As a chef-in-training I love to use flowers in my cooking so why not witchcraft too! Flowers add a splash of colour, taste, and a little bit of whimsy. People have been using flowers in cooking all the way back to the Romans and ancient Greeks. Many cultures today still use them too; Indians use roses and Italians use artichoke flowers. The tastes also vary! Some add spice and others a sweetness.
Eating Flowers Safely
Eat flowers you know are definitely edible - if you’re uncertain look in a reference book.
Eat flowers you have grown your self or are consumption grade. Nurseries and florists commonly use pesticides on the flowers.
Do not use flowers you have found at a park or near the edge of a road as they may be contaminated by car pollution and pesticides.
Only eat the petals and remove the pistols and stamens before eating.
To keep the flowers fresh place them on a wet paper towel and keep them in the fridge for up to 10 days.
If your flowers wilt put in some ice water.
Flowers and Their Properties
Allium - Depends on which variety but means the same as the herb- All the flowers in the allium family (leeks, chives, garlic, garlic chives) are edible. Flavours go from leek to garlic. All parts of these plants are edible.
Angelica - Inspiration/protection - The colours of the flowers range from lavender all the way to a deep rose and have a licorice flavour.
Bachelor’s button - Love - Grassy flavour. Dont eat calyx as it is very bitter.
Basil - Success/banishing - Very similar in taste to the basil leaf but milder in taste.
Borage - Courage - flowers are a lovely blue colour and they taste like cucumber.
Calendula - Love/joy - They taste spicy and have a vibrant golden colour.
Carnations - depends on colour but usually healing - Petals taste sweet but the base is very bitter.
Chamomile - Peace - They have a sweet flavour much like the tea.
Chervil - Joy - The flowers are very delicate and have a slight anise flavour.
Chicory - Success - Slightly bitter and good for pickling.
Chrysanthemum - Relaxation - Come in a variety of colours and flavours which range from peppery to pungent. Use fresh.
Citrus - Depends which type of citrus but generally joy - Some of the flowers in the citrus family are edible (orange, lemon, lime, grapefruit, kumquat). They have a sweet flavour and have a very strong taste.
Clove - Protection/Manifestation - They are sweet with a touch of licorice.
Dill - Protection - The lovely yellow flowers taste like the leaves.
English daisy - Luck - They are very bitter.
Fennel - Confidence/Protection - Beautiful yellow flowers with a licorice taste much like the herb.
Fuchsia - Love - They have a lovely tangy taste.
Gladiolus - Strength/Beauty - Quite bland actually.
Hibiscus - Beauty - Tastes like the tea with an interesting tart cranberry flavour.
Hollyhock - Ambition - Bland but are very pretty.
Impatiens - Motherly love - Dont have much flavour but are nice for decoration.
Jasmine - Romance - Have a nice sweet taste so they’re nice in sweet dishes.
Lavender - Relaxation - They are sweet and spicy and are great for both sweet and savoury dishes.
Lemon verbena - Beauty - The small white flowers taste like lemon.
Lilac - Beauty - They have a strong citrus flavour.
Mint - Protection - They taste minty.
Nasturtium - Victory - Very popular in cusine. They have a sweet, floral flavour and are also spicy.
Oregano - Protection - Same taste as the leaves but more subtle.
Pansy - Joy - Bland.
Radish - Protection - Very peppery.
Rose - Love - Very floral in taste which gets stronger the darker the flower is.
Rosemary - Memory - Milder rosemary taste.
Sage - Clearing - Taste similar to leaves.
Sunflower - Happiness - Dont really have a taste.
Violets - Happiness/Love - Floral taste.
As I am a baby witch all the correspondences might be wrong so please tell me if you would change anything.
I use flowers in salads, on cakes, in cakes, and I sometimes pickle them too so the options are endless!
A bunch of fun witchy activities that can be done with friends at sleepovers or when just hanging out.
Cleanse the house using salt or incense, good thing to do before anything else witchy
Turn a recipe for food or baked goods into a magical one and make it together
Decorate cookies or cupcakes with sigils that will activate when you eat them
Make flower crowns with fresh or fake flowers
Practice tea magick and then give each other readings from the leaves (tasseography)
Practice palm reading on each other
Do some tarot readings, oracle readings or other cartomancy techniques especially if everyone brings their own deck
Get some rounded wood pieces and some paints and make yourself some homemade simple runes
Practice knot magick by making each other friendship bracelets
Use beading supplies and charms to make other types of jewelry with intent corresponding with the colors, shapes, and charms of the jewelry and then enchant them to make them even more magickal
Make your own poppets with cloth, stuffing, rice, buttons and other ingredients to be used for positive purposes such as self love
Enchant each other’s favorite plushies or stuffed animals
Make homemade bath bombs, salts, and/or bath potions
Do each other’s make up hiding sigils in it and/or practicing glamours
Do each other’s nails using color magick, sigils, and other symbols
Make homemade magickal candles
Watch witchy movies!
Decorate binders to make unique new grimoires using paper, glitter, stickers, felt and other materials
Work out each other’s natal charts
Practice group energy work and aura reading
If everyone is comfortable make a homemade custom Ouija Board/Spirit Board and use it (please note that only do this if everyone is emotionally ready and before I get backlash for suggesting this check out @theouijagirl‘s blog)
Make homemade wands using crystals, beads, wires, and paint
Make pendulums or dowsing rods
Make sachet or jar spells for one another or together
Write a brand new spell!
Listen to music and use lyrics to write spells, incantations or chants
Do witchy arts and crafts like enchanted flower pots using sigils, rock charms, witch’s ladders, pine cone/acorn charms, acorn/seashell candles, ceremony/ritual masks, jewelry, sensory bottles/jars, enchanted slime, witch’s web, offering bowls, etc
Make a camp or bonfire and burn some (safe to burn) herbs (practice fire safety and only do this if you have a safe place to make a fire)
Make collages of things that make you feel witchy to put into your grimoires
Work on grimoires together and make custom pages, calenders, charts, illustrations, pressings, etc
Use erasers and x-acto knives (carefully) to make custom stamps of sigils, animals, words, etc
The culinary use of flowers dates back thousands of years to the
Chinese, Greeks and Romans. Many cultures use flowers in their traditional
cooking, medicine, and magick.
Adding flowers to your food can be a nice way to add color, flavor
and a little magickal whimsy. Some are spicy, and some herbaceous, while others
are floral and fragrant. The range is surprising. Flower petals can be
used in salads and as garnish for desserts, but they also inspire magickal
creative uses as well. Use them to make floral spirit water for rituals, as a
medicinal tea, or add to a healing spell or love potion…. the possibilities are endless.
TIPS FOR SAFE AND TASTY DINING:
Not all flowers are edible (those listed below are safe for consumption) - As lovely
as eating flowers can be, some can also be a little … deadly, so only
you know to be consumable — if you are uncertain, consult a reference book on
edible flowers and plants. (Always refer to the botanical name when verifying whether a flower is
safe to eat.)
because a flower is edible doesn’t mean it will taste good. Some will be more to
your liking than others – it’s all a matter of taste. Keep in mind that the
stamen, pistil and sepal of some blossoms are bitter and can contain pollen
that may detract from the true flavor of the flower. Consuming only the
petals will further heighten the appeal factor.
Eat flowers you have grown yourself, or know to be safe for
consumption. Flowers from the florist or nursery have probably been treated
with pesticides or other chemicals.
not eat roadside flowers or those picked in public parks. Both may have been treated with pesticide or
herbicide, and roadside flowers may be polluted by car exhaust.
only the petals, and remove pistils and
stamens before eating.
you suffer from allergies, introduce edible flowers gradually, as they may exacerbate allergies.
keep flowers fresh, place them on moist paper towels and refrigerate in an airtight
container. Some will last up to 10 days this way. Ice water can revitalize limp
All blossoms from the allium family (leeks,
chives, garlic, garlic chives) are edible and flavorful. Flavors run the gamut from delicate leek to
robust garlic. Every part of these plants is edible. Garlic is masculine in nature and associated with the planet Mars, the element fire and the sign Aries. It is sacred to Hecate and is a suitable offering to her left at a crossroads. Garlic has antibiotic properties, but should
not be used directly on wounds or in poultices or salves because it can be
irritating to the skin and may inhibit blood clotting.
Depending on the variety, flowers range from pale lavender-blue to deep rose
and have a licorice-like flavor. Believed to have
originated in Syria, angelica is now found just about everywhere. In ancient
times it was used to ward off the plague and evil and as a cure for poison and…
well, just about everything else.
Angelica is associated with the angels Michael and Gabriel.
It is aligned with the sun and the element of fire and sacred to Venus. Angelica tea is useful for colic, gas,
indigestion, hepatitis, heartburn, nausea, ulcers and various other digestive
3. Anise Hyssop
Both flowers and leaves have a subtle anise or licorice flavor. Anise
is one of the oldest known plants that were grown for both culinary and
medicinal use. Anise is associated with the element of air, the God Apollo, the planets Mercury and Jupiter, and the astrological sign Gemini. Anise is also considered masculine.
Blossoms come in a variety of colors, from white to pink to lavender; flavor is
similar to the leaves, but milder. The word Basil comes from the Greeks, meaning
“King”. Basil is sacred to Vishnu, Tulasi and Erzulie, masculine in nature, and
associated with the element of fire and the planet Mars.
Basil helps steady the mind, brings happiness, love, peace, and money
and protects against insanity.
5. Calendula / Marigold
A great flower for eating, calendula blossoms are peppery, tangy, and spicy —
and their vibrant golden color adds a dash of magick to any dish. The
ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans all loved calendula and used it for
culinary and healing purposes. During the medieval period it was considered a
cure for just about everything. Marigold is associated
with the Sun. Calendula
symbolizes love and constancy. It is great for wedding bouquets and
decorations. It is the traditional “he loves me, he loves me not”
flower and is useful for love potions. Dried
petals can be strewn to consecrate an area or burned in consecration incense.
They are also a good addition to dream pillows.
Petals are sweet, once trimmed away from the base. The blossoms taste like
their sweet, perfumed aroma. In ancient Rome,
carnations were known as “Jove’s Flower” as a tribute to their beloved king of
the gods, Jupiter. Carnations are
masculine, associated with the Sun and Jupiter, and with the element fire. Those things that fall
under the rule of Jupiter are ideal for use in magickal applications related to
luck, money, good fortune, status, legal matters, fertility, friendship,
ambition, career, success and protection. The
flowers can be used to lend strength in healing applications. The practitioner
can also use carnation essential oils to increase health and vigor.
Small and daisy like, the flowers have a sweet flavor and are
often used in tea. Ragweed sufferers may be allergic to chamomile. The Romans used Chamomile for incense. Chamomile was used in ancient Egypt for
fevers and was dedicated to their Sun God Ra. Chamomile is associated with the sun, Leo and the element of water. It helps cleanse and invigorate
the throat chakra (5th). It is associated with
various Sun Gods, including Cernunnos,
Lugh and others. It is used
in spells for money, peace, love, tranquility and purification.
8. Chrysanthemum / Mum
A little bitter, mums come in a rainbow of colors and a range
of flavors range from peppery to pungent. Use only the petals. In Celtic folklore, chrysanthemums in the garden were considered a
meeting place for the faeries. Chrysanthemum
is masculine in nature and resonates with the
energy of the Sun and the element of fire. Chrysanthemum has been used
for burial rituals and is a suitable decoration for Samhain and for ancestral altars. The dried flower heads of
chrysanthemum can be burned during house blessings ceremonies.
The bright yellow
flowers should be gathered as soon as they open. Remove the green bits from the
base of the flower before using. These can be added to wines, vinegar or
jellies. The name dandelion comes from the French, “dent de lion” which
means “tooth of the lion”. The dandelion is
masculine in action and associated with the planet Jupiter, the element of air and both Pisces and Sagittarius.
It is also associated with any solar deity, Hecate, Brigid and Belenos. A tea of the flowers and leaves may be consumed to increase psychic ability, while pouring boiling water over a bowlful of roots
will aid in calling spirits. You can also make a
wish and blow the seeds off a dandelion head.
Sweet, spicy, and perfumed, the flowers are a great addition
to both savory and sweet dishes. Some of the earliest
recorded uses of lavender are by the Roman soldiers who used the wild-growing
plant to perfume their bathwater and wash their clothes. Lavender is
masculine in action and associated with Mercury. It is also associated with the element of air and the astrological sign Virgo. It may be used as an asperging herb (to sprinkle water for purification purposes) and dried lavender sticks or wands can be burnt
like incense. It is also useful in spells to sharpen the mind, to
encourage or strengthen pure love and to encourage fertility. The scent of lavender is
relaxing and uplifting all at once making it a great aromatherapy for stressed
out or depressed individuals. Try adding some lavender oil to your bath or add
it to mild oil for a relaxing massage at the end of a hard day. Stuffing a
pillow with lavender buds may help insomniacs relax and fall asleep and soothes
The flowers are a pretty, subtle version of the leaf. Oregano is ruled by Venus and the element of air and
associated with Aphrodite. It is
used in spells for happiness, tranquility, luck, health, protection and letting
go of a loved one. It can also be used in spells to deepen existing love. When
worn on the head during sleep, it is said to promote psychic dreams. Oregano symbolizes
joy. Use it for rituals celebrating joyful occasions, or in spells to bring joy
into one’s life.
Remove the white, bitter base and the remaining petals have a
strongly perfumed flavor perfect for floating in drinks or scattering across
desserts, and for a variety of jams. All roses are edible, with flavor more pronounced
in darker varieties. From the time of Solomon, the rose has been the
flower most closely linked with love. The rose was sacred to Venus, the Roman
goddess of love, and was connected to her messenger, Cupid. Roses have
been cultivated for over 5,000 years. Roses are associated with Aphrodite, Adonis and Eros.
Rosewater is a protective agent worn on clothes. Rose petals can be added to
charms against the evil eye.
Flowers taste like a milder version of the herb; nice used as
a garnish on dishes that incorporate rosemary. The word Rosmarinus is from the Latin meaning “dew of
the sea”. Rosemary is also associated
with Aphrodite and appears in many ancient images of
Her. Rosemary was used to ward off evil spirits and nightmares. The wood was
used to make musical instruments. Rosemary is male in nature and ruled by Leo, the element fire and
the sun (or Moon,
depending who you ask). It’s sacred to Hebe, Aphrodite and the Virgin Mary. Rosemary can be used in spells
for fidelity and remembrance as well as to dispel jealousy. Rosemary is useful
for ritual baths, and for making
sacred herbal water for ritual cleansing, blessing and purification. Bathing in
rosemary will enhance your memory.
Blossoms have a subtle flavor similar to the leaves. Sage is
a hardy perennial of the mint family. The
Romans regarded sage quite highly and much sacrifice and ceremony was
associated with its harvest. They believed it stimulated the brain and memory
and used it to clean their teeth. Sage is masculine in nature and associated the element of air and
the planet Jupiter. Sage is
sacred to the Greek Zeus and Roman Jupiter. It is also a symbol of the
Virgin Mary. Sage is used in
magical workings for immortality, longevity, wisdom, protection and the
granting of wishes. Sage is also believed to help alleviate sorrow of the death
of a loved one.
Petals can be eaten, and the bud can be steamed like an
artichoke. Sunflower is associated with the sun and
all solar deities. Its essence helps balance the first chakra and also helps
with confidence in leadership roles. Sunflower
oil can be used as carrier oil for healing oils used in massages and ointments.
Another famous edible flower, violets are floral, sweet and
beautiful as garnishes. Use the flowers in salads and to garnish desserts and
drinks. In Roman mythology, violets were said to be
lesser goddesses who once dared to rival the beauty of Aphrodite, goddess of
love and beauty. Violets are affiliated
with the planet Venus or Pluto and are associated with the nymphs of ancient Greek myths. Violets are also
associated with death and rebirth through the story of Attis.
Violets are useful in love spells and may be carried as an amulet to increase one’s luck in love. Try
combining them with lavender for an enhanced effect.
Sources: HerbalRiot, Cheralyndarcey, Witches of the Craft, Inspirationforthespirit,
AU where Carlos brings Cecil flowers on their first date, and Cecil thanks him, and then eats the flowers. Carlos is shocked, but then, out of curiosity (science) he proceeds to bring him flowers all the time, wondering if this is a Cecil thing, or a Night Vale thing. Cecil doesn’t want to tell him that he doesn’t actually normally eat flowers, but he got so nervous the first time that he did, and now he’s in too deep to back down.
While cassowaries have been known to eat fungi, flowers, snails, insects, frogs, birds, rats, mice, and even carrion, their diet consists primarily of fruit. They will eat the fruit of several hundred species of tree and bush, and one tree, the cassowary plum (which is toxic to other species but eaten readily by the cassowary), has even been named for the birds. Cassowaries can become extremely aggressive about their food; when they find a tree that is dropping fruit, they will stay there and eat, chasing away any other cassowaries who try to approach and feed, until the fruit is gone.
Cassowaries will swallow fruits whole, even large ones like apples and plums. Because of this, seeds and pits will go through the cassowary’s digestive system and be passed in their droppings. These birds have been known to distribute seeds over distances of over a kilometre, making them hugely important in the dispersal and germination of fruit trees through the rainforests. Some seeds, such as those of the Ryparosa trees, are shown to have much greater germination rates when they have been through the gut of a cassowary. These makes these birds a keystone species for the rainforests they inhabit.