“Giving children a future is our prime goal.”

— Somalia

“Giving children a future is our prime goal.”

— Somalia

You may shoot me with your words,

You may cut me with your eyes,

You may kill me with your hatefulness,

But still, like air, I’ll rise.

Bringing the gifts that my ancestors gave,

I am the dream and the hope of the slave.

Namaste happy Friday 🔮💚❤️💛

The **Afar** (Afar: *Qafár*), also known as the **Danakil**, **Adali** and **Odali**, are an ethnic group inhabiting the Horn of Africa. They primarily live in the Afar Region of Ethiopia and in northern Djibouti, although some also inhabit the southern point of Eritrea.

1. Three Afar brides

2. Afar girl with sharpened teeth, Danakil, Ethiopia by Eric Lafforgue

3. Afar woman, Ethiopia

4. Afar girls in Djibouti

5. Afar woman, Eritrea by Hans van der Splinter

In a remote forest in India there is a Little Africa. These people are believed to be descendants of slaves from East Africa by the Arabs and probably the British as well. They are said to have been brought from Kenya. They continue to till the lands of neighboring Indians and the women receive the lowest pay as housemaids. These forgotten children of Africa are at the very bottom of the caste system in India. Forgotten and shunned they continue to live in poverty. Yet, despite thousands of years they continue to preserve some of their African culture.

~iRiE…

End: c103PM June 17th, 2012

Tigray man, East Afrika

[Eritrea/Ethiopia]

MALCOM X + SHEIKH AHMAD HASSOUN, SUDAN (1959)

Somali Astronomical/Astrological terms

Astronomy/Astrology;

Space = Fagaagga

Space and Time = Fagaagga iyo Semen

Solar System = Iskujoogga qorraxda

The Solar System = Isku-joog qorraxeed

Galaxies = Diillimo-caanoodyo

Planets = Meerayaasha

Planet = Meere

Planet = Malluug

The Sun = Qorraxda

Moon = Dayax

Mercury = Dusaa

Venus = Waxaraxirta(Sugra) ama Bakool

Earth = Dhulka

Mars = Farraare

Jupiter = Cirjeex

Saturn = Raage

Uranus = Uraano

Neptune = Docay

Saturn rings = Garaangaraha Raage ama Saxal

Dwarf planet = meere-cillin ah

Nebulae = Ciiryamada xiddigaha

Crab Nebula = Ciiryaamada

Super Nova = Xiddig dhimanaaya

Asteroids = Dhadhaabyo

Comets = Dibdheeryo

Meteorider = Burburka jibinta ama xiddigaha ridma

Meteor = Jibin

Meteorites = cir-kasoo-dhac ama shiidmadoobe

Light Year = If-sanadeed

Black holes = Dalool-madowbaha

Open Universe = Koonka Furan

Closed Universe = Koonka Xiran

Expanding Universe = isbaahidda Koonka

Light = ifka

Speed of Light = Xawliga ifka

Cosmos = Koonka

Color Spectrum = shucaaca ilayska-ifka

Lunar Eclipse = Dayax-madoobaad

Solar Eclipse = Qorrax-madoobaad

Calendar = Shintiris-sanadeedka

Leap Year = Sanad shindhalad ah

Astronomy = Xiddiga'aqoonta

Astronomers = ogaalyahannada xiddigo-aqoonta

Satellite = Dayaxgacmeed

Navigation Satellites = Hagidda dayaxgacmeedyada

Space Exploration = Sahminta fagaagga sare adduunka

Earth-based observatories = Rugaha kuurgalka fagaagga dhulkaku Saldhigan

Research Centres = Rugo cilmibaaris

Spacecraft = Gaadiidka Cir-maaxidda

Spaceships = Maraakiibta cir-maaxidda

Robot Vehicle = Alaadaha dadoobisan

Telescope = Doorbin

Mirror = Biladdaye

Lenses = Quraarada cadaska

Zoom = Waxweyneynta

Observatories = Rugo-kuurgal

Spherical = Ugxan

Rotation = meerwareeg

Rotate = udub-wareeg

North Pole = Qudbiga waqooyi

South Pole = Qudbiga konfur

Northern Lights = Wirwirka Qudbiga woqoyi

Southern Lights = Wirwirka Qudbiga koofureede

Equator = dhulbaraha

Core = Bu’

Inner core = Bu’da gudo-xigeenka

Sulfuric Acid = aashitada kibriidka

Greenhouse effect = kulaylkaydinta

Astronomical unit = Halbeegga xiddigaha

Diameter = Dhexroorka

Formula = Hab-xisaabeed

Particles = bitaanbitooyin

Anti-Particles = lidka-bitaanbitooyinka

Particles = iniino

Nuclear reaction = iskushubmidda bu'aha

Magnetic Field = Birlabta

Charge electricity = Cabbeynta Shixnadaha Jacda

Gravitational Forces = cuf-isjiidashada ama xoogga-jiiddada

Gravity = Cuf-jiiddada

Circuit: Mareegta

Current= Qulqulka

Forces = Xoogag

Earth’s gravity = Xoogga-jiiddada dhulka

Inertia Law = Xogta qaynuunka nuuxsi wax-negaadsan

Acceleration = Xowli

Response Act = Qaynuunka falka iyo falcelinta

Theory of Relativity = Fikriga isudhiganka

Quantum Theory = Fikriga imisada ama meeqada

Mass = Jir

Energy = Tabarta

Relative = Hadba Rogmada

Electromagnetic wavelengths = Dhererka hirarka ku danabeysan birlabta

Pyramids = Taallo-tiirriyaadyo

Zodiac = Cutubka Meecaad

Constellations = Cutubyada xiddigaha

Aries = laxo

Scorpion =daba-alleele ama dib-qallooc

Cancer = naaf

Gemeni = mataanaha

Virgo = afaggaal

Sagittarius = dameerajoogeen

Pleiades =Urur

Leo = Libaax

Capacitor = Madhxiye

Resistor = Caabiye

Diode = Laba Qotinle

Transformer = Dooriye

Socod Karaarsan = Accelerated Motion

Samaan = Time

Barobax = Displacement

Fogaan = Distance

Karaar = Acceleration

Keynaan = Velocity

Xawaare = Speed

Celcelis = Average

Socod Winiin = Circular Motion

Barobax –xagleed = Angular Displacement

Gacan = Radius

Karaar –xagleed = Angular Acceleration

Keynaan –xagleed = Angular Velocity

Xoog = Force

Culeys = Weight

Xoog –cuf –isjiidad = Gravitational Force

Xoog –dilaac = Shear Force

Xoog –giigsan = Tensile Force (tension)

Xoog –islis = Frictional Force

Xoog –ligan = Normal Force

Xoog –taab = Tangential Force

Xoog –urrur = Compressive Force (compression)

Xoog –xudumeed = Centripetal Force

Weheliyaha isliska = Coefficient of Friction

Daafad = Momentum

Daafad –xagleed = Angular Momentum

Gujo = Impulse

Gujo –xagleed = Angular impulse

Kalka = Period

Maroojin = Moment

Maroojinta Wahsiga = Moment of inertia (Angular mass)

Walhade = Pendulum

Tamar = Energy

Hawl = Work

Awood = Power

Tamar-keyd = Potential Energy

Tamar-socod = Kinetic Energy

Speed = Xawaare

Velocity = Kaynaan

Acceleration = Karaar (I think this is more appropriate than xowli and this is how i remember it from Fiisigiska)

Deceleration = Karaar-jab

Average Velocity： Kaynaan Celcelis

Momentum: Daabadayn

Diffusion: Saydhin

Capacitor: Madhxinta

Capacitance Capacitor: Madhxinta madhxiye

Radio Activity: Kaah

Infrared: Casaan Dhiimeed

Decay: Qudhmis

Decay series: Qudhmis isdaba Joog

Resistance: Iska caabin

Concave Mirror: Bikaaco Golxeed

Convex Mirror: Bikaaco Tuureed

Virtual Image: Humaag Beeneed

Real Image: Humaag runeed

Displace Ment: Baro bixin

Noble gases: Hawooyinka Wahsada

Vector: Leeb

Hir = Wave

Daryan = Echo

Itaal = Intensity

Tooxda maqalka = Range of audibility

Danan = Pitch

Isku duba-dhac = Resonance

Ileys = Light

Noqod = Reflection

Daahfurran/gudbiye = Transparent

Falaar abaareed = Incident ray

Golxo = Concave

Tuur = Convex

Xagasha qiirqiirka = Critical angle

Xisaab - Maths

Tiro = Number

Tiro tirsiimo = Natural number

Tiro idil = Whole number

Abyoone = Integer

Jajab/Tiro lakab = Rational number

Mutaxan = Prime

Farac = Composite

Tiro maangal ah = Real number

Tiro maangad ah = Imaginary number

Tiro kakan = Complex number

Wadar = Sum

Faraq = difference

Taran = Product

Qeyb = Quotient

Urur = Set

Hormo-urur = Subset

Hormo-urur quman = Proper subset

Dhextaal = Intersection

Isutag = Union

Duleedin = Complement

Aljebro = Algebra

Doorsoome = Variable

Tibix = Term

Hawraar = Expression

Tibxaale = Polynomial

Heer = Degree

Hawraar lakab = Rational expression

Isirayn = Factorization

Isir = Factor

Isle’eg = Equation

Isle’eg toosan = Linear equation

Isle’eg wadajira = Simultaneous equation

Sunsun = Sequence

Dareerimo = Series

Faansaar = Function

Wanqar = Symmetry

Tikraar = Intercept

Made = Asymptote

Tiirada = Slope

Weydaar = Inverse

Qiime sugan = Absolute value

Xididshe = Radical

Saabley = Quadratic equation

Joomitiri - Geometry

Bar = Point

Xariiq = Line

Xagal = Angle

Fool = Bearing

Barbaro = Parallel

Qoton = Perpendicular

Sallax = Plane

Goobo = Circle

Gacan = Radius

Dhexroor/Dhexfur = Diameter

Qaanso = Arc

Fatuuq = Sector

Labojibaarane = Square

Dhinac = Side

Laydi = Rectangle

Joog = Length

Balac = Width

Saddex-xagal = Triangle

Sal = base

Dherer = Height

Gundho = Centroid

Barbaroole = Parallelogram

Koor = Trapezoid

Qardhaas = Rhombus

Gunbur = Pyramid

Toobin = Cone

Dhululubo = Cylinder

Gabal Toobineed = Conic section

Goobo = Circle

Saab = Parabola

Gees = Vertex

Jeedshe = Directrix

Kulmis = Focus

Qabaal = Ellipse

Kulmisyo = Foci

Dhidib weyne = Major axis

Dhidib yare = Minor axis

Labosaab = Hyperbola

Dhidib-wadaaje = Transverse axis

Dhidib-xisti = Conjugate axis

Taxaneyaal = Matrices

Taxane = Matrix

Jiiftax = Row

Joogtax = Colunm

Suge = Determinant

Leeb = Vector

Itimaal = Probability

Abnaqan = Factorial

Raaboqaad = Permutation

Racayn = Combination

Waqdhac = Event

Xigidda = Differentiation

Xad = Limit

Xigsin = Derivative

Lid-xigsin = antiderivative

Abyan = Integration

Abyane huban = Definite integral

My Cup of Coffee. Coffee season in Ngozi

*This is supposedly a picture of Felicia Felix-Mentor. She is arguably the most famous case of zombification in the Haitian (and East African) religion of Vodoun (Voodoo). She apparently stumbled into a local Haitian village on 24th of October 1936. Her eyes were beyond function, she was barefoot, dressed in rags, and reportedly could not stand the direct sunlight. She was later identified as the long deceased relative of a local family, the Mentors. They said Felicia died in 1907 at the age of 29. *

*Famed ethnobotanist Wade Davis argued in his two 1980’s book on the subject, after having performed extensive field research, that the Vodoun zombie probably has pharmacological explanations; the individual subjected to zombification is given a cocktail of two special powders. First, the individual is given something in order to appear dead, i. e. body functions appear as if they have been shut down but technically, the person is still alive. Such a poison could for example be found in the flesh of the putterfish (tetraodontidae), and is called tetrodotoxin. Tetrodotoxin is a very powerful and frequently fatal neurotoxin which could cause deathlike states in human beings, he argued. *

*Then another powder would be given the ‘zombie’, perhaps a very potent deliriant hallucinogenic compound, such as datura. This would make the person delirious, insane, intensely hallucinating, disorientated, and mentally numb. Thus would, according to the hypothesis, the zombie be created through the two-step process of first “killing” the person and then “reviving” him or her into this frenzied, delirious, emotionally cataclysmic and hallucinating state. This, however, is only a mere hypothesis and has been subject to a lot of criticism from the academic community. There is to date no scientifically definite explanation to the mystery of the vodoun zombie. *

WESTERN SUDAN (1960’s)

Mama Africa

Young Boy Inside The Window Of A Former Ottoman Empire House, Berbera Area, Somaliland

Addis Ababa natives

Zanzibar - by scurvy_knaves [flickr]

Painted jar depicting an animal procession, from the Semna South Fort, Semna, Nubia (present-day Sudan). Artist unknown; ca. 200 BCE-300 CE (Meroitic period). Now in the Oriental Institute Museum, University of Chicago.

Yessssss 🇪🇷 💙💚❤️💛

Model Eden Micael 💄💃🏽

Eritrean woman from Tigrinya tribe with traditional tattoo. Photographer unknown