Gay Scout’s Eagle Award Approved. After being denied his award for his sexual orientation, a local boy scout council approved Ryan Andresen’s application.
“I don’t think sexual orientation should enter into why a Scout is a Scout, or whether they are Eagle material,” said Bonnie Hazarabedian, a district review board member that signed off on Andresen’s application. “We felt without a doubt he deserved that rank.”
Only a small number of Boy Scouts make Eagle Scout.
The feat is even harder when you come from inner-city poverty.
Yet for 27 years, Romy Vasquez has successfully encouraged boys from South Central Los Angeles to become scouts, and he’s seen more than a dozen members of Troop 780 go on to reach scouting’s highest rank.
Gay Ex-Boy Scout Speaks Out. Ryan Andresen sat down with BuzzFeed to talk about his struggles with bullying and what it was like to be denied his Eagle Scout rank by the Boy Scouts of America:
I really didn’t have any confidence in myself until I came out and that’s when I started really understanding myself and loving myself. So I always encourage people to [not] do it if it doesn’t feel right. However, you’re going to get a lot more support than you think.
At the request of riker191, here are the 6 hurry cases (I’m not a paramedic but these are things I had to learn well in order to get Eagle, so it should be mostly accurate, and at the very least it’ll be helpful in the case one of these occurs). IF YOU ARE A MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL AND SOMETHING IS INCORRECT OR MISSING, LET ME KNOW OR ADD IT TO THIS POST!
NOTE: Some scout troops don’t include Heat Stroke as a Hurry Case, but having seen it happen too many times and I think it definitely qualifies.
The 6 Hurry Cases are:
The first step in ALL Hurry Cases is to Call 9-1-1 immediately (in the case of Internal Poisoning, if you know number for Poison Control, call that, but 9-1-1 will transfer your call when you tell them that you’re dealing with a case of Internal Poisoning). Whenever you are on the phone with 9-1-1, have as much of the following information ready as possible:
Your name and the Patient’s name
Reason for calling
If the Patient has been internally poisoned, the type of poison they have ingested (i.e. chemical name, pill name, description)
If you are a medical professional or trained in CPR or First Aid, let them know, and if you have begun CPR, let them know
Before we go any further, there’s one common symptom between all hurry cases (and some non-hurry cases) which is important to treat, called Shock.
Shock occurs whenever a serious injury or trauma is present, and is a lack of blood flow to the brain. For instance, severe bleeding obviously leads to a lack of blood flow to the brain. It is important to treat for shock in ANY Hurry Case. To treat for shock, do the following:
Do whatever you can to keep the patient calm and under control. Talk to them in a calm voice, and keep assuring them that everything is alright (even if they are unconscious). If the patient becomes any more nervous or anxious than they already are, chances are their Shock will just get worse.
If the patient is conscious, get them water and have them take small, frequent sips.
In all cases except Heat Stroke, if a blanket is available, cover them with a blanket.
Lay them down and raise their legs above their head. This will get blood to flow toward their brain.
Once again, KEEP THE PATIENT CALM.
Now, I’ll go in order as listed above.
Shortness of Breath
Tightness in the Chest
Pain on the left side of the body, especially in the left arm, shoulder, and chest cavity
Patient’s denial that they are having a heart attack
How to treat a Heart Attack:
Begin by calling 9-1-1 immediately. Ideally, if there are two or more people aiding on the scene, have one person call while the other begins first aid. If you have a means of transport and are close to a hospital, you have the option of driving the patient to the hospital (unless, of course, you are the patient).
Begin by having the patient take small sips of water and breathe deeply. If you have aspirin/baby aspirin, and the patient is well enough to take medicine, administer aspirin. This will help treat the heart attack.
There is, in reality, very little you can do to treat a heart attack other than administering fluids, administering aspirin, and keeping the patient calm. If help is going to take a good deal of time to arrive, you should also treat the patient for shock.
IF THE PATIENT IS UNCONSCIOUS AND BREATHING HAS STOPPED, SEE INFORMATION FOR CPR (BELOW)
Lack of sweating despite high temperatures
Redness of skin/Skin is hot to the touch
Difficulty breathing/Rapid breathing
How to treat Heat Stroke:
Begin by calling 9-1-1. Remove any and all clothing from the patient. Get the patient to a cool (preferably air-conditioned) location, in the shade. Give the patient water and have them take short, frequent sips. Apply ice packs/cold water to the pressure points of the body (back of the neck, armpits, groin, inside of the elbow, back of the knee) and the patient’s forehead and back. Fan the patient with cool air and wet their skin. If possible, immerse them in an ice bath and wait for help to arrive. NOTE: When treating for shock in this situation, do not raise the legs and do not cover the patient in a blanket. Doing this will only make their condition worse. Keep the patient calm and wait for help to arrive.
This one is fairly easy to identify. There will be lots and lots of blood, often spraying or spilling from the wound.
Once again, begin by calling 9-1-1. If you have sterile gauze available, begin by applying pressure to the site of the wound. Do not remove pressure from the wound at any point, as it will cease clotting. If you do not have sterile gauze available, use some sort of cloth - a towel, clothing, anything that won’t flake or come apart when wet. While keeping pressure on the wound, tie a constriction bandage between the wound and the closest pressure point between the wound and the heart. For instance, if the wound is on my forearm, I would tie the constriction bandage between the wound and my inner elbow, since this is the closest pressure point between the wound and my heart. A pressure point is a location on the body where an artery (a type of blood vessel which carries blood away from the heart) meets a bone, and the major pressure points are the back of the neck, the armpits, the inside of the elbow, the wrist, the groin, and the back of the knee.
Tying a constriction bandage:
Take a sterile bandage or a piece of cloth or clothing, make it into a rectangle, and wrap the cloth around the body part, bringing it back around to the front, and tie a square knot really tight. If you need more explanation, the internet should have an abundance of resources (with pictures!).
IF THE BLEEDING IS NOT SLOWING OR STOPPING, AND YOU BELIEVE THAT THE BLEEDING IS SERIOUS ENOUGH THAT IT MAY KILL THE PATIENT, TIE A TOURNIQUET BANDAGE. A tourniquet bandage is designed to completely stop blood flow to the limb, and is very similar to a constriction bandage, with a few distinctions. For starters, the Tourniquet is tied on the pressure point. Additionally, a tourniquet is often tied with a rope, belt, etc. To tie a tourniquet, wrap your material around the pressure point and tie a square knot. Then, place a pen (or some other rod-type item) on top of the square knot, and tie another square knot around the item. Twist the pen/rod to tighten the bandage, and take note of the time you put the tourniquet on. NEVER REMOVE A TOURNIQUET BANDAGE YOURSELF. ALWAYS KEEP IT ON UNTIL THE MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS ARRIVE, AND THEY WILL TAKE CARE OF IT. Taking note of the time you put the tourniquet on will aid the EMTs in deciding whether or not to amputate the limb.
Redness or irritation around Patient’s mouth
Smell of chemicals/gasoline from Patient’s mouth
Confusion or otherwise altered mental state
Note: Some symptoms may vary from chemical to chemical but these are some general guidelines.
Begin by calling 9-1-1 or the Poison Control Center at 1(800)222-1222. If you forget the number for Poison Control, call 9-1-1 and they will direct you to poison control. Have any and all information possible about the substances ingested, such as name of the chemical, amount of the chemical, and description of any pills/tablets consumed (all pills have a distinctive shape, color, texture, and some form of mark/indentation/serial number imprinted on the surface). If the patient vomited, find some sort of container for the vomit and keep it at hand (when the EMTs arrive, they can use the vomit to ascertain what was ingested). Some cases call for induced vomiting, while others do not. The general rule is: If the poison is corrosive (i.e. it burned the throat while it went down), DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING, as this will burn the throat again on the way up. On the other hand, if the poison is non-corrosive (i.e. it did not burn the throat when it went down), it is safe to induce vomiting. To induce vomiting, swipe your fingers into the back of the patient’s throat and try to trigger the gag reflex. If the patient is conscious, try to dilute the substance in any way possible (the best ways are by having the patient drink milk or water). Treat the patient for shock by keeping them calm and covering them.
The universal sign for choking (two hands placed across the base of the neck)
Weak, wheezy sounds coming from the patient (the patient may attempt to cough or speak but air won’t be able to make it through the airway because it is blocked).
Begin by calling 9-1-1. The best first aid for choking is administering the Heimlich Maneuver. Based on the patient, there are different ways of administering the Heimlich Maneuver. If the patient is of comparable size with you, get behind the patient, place one leg firmly between theirs to support them, make a fist with one hand and place it in the other in front of the patient, place your fist under the solar plexus and push up and into the patient (if you are unclear on how to do this visually, search “Heimlich Maneuver” on google images and you’ll get a myriad of resources). Continue doing this until you dislodge the item in the airway. If the patient is significantly larger than you, put them up against a wall and push the heel of your palm firmly up and in, similar to the way previously mentioned. If the patient is an infant, place them face-down on your forearm, gripping their face with your hand, and firmly pat them on the back. If the patient is you, and you are alone, sling yourself over the edge of a chair or a table and force your body against it to dislodge the item.
No visible signs of breathing (i.e. rising/falling of the chest cavity)
No sound of air coming from the patient
To begin, make sure the patient is in fact not breathing. Attempt to communicate with the patient and ensure that it is, in fact, a case of Stopped Breathing that you’re dealing with. If you’re pretty sure, call 9-1-1. It is better for the EMTs to come when there isn’t a situation than for them not to come when there is a situation. To check for stopped breathing, we “look, listen, and feel”: Kneel beside the patient and place your head sideways over theirs so that your ear is just above their mouth. Look for a rising and falling of the chest, listen for any breathing, and feel for breath on the side of your face. If the patient is not breathing, check again for a pulse. If there is a pulse and the patient is not breathing, begin Rescue Breathing. If there isn’t a pulse, begin CPR (explained below). DO NOT MOVE THE PATIENT, because if they aren’t breathing there is a good chance they have sustained neck/back injuries and moving them could cause further complications.
To begin rescue breathing, gently tilt the head by moving the chin, so the patient’s head is against the ground and their neck/chin is further in the air (once again, google for diagrams if needed). Cover their mouth entirely with yours and exhale fully into their lungs, looking for a rising/falling of the chest as you do so. Wait 5 seconds. Repeat this process one more time. If the chest did not rise/fall, this means that the airway is probably blocked (usually by the tongue). In this case, sweep two fingers across the back of the patient’s throat to try to clear the airway. Readjust the head as detailed above and repeat the process of rescue breathing: Breathe, wait 5 seconds, breath, check to see if the patient is breathing on their own (Look, Listen, and Feel). If the patient is an infant, do what is stated above, except place your mouth over both the patient’s mouth and nose.
What is CPR and when is in needed?
CPR stands for Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation, and is intended to get the patient to breath and the patient’s heart to beat on its own. It is needed when the patient is not breathing and does not have a pulse. To check for breathing, see “Stopped Breathing” above. To check for a pulse, place two fingers gently against the neck of the patient to feel for the jugular vein. If the patient has no pulse and is not breathing, begin the process of CPR.
To administer CPR, take a firm stance kneeling perpendicular to the patient. Make sure your shoulders are directly above the center of the patient’s chest. Imagine an invisible line connecting the patient’s nipples. Three finger-widths below this line is where you’ll be administering CPR. CPR consists of two parts: Chest Compressions and Rescue Breathing. To begin Chest Compressions, place one hand on top of the other with your fingers intertwined and place the heel of the palm three finger widths below the midpoint of the “nipple line”. Make sure your arms are straight and your shoulders are directly above where your hands are. Press down, keeping your arms straight, approximately 1.5-2 inches into the patient’s chest 30 times. You’re aiming for a rate of approximately 100 compressions per minute, but in practice just go as fast as you can, because it is difficult to reach 100 compressions per minute. Count the compressions out loud: When you reach 30 compressions, begin rescue breathing (detailed above). Repeat this process 3 more times, then check for breathing and pulse again. In an infant, instead of using your whole hand, place two fingers over the same two fingers of your other hand, and compress approximately 1-1.5 inches. DO NOT STOP CPR UNTIL THE EMTs HAVE ARRIVED. IF YOU HAVE ANOTHER PERSON WHO KNOWS CPR ON HAND, DO THIS IN PAIRS, SWITCHING OFF, BECAUSE THE PROCESS WILL GET PHYSICALLY TIRING.
NOTE: Regulations for CPR change constantly, so while this may not be 100% up-to-date, this will work.
That’s about all I’ve got, if anyone wants to add or change something let me know or go ahead and do it! Stay safe!
Gay Boy Scout Denied Eagle Scout Rank. Ryan Anderson of Troop 212 in Morgara, Calif., has been a Boy Scout for 12 years. He stayed with the organization even after coming out as gay at 16. But he was denied the chance to rise rank to an Eagle Scout.
The Boy Scouts of America’s decision was consistent with its “Youth Leadership” policy statement: “In the unlikely event that an older boy were to hold himself out as homosexual, he would not be able to continue in a youth leadership position.”
Anderson told Yahoo! News:
“It was by far the biggest goal of my life. It’s totally devastating.”
It’s the highest available rank in the Boy Scouts of America, and represents a considerable amount of time and dedication. Unlike lower ranks, Eagle requires a lot of personal initiative to earn (though this does vary between Troops). The exact statistic varies by year, but roughly 5% of scouts ever reach that rank.
If you’re asking, what did that actually teach me? Then the answer would be, Scouts is where I got my introduction to firearms. It’s where I learned the basic first aid that allows me to talk about what violence does to people medically, even though I’m not a medical professional. It was where I got my first introduction to police procedure and criminal investigation. Also where I first learned about VIP protective details. I can’t remember if my exposure to Archery was for the purposes of earning a merit badge or not. Also, there’s a lot of wilderness survival training squirreled away in the back of my head that I genuinely don’t think about often.
In short, the rank encompasses a lot of skills, and there is some variance between the training two different Eagle Scouts will have undergone. There is also a lot of core elements that are universal to any Eagle.
It’s probably worth saying, since someone will inevitably bring it up, I don’t always agree with the organization’s politics. I find the BSA’s longstanding ban of gays deeply distasteful (to put it mildly), and at odds with the BSA’s stated goals. I understand why it’s there; many of the sponsoring organizations are deeply conservative (read: homophobic), but it remains a sore point for me. That said, there has been some movement on that front. The ban on openly gay teens participating in the organization was voted out, and officially ended in 2014. So, there is progress on that front.