Did you know many of the words in the English language come from The Old Norse language?
Did you know that “cake”, “egg”, “fellow”, “gun”, “happy”, “husband” and many other words used in the English vocabulary is of Old Norse origin? The reason is the Viking colonization of eastern and northern England between 850 and 1100 AD. The Vikings quickly assimilated and brought with them an important gift: The rich and powerful Old Norse language.
Old Norse diverged into West Norse (Norway, Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Greenland) and East Norse (Denmark and Sweden). With some minor regional variations in loan words, both West Norse and East Norse are essentially the same. The Vikings who raided and later settled in Great Britain came mainly from Norway and Denmark.
Below you will find an alphabetical list of many common English words of Old Norse origin.
aloft – á (“=in, on, to”) + lopt (“=air, atmosphere, sky, heaven, upper floor, loft”)
anger – angr (“=trouble, affliction”); root ang (=”strait, straitened, troubled”); related to anga, plural öngur (=”straits, anguish”)
awe – agi (“=terror”)
are – merger of Old English (earun, earon) and Old Norse (er) cognates
awkward – the first element is from Old Norse öfugr (“=turned-backward”), the ‘-ward’ part is from Old English weard
This is a satellite image taken from NASA’s Earth Observatory showing a gigantic display of sea ice flowing down the coast of Greenland. Taken on the 30th of December 2012, the image show tendrils of Arctic sea ice hitching a ride on the East Greenland Current. This current brings Arctic ice to the Southern tip of Greenland at the start of every winter. To make the image even more beautiful, a fresh blanket of snow makes it extra bright!