Earth’s depths are a hellish place. More than 5,000 kilometers belowground, the iron-rich core scorches at temperatures comparable to the sun’s surface and crushes at pressures akin to the weight of 20 blue whales balanced on a postage stamp…
Image caption: In a computer simulation, magnetic field lines (top row) twist and curl around the Earth’s liquid outer core. This magnetism results from swirling, or convecting, liquid iron (bottom row). The simulation mimics the process of a polarity reversal in which Earth’s north and south magnetic poles swap. Such reversals, a sign of a strong magnetic field generator, are seen going back hundreds of millions of years in planetary history. Credit: P. Olson/Johns Hopkins Univ.
Why we should rename a day of the week for Earth Earth Day was founded in 1970 as a way to spark environmental awareness, but is one day a year really enough? A new MNN comic explains why we should rename “Wednesday” to honor our home planet.
Earth represents abundance, strength, femininity, wealth, prosperity and stability. In Ritual we use things like dirt, stones, wood, herbs and leaves to represent the element earth. We might tend to focus more on this element when casting a spell for business, fertility, prosperity and stability.
Direction - North
Gender - Feminine
Colors - Black, Green, Yellow and Brown
Time of Day - Midnight
Season - Winter
Ritual Tools - Dirt, Leaves, Wood and Stones (or any kind of plant)
Air represents our mind and intelligence, psychic powers, knowledge and dreams. In ritual we use things like incense or a wand to represent the element air. We might tend to focus more on this element when cast spells for freedom, seeking something or someone or for travel.
This is why when meditating or doing any type of divination work you’ll notice a lot of people use incense to help them relax and open their minds.
Stones and Jewels - Amethyst, Topaz, Pumice and Alexandrite
Goddesses - Cardea, Nuit, Urania, Aradia and Arianrhod
Gods - Shu, Kheoheva, Merawrim, Enlil and Thoth
Guardian Angel - Raphael
Fire represents energy, love, passion, inspiration and leadership. In ritual we use incense, candles or ashes to represent the element fire. We might tend to focus more on this element when casting spell for healing or purification.
Like with the element air, we use incense when meditating to symbolize (or help) opening up our minds. We also sometimes use the element fire by lighting candles when meditating to symbolize (or help) healing, or purify the space we are meditating in.
Direction - South
Gender - Masculine
Colors - Red, Gold, Orange or White
Time of Day - Midday
Season - Summer
Ritual Tools - Athame, Candles, Incense and Anything Burning (like maybe a fire in a fireplace or outside like a bonfire)
Herbs (or plants) - Garlic, Cinnamon, Chili Peppers, Walnut, Fig and Coffee
Animals - Dragons, Lions, Horses and Snakes (are just a few)
Metals - Gold and Brass
Signs - Aries, Leo and Sagittarius
Stones and Jewels - Ruby, Fire Opal, Agathe and Volcanic Lava (or rocks)
Goddesses - Brigit, Hestia, Pele and Vesta
Gods - Agni, Horus, Vulcan and Prometheus
Guardian Angel - Michael
Water represents emotions, purification, wisdom, the soul, subconscious, eternal movement, emotional aspects of love and femininity and absorption. In ritual we use bowls of water, a cup or seashells to represent the element water. We might focus more on this element when casting spells for friendship, relationship, happiness and fertility.
Direction - West
Gender - Feminine
Colors - Blue, Turquoise, Gray, Indigo and Black
Time of Day - Twilight/Dusk
Season - Autumn/Fall
Ritual Tools - Bowl of Water, Cup or Seashells
Herbs (or plants) - Ferns, Lotus, Mosses, Bushes, Water Lilies and Gardenia
Animals - Sea Mammals and Sea Birds (are just a few)
Metals - Mercury, Sliver and Copper
Signs - Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces
Stones and Jewels - Aquamarine, Blue Tourmaline, Pearl, Coral and Fluorite (are just a few)
Goddesses - Aphrodite, Isis, Marianne, Mari, Tiamat and Yemaha
Gods - Dylan, Manannan, Osiris, Ea, Neptune and Poseidon
Red is the color of love. Beating hearts and hungry lips. Roses, Valentines, cherries. Red is the color of shame. Crimson cheeks and spilled blood. Broken hearts, opened veins. A burning desire to return to white.” ― Mary Hogan, Pretty Face