Ancient Egyptian model showing two men assisting in the birthing of a calf. Artist unknown; ca. 2000 BCE (11th Dynasty, Middle Kingdom). Now in the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. Photo credit: Keith Schengili-Roberts/Wikimedia Commons.
Large Egyptian Boat Model and Crew, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty XI-XII, C. 2134-1782 BC
Made of wooden polychrome stucco, this large and exceptional boat model, accompanied by its crew, is a perfect illustration of grave goods dating from the First Intermediate Period and Middle Kingdom. These models appear as early as the sixth dynasty (c. 2350 BC) and have the same meaning as the scenes carved on the walls of the tombs of the Old Kingdom with the aim to provide for the deceased in his or her afterlife. At nearly 60 inches long, this particular model is one of the largest known boats in existence.
Egyptian Brewery and Bakery Model, 11th-12th Dynasties
In wood polychrome stucco, the model consists of: a kneeling woman kneading dough, a woman fanning cover home loaf pans with sides, two other women, one holding a jar; three men standing, one brewing beer, one holding a jar and the third carrying a basket on her head.
Models like this are an illustration of the grave goods from the 1st Intermediate Period and the Middle Kingdom. These models appear from the 6th Dynasty (c. 2350 BC) on and have the same purpose as the scenes carved on the walls of the tombs of the Old Kingdom, to provide for the deceased in their afterlife.