duha prayer

Riyad as-Salihin, The Book About the Etiquette of Eating  Book 3, Hadith 745 

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Busr (ra): 
The Prophet (pbuh) had a large bowl called Al-Gharra’, which would be carried by four men. One day, when the Companions finished their Duha (forenoon optional) prayer, Al-Gharra’ was brought full of sopped bread, meat and broth, and they sat down around it. When their number increased, Messenger of Allah (pbuh) sat down on his knees and rested on the soles of his feet. A bedouin said to him: “What sort of sitting is that?” Thereupon Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “Verily, Allah has made me a courteous slave not a fierce tyrant.” Then he said, “Eat from the sides of the bowl and leave the central part of it so that your food will be blessed.”[Abu Dawud].

When the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) finished his prayer late in the night, he would see if I was awake and he would talk to me. If I was sleeping, he would awaken me, and pray two rak'ahs, then he would lie down as long as the mu'adhdhin came to him and call him for the dawn prayer. Then he would pray two rak'ahs lightly and come out for prayer.
—  A'ishah (رضي الله عنها) [Reference: Sunan Abu Dawud, Book of Voluntary Prayers, Hadeeth no. 1262. Reported from Salim Abu An Nadr, from Abu Salamah (رضي الله عنه)]

What are the daily, weekly and monthly acts of worship?

Firstly:

The topic of acts of worship and obedience is very broad, and there is not room to discuss it in full here.

The questioner may refer to the following books for details on this matter:

·  At-Targheeb wa’t-Tarheeb by Imam al-Mundhiri, along with Saheeh at-Targheeb wa’t-Tarheeb and Da‘eef at-Targheeb wa’t-Tarheeb by Shaykh al-Albaani, for information on the verdict on the soundness and weakness of the hadiths.  Riyaadh as-Saaliheen by Imam an-Nawawi, especially the section entitled Kitaab al-Fadaa’il.

Secondly:

The daily acts of worship include :

  • The five daily prayers and doing wudoo’ for them; 
  • Using the miswaak when doing wudoo’ and praying; 
  • Praying in congregation (jamaa‘ah); 
  • The regular Sunnah prayers, 
  • Duha prayer, 
  • Qiyaam al-layl (voluntary prayers at night); 
  • Witr prayer; 

The adhkaar for :

  1. Morning and evening; 
  2. Adhkaar to be recited by day and by night (when entering and leaving the home, 
  3. When entering and leaving the Masjid, 
  4. When entering and leaving the washroom, 
  5. When eating and drinking, 
  6. Following the prescribed prayers, and so on); 
  7. Repeating after the mu’adhdhin.

The weekly acts of worship include :

  • Jumu‘ah prayer; 
  • Reading Soorat al-Kahf on the night before Friday and on Friday; 
  • Sending a lot of blessings upon the Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) on the night before Friday and on Friday; 
  • Fasting on Mondays and Thursdays.

Monthly acts of worship include :

  • Fasting three days of every month (and it is preferable for that to be on al-ayaam al-beed, i.e., the 13th, 14th and 15th of the Hijri month).

Annual or occasional acts of worship include: 

  • Fasting Ramadan; 
  • Praying Taraweeh in congregation in the mosque; 
  • Offering the Eid prayers;
  • Hajj for those who are able to do so; 
  • Giving zakaah for those for whom the conditions of it being obligatory are fulfilled;
  • Spending the last ten days of Ramadan in i‘tikaaf;
  • Fasting six days of Shawwaal;
  • Fasting ‘Ashoora’ and a day before it or after it;
  • Fasting the day of ‘Arafah; 
  • Doing a lot of good deeds in the first ten days of Dhu’l-Hijjah.

There are also deeds that are not connected to a particular time, so they are prescribed at all times, including deeds of the heart as well as physical actions. 

These include: 

  • Offering voluntary prayers at times other than the times when praying is disallowed; 
  • Observing voluntary fasts; 
  • ‘Umrah; 
  • Remembering Allah (dhikr); 
  • Reading Qur’an; 
  • Sending blessings upon the Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam); supplication (du‘aa’); 
  • Praying for forgiveness (istighfaar); 
  • Honouring one’s parents; 
  • Upholding ties of kinship; 
  • Giving charity; 
  • Spreading the greeting of salaam (peace) among the Muslims; 
  • Having a good attitude; 
  • Controlling one’s tongue; 
  • Loving Allah, fearing Him and putting one’s hopes in Him; 
  • Putting one’s trust in Him; 
  • Contentment; 
  • Certainty of faith; 
  • Seeking His help, may He be glorified and exalted.

And there are good deeds that are done for a reason, in which case it is prescribed to do them when that reason is present. 

These include: 

  • Visiting the sick; 
  • Attending funerals; 
  • Offering the funeral prayer; 
  • Offering condolences; 
  • Saying Yarhamuk Allah(may Allah bless you) to one who sneezes; 
  • Returning greetings of salaam; 
  • Accepting invitations; 
  • Praying istikhaarah; 
  • Offering the prayer of repentance (salaat at-tawbah); 
  • The eclipse prayer; 
  • Prayers for rain; 
  • Reconciling between disputing parties; 
  • Lowering the gaze; 
  • Refraining from harming others; 
  • Bearing annoyance and calamity with patience; and so on.

The salaf (early generations) liked to combine four acts of worship on one day, namely: 

  • Fasting, 
  • Feeding the poor (charity), 
  • Attending funerals and visiting the sick. 

The Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said concerning these actions: 

“These qualities are not combined in a man but he will enter Paradise.

”Narrated by Muslim (1028).

And Allah knows best. Islam Q&A

Ramadan Prep: Fasting in Sha'baan

‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: 

“The Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) used to fast until we thought he would never break his fast, and not fast until we thought he would never fast. I never saw the Messenger of Allaah fasting for an entire month except in Ramadaan, and I never saw him fast more than he did in Sha’baan.” (al-Bukhari, 1833; Muslim, 1956)

Ibn Rajab (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“Fasting in Sha’baan is better than fasting in the Sacred Months, and the best of voluntary fasts are those that are (observed in the months) closest to Ramadan, before or after. The status of these fasts is like that of al-Sunan al-Rawaatib (the 12 sunan prayers about which the Prophet said would guarantee a house in Jannah for the one who read them) which are done before and after fard (obligatory prayers) and which make up for any shortfall in the number of obligatory prayers. The same applies to fasts observed before and after Ramadan. Just as al-Sunan al-Rawaatib are better than other kinds of voluntary prayers, so fasts observed (in the months) before and after Ramadan are better than fasts at other times.

Some of the recommended days to fast: 

Mondays and Thursdays, as the Prophet Muhammad would fast these days. 

It is also mustahabb (recommended) to fast three days each month, any three whether consecutively or not, but especially the 13th, 14th and 15th of the month which are known ayyam al-beed (the white days), due the moon being full on these three nights. 

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: My close friend [the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) ] advised me to do three things which I will not give up until I die: fasting three days of each month, praying Duha (the voluntary forenoon prayer) and going to sleep after Witr (the odd prayer). (al-Bukhari and Muslim)

It was narrated that Abu Dharr said: The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلّم) said to me: “If you fast any part of the month, then fast the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth.” (at-Tirmidhi)

This year, for the month of Sha'ban, Ayaam al beed falls upon Wednesday 11th, Thurs 12th and Friday the 13th of June 2014 (according to London timings). 

Every one of you can perform an act of charity

Abu Dharr (radiAllaahu anhu) reported: The Prophet ﷺ said, 

“In the morning, charity is due on every joint bone of the body of everyone of you. Every utterance of Allaah’s Glorification (ie saying Subhaan Allaah) is an act of charity, and every utterance of His Praise (ie saying Al-hamdu lillaah) is an act of charity and every utterance of declaration of His Greatness (ie saying La ilaaha illallaah) is an act of charity; and enjoining M'aruf (good) is an act of charity, and forbidding Munkar (evil) is an act of charity, and two Rak'ah Duha prayers which one performs in the forenoon is equal to all this (in reward)." 

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[Muslim]. Taken from Riyad-us-Saaliheen, complied by Ad-Dimashqi, volume 2, pages 875-876.

Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “In the morning, charity is due on every joint bone of the body of everyone of you. Every utterance of Allah’s Glorification (i.e., saying Subhan Allah) is an act of charity, and every utterance of His Praise (i.e., saying Al-hamdu lillah) is an act of charity and every utterance of declaration of His Greatness (i.e., saying La ilaha illAllah) is an act of charity; and enjoining M`aruf (good) is an act of charity, and forbidding Munkar (evil) is an act of charity, and two Rak`ah Duha prayers which one performs in the forenoon is equal to all this (in reward).’‘ 

[Sahih Muslim, Book 004, Number 1557]

‏إنَّ اللهَ عزَّ و جلَّ يقول : يا ابنَ آدمَ . اكْفِني أولَ النهارِ بأربعِ ركعاتٍ ، أَكفِكَ بهنَّ آخرَ يومِك

Allāh says: O Son of Adam suffice Me with four units of prayer in the beginning of the morning (Duhā) and I will suffice you in your last day.

—  [Original Source: Saheeh at-Targheeb 671 (صحيح الترغيب), via Dr. Abdulillāh Lahmāmī Twitter]
In the morning, charity is due on every joint bone of the body of everyone of you. Every utterance of Allah’s glorification (i.e. saying Subhan Allah) is an act of charity, and every utterance of His praise is (saying Alhamdulillah) is an act of charity and every utterance of declaration of His Greatness (i.e. saying La ilaha illAllah) is an act of charity, and enjoining Ma’ruf (good) is an act of charity, and forbidding Munkar (evil) is an act of charity, and two Rak’ah Duha prayers which one performs in the forenoon is equal to all this (in reward).
— 

The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

Reported by Abu Dharr
(Radi allāhu’ anhū)

[Muslim - Riyad us Saliheen Chapter 206, 1140]

Narrated Abu Hurairah radi Allaahu ‘anhu:

My friend (the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم) advised me to observe three things and I shall not leave them till I die: (1) To observe Saum (fast) three days every (lunar) month, (2) to offer the Duha prayer; (3) and to offer Witr before sleeping.

{Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadeeth No. 1178}