east roman empire

so apparently my dad overheard this documentary talking about how Justinian’s wife’s name was Theodora and he said that if he’d heard that before I was born he would have named me that


New favourite historic person: Empress Theodora I of the (East) Roman Empire

She was an actress/prostitute from a young age in Constantinople in the 6th century.  At age 16 went to North Africa for four years as a mistress to a guy who from the sounds of it mistreated her, so at 20 she left that behind, made her way to Alexandria and then a place called Antioch in modern southern Turkey.  There she set herself up as wool spinner where she caught the eye of the next Emperor, Justinian.

They eventually get married and become the rulers.  And she doesn’t stop.  She possibly lead somewhat equal to her husband -  saving his rule at one point by telling him to man up [forgive the terrible expression].  She had independent religious beliefs and her own little network.

She was sassy, intelligent, and not afraid to make sure her bastard daughter was looked after [read: made a good marriage…times were different…] which is probably somewhat unique for a medieval (ish) woman - particularly one of such high standing.

Where’s her miniseries/film?

Ostrogothic Spangenhelm (Sassanidian type), Migration Period,  East Roman Empire, 5th - 7th Century AD

An early medieval helmet of the East Roman (Byzantine) provinces. Helmet is of rounded shape, with two decorated bands crossing over top, and one going across base. This helmet was likely used by the Ostrogoths who migrated to the area in the 5th century.


It all started out with The Principality of Moscow!! Later named Muscovy by Tsar Peter the Great around 1700! and people say Sealand doesn’t have a chance… Well we didn’t doubt Muscovy!! Also Moscow is the “heir” to the (Eastern Roman Empire) Byzantine Empire’s capital Constantinople! (Later named Istanbul when it was taken over by the Ottoman Empire aka modern day Turkey) The Byzantine Empire was the east half of the Roman Empire… so for all of you Hetalians out there… you could say that Russia is related to Italy, Romano and Seborga and (I think this is right) Rome would be his Grandpa too!! meaning that Byzantine Empire would be his father and I think the Italy brothers would be his cousins? I say this because as Rome started to fall they divided into east and west so lets say that our beloved grandpa Rome is the west and we know Byzantine is the east! Muscovy (Russia) wanted the lands to its south and east so they married Grand Prince Ivan the 3rd to the last niece of the Byzantine Empire thus is why I said that Moscow (Muscovy/Russia’s capital) is the “heir” to Constantinople! Sadly at this point in history the Byzantine Empire’s capital Constantinople was already captured and long gone turned into Istanbul… meaning that (If we want to think about this from a Hetalia standpoint) Russia grew up on his own… alone and Byzantine Empire was dead and probably either didn’t tell Russia/Muscovy who he was related to or if he did Russia was just never introduced/allowed to be introduced to the Italy brothers or (even sadder…) Italy and Romano were never introduced to Russia and were not told that they were related to him… or (The worst situation) Rome did not want the Italy brothers to know that they were related to Russia because he didn’t want to be associated with the defeat of Constantinople which was, besides Rome the Christian capital of the world at this time, but after its defeat by the Ottoman Empire the city was quickly converted to the Ottoman’s primary religion which was(possibly still is? I don’t know about the present religion of Istanbul) Sunni Islam. To Rome this would be a major disgrace to be associated with. I DO NOT mean that to be disrespectful to anyone but the fact is that the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire did NOT get along and certainly did not share the same religious views.

I was just reading through my college history book and I thought that I would take a crack at making a headcanon that is backed up by history!!! But if you have evidence that this IS wrong please inform me and I shall change this!!

This is the most in-depth headcanon I have ever created!! If you like it and would like more just ask and I’ll see what I can do!! Also I felt bad for leaving all of you for so long.. so I hope you enjoy!!


(I thought that I would add the notes that everyone added to this post because I thought they were really cool and everyone had great things to say!! Honestly I didn’t think anyone would respond and if they did I thought it would be negative or maybe someone liking it but this is great!!!! Also you all brought my attention to so many things I didn’t even know about Russia and various other nations so thank you to everyone and you can always keep adding things and I’ll try to add them to the post so they can be seen and not just hidden in the notes!!)

december-dragon added: I believe it was Peter the Great who named Russia an empire when he took power, rather than Muscovy which it had already been, because though it remained a tsardom Peter the Great wanted a title that was more European as he sought to westernize Russia.But aaahhh, it’s always so interesting to read about that early history- there really is such a close relationship between Russia and Byzantium, and the resulting relations are fascinating. Always great to read others spreading this history.

stautris added: I myself would recommend  reading about Russian and Scandinavian relationships at IX-X centuries.;)

(Thank you very much for the suggestion!! I shall see what I can find!! Right now my history book only told what I mentioned about Russia and Byzantine but I’m going to check into what you said!!)

thiscrazyhetalian added: Well wouldn’t he also be related to France (“Big Brother France” to N.Italy) and once it is canon and Moscow is the heir of the Eastern Roman empire , doesn’t this mean that he is related to Greece (and Possibly Cyprus ) too? This is really interesting and if you think about it, almost all nations have some kind of relation :) * the byzantine empire is mama Greece in canon i forgot to mention and now it doesn’t make sense But still if you think about it non-canon-icallly it still makes sense , like , i agree with the fact that Rome and the Byzantine empire could be brothers ,but in my headcanon the western and roman empire his sons and Romano is Byz.’s son while N.Italy is West’s son and thats how we got them calling the Roman empire “ Grandpa Rome” but anyway this is my HC they could possibly be brothers too. Also lets not forget that Spain might as well be a son of Rome , wow Russia has many relatives.

huggiebird added: I fully support this stuff. I do. But the person who wanted to Westernize Russia as well was Catherine the Second, of Russia.
She was very facinated by France and their ways~

(Indeed Catherine the Great was very influential in Russia’s history! you could say she greatly influenced Russia!! anyway thank you for adding Catherine because she was far to important for us to even think about forgetting!!) 

Germany is Deutschland

The English name “Germany” is derived from the Latin word Germania, which, at the time of the Gallic War (58–51 BC), was used by the Romans to designate various peoples occupying the region east of the Rhine. In German, Germany is actually called DEUTSCHLAND, derived from a Germanic root meaning volk, or people. A Latin document from the Frankish court of 786 uses the term “theodisca lingua” to refer to the colloquial speech of those who spoke neither Latin nor early forms of the Romance languages. From this point on, the term “deutsch” was employed to mark a difference in speech, corresponding to political, geographic, and social distinctions as well. Since, the Frankish and Saxon kings of the early Middle Ages sought to characterize themselves as emperors of Rome, it does not seem valid to infer an incipient form of national consciousness. By the 15th century, the designation Heiliges Römisches Reich (Holy Roman Empire) was supplemented with the qualifying phrase “deutscher Nation” (’of the German nation”). Still, it’s important to note that, at that point in history, the phrase “German nation” referred only to the Estates of the Empire - dukes, counts, archbishops, electoral princes, and imperial cities - that were represented in the Imperial Diet. Nevertheless, this self-designation indicates the desire of the members of the Imperial Estates to distinguish themselves from the curia in Rome, with which they were embroiled in a number of political and financial conflicts.

The area that became known as Deutschland had been nominally under the rule of the German king - who was usually also the Roman emperor - since the 10th century. In fact, though, the various territories, principalities, counties, and cities enjoyed a large degree of autonomy and retained distinctive names and traditions, even after the founding of the nation-state - the Kaiserreich/German Empire - in 1871. The names of older territories, such as Bayern, Brandenburg, and Sachsen - are still kept alive in the designations of some of today’s federal states. Other older names, such as Schwaben and Franken, refer to “historical landscapes” within the modern federal states or straddling their boundaries. Regional identities such as these are of great significance for many Germans. The current German state, the Federal Republic of Germany, was founded in 1949 in the wake of Germany’s defeat in WW2. At first, it consisted of West Germany (occupied by British, French, and American forces) with East Germany (occupied by the Russians) behind the Iron Curtain. In 1990 when Germany reunited, 5 new states were added from the East, the former Soviet zone, which in 1949 had become the DDR. Since 1990, Germany has consisted of 16 federal states: Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hessen, Niedersachsen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, and Thüringen.

  • Aries: Burgle - to break into and steal from; Bezonian - a scoundrel; Esprit d'escalier - a remark that occurs to some one after it should have been said
  • Taurus: Logy - marked by sluggishness and lack of vitality, groggy; Pabulum - food or intellectual sustenance; Hoary - grey or white with age, extremely old
  • Gemini: Filch - to appropriate furtively or casually, to steal; Garrulous - given to prosy, rambling, or tedious loquacity; Confabulate - to talk informally or to chat
  • Cancer: Postlude - a closing piece of music; Graustark - an imaginary place of high romance; Kalopsia - the delusion that things are more beautiful than they really are
  • Leo: Pukka - genuine, authentic or first class; Byzantine - of, relating to, or typical of ancient Byzantium or the East Roman empire; Lief - soon, gladly
  • Virgo: Enervate - to lessen the vitality or strength of; Interstice - a short space of time between things or events; Abecedarian - of or relating to the alphabet
  • Libra: Pandect - a complete code of laws, a treatise covering an entire subject; Dernier cri - the newest fashion; Belie - to give a false impression of something
  • Scorpio: Dunkirk - a crisis that requires a desperate last effort to forestall certain failure; Flout - to treat with contemptuous disregard; Dragoon - to persecute with troops
  • Sagittarius: Unabashed - not disconcerted, undisguised, or unapologetic; Carrefour - a crossroads, square or plaza; Apalaustic - wholly devoted to the seeking of pleasure
  • Capricorn: Counternand - to revoke a command by a contrary order; Envisage - to view or regard in a certain way; Tade - to deduct the weight of a container
  • Aquarius: Solidus - a mark written '/' that is used to denote 'or', 'and or', or 'per'; Reticulate - resembling a net; Corvine - of or relating to crows
  • Pisces: Abnegate - deny, renounce, surrender or relinquish; Amaranthine - not fading or dying, immortal; Sisyphean - requiring continual yet ineffective effort

Sultan Mehmet II, the conqueror of Byzantium and with it the last vestige of the Roman Empire, declared himself a caesar. He was trying to claim to the world that the Ottomans were the inheritors of the might and prestige of the once-great Roman Empire. In many ways he was right: the Ottoman Empire now controlled the wealthiest Roman city. With the Italian trading states (Venice and Genoa) the Ottoman Empire shared control of the Mediterranean, the “Roman Lake.”

And for the next four hundred plus years, the Ottomans honored the founder of the Second Rome with the name of their capital city. On all official correspondence, coinage, and postage stamps, “Konstantiniyye” reminded all who would forget it that the Ottoman Empire ruled where the Romans once had.

source: The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922 by Donald Quataert