early revolvers

kwan2  asked:

Hello TFWiki! I have a question. Uh.. I'm new to everything Transformers that's not Michael Bay's. Where should I start in order to know all about TF? (Or much enough to understand the story) Thank you very much!

It’s a tough question! Transformers has been going for over 30 years now, so there are many different versions of the story, most of which stand on their own and are able to be enjoyed without having to read or watch the other stuff. At this moment in time, there are a few good places to “jump in.”

Besides the movies, Transformers basically breaks down into five separate “groups” of stories that are distinct from one another. There’s Generation 1 (the original, which serves as the inspiration for most everything), the Beast Era (a subset of Generation 1, about the descendants of the Autobots and Decepticons from the future, who turn into animals), the Unicron Trilogy (a series of three anime from the early 21st century that revolve around the Transformers seeking out magical power-items), Animated (a Teen Titans-esque animated series from 2007 about the Autobots as superheroes on Earth) and the Aligned continuity (so named because it draws a lot of different ideas from throughout the history of Transformers together and makes one big story out of them).

In terms of cartoons, we’d typically recommend checking out either Transformers Animated or Transformers Prime, two of the most popular Transformers cartoons there have been. Animated began the same year the first live-action Michael Bay film came out, so you’ll see some deliberate similarities in it, like the use of the AllSpark (which was a new idea created for the film - though it’s not a cube in this cartoon!). Prime came a few years later; it was developed for TV by the screenwriters of the first two live-action films, and has some thematic similarities, like the Autobots working in secret with the human military to fight the Decepticons. In fact, it begins with the ‘bots already on Earth, with their alliance with humankind in place, and is written to suggest that something rather like, but not precisely like, the first live-action movie has already occurred in the recent past, so this is probably your best bet.

The Prime cartoon is part of the aforementioned “Aligned” continuity, and so is part of a universe of shows and stories that include the sister series Rescue Bots and the sequel Robots in Disguise, as well as the War for Cybertron and Fall of Cybertron video games, and tie-in comics and novels, so these are some of the first things you might like to explore after Prime. Because they take so many ideas from other Transformers stories, they can also be a good primer in advance of you going back even further and exploring some of the older series, if you wish.

In terms of comics books, IDW Publishing currently produces several Transformers titles, including new adventures about the original Generation 1 characters. The series More than Meets the Eye has been hugely successful at bringing in a huge wave of new adult and young adult fans to the brand and is a great jumping-on point for the universe. If you enjoy it, then there’s room to explore further and investigate IDW’s other output, and maybe even go back further to the Marvel Comics stuff.

2

Colt 1851 Navy with Richards-Mason Cartridge Conversion

This beautiful revolver, numbered ‘7′, is one of the very few to have been retooled into a .38 Short Colt handgun in the 1870′s, when Smith and Wesson lost exclusive rights to bored-through cylinder. Mason had patented - in addition to this conversion - swing-out revolvers and star-shaped cartridge ejectors five years earlier.
This interesting piece was fitted with an entirely new barrel for its conversion, as shown by the lack of slot to dovetail a loading lever catch in. As a still experimental gun, it lacks an ejector rod.

Sauce : James D. Julia Inc.

The Handcannon: The Desert Eagle - .357/.44 Magnum, .50 AE

The Desert Eagle. Not many guns can hold as much of an iconic status as the “Deagle”. It’s appeared in many media from film, TV, video games and so on. And yet there’s some mystery to this gun, 

The story begins with Magnum Research, founded by Jim Skildum and John Risdall in Fidley, Minnesota, they were working on a design for a semi-automatic magnum caliber gun in the early 1980′s.

Magnum revolvers had bee around since the 1940′s and 1950′s and have pretty much dominated the magnum caliber niche. While many semi-automatic actions could be made to eat the high pressures and power of a magnum round, the heavy rim of the magnum rounds made them work well in revolvers and horribly in semi-autos. While most company’s got around that by making rimless copies of Magnum rounds like AMT, Wildey and others. 

Bernard C White of Magnum Research and Arnold Streinburgs of the Riga Arms Institute were gonna change that. The basic design was made in 1985 first by Israel Military Industries, then by Saco Defense, back to IMI/IWI, then to Magnum Research.

The rest is history.

The Desert Eagle has sold phenomenally well for a magnum. The original Mark I model was quickly followed with a Mark VII and Mark XIX. They came in .357 Magnum, .44 Magnum and most famously, .50 AE. The Desert Eagle is mechanically basic, gas-operated rotating bolt, but it works fairly well and like a fashion accessory comes in many different colors. 

Finishes go from various types of black, matte or blued, chrome, nickel and most famously, gold. This includes Titanium Nitrade treated ones, 24K gold.

Or Tiger Stripe.

Passing by the pimp gun, Desert Eagle’s have had some military use, by units like GROM and Portuguese Special Forces, but for the most part it’s been civilian only. Magnum Research also sell a large amount of their other guns under the Desert Eagle name, such as the Baby Deagle, the Jericho 941, the Micro Eagle pocket pistol, Walther P99 clones, even 1911′s with Desert Eagle stamped on it. The Desert Eagle is an icon, and cinema’s why.

Cinema’s largely to blame for the Desert Eagle’s popularity, with movies such as Year Of The Dragon and Commando featuring the original Mark I model the same year it was released. Robocop, They Live, The Long Kiss Goodnight, Ali G Indahouse, Four Brothers, Natural Born Killers and more feature the Desert Eagle. Whether it’s all black or plated in gold, it’s large size and imposing front make it the perfect fit for a crazed villain or a vengeful hero.

And video games agree.

Video games are often inspired by cinema in many ways. Some copy down stories or are interpretations of films, some copy soundtracks and tunes but many copy their arsenals. And one of the most common is the Desert Eagle. Starting all the way with Resident Evil 2, Magnum Research’s handcannon and videogames have gone together like bread and butter.

Counter Strike made it famous and helped forged the nickname of “Deagle”, Call of Duty 4: Modern Warfare had your character staring down a Desert Eagle’s bore as a deposed president meeting a grim end. From the serene waters of Rook Island to the streets of Liberty City and Los Santos, the Desert Eagle will be found.

And that is the history of the Desert Eagle, one of the most impractical guns ever made. It’s big, heavy and in high caliber loads ill suited for combat. But that hasn’t stopped it from being one of the best selling magnum pistols ever made. It’s big, flashy and a common sight from the silver screen to the computer screen.

Enneagram Type 7: The Enthusiast

The Spontaneous, Versatile, Acquisitive, Scattered Person 

Healthy. Highly responsive, free-spirited, and enthusiastic about their experiences, healthy Sevens are powerfully oriented to the real world of things and sensations. They are spontaneous, adventurous, and exhilarated by every experience. Every stimulus brings an immediate response, and they find everything exciting and invigorating. Happy, vivacious, stimulating people: resilient and lively. They are curious about the world and often possess quick, agile minds. Become accomplished achievers and generalists who do many different things well: multitalented, Renaissance people, frequently gifted with virtuosic talents and prodigious skills. Healthy Sevens are practical, productive, and prolific — people of action and energy. Their active minds also lead them to explore many different areas of life: they become versatile, cross-fertilizing their many areas of interest. At their best: They assimilate experiences in depth, becoming appreciative and grateful, enthralled (awed) by the wonders of life. Life-affirming, joyful, and ecstatic. Begin to have intimations of a spiritual reality, and a deep sense of the boundless goodness of life. At the same time, Sevens are aware that physical reality is spiritual, and they take great delight in even common day-to-day experiences. 

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5

Collier 1818 patent First Model revolving musket

Designed by E.H. Collier and manufactured by Henry Nock c.1818-24 - serial number 9.
.69 caliber 14″ long smoothbore barrel, five-shot manually-indexed smooth brass cylinder, self-priming flintlock mechanism, spring-loaded snap bayonet, stock mounted ramrod.

The keystone to Collier’s patent was no doubt its self-priming device, a modified frizzen holding enough powder to start all five shot activated simply by dropping it down in battery, where a small claw would push on a dented wheel on its side to release the priming charge. This device would operate slightly differently in the second and third models, but it’s what truly set Collier’s guns apart from other early flintlock revolvers.

anonymous asked:

Hello, I have a question about guns. My story is set in a world that recently invented guns, so the designs are flawed. Is it reasonable for a gun (something small like a pistol) to jam when fired and explode in someone's hand? And how much damage would the explosion cause?

“Yes,” and, having their hand, “turned into something resembling goulash,” comes to mind. Though, “jamming,” is probably the wrong mental image.

It’s probably worth remembering, early guns were little more than a hollow metal tube and (sometimes) a handle, which you’d manually fire by touching off the powder with a burning object (called a match, but it’s not equivalent to modern matches at all.)

If a gun was poorly forged, over loaded with powder, or had something obstructing the barrel, it was possible for a gun to misfire or detonate in the user’s hand or face.

These were strictly single shot weapons. Powder had to be poured, by hand, followed by forcing the bullet down the barrel.

Depending on what evidence you take, the first guns originate in the 12th or 13th century. And, they pretty much stayed that way for a long time. There were numerous technological advances. But, the gun remained (primarily) a single shot weapon for nearly 600 years. If guns are a new technology in your setting, you’re probably not going to be looking at having issues like jamming. (At least not the familiar concept.)

It’s probably worth considering, that self feeding firearms didn’t become a practical option until the transition from black powder to smokeless in the late-19th century.

Put another way; we’ve been shooting people for eight centuries, we’ve had auto-loading firearms for a little over one.

There’s also a terminology hickup that can confuse people. Handgun is not a modern term, however, using it to refer to pistols is far more recent. Early handguns were longarms. The name meant you could carry and fire the gun by hand, not that it was a small compact weapon. As I recall, the first pistols didn’t appear for around a century after the introduction of the handgun. I could be wrong on that number, by the way, it might be as fast as a couple decades. They were roughly contemporary with the development of the matchlock as I recall. (But, this specific era of the timeline is something I’m a little shaky on.)

Based on the actual development of guns, if your setting just developed guns within the last couple decades, you’re looking at something more like a pole arm, that has to be manually loaded, and then the powder is set off using a match.

As you get to the point where guns have been around for 50 years to a century, you’ll start seeing firearms where the match is mounted to the gun, and a trigger mechanism ignites a flashpan of powder by dropping a lit match (usually a piece of slow burning cord at this point. (A fingertip sized, shallow bowl, mounted on the side of the gun, usually with an articulated cover).

At roughly two centuries out, you’ll start seeing rifled barrels, which are far more accurate, but require additional time and effort to load. You’ll also start to see flintlocks.

At five centuries, you’ll start to see the introduction of percussion caps, and something that looks more like what you’d consider a firearm. This would be followed by early revolvers, and pre-sealed center-fire cartridges. This would allow for the first manually cycled repeating firearms, and make rifled firearms practical for combat usage. This would also, roughly, match the introduction of the shotgun.

As you get into the sixth century, you’ll see the first double action firearms (where each pull of the trigger can recock the hammer), and the development of semi-automatic firearms.

I’m skimming over the evolution of how society and the military viewed guns, for instance, most militaries opposed the introduction of repeating firearms because they feared their soldiers would recklessly burn through ammunition, straining their logistical support. But, that’s a lot more open for your worldbuilding. Still, it’s something you might want to look into and research further.

-Starke

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The Debate: Wicca Vs. Witchcraft

Okay, I’ve made a mistake. 

For months now, I’ve been using the terms “Wicca” and “Witchcraft” interchangeably, and then I got my tokhes handed to me on a silver platter by a woman named Mina. So, this post is for the little old vendor in Little Iran, Mina. 


     Wicca and Witchcraft are not only two very different practices, but they can be near opposites depending on how one views them. Wicca, also referred to as Alexandrian Witchcraft, was founded by Gerald Gardner and Doreen Valiente in the early 20th century. It revolves around mainly duotheism and is known as “Pagan Witchcraft,” due to its rooting in Hermeticism and ancient pagan ritualism. It believes strongly in polytheism, and is just as varied as witchcraft is, while following a specific set of rules and beliefs. 

     Witchcraft is much more general, and just as complex. Witchcraft is any ancient, or modern, eclectic and varying practice of magic and theology involving ritual and traditional roots. It usually involves the worship of either a general or local land spirit or god and/or goddess. Wicca, however, follows a set guideline, whereas Witchcraft–nearly all the denominations–have almost contradicting rules. Personally, I follow a nearly monotheistic religious mindset, and I follow the route of a Hedge Witch, or a practitioner that uses their magic for apothecary, herbalism, and herbal medicine. 


     I hope this clears up some stuff for everyone, and I hope I’ve made Mina proud. 

7

Lepage-Moutier Mle1858 1st type revolver

Manufactured by Lepage in Paris, France c.1858-60′s - serial number N44.
12mm Lepage-Moutier centerfire six-round cylinder, swing out double action.

The barrel and cylinder rotate to the side of the frame for reloading. These early centerfire revolver cartridges really had little more power than a glorified rocket ball, but damn don’t they look sexy.

3

The Colt Ring Lever revolving rifle,

Shortly after the success of the Colt Paterson, Samuel Colt decided to take his revolver design and and enter the rifle market.  The Colt Ring Lever rifle was an early revolving rifle produced in limited numbers by Colt’s Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company out of Paterson, New Jersey.  An oddity of firearms designs, the Ring Lever was kinda sort of a lever action revolver.  Rotating the cylinder was done by pulling back on a ring located at the front of the trigger.  This also cocked an internal hammer for the next shot.  Using an eight shot cylinder, they were chambered in .34, .36, .38, and, .40, and.44 calibers.

The Colt Ring Lever rifle was produced in two models.  Being a cap and ball revolver, the Ring Lever was loaded by hand with black powder, a bullet, and a percussion cap.  In order to load the First Model, which utilized a top strap and lacked an indentation from which to place percussion caps, the barrel had to be completely removed.  The Second Model improved upon the design by using an open top design so that the cylinder could be removed if needed, featured an indentation so that nipples could be easily capped, and featured a loading lever (something common with all future Colt cap and ball designs).  Finally, the Second Model was available in .44 caliber only.

200 of the First Model were produced and 300 of the Second Model were produced between 1837 and 1841.  Colt sold 100 to the US Army at the whopping price of $125 per rifle.  Most were issued to soldiers in the Seminole Wars, were the design was found to be prone to malfunction and was too fragile.  Regardless most soldiers found having the rifle to be an advantage over single shot muzzleloaders.  Another 100 were sold to the Texas Navy, and another 300 sold to the government in order to arm settlers of the Florida Territory. 

Structuring the Kingdoms of Remnant

I study political science and law, but I am also a great fan of RWBY. After rewatching World of Remnant (the hiatus is real), I decided to go ahead and write down a few ideas I had on the political structure and nature of Remnant. These are just theories I had as I try to dissect what knowledge I managed to gleam off of what we were shown in the series so far.



The Meaning of ‘Kingdom’ and the Value of Strength

It is a testament of humanity’s tenacity that four permanent settlements were able to arise on Remnant when surrounded by the Grimm. Both determination and strength were required to carve out safe zones for humanity to live and grow. Perhaps because of this emphasis on being strong enough to survive, the culture of early humanity would revolve around martial pursuits. Given the legends of powerful individuals like the Maidens and the silver-eyed warriors, this can be argued easily.

Thus it’s not hard to guess that early humanity would be more than willing to place all of their faith into one individual who will lead them to unite and defend against the Grimm. This embodiment of power unto a single person would go on to create a governing body in the form of a monarchy. After all, for there to be a kingdom there must be a king. Our history on Earth has many tales of early culture that give credit to the growth of civilization by one heroic figure or single person. Even in religions, there will always be one chief god that is above other gods in a pantheon. The same can be said even more on a place like Remnant.​

Succession

The most common law of succession for monarchies is primogeniture, meaning that the oldest child of the monarch inherits his position. However, I argue against this succession law. Especially in the early days of civilization, strength was needed because of the Grimm. If the son of a king is too weak, it could lead to troubles. Hence I argue that instead of primogeniture law, there is a possibility that an elective monarchy was in place. Essentially, it meant that the king is voted into his position, possibly ruling for life. The question remains on who votes for the king, but I will come back to that later.

Also, if there were royal families, I’m sure they would have already been mentioned.​

Consolidation of Power - The Interchangeable, Influential, and Essential

However, even if a king is elected on good faith, the struggles of politics will always be there. The sovereign needs to keep his power if he wants to rule. I will not be theorizing on who votes on the king, but essentially how a king in Remnant could attempt to consolidate power in order to ensure that he keeps his position long enough for him to do his job effectively. Power has sources, but these sources can be divided into three parts: Interchangeable, Influential, and Essential.

The interchangeable group are the sources that can very well not have any place in giving the monarch power, but with the right actions and knowhow, these sources can be moved to the influential and essential groups.

The influential group are the sources that will help give power to the king, but are not completely required. It can help nudge the way for power to grow or be kept.

The essential group are the sources that is absolutely necessary for the king to have if he wants power.

Power is abstract. It can be anything. Wealth. Skills. The people. Power can be drawn from anything.

For a King in Remnant, martial strength is the essential requirement to having political power. After all, strength is required for the king the lead in these times of survival. Without strength, there is no way he would even be considered to become king. An example of an asset he has in the influential category is that he’s kind and trustworthy. While it was not necessary to be like that, it certainly would probably help him have gotten elected. Finally, in the interchangeable section, it could be something meager as his miscellaneous skills, skills that could be framed as influential or essential to whoever it is voting him to becoming king.

This system is transferable to modern democratic elections we have today. In a presidential election, the interchangeable are the numerous voters, the influential are the various congressmen and senators you can impress and help support you, and the essential are the small percentage of people (the key states) you need to become elected. 


Okay, I suppose that’s all the time I have for now. I suppose if more people like this, I don’t mind continuing.

laughinginchaos  asked:

All of Batman's foes are monsters due to them all having tragic lives, which villain do you think has the most heartbreaking life story? Besides Freeze

I’m probably biased because he’s my favorite character, but I believe that Scarecrow has the most tragic backstory out of all of the Rogues Gallery (except for Mr. Freeze), largely due to the events in Scarecrow: Year One.

From the moment that Crane was born, it was abundantly clear that his arrival was unwelcome. He had barely taken his first breath before his own grandmother was planning to literally dispose of him—his family was so ashamed of his mother’s “tarnishing” of the Keeny family name (never mind that the only remnants of the Keeny’s “glory days” were a long-ago depleted fortune, an old, decaying manor crammed with antiques, and a debilitated atrium that doubled as a chapel) by having a child out of wedlock that it was suggested that Crane be buried and forgotten. His great-grandmother (aka “Granny Keeny”) chose to keep the boy instead—not out of love, but so he could act as her personal servant and maintain the manor’s cornfields. 

Crane’s childhood was a joyless one, consisting of laborious chores far too physically demanding for his young age and dictated by Granny Keeny’s strict, religiously zealous rules. Any perceived misstep was punished severely—Crane would be clothed in a suit coated with an herb mixture and rodent blood (a concoction used to attract crows), unceremoniously thrown into the Keeny’s chapel, and subsequently attacked by trained, merciless crows. This abusive, Draconian punishment greatly frightened Crane and heavily-influenced his future, as illustrated by a scene in which Crane witnesses a scarecrow torn to pieces by a pack of crows. 

The only brief moments of happiness in Crane’s childhood involved books. Bullied at school, he would sit beneath a tree in the schoolyard and immerse himself in literary worlds, momentarily escaping from the cruelty and violence that ruled his own existence. A pivotal moment in Crane’s life occurs when he opens to door to a room that Granny Keeny forbade him from ever entering and discovers a library. As he browses through the books, he comes across a particular volume that would later prove itself fateful: Advanced Chemistry

After reaching adulthood and completing his education, Crane becomes a college professor, teaching a psychology course with an emphasis on fear, and befriends a colleague named Professor Pigeon. Crane looks up to Pigeon as both a mentor and the father figure he never had, and when Crane later faces the school board after firing a gun in his classroom in a misguided attempt to convey fear’s great influence to his students, he is hopeful that his mentor will defend him.

Unfortunately, Crane was wrong. 

He is fired from the university, and his teaching career is ruined. Feeling betrayed by the one person in the world that he cared for and trusted, Crane becomes bitter and hardened. He takes up the Scarecrow mantle, and dedicates his life to fear and seeking revenge against those who had wronged him.

Did Crane make some very bad choices? Without a doubt. Was his expulsion his own fault? Yes, definitely. Does his past give him an excuse to harm others? No, but it certainly explains why he feels a need to. Crane’s early life revolved around fear, and his only means of defending himself was to learn everything that he could about fear and how he could control it. If Crane had experienced a functional, healthy childhood rather than an abusive one, it is likely that he would never have been drawn towards fear in the first place. Crane’s transformation to Scarecrow is a sad testament to the trauma that lingers long after abuse has ended, and in that sense I do not think that he can be fully blamed for the course his life took. Crane himself states that “life is all about choices”, but that doesn’t mean that one’s choices aren’t influenced by the cards were are dealt. 

The little boy who lived his life in fear grew up to frighten others, and IMO that is extremely tragic. 

I wanna say outright that I was always one of the HUGE supporters of the “Alexa’s mother invented the Time Splicers” theory. Hear me out.

For starters, it always struck me as a little gimmicky that Professor Hadron didn’t quite know how the Time Splicers worked. (They’re supposedly your OWN INVENTION dude.) And sure, maybe it was a necessary gimmick since so many of the plots early on revolved around Hadron not really knowing why Zakk’s/Alexa’s Time Splicers were behaving a certain way. Plus if he really understood the Splicers, he could probably send Zakk right back to his own timeline and we’d never even have a show.

So maybe it was a necessary schtick.

Or maybe it was fridge brilliance.

Because of course Hadron wouldn’t know how exactly they work if he DID NOT INVENT THEM. “But all the devices SAY ‘Professor Hadron’ in cursive on the side!” Yes, but Alexa’s mom had a Ph.D. also. That means she and Alexa’s dad were probably BOTH Professor Hadron.

We’re also told very little about Alexa’s mother. There are pictures around the Hadron household, and Alexa says things like “When I was little, my mother used to…” But we’re never told why her mother is gone. We as the viewers usually assume she’s dead, and that the Y-7 rating maybe pushed them to not bring a lot of attention to it. But I always liked the alternate theory:

We’re not told what happened to Mrs. Hadron, because really she was destroyed from this time line by a time travel experiment gone wrong. Because originally it was her, and not Ron, who studied the science of time travel. And Ron Hadron hasn’t told anyone, not even Alexa. There are only two other people on earth who would know–and that’s Chief of the Time Police, Timm Tempo, and his wife. We’re told that the Tempos and the Hadrons were long-time friends before they had to become frenemies. That means Timm and Cheryl Tempo were friends with the Hadrons back when it would have been Alexa’s mom, and not her dad, conducting all the experiments. I’ll bet anything the Tempos know.

And maybe, the reason Ron Hadron was still dabbling in time travel during the series, despite its risks, despite the threat of jail time, despite all the havoc it causes, is because he still held hope that his wife was out there somewhere, findable.

And maybe he destroyed himself in his desperate attempt to search for her.

Alphabet Klaine: Finn

Well, day twelve is going to be a sad one. I think the warnings and triggers for this one are obvious just from the title, but I’m cautioning everyone anyway. It’s just little moments throughout Kurt and Blaine’s life, early years mostly, that revolve around how Finn’s death continues to be a presence in their lives and how they cope and grief with that.. This one is one of the few I have more ideas for, so I may or may not have another drabble to continue this at some point.

So warnings and triggers: Finn, mentions of character death, and grief. 

There’s a few pictures at the end, too.

F- Finn

            “Don’t be ridiculous. No, I don’t know when we’ll get married yet. Spring or autumn, I’d say.”

            Blaine hummed and blinked awake. It was a little after dawn and Kurt was sitting in the window seat in his room. Pale, long, and lean, Kurt stretched his bare legs out in front of him and kept his gaze out the window. It wasn’t a sight Blaine had ever thought he’d see. Only a year ago Kurt had been so nervous about being naked, even inside one of their bedrooms, that he’d put his shirt and underwear on before he ever climbed out from under the covers.

            Almost a year in New York had certainly changed Kurt’s stance on nudity. Blaine was glad in a way, he’d get to see that for years to come. They were fiancés now. Fiancés! Kurt had said yes to spending the rest of their lives together.

            “I don’t know if there’ll be doves,” Kurt was saying. He laughed brightly and shook his head. “Finn, no. Don’t you dare. And no ice sculptures. They’ll melt and flood the place. Listen, I’ve got binders full of possibilities separated by seasons and Ohio and New York, but I think New York is going to be our spot. We’ll both be living there, so you’ll have to come visit for the wedding, and–”

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