drug offender

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President Obama commutes 231 nonviolent drug offenders’ sentences

  • President Obama pardoned 78 people convicted of nonviolent drug offenses and reduced the sentences of 153 other individuals on Monday
  • This brings his total number of such pardons to 148 and commutations to 1,176.
  • The pardons and commutations are part of a sweeping initiative to release prisoners convicted under harsh, punitive drug laws enacted in prior eras. 
  • The 231 people granted clemency on Monday by Obama is the “largest single day act of his presidency.”
  • Many of those benefiting from the administration’s review were sentenced to lengthy, sometimes lifetime sentences for nonviolent drug offenses. Read more

jakathine  asked:

What's your thoughts on instituting gun permits as a prerequisite to a carry license? For instance if you would have to have passed the initial permit test, attend a certain number of hours on a shooting range with a licensed adult, and pass a final exam with a proctor at a range (all similar to the permit to license transition for driving but instead of being limited to under 18 this would be for all first time permit/license holders to take/do).

The law for allowing public carry of firearms is almost entirely a matter of state law – and every state in the country allows the concealed carry of firearms. However, the quality of state systems varies pretty dramatically. Many states won’t allow violent criminals, serial drug and alcohol offenders, or people under 21 to carry guns in public. More than half of the states in the country give law enforcement the authority to deny permits to applicants likely pose a danger to the public – since local authorities may know that an applicant has a history, for example, of domestic disturbances or arrests for assault.

All states should require safety training for anyone who wants to carry a concealed handgun in public—and all states should require live-fire experience, actually practicing using a gun. It just seems like common sense that the person carrying a gun next to you at the mall has actually had training in how to secure it and how to fire it. And indeed, a majority of states do require some form or training and 21 of them require live-fire training.

But here’s the bad news: The gun lobby is trying to tear the whole system down. They want to remove these training requirements. They want to remove law enforcement’s authority to stop public carry by dangerous people. They want to allow many violent criminals and teenagers to carry. They even want to remove the permit requirement altogether—allowing people to carry without a permit or training or so much as a criminal record check. And even as a fast-growing grassroots movement has stopped these efforts in dozens of state legislatures in the past couple of sessions, the gun lobby has succeeded in removing the requirement that a person get a permit before carrying a gun in public in Missouri, Kansas, West Virginia, and Maine in 2015 and 2016.  Now, under the new law in those states, no one is required to get any training whatsoever in order to carry a gun in public—and even some dangerous convicted criminals are legally allowed to carry concealed guns in public.

 I think that the idea of allowing individuals to walk around with a concealed (or open) weapon for self-defense without extensive, continuous and mandated training is a serious threat to public safety and increases risk.  A RAND study in 2007 found that more than 50% of active-duty police officers in New York City could not pass a minimum competency test with their duty weapon. And the NYPD conducts more training than most police departments.
    The idea of citizen-protectors is nothing more than a sham, marketing ploy developed by the gun industry since the industry discovered that hunting and sport shooting were no longer viable as long-term markets. When you renew a driver’s license you have to pass a new vision test; there is not a single state which requires any kind of physical or mental test pursuant to receiving a permit to carry a gun around for self-defense. As long as you have not been charged with a felony you can carry a gun on your person in just about every state.  This is simply unacceptable

Dear Obama: Give clemency to my dad, a drug offender doing life in prison

By Ebony Underwood

It’s a day before Christmas and I’m grief-stricken. This is the 29th Christmas in a row I’ve spent apart from my dad, William Underwood.

President Barack Obama made a groundbreaking commitment to criminal justice reform over the past two years by using his clemency authority to provide a second chance to over 1,000 people convicted with extremely harsh drug sentences. But with the clock ticking on his departure from the White House, time is running out for my incarcerated father and so many other deserving incarcerated mothers and fathers.

It’s a time for gift giving, celebration and reuniting with family — but once again the stain of mass incarceration continues to be the Grinch that stole my Christmas.

That’s why I’m sending an urgent plea to Obama to recognize more deserving incarcerated people — parents, some now grandparents, who have been incarcerated over 20 years who, if not freed through clemency, will be stuck in prison with a life sentence.

One of those deserving individuals is my elderly father, William Underwood, arrested nearly 30 years ago for a drug offense, his first and only felony conviction.

So that Obama would hear my plea, I teamed up with a group of others who, like me, have elderly parents incarcerated for nonviolent offenses. We made a video where we read aloud my letter to the president.

My loving father has never once stopped being a part of my life or the lives of my siblings during his more than a quarter of a century in prison. He is remorseful for selling drugs, has a clean institutional record and mentors the younger guys in prison to keep them on track and out of trouble. Plus, empirical data shows that people age out of criminality and that prisons are not designed for the elderly — which is exactly why Obama should give clemency to more elderly people.

Read more here

the signs as types of drugs

*dONT DO DRUGS KIDS PLS*


aries: cocaine - users feel confident and strong

taurus: khat - more talkative and more energy, appetite supressant

gemini: alcohol - can make someone more talkative, cause their speech to become slurred and make them physically uncoordinated

cancer: heroin - reduces physical and emotional pain and gives warm, drowsy feeling to allow users to forget their problems

leo: LSD - drug changes the way that users see and hear things. there is heightened self-awareness and users can hallucinate

virgo: mephedrone - euphoria, alertness and feelings of affection towards the people around you, paranoia

libra: cannabis - users feel relaxed, giggly and talkative

scorpio: GBL - feelings of euphoria, reduce inhibitions and causes sleepiness

sagittarius: amphetamines - the drug makes users feel energised and excited

capricorn: ecstasy - energy, followed by calmness

aquarius: magic mushrooms - hallucinations can occur for as long as nine hours

pisces: ketamine - low dose users might feel euphoric, and higher dose users might hallucinate

Damian Marley bought a former state prison and has awesome plans for it

in a new venture, Damian Marley is bringing his knack for symbolism into the real world — and using it to affect real change in one California town and beyond. Billboard reported Monday, that Marley acquired a California state prison that once incarcerated drug offenders and is giving it a beautifully ironic new purpose.

follow @the-movemnt

“I was a police officer in Baltimore for 21 years. I was addicted to heroin the entire time I was on the force. A lot of the guys had their addictions. I don’t think people understand the fear involved in the job. We were scared all the time. Baltimore was the murder capital of the world. It was tremendously stressful. I never used needles. Just powder. I was too scared of needles. My partner knew about it. One time he walked in the bathroom while I was using. He told me: ‘The moment I feel like you’re putting my life in danger, I’m turning you in.’ I did feel guilty when I was arresting drug offenders. But I always told myself: ‘You’re doing them a favor.’ One morning I looked in the mirror and saw death. I had no soul. So I made myself quit. I took two weeks leave, locked myself in a hotel room, and quit cold turkey. It was the darkest two weeks of my life. I can’t talk about it. But I never used again. My wife was never able to quit, though. She committed suicide six years ago. I woke up one morning and she’d been dead for seven hours, right next to me.”

youtube

Secular Talk: Man (Non-Violent Drug Offender) Boiled Alive In Prison Shower – Guards Get Away With It  

Published on Mar 21, 2017

Prosecutors in Miami-Dade County said that they found no evidence of a crime in the death of a prison inmate who was left for two hours in a hot shower.

Four years after Darren Rainey died at the Dade Correctional Institution, the state’s investigation found that the corrections officers who locked Rainey in the shower committed no crime. Miami-Dade prosecutor Katherine Fernandez Rundle opted not to charge any of the officers, finding that “the evidence does not show that Rainey’s well-being was grossly disregarded by the correctional staff.”

buzzfeed.com
Philippines President Compares Himself To Hitler, Says He'd "Be Happy To Slaughter" 3 Million Drug Users
President Rodrigo Duterte likened his anti-drug campaign that has left more than 3,000 people dead to Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler, who killed millions of Jews.
By Michelle Broder Van Dyke

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte told reporters in Davao City on Friday that he would “be happy to slaughter” 3 million drug users, like Adolf Hitler had murdered about 6 million Jews.

The 71-year-old leader said he had been “portrayed to be some cousin of Hitler” by critics, Reuters reported. “There are 3 million drug addicts (in the Philippines). I’d be happy to slaughter them.”

“If Germany had Hitler, the Philippines would have…” he said, pointing to himself, according to Reuters.

“You know my victims. I would like (them) to be all criminals to finish the problem of my country and save the next generation from perdition.”

And once again, our national embarrassment makes it to the world’s headlines and it’s for making antisemitic comments. Comparing drug offenders with the Holocaust victims? That’s just very awful.

Mind you, if only it was possible, we’d ask for Duterte (along with De Lima) to be taken away from us (doesn’t matter if it’s a natural death, a disease or a “CIA assassination” that causes it) and for Miriam Santiago to be returned to us. This country doesn’t deserve a piece of trash like Duterte.

Obama releases another 111 drug offenders, bringing total commutations to 673

President Barack Obama commuted the sentences of 111 federal inmates serving long prison sentences for mainly non-violent drug crimes, bringing the total number of commutations the president has granted to 673, the White House said on Tuesday. There are still a ton more cases to go through though.

Drugs

Marilyn: “When you’re on a film you’ve got to look good in the morning so you’ve got to get some sleep. That’s why I take pills.”

John Huston: “The girl was an addict of sleeping tablets and she was made so by the goddamn doctors.”

Arthur Miller: “Doctors had gone along with her demands for new and stronger sleeping pills even though they knew perfectly well how dangerous this was…there were always new doctors willing to help her into oblivion.”

According to Donald Spoto, Marilyn began to be addicted to sleeping pills in early 1954, after she took some to combat jetlag-induced sleeplessness. However, the evidence is that by the time she had already been using pills for as many as eight years - Marilyn told Amy Greene that she had been taking pills since the age of seventeen or eighteen. Certainly by 1950, on the threshold of her big break, Marilyn resorted to drugs to combat the overwhelming anxiety she suffered before screen tests. Since 1950 Marilyn had had a ready source of pills from her friend, confidant, and sometime mouthpiece, columnist Sidney Skolsky, who worked out of Schwab’s drugstore and could be relied on to provide sleeping pills and the like. Joe DiMaggio reputedly referred to Sidney and Marilyn as “pill-pals.”

The use of barbiturates, amphetamines, and narcotics was common in Hollywood. It was an exciting and dangerous thing to do, and there was far less awareness of the harmful long-term effects of substance abuse. Drugs ultimately claimed the careers and lived of many famous stars, from Errol Flynn to Judy Garland and Montgomery Clift.

Marilyn used barbiturates, hypnotics, and anti-anxiety drugs. Apart from one documented occasion in 1962, when she met Dr. Timothy Leary, she did not take pills for recreation or thrill-seeking, but as a way of combating her crippling inability to sleep, to calm her frayed nerves, or to tackle the debilitating fear and anxieties which assailed her. Susan Strasberg writes, “People mixed champagne and pills all the time, to increase the effectiveness of the pills. As for Marilyn, she had the burdens of her fear, her timidity, her insecurity and her unusually agonizing monthly periods that rendered her literally incapable of moving.” Once the addictive spiral began, she began to take yet more pills to counteract the effects of other drugs she had taken.

Marilyn was visibly affected by the after-effects of sleeping pills in 1954, when she regularly turned up late and groggy to work on There’s No Business Like Show Business - this was a time of high emotional tension as her recent marriage to Joe DiMaggio was running anything but smoothly.

After escaping the immediate danger of Hollywood and moving to New York in late 1954, Marilyn embarked on a year of self-discovery and acting experimentation, but she still needed sedatives and barbiturates to sleep. She continued to wash down the barbiturates with champagne, hoping that this would give her the chance of a good night’s rest. Eight years later, on the set of Something’s Got To Give, Marilyn was still fraught enough to swallow valium pills with champagne.

Despite warnings about the dangers of her drug abuse, Marilyn seemed unable to cut down her intake except for short periods - there was always some new crisis or her perennial insomnia to bring her back. Gynecologist Leon Krohn warned Marilyn that if she wanted to have children, she should do something about her intake of drink and drugs. After her second miscarriage, Marilyn was consumed with fear that she had brought this on by her intake of Amytal, a barbiturate (medical name amobarbital). By the late fifties, Marilyn was trapped in a dangerous spiral of having to take drugs to sleep, different drugs in the morning to battle through the grogginess, and then take more pills during the day to control her anxiety. Typically, Marilyn scheduled no appointments before midday; the hangover from Nembutal took all morning to clear. 

Marilyn’s dependence on barbiturates and sleeping pills increased even further during tumultuous shooting on The Misfits in 1960. Her Los Angeles doctors sent out stringer drugs, 300 milligram doses of Nembutal (sodium pentobarbital), three times the standard dosage for treating insomnia, and so strong that just seven of these pills would have been enough to kill a person without her tolerance. When she felt that these weren’t enough, she persuaded doctors to inject Amytal directly, in quantities not far off the administered for general anesthetics. In the mornings Marilyn was so groggy that makeup man Allan “Whitey” Snyder had to start making her up while she lay in bed. Rumors circulated that Marilyn had to be walked around her bedroom for hours to get her sufficiently clear-headed, and some biographers write that the only way to get her to actually wake up was to put her in the shower. 

In the last years of her life, Marilyn increasingly switched to chloral hydrate, more commonly known as “Mickey Finn” knockout drops. These were prescribed to her by psychoanalyst Ralph Greenson in an attempt to reduce her dependency on the barbiturates she habitually took. Greenson apparently also prescribed Dexamyl, a potent combination of Dexedrine (a now banned stimulant) and amobarbital, a barbiturate. He remarked in correspondence that her dependence was such that she resembled an addict, yet “did not seem to be the usual addict.” There were times, though, when her behavior was very much that of the addict, seeking new ways to administer the drugs she craved, including injection. Reputedly in the last month of her life, Marilyn’s regular doctor, Dr. Hyman Engelberg, attended Marilyn almost daily to give her so-called “youth shots,” which altered her mood and gave her redoubled energy. 

On August 3, 1962, just two days before her death, Marilyn had two prescriptions for Nembutal, her regular barbiturate sleeping pills, filled at her local pharmacy, from two different doctors (Dr. Engelberg and Dr. Seigel) at the San Vicente pharmacy on 12025 San Vicente Boulevard. 

On her last day alive, Marilyn probably took pills of phenobarbital and chloral hydrate. By mid-afternoon that day, she was seen on the beach walking with a little difficulty, and her speech was slurred. The autopsy showed levels 10 times the normal dose of the first drug and 20 times the normal dose of the second drug: blood levels of 4.5 mg Nembutal and 8 mg of chloral hydrate, and a much higher concentration of 13 mg of Nembutal in Marilyn’s liver. Disparities in these figures have been used to support allegations of foul play in Marilyn’s death and speculation that the lethal dose of drugs was administered either by injection or by enema. Controversy has even surrounded the exact list of drugs that Marilyn had in her bedroom at the time, with some commentators suggesting that only half of the pill bottles found on the bedside table were ever listed by the coroner on his toxicology report (Librium, Nembutal, chloral hydrate, Phenergan, and others without labels).

- The Marilyn Encyclopedia by Adam Victor.

Seattle is helping drug offenders instead of jailing them — and it’s working.

The Seattle Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion program, which launched in 2011, operates from a premise essentially opposite that of the war on drugs. Instead of harsh punishments, LEAD focuses on bolstering addicts’ welfare in order to decrease crime and initiate rehabilitation. It starts at the moment of arrest.

No, they haven’t approached drugs at all the right way. I’m upset, for example, that the MIAMI VICEs of the world look at drug offenders the same way we looked at insane people 300 years ago. What emotional things are we doing to those people who need a substance to get by? We should be examining that, not the criminal aspect of drugs. It may be that unless our world becomes more perfect some people are always going to need mood changers.
— 

Gene Roddenberry in an interview in the 1980s with Allan Asherman, printed in The Star Trek Interview Book (1988)

I love that Gene Roddenberry was talking about addiction as a mental health issue in the 1980s and acknowledging how mental illness is not just an individual issue, but also a social and systemic one.

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Baltimore State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby announces Aim To B'More, a program to help first-time non-violent felony drug offenders would have their records expunged after meeting education and job skill goals. Mosby said during a press conference that the program was part of her campaign promise to “holistically reform the criminal justice system.”

Aim to B'More Is modeled after a successful national program model that has proven to reduce recidivism rates and save taxpayer dollars.

“I promised the voters that I would run a transparent, engaged and innovative office. I’ve seen this program work, and I’ve talked with Attorney General Harris and her team about how to make it a success. I’m excited that we’ve been able to get this program off the ground so quickly. Aim to B'more will change lives,” Mosby said.

The components of probation include:

Community service tailored to the participant’s employment goals
Completing a GED, associate’s, vocational or similar educational program
Completing STRIVE’s job skills program located at the Centers for Urban Families; and obtaining internships and full time employment
The probation lasts three years; when full time employment is achieved, probation becomes unsupervised
An expungement is granted upon completion of the program

Probation in the Aim to B'More program lasts three years and, upon obtaining full-time employment, is unsupervised.

Sources: BaltimoreSun

What do you guys think of the program?

-Pierre

Bavaria reintroduces border controls for the g7 meet, within one week they caught:

•135 wanted persons
•10,555(!) illegal immigrants
•237 drug offenders
•3517 arrests for other reasons

If there’s anything that justifies rethinking Europe’s open border and schengen policies, it’s this. If this is the result of one single week, we can only imagine the levels of crime freely flowing in and out of our country the rest of the year