durham press

On Columbus Day

In school I was taught the names
Columbus, Cortez, and Pizzarro and
A dozen other filthy murderers.
A bloodline all the way to General Miles,
Daniel Boone and General Eisenhower.

No one mentioned the names
Of even a few of the victims.
But don’t you remember Chaske, whose spine
Was crushed so quickly by Mr. Pizzaro’s boot?
What words did he cry into the dust?

What was the familiar name
Of that young girl who danced so gracefully
That everyone in the village sang with her–
Before Cortez’ sword hacked off her arms
As she protested the burning of her sweetheart?

That young man’s name was Many Deeds,
And he had been a leader of a band of fighters
Called the Redstick Hummingbirds, who slowed
The march of Cortez’ army with only a few
Spears and stones which now lay still
In the mountains and remember.

Greenrock Woman was the name
Of that old lady who walked right up
And spat in Columbus’ face. We
must remember that, and remember
Laughing Otter the Taino who tried to stop
Columbus and who was taken away as a slave.
We never saw him again.

In school I learned of heroic discoveries
Made by liars and crooks. The courage
Of millions of sweet and true people
Was not commemorated.

Let us then declare a holiday
For ourselves, and make a parade that begins
With Columbus’ victims and continues
Even to our grandchildren who will be named
in their honor.

Because isn’t it true that even the summer
Grass here in this land whispers those names,
And every creek has accepted the responsibility
Of singing those names? And nothing can stop
The wind from howling those names around
The corners of the school.

Why else would the birds sing
So much sweeter here than in other lands?

– Columbus Day, by Jimmie Durham (Cherokee) (West End Press, 1983)

In addition to reinforcing those ever-active transnational ties, the Afro-Latin@ concept calls attention to the anti-Black racism within the Latin@ communities themselves. In the case of more recent immigrants these attitudes are brought over as ideological baggage from the home countries, while for the generations-long citizens of the United States they reflect the historical location of Blackness at the bottom of the racial hierarchy and the Latin@ propensity to uphold mestizaje (racial and cultural mixture) as an exceptionalist and wishful panacea.
—  “Introduction," Román, Miriam Jiménez, and Juan Flores, eds. The Afro-Latin@ Reader: History and Culture in the United States. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010, 3.
That is, I stop to look where texts take tropes like women-as-flowers, women-as-water, women-as-sugar cane, invented to justify keeping Caribbean women and territories in someone else’s control, and redeploy these same tropes to imagine a landscape belonging to Caribbean women and Caribbean women belonging to each other.
—  Tinsley, Omise’eke Natasha. Thiefing Sugar: Eroticism between Women in Caribbean Literature. Durham: Duke University Press, 2010, 2.

anonymous asked:

any books on the Russian Revolution and Civil War you'd recommend?

Yeah, here’s some I just copied from the reference list in an old essay i wrote on it, these are all pretty valuable in one way or another

Aves, J., Workers Against Lenin: Labour Protest and the Bolshevik Dictatorship, New York, Tauris Academic Studies, 1996.

Avrich, P., Kronstadt 1921, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1971.

Brinton, M., ‘The Bolsheviks and Workers’ Control: The State and Counter-Revolution’

Daly, J. and Trofimov, L. (eds. and trans.), Russia in War and Revolution, 1914 – 1922: A Documentary History, Indianapolis, Hackett Publishing Company, 2009.

Harding, N., Leninism, Durham, Duke University Press, 1996.

Malle, S., The Economic Organization of War Communism 1918-1921, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Mandel, D., The Petrograd Workers and the Fall of the Old Regime, London, The Macmillan Press, 1983.

Murphy, K. R., Revolution and Counterrevolution: Class Struggle in a Moscow Metal Factory, New York, Berghahn Books, 2005.

Pirani, S., The Russian Revolution in Retreat, 1920–24: Soviet Workers and the New Communist Elite, Hoboken, Taylor & Francis, 2008, 

Rabinowitch, A., The Bolsheviks Come to Power: The Revolution of 1917 in Petrograd, Chicago, Haymarket Books, 2004.

Rabinowitch, A., The Bolsheviks In Power: The first year of Soviet rule in Petrograd, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2007.

Read, C., From Tsar to Soviets: The Russian people and their revolution, 1917 -21, London, Routledge, 2003.

Retish, A.B., Russia’s Peasants in Revolution and Civil War: Citizenship, Identity, and the Creation of the Soviet State 1914-1922, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Sakwa, R., Soviet Communists in Power, London, The Macmillan Press, 1988.

Sakwa R., Soviet Politics: In Perspective, New York, Routledge, 1989.

Smith, S. B., Captives of Revolution: The Socialist Revolutionaries and the Bolshevik Dictatorship, 1918 - 1923, Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2011.