early independent era

We have paid these true cannibals back in full; war for war, crime for crime, outrage for outrage… . I have saved my country. I have avenged America.
—  Jean-Jacques Dessalines, April 1804 (Source: “Empire of Freedom, Kingdom of Civilization” by Doris L. Garraway)

Today in Haitian History - April 6, 1811 - Henri Christophe passes edit to control and regulate Haitian nobility. After the constitutional crisis of 1807, Haiti secedes in two fractions, the South being governed by Alexandre Pétion and the North by Henri Christophe. In 1811, inspired by European models, Henri Christophe sets up a monarchy in Northern Haiti. While the regime only lasted until 1820, Jean Pierre Boyer (by then president of Southern parts of Haiti and responsible for the re-unification of the country) inherited a 6 million surplus from the Northern treasury. 

Today in Haitian History - March 29, 1818 - Death of Alexandre Pétion. While rivalry  with Henri Christophe (King of Northern Haiti) prevailed throughout Alexandre Pétion’s presidency, Pétion’s land policies made him a much loved figure among the “masses.”

Unable to use similar coercive measures as Christophe, nor to revitalize large-scale plantation agriculture, Pétion opted for the parcelling out of national land in order to collect taxation revenues. As a result, an unprecedented number of peasants owned a piece of property that they could exploit. Because of his overall personality and land reforms (regardlessness of what his original objective had been), Pétion was known in his time as “Bon Papa Pétion” or  "Papa Bon Coeur“ (Good Father Pétion, or Good Hearted Father). He was replaced by Jean Pierre Boyer. 

February 17, 1807:  Henri Christophe promulgates a new Constitution. * While Christophe was Dessalines' legitimate successor, rivalry between black generals and mulatto elite fractions made it so that Christophe was asked to rule as a “name-only” president, with no real legal powers. Christophe, understanding this clearly, decides to secede Haiti and become to the president of the North. In 1811, he declares himself king and rules as King Henri I until his suicide in 1820.