eastern bloc countries

3

The PPs-43 Submachine Gun,

The Soviet PPSh-41 was an excellent weapon, so much so that it has become an iconic Soviet weapon of World War II.  However the PPSh-41 still had some flaws and needed further refinement.  For example its blisteringly fast 800 round per minute rate of fire quickly exhausted a 35 round magazine, thus it worked best with a large, heavy, and unreliable 71 round magazine.  The PPSh-41 was heavy for a submachine gun at 8 pounds.  Finally, while the PPSh-41 was easy to mass produce, the Soviet government wanted a submachine gun that was even quicker to produce using less resources, machining hours, and skilled manpower.

In 1942 a Russian officer named Lt. I.K. Bezruchko-Vysotsky invented the design which would provide the basis for the PPs-43.  The design would be adopted by the firearms designer Alexei Sudayev, who improved upon it with an emphasis in simplifying it for mass production.  The first prototypes were tested in Spring of 1942, and the weapon was adopted as the PPs-42.  Later Sudayev improved upon the design further, which was again adopted as the PPs-43.

Like the PPSh-41, the PPs-43 was chambered for the 7.62x25mm Tokarev cartridge.  However several changes were made that created a much different submachine gun.  First and foremost, whereas the PPSh-41 used a simple wooden stock, the PPs-43 used a collapsible metal stock.  The PPs-43 made extensive used of stamped metal rather than machined parts.  Thus machining time of the PPs-43 was only 2.7 hours whereas machining time for the PPSh-41 was 7.3 hours.  The PPs-43 utilized a blowback operated action which fired with an open bolt.  Rate of fire was purposely decreased to 500-600 rounds per minute, a significant decrease from the the 800 RPM of the PPSh-41.  Thus, the PPs-43 was only issued with a double stack 35 round magazine.  Fire was in fully automatic only, and a stamped metal recoil compensator was attached to the muzzle to decrease recoil and muzzle climb.  Overall, the PPs-43 was much lighter and economical than the PPSH-41, weighing 1.5 pounds lighter.

During World War II, the Soviet Union was the king of submachine guns, producing 6 million PPSH’s alone.  PPs numbers are impressive as well, with 2 million being produced by the end of the war.  Like the PPSH, German forces often used captured PPs’, using the German 7.63x25 Mauser cartridge.  Production ended in 1946 due to an oversupply of submachine guns after the war.  As a result, thousands were shipped to other communist nations such as China, North Korea, Vietnam, and the eastern European Soviet Bloc countries.  A modified copy called the M/44 was also manufactured by Finland and chambered for 9mm Para.

anonymous asked:

what are your opinions of the ddr?

It was a pseudo-socialist state led by a revisionist party much like the rest of the eastern bloc and yugoslavia. they took the soviets side in the sino-soviet split, crushed maoist (pro-china) organizations that sprung up in the country, and ran their economy based on capitalist models of profitability. it was thoroughly revisionist.

that being said they were genuinely anti-fascist after the war, unlike the west, and they had to pay the majority of war reparations to the USSR (the reparations to be paid by the west were cancelled by the US iirc). that, combined with the fact that eastern germany was far more damaged than western germany and the fact that the soviet union didn’t have the financial capabilities to aid the development of industry in the country like the allied powers did to the west, makes the myth of “communism and capitalism compared” with respect to east and west germany, where they compare differences in commodity productions as “proof communism fails”, a total capitalist mystification that ignores actual history. it had (like most eastern bloc countries, despite their faux socialism) affordable and quality housing, education, and healthcare. the idea that these countries like the GDR were drab, impoverished, and far worse off and more conservative than the capitalist west is a complete fabrication.

anonymous asked:

What's the maoist definition of socialism? And what countries would you consider to have been socialist under that definition?

Maoists see socialism not as a static system or independent mode of production but as a transitional society between capitalism and communism, teeming with contradictions, and under the political direction of the proletariat. Really the entirety of the socialist period will consist of the struggle between the proletarian line- which wants to advance towards communism- and the bourgeois line- which wants to stagnate or reverse socialist gains.

We can also split up the definition of socialism into three aspects:

1. The economic aspect: state ownership by a proletarian state, economic planning, and where the basic economic principle is “from each according to their ability, to each according to their work”

2. The political aspect: political power is held by the proletariat and its representatives. The ruling party carries forward a proletarian line and the state can be said to have a proletarian class character.

3. The transitional aspect: socialism is a dynamic and unstable transitional stage between capitalism and communism

In this way I think it would be accurate to say that the Soviet Union and China are the two most world-historical socialist revolutions and the ones we should gleam the most theoretical and practical insights from. That being said I would also say that Albania and Mongolia were socialist for a period, as well as most of the Eastern Bloc countries, before Soviet social-imperialism began to exploit them (with the exception of Albania, which followed a line of what has been called “socialist economism” similar to the Stalin era USSR and which accelerated capitalist restoration) and build reliance on (mostly Russian) aid and trade instead of building self-sufficient, socialist economies. (It’d be pretty difficult to say that you’re socialist if you are basically being held in a neocolonial relationship to a superpower, huh). 

Some MLs might say thats a pessimistic or patronizing look at history since I don’t think every country that adopts the label of “communist” actually aspires to those goals but i don’t think so. I think its optimistic because we have a rich history to learn from, the good and the bad, and i don’t think its patronizing because we can avoid chauvinism and support/defend anti-imperialist revolutions like Cuba without making a mess of our theoretical advancements in the field of what socialism actually entails

anonymous asked:

Hey! I followed you because of your Daft Punk fics, but I'm seeing a lot of stuff about Sebastian and Kavinsky and I'm really interested! I wanted to look more into them, do you have any recommendations as to where I should start?

through my tags masterlist

Hello, anon! I’m glad that you are interested in them - my love for Kavinsky and Sebastian have been relatively recent and I’m still learning a lot, myself! I’m largely learning through a mixture of tumblr blogs/posts, interviews, and ficcing as well as having their music at hand. If I went into a little more detail on that:

Kavinsky/Vincent Belorgey

  • Kavinsky’s persona is fictitious, so it bodes well to know his character’s backstory, as well as knowing about the man himself. You really want to check out his music videos, as well as at least listening to his 2013 album, Outrun. Thankfully, his music is for most part themed only around his persona (excluding some remixes etc) and every EP and album expands upon his tale, so there will never be a case where you are lost or listening to the ‘wrong thing’. The order of the music videos you want is Testarossa Autodrive -> Deadcruiser -> Protovision -> Odd Look; Kavinsky has disowned ‘Deadcruiser’ for not reflecting his vision truly enough, but the fundamental story told within is still important, so until he replaces the extant one with something else it’s still a good watch.
  • I have no particular recommendation for ‘what tracks to listen to’, but I have some favourites here. They’re by no means the only ones to listen to, though.
  • You also want to read some interviews. It will help if you know French. Kavinsky’s done interviews both explaining his persona and of his real life, and he’s rather fond of talking once you get him going so you get immense detail on either side. This and this will just get you started.
  • You also want to watch an interview. Just the one if you don’t have much time. It will be worth it, I promise. You will be very well informed on his superpowers
  • Vincent Belorgey was an actor, amongst many other things, before he became more of a musician. If you have a mind for absurdism I recommend that you check out Steak. And even if you don’t have a mind for absurdism I recommend it because Sebastian stars in it as well + everyone should watch this regardless
  • @fyeahkavinsky to start you off on your image-related delights. Many EDM blogs out there will have more. @kavinskysuggestion for a taster of what being Kavinsky is like, in-persona.
  • Kavinsky has his own game. This is the Apple store link but it’s also for Android as well
  • Embrace the eighties aesthetic. You will see much of it. So, so many

SebastiAn/Sebastian Akchoté

  • Sebastian has no fictional persona, so anything you read or watch of him will be the real deal. So there is no particular ‘story’ to follow for him, which either makes things harder or easier depending on what you like. I would recommend listening to his remixes, even if you aren’t a fan of remixes usually, because that was what he initially made his name off of; he has immense talent in it, enough that his first two album releases were of his remixes.
  • But obviously, you want to listen to Total beyond all. Total is not themed, and has no story, though it flows from one track to another smoothly because Sebastian makes liberal use of ‘interludes’ to introduce a theme or a piece. I personally like ‘Love in Motion’, ‘Embody’, ‘Tetra’, ‘C.T.F.O.’, ‘Night’, ‘Bird Games’, ‘Yes’ and ‘Organia’, but give the album a full listen.
  • Sebastian’s songs occasionally have a case of the Akchoté Syndrome. It might be best not to approach him with the idea his lyrics are necessarily meaningful.
  • Songs not on any of those albums include ‘Threnody’ and ‘Moi (Demo Version)’ and holy shit do not skip ahead in the former. You have to listen to all of it. I’ve the lyrics of the latter here too.
  • Knowing French especially helps with Sebastian’s interviews, though here’s one in English. Unfortunately he is supremely laconic and I’m convinced he’s telling only half-truths for most of them, but he approaches them with such dark humour and even boyish delight that they are worth reading/watching. You especially want to watch the 90 seconds with Sebastian interview, it gives a very good summary of his character
  • If you are interested in that kind of thing, I recommend reading up on the Yugoslav Wars, and to an extent the most you are willing to learn about Eastern Bloc countries. That period was one he lived through, and the experiences he had growing up colours his stage performance and what he thinks of life. Hit me up for extra info on this because I work on translation projects that involves significant amounts of context on this kind of stuff (though I am more knowledgeable on East Germany).
  • @fuckyeahsebastian for your initial image search needs.
  • sometimes he scat sings
  • I have a list of things worth knowing about Sebastian besides

Once you’ve done all that you may safely hop onboard the HSS Sebinsky will have been relatively informed on those two. May your searches be fruitful anon, feel free to ask me for other things <3

anonymous asked:

How do you explain the USSR's continued occupation of Siberia (a remnant of the Russian Empire) & its occupation of Afghanistan?

In Siberia, Party officials were overzealous in collectivization and forced it too heavily upon indigenous Sami peoples and in many cases didn’t respect their religious traditions (similar to Muslims in Central Asian Republics). Whether or not this was an occupation is questionable for me, as it seems like something that could be more accurately a contradiction between the people. Either way the Soviet policy of nationalities is not something we as MLMs want to replicate exactly, we have anti-colonial theory (esp. Mariategui and Fanon) to inform our work with the national question and avoid the mess-ups the USSR faced in dealing with its own national minorities and the Central Asian SSRs.


As for Afghanistan, I am against the Soviet intervention there, because it was not done out of true internationalism against US backed proxy fighters but to protect the economic and geopolitical interest it had in Afghanistan with the PDPA government (a government which was marginally popular similar to other revisionist Eastern Bloc countries, and survived almost entirely on Soviet aid). Instead of helping the genuine communists in Afghanistan to kick out US imperialism, the USSR funded a comprador rule of its own, which locked up and suppressed genuine communists in the country like the PYO and SAMA who were also fighting US imperialists.

5

REBEL BY CHOICE by Natalia Rak
in Jarocin

The town became famous in the 1980s thanks to the Jarocin Festival, one of the first rock and punk music festivals in communist Eastern Bloc countries. The first one was organised in 1980. For the people of that generation in was the only place where they could feel free and stay one community.

10

Jacques Littlefield Collection Part 6

Last photo by me, all others by Bernard Zee

1 & 2) Marder 1A2. West German IFV developed in the 1970s. Still in service in the 1A4 and A5 variant, but being phased out in favor of the Puma, one of the world’s best protected IFVs. does include a few unique features, such as the fully remote machine gun on the rear deck, it is overall a simple and conventional machine with rear exit hatch and side gun ports for mounted infantry to fire through. Acquired after the fall of the Soviet Union and the reduction of the German military.

3 & 4) GAZ-46 MAV. Russian amphibious car based off the Ford GPA amphibious vehicle. Developed in the 1950s and has been in use by various former Eastern Bloc countries ever since. Most notable for appearing in “Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull.”

5 & 6) BTR-70. Russian wheeled APC. The BTR-70 succeeded the flawed BTR-60, and while improving on the BTR-60, kept the terrible dual-engine configuration. The BTR-70 added heavier armor and new side doors below the belt line. However, since Soviet forces were taught to exit the vehicle while it was moving, there was significant hazard of being pulled under the wheels. Still in service with some 21 countries in various forms.

7 & 8) Pzkpfw IV. Nazi medium tank used extensively in WWII. The Panzer IV saw service in all combat theaters involving Germany and was the only German tank to remain in continuous production throughout the war. Some 8,500 were produced. This vehicle earns the distinction of being one of two vehicles in the entire collection that could not run. It was acquired from Israel, which had captured it from the Syrians during the Six-Day War.

9) Looking down the front row of Building One. Visible is a M5 Stuart, T-34, T-34-85, M26 Pershing, the barrel of the Swiss Pz. 61, the front bit of the M551 Sheridan and a M113 APC.

10) Daimler Ferret. The Ferret armoured car, also commonly called the Ferret Scout car, is a British armoured fighting vehicle designed and built for reconnaissance purposes. The Ferret was produced between 1952 and 1971 by the UK company Daimler. It was widely adopted by regiments in the British Army, as well as the RAF Regiment and Commonwealth countries throughout the period. It’s still in service with 10 countries, with Pakistan being the largest operator, holding some 90 Ferrets and then Nepal, with 85.

Submitted by @cavalier-renegade