed by machines powered by fossil fuels and shipped across the country in trucks. And, of course, cutting down trees has its own set of ecological problems that have much more to do with individual forests than the Earth’s climate. 

So the answer is, I don’t know. What I do know is that hand dryers are cheaper and easier to maintain than paper towel dispensers, which is the actual reason public restrooms have them. And also, I know that your hand drying choice has a very small impact on the environment. Much smaller than, say, where you choose to live (in a small apartment in a walkable neighborhood or a big house an hour drive from work.) Or what you choose to eat (meat vs anything but meat.)

theazurevalkyriesandfriends-dea  asked:

OOC: what's the deal with GMOs and why are people protesting them?

The deal with GMO’s is that they’re genetically modified for a variety of purposes; to grow faster, to survive better, to yield more food or even concentrate more nutrients. The technology is our best answer to hunger crises, many diseases and even some ecological problems around the world.

Unfortunately, people are afraid of things they don’t understand, and many, many people fail to understand what genetic modification truly entails. A poll conducted a few years ago even found that a large chunk of Americans didn’t think vegetables even had DNA, and that eating GMO plants would somehow alter their own DNA.

People are convinced that eating something “unnatural” is automatically bad for them, even though we already depend on unnatural chemicals for proper health and nutrition every day of our lives, and eating something with modified DNA can’t affect your body any differently from the DNA of any other organisms you’ve ever consumed, which is to say it has no effect whatsoever.

Sadly, fear and paranoia has lead to attacks against GMO technology so extreme that in some cases, decades worth of research by honest, hard-working scientists has been destroyed and modified organisms banned by entire countries.

Complicating matters is that one of the most powerful corporations marketing GMO foods, Monsanto, does have highly unethical business practices. It doesn’t care about helping people, but wants to monopolize the food industry and hoard patents for modified plant life.

Monsanto has given a wonderful technology a villainous face in the public eye, and sheer ignorance has done the rest.

Imagine what people would say if a band of hunters strung a mile of net between two immense all-terrain vehicles and dragged it at speed across the plains of Africa. This fantastical assemblage, like something out of Mad Max movie, would scoop up everything in it’s way: predators such as lions and cheetahs, lumbering endangered herbivores such as rhinos and elephants, herds of impala and wildebeest, family groups of warthogs and wild dogs. Pregnant females would be swept up and carried along, with only the small juveniles able to wriggle through the mesh. Picture how the net is constructed, with a huge metal roller attached to the leading edge. This rolling beam smashes and flattens obstructions, flushing creatures into the approaching filaments. The effect of dragging a huge iron bar across the Savannah is to break off every outcrop and uproot every tree, bush, and flowering plant, stirring columns of birds into the air. Left behind is a strangely bedraggled landscape resembling a harrowed field. The industrial hunter-gatherers now stop to examine the tangled mess of writhing or dead creatures behind them. There are no markets for about a third of the animals they have caught because they don’t taste good, or because they are simply too small or too squashed. This pile of corpses is dumped on the plain to be consumed by scavengers.
—  Charles Clover, “The End of the Line: How Overfishing Is Changing the World and What We Eat”

argentarachnids  asked:

Do you know if there have been any kind of similar ecological problems with cockroaches or jellyfish? I ask because the fandom is theorizing Ultra Beasts are themed after pest species.


They are a global problem. As we overfish their predators, and pollute our seas (which drives away their less hardy competitors) Jellyfish are undergoing huge population explosions. Its a positive feedback loop, because more jellyfish mean that the eggs and planktonic larvae of other creatures are more likely to be eaten by them, and thus won’t settle and survive in areas with massive jelly blooms. Climate change too is allowing them to expand their range into colder waters. Its a sign of an unhealthy sea if there are lots of jellies, outside their natural blooming behaviour and distribution. 

One of the most notorious cases of how difficult it is to deal with jellies is that of  the Nomura’s Jellyfish in Japan, one of the world’s biggest jellyfish species. 

Their population had been increasing in the Sea of Japan gradually over the course of the 20th century. They feed on zooplankton and eggs, so that includes the eggs and juveniles of commercial fish species in the area. To combat this, big mesh nets were trawled through blooms of the jellies to cut them up and kill them. But there is a catch. If you kill or attack one of these bad boys, they release all their gametes (so eggs or sperm) into the water. So really, killing them just facilitated a mass orgy in a way. Millions and millions of fertilised jelly eggs sank to the sea floor to mature, and the population explosions following this action the next years once they had matured, was massive, at an even bigger detriment to fish populations in the area.

The new tactic has been to catch the jellyfish  and market them as food, whether as a component to ice cream, or the jellyfish themselves, and there is a tonne of research into other methods of using them, but it’s still difficult to make a dent on the issue. 

Jellyfish are definitely fall in the problematic pest category. 

In terms of UB02-Beauty? There is debate as to whether it is based on a cockroach or a copepod. Cockroaches are indeed global pests too, both in the home, and for commercial food stores etc. Indeed there are also many invasive cockroach species in Hawaii. 

In terms of copepods (small planktonic crustaceans, i.e. what plankton in spongebob is based on) they play a huge role in supporting the ocean’s food web, but many many species are parasitic and can have a big impact on fisheries and aquaculture. Having copepods in human water systems are generally associated with pollution and diseases such as cholera. 

anonymous asked:

However, A lot of animals are only bred for the pure reason of creating produce to sell and to be eaten, it gives money to farmers, and also if everyone stopped eating the meat then they may stop selling the meat and breeding the animals. In other words they could become extinct. Don't get me wrong I have absolutely nothing against vegetarians and vegans (my boyfriend is even vegetarian) and i know a lot of the animals are treated horribly, and I understand that.

Extinction is an ecological problem, while most farm animals do not exist inside of a natural ecology. If all the cows went extinct, that would be ecological fine (actually, beneficial) because they are not natural animals, they were created by human breeding. There has never been a wild cow in the history of ever….though cow ancestors (like bison) are still around, the direct natural ancestor of the cow, the Auroch, is already extinct.

Pigs would not go extinct…they live in the wild in lots of places. Chickens probably would…though their wild counterparts are also doing fine. 

The question of “what would happen if all people stopped eating meat” is a very interesting one. I would like to answer that question…possibly a very good video idea…

But I can’t really imagine that people will stop eating meat unless meat becomes completely unavailable.