east germans


“Moin” is a German greeting from Ostfriesland, Southern Schleswig, North Frisia, Flensburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Kiel, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, parts of the Netherlands, and Southern Denmark, meaning “hello” and in some places “goodbye”. It’s also used in the Danish dialect Southern Jutish and some Finland Swedish dialects, where it’s spelled “mojn”. Moin is used at all times of day, not just in the morning. The reduplicated form moin moin is often heard, although some locals regard it as tourist usage. Etymology: Although many people think that moin derives from (Guten) Morgen, the word actually comes from the Dutch, Frisian, and Low German word mo(o)i, meaning “beautiful” or “good”. Similar forms in Low Saxon are mooien Dag, mooien Abend, mooien Mor(g)en. Moin is semantically equivalent to the Low Saxon (Plattdüütsch) greeting Dagg and has now replaced it in many areas. Unlike Guten Morgen, moin can be used 24 hours a day. In Southern Jutish, mojn is used for hello and good bye, but mojn mojn is solely used for good bye. The double form is also used as a greeting in the Swedish region of Scania. 

Green living on the island of Spiekeroog. Spiekeroog is one of the East Frisian Islands off the North Sea coast of Niedersachsen, Northern Germany, located between the islands of Langeoog and Wangerooge. The island is - with the exception of fire and rescue vehicles - free of cars. A daily ferry service with the harbor of Neuharlingersiel connects the island with the mainland.

General Paul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck (20 March 1870 – 9 March 1964).

Starting in 1914, he led a relentless guerrilla campaign in German East Africa that is considered  one of the most effective in military history.

With a force that never exceeded 14.000 men (many of whom were non-front line units and local porters), he managed to keep in check a force of over 300.000 British soldiers.

In November 1918, still oblivious to the Armistice that had been signed 2 days before, he captured the town of Kasama and kept advancing towards Katanga, to the south-west of his position. On the way he met a local British magistrate, who informed him of the Armistice. He then decided to surrender.

He had virtually never been defeated on the field since the beginning of the war.

Vertrag zwischen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland und der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik über die Herstellung der Einheit Deutschlands

That’s what Germany is celebrating on today’s national holiday: The commencement of the “Treaty between the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic about the creation of the unity of Germany”.

Shown here are the two originals signed by the interior ministers Wolfgang Schäuble (FRG) and Günter Krause (GDR). They are on display in the archives of the Foreign Ministry of Germany.

With the creation of a united state, German unity was far from being reality. Even today, 27 years after the reunion, there are significant differences between the eastern and western parts of the country. Particularly notable is the absence of big companies in the east. The east German economy is still significantly lagging behind west Germany with a much lower density of the highly profitable small and medium-sized businesses that make the backbone of the (West-) German economy. Unemployment is higher, and much of the young and highly qualified population is moving to the west, leaving vast parts of the countryside as an overaged and underpopulated landscape. Reversing this trend is the most challenging task of German politics in the years to come.

In der DDR hat man von mir eine Weltanschauung verlangt, ohne dass ich die Welt anschauen durfte.
—  Manfred Krug (1937-2016) was a German actor, singer & author. Born in Duisburg/West Germany, he moved to East Germany (DDR) at age 13. By the late 1950s he had had several film roles; in 1976 the DDR government forbade him to work as an actor and singer because he participated in protests against the expulsion and stripping of DDR citizenship of Wolf Biermann. Krug requested to leave the DDR. As soon as he got the approval, he left for Schöneberg in West Berlin. He soon got new roles as an actor but very rarely sang in public for a long time. In 1978, he appeared as a male lead in the action-drama tv series “Auf Achse”, and continued the show until it ended in 1995. He also starred in the popular “Tatort” tv crime series, and other shows. He died on 21 Oct 2016 in (now reunited) Berlin.