Ferdinand II armour. Created by Lucio Piccinino (1550-1589). Gift from Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza

He was an avid collector of art and the collection of the famous Castle Ambras near Innsbruck was started in his time. He had begun to work on it even during his time in Bohemia and subsequently moved it to Tyrol. In particular, the gallery of portraits and the collection of armor were highly expensive, which is why the archduke incurred a high level of debt.


The family of Robert I, Duke of Parma, is rather interesting.

Robert fathered TWENTY FOUR children with two different women.

Ten married and had children, six were mentally disabled, three didn’t survive infancy, four became nuns, one was deaf, and one became the last Empress of Austria. Oh, and two sons fought in the Belgian Army while two fought in the Austrian Army during WWI. 

Impressive, huh?

Court denies Duke of Parma's appeal against illegitimate son's name change

Court denies Duke of Parma’s appeal against illegitimate son’s name change

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The court in The Hague has denied the appeal of Prince Carlos, Duke of Parma against his illegitimate son’s request to change his name to “de Bourbon de Parme”. With this decision the court holds up the earlier decision made by the Dutch Secretary of Security and Justice. The Duke of Parma is the son of Princess Irene of the Netherlands and Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma. Princess Irene lost her…

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