drinking from the tap

Cat Behaviour:   Drinking from the tap.  

Many cats will drink from the tap at any opportunity.  The reason for this is that cats have a very ineffective method of drinking normally… they dart their tongue out, curled under at the end, barely dip it in the water surface then quickly pull it up and try to “catch” any water that sticks to it by surface tension.

This has got to be exhausting, and often seems to take more time than it’s worth.  So, yeah, I’d drink from the tap whenever possible too.

The Water Crisis Is Taking A Financial Toll On Flint Families

FLINT, MICHIGAN — Stephanie and Joseph Morales are upstanding members of the Unitarian Universalist church and the parents of nine young children. But they haven’t paid their water bills for nearly two years.

The Flint residents, whose children range from ages three to 17, stopped drinking their tap water pretty much immediately after the city switched the source from Detroit to the Flint River in April 2014, causing widespread contamination from lead and other chemicals. The taste was off, and there was a day when they drew a bath and all the water came out brown. “We noticed right away,” Joseph said.

Here’s How Much The Water Crisis Is Costing Flint Families

In January of 2015, when state officials were telling worried Flint residents their water was safe to drink, they also were arranging for coolers of purified water in Flint's State Office Building so employees wouldn't have to drink from the taps
E-mails obtained by Progress Michigan show that one year ago, the state bought purified water for state workers in Flint

In January of 2015, when state officials were telling worried Flint residents their water was safe to drink, they also were arranging for coolers of purified water in Flint’s State Office Building so employees wouldn’t have to drink from the taps, according to state government e-mails released Thursday by the liberal group Progress Michigan.

A Jan. 7, 2015, notice from the state Department of Technology, Management and Budget, which oversees state office buildings, references a notice about a violation of drinking water standards that had recently been sent out by the City of Flint.

“While the City of Flint states that corrective actions are not necessary, DTMB is in the process of providing a water cooler on each occupied floor, positioned near the water fountain, so you can choose which water to drink,” said the notice.

US authorities distorting tests to downplay lead content of water
Exclusive: Documents seen by the Guardian reveal questionable practices that mean people’s drinking water is at risk in ‘every major city east of the Mississippi’
By Oliver Milman

Oh crap…….this might mean that the water situation in Flint, Michigan, while horrible, is the tip of the iceberg.

In addition to this story in The Guardian (excerpts below), residents of Sebring, a small town about 70 miles southeast of Cleveland, are being warned not to drink the tap water, after some samples from seven of 40 homes turned up unsafe levels of lead. Restaurants stopped serving water and schools were closed yesterday (Friday, January 22) as a precaution.

Excerpt from The Guardian story:

Water authorities across the US are systematically distorting water tests to downplay the amount of lead in samples, risking a dangerous spread of the toxic water crisis that has gripped Flint, documents seen by the Guardian show.

The controversial approach to water testing is so widespread that it occurs in “every major US city east of the Mississippi” according to an anonymous source with extensive knowledge of the lead and copper regulations. “By word of mouth, this has become the thing to do in the water industry. The logical conclusion is that millions of people’s drinking water is potentially unsafe,” he said.

Documents seen by the Guardian show that water boards in cities including Detroit and Philadelphia, as well as the state of Rhode Island, have distorted tests by using methods deemed misleading by the Environment Protection Agency.

There is no suggestion that EPA regulations have been broken, but the agency’s guidelines have been systematically ignored.

Several cities have advised residents to use questionable methods when conducting official tests for lead content. These include encouraging testers to run taps for several minutes to flush out lead from the pipes or even removing the filter from taps. Such methods have been criticized by the EPA for not providing accurate results, with the agency telling authorities not to use them.

[Dr Yanna Lambrinidou, a Virginia Tech academic] warned that the issue of misleading test results was widespread. “There is no way that Flint is a one-off,” she said.“There are many ways to game the system. In Flint, they went to test neighbourhoods where they knew didn’t have a problem. You can also flush the water to get rid of the lead. If you flush it before sampling, the problem will go away.

“The EPA has completely turned its gaze away from this. There is no robust oversight here, the only oversight is from the people getting hurt. Families who get hurt, such as in Flint, are the overseers. It’s an horrendous situation. The system is absolutely failing.”

This is my youngest sister, Hannah. She passed away yesterday afternoon. She put up one hell of a fight, but God called her home.

She liked barbecue sauce a lot, she liked to drink warm water from the tap instead of cold. She liked to read, and she had a fascination with Paris.

She will always be my little sister, always my favorite redhead.

Heaven got another angel.

It’s time to cast the first votes of what will probably be the biggest election year in this country’s history; but first we ask why. Why do we keep voting? And why doesn’t anything get better? And how do we keep getting caught in the trap?

Then we move onto a few more topics, including the providing of clean water to Government officials in Flint, Michigan, while the community was told that the tap water was safe to drink.

With calls from Max Ancaporado and Jonny Vroom at the end, things get conspiratorial…that talk will continue as the week progresses.

Until tomorrow, with the results from Iowa.

Watch the full episode here:

Amid denials, state workers in Flint got clean water

In January of 2015, when state officials were telling worried Flint residents their water was safe to drink, they also were arranging for coolers of purified water in Flint’s State Office Building so employees wouldn’t have to drink from the taps, according to state government e-mails released Thursday by the liberal group Progress Michigan. Read more: http://www.africanamericanreports.com/2016/01/amid-denials-state-workers-in-flint-got.html

Name: Marceline Abadeer
Age: 1000+
Do you like to cuddle?: Hell yeah
Can we make-out?: We better make out!
A night in or dinner out?: A night in.
Ice cream or chocolate covered strawberries?: Strawberries. Always strawberries!!!
What makes you a good Valentine?: I’m cute.
Would you cook for me?: You probably don’t want that…
Would you let me cook for you?: It would be a nice gesture, but I’ll just drink from the tap, thanks. 

Approved! Just a couple things though- what are your thoughts on strawberry ice cream? And what if I made dinner out of entirely red things?

I was just on twitter @mallymayweather ranting about the Flint water crisis & this being the second time black people (& whites) in Michigan have been effected by lead poisoning in a major way.

Major points:

There is a war against black people. Lead stays in the DNA for generations. Detroiters have dealt with lead poisoning before & cognitive impairments are very clear here. Lead, in addition to Aids, syphilis in jails + mass incarceration. Gentrification… & don’t forget about the massive water shutoff in Detroit just last year… & now there is an air quality issue because of an oil refinery in a predominantly Hispanic & Black neighborhood in Southwest Detroit.

A water crisis of any kind should never happen in the United States especially not the Great Lakes state, we’re surrounded by freshwater.

BOIL YOUR WATER PLEASE even if you think it’s safe to drink from the tap. Michigan is the safest place in the country to drink tap water & it’s clearly not safe + pills & fluoride (which is a neurotoxin) get mixed in when the water is treated.

Don’t make it a chore, have fun with it. Room temperature water, warm lemon water & hot lemonade sweetened with honey (pictured). Add berries, cucumber, mint, oranges, ginger, green tea etc.


Instead, repurpose & reuse glass jars. Call me cheap, I won’t buy what I already paid for… I buy gallons of Martinelli’s apple juice & I love honey so I keep the jars & reuse them instead of buying mason jars.

Flint's children aren't the only American kids at risk from lead

As cases of donated water pour into Flint, Mich., whose residents still don’t know when it will be safe to drink from the taps, one fact is becoming increasingly apparent: The poisonous problem of lead stretches beyond the borders of the Mitten State.

On Wednesday, environmental and civil rights groups filed a lawsuit demanding a full replacement of all the lead pipes in the city. The same day, officials announced that about 200 Flint children have shown elevated blood-lead levels since the crisis came to light in the fall.

The renewed attention on lead poisoning has led health experts and environment advocates to revive awareness of the substance’s abiding presence in landscapes across the country – and its consequences for vulnerable populations. In Flint, the culprit was corrosive water that caused lead to leach out of old pipes, but lead in house paint and in the soil in other US cities continue to pose a risk to young children. And those concentrations of lead are almost invariably found in poor, urban areas, the experts say.

Recommended: Flint crisis: a cautionary tale about America’s water supply (+video)

“The US has done a tremendous job in getting lead out of gasoline and in cleaning up cities,” says Robert Bullard, an environmental sociologist and dean of the Barbara Jordan-Mickey Leland School of Public Affairs at Texas Southern University in Houston. “For the most part, the CDC [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] has declared victory on lead.

“But there’s a residual that still remains, and most of that residual is in urban, inner-city areas,” he continues. “And the children that are most disproportionately impacted still tend to be poor children, children in the inner city, [and] a high percentage of children of color.”

The consequences can be dire. According to the CDC, even tiny doses of lead “have been shown to affect IQ, ability to pay attention, and academic achievement.” Aggression, antisocial behavior, and other disorders have also been tied to lead exposure, the agency notes.

Because of the government’s success in eliminating most new sources of lead over the years, many younger people are not aware of the health risks associated with the substance.

“If you don’t know their behavior was caused by lead poisoning, you just figure they were bad kids,” says Marcella Rankins, a community activist in Englewood, a low-income neighborhood in Chicago’s South Side. “But maybe they are acting out because they were living in a home that is poisoning them.”


Brenda Anderson was one of those who had no idea about the lead risks for young children. After moving into a house in Englewood about two decades ago, she discovered that lead poisoning may have caused problems for two of her six children.

“Reading, counting – they couldn’t concentrate like a normal kid can,” she says. “And today they’re still the same…. It affected them real bad.”

In 1978, the US government banned lead in house paints, children’s toys, and dishes and cookware. And in 1996, the Environmental Protection Agency took the final steps of a 25-year effort to phase out lead in gasoline.

But houses built before the ban still contain lead-based paint. Of about 24 million housing units that have deteriorated leaded paint and high levels of lead-contaminated house dust, more than 4 million house young children, according to the CDC.

And because deterioration is the issue – paint chips flaking off walls, for instance, or leaded dust contaminating the air – the problem persists, experts say. And some of the dust and paint makes its way into the soil, turning it into a source of concern for young children playing outside.

Those lingering sources pose severe health risks to children, says Howard Mielke, a professor at the Tulane University School of Medicine in New Orleans, whose research includes mapping blood-lead levels across urban populations.

The places where such sources are most concentrated, he notes, are often in the inner city and among low-income populations. In Chicago, children ages 5 and younger who live in impoverished and mostly African-American neighborhoods are harmed by lead at rates up to six times the city average, according to a Chicago Tribune investigation published in May.

Neighborhoods in Los Angeles, Detroit, and Boston also have among the highest concentrations of lead in the soil in the country, a 2011 study by Dr. Mielke and others found.

And of the 10 counties in the United States where the highest number of children tested positive for elevated blood-lead levels, the top five had anywhere between 18 and 35 percent of their populations living below the poverty line.

“It’s a very strong pattern,” Mielke says. “Lead-based paint was used all over the country, [but] the interior of cities have the most.”

Today, Ms. Anderson says she still doesn’t let her son, who is now in his 20s, go out alone.

“I have to keep my eye on him,” she says. “If he goes out and gets lost, I have to go find him.”


Communities in low-income urban areas tend to have to struggle for their leaders’ attention, says Dr. Bullard of Southern Texas University.

Indeed, part of the nationwide outrage over Flint – an old industrial town whose population and economy declined after General Motors closed or moved plants in the 1980s and '90s – stems from the fact that residents had been complaining about the quality of their tap water for well over a year before leaders took action. The problems began in April 2014, when the city switched its water supply from Detroit to the Flint River, but the governor only began responding in October 2015.

“Their complaints have gone back a year and a half … [but] people’s concerns were discounted or dismissed,” says Paul Mohai, an environmental policy professor at the University of Michigan’s School of Natural Resources and Environment in Ann Arbor. “As far as I can see, they did not appear to have been taken very seriously, and it really seemed to take quite a while for the government to pay attention and respond.”

Advocates noted that about 40 percent of Flint’s roughly 99,000 residents live below the poverty line, and nearly two thirds of the population is black. They accused GOP Gov. Rick Snyder and other officials of environmental racism, or intentionally placing low-income and minority communities in toxic or degraded environments.

Governor Snyder denied the allegations, telling MSNBC: “Flint is a place I’ve been devoted to helping. I’ve made a focused effort since before I started in office to say we need to work hard to help people that have the greatest need.”

Still, Flint’s “demographics suggest a community that doesn’t have a lot of resources, that doesn’t have a lot of political clout,” Dr. Mohai says. “Those are the characteristics of other environmental justice cases.”

Lanice Walker lacked both clout and resources, as well – which is part of the reason the single mother of nine was forced to live in a lead-contaminated home on Chicago’s West Side for two years.

In 2012, Ms. Walker used a voucher she received from the city’s public housing authority to rent a four-bedroom house in a poor, mostly African-American neighborhood. Five months into the move, a routine checkup determined that one of her younger children had elevated blood-lead levels. She soon learned that all her children were determined to have small amounts of lead in their blood.

“I was devastated,” she says.

The CDC has said that no amount of lead in the blood is considered safe for kids. It considers more than 5 micrograms per deciliter as potentially harmful. Walker’s three youngest children tested above that level.

But the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, which funds the voucher program that Walker relied on, deems up to 20 micrograms per deciliter safe for public housing tenants – above what even her youngest children registered. She was denied permission to move.

Only when a public advocacy group finally intervened was Walker able to relocate into a freshly renovated, lead-free apartment about a mile away.

The effects of lead poisoning, however, are not so easily left behind. Her son Ervin, 9, was slow to learn and easily frustrated. Eight-year-old Mahoghny, a lively third-grader, still cannot read, and is just now learning to scrawl her name.

And Walker keeps a close eye on her youngest, Emaurie, now 4, who showed the highest exposure levels of the children.

“Low-income and minority residents are more likely to be exposed to elevated health risks,” Bullard says. “In the real world, some communities just don’t count. Some populations just don’t matter.”


Back in Flint, Snyder has been reluctant to order the full replacement of lead pipes in the city, calling for further examination of the estimated $55 million needed to repair about 15,000 pipes, Fox News reports.

But in the face of a growing national scandal, Snyder on Wednesday appointed a group of government officials and health and other experts to implement long-term fixes for Flint’s lead-contaminated water system. Snyder also said he wanted the Medicaid program to be expanded to cover all Flint children. In an interview on CNN Wednesday night, he added that officials expect to find more children affected by the exposure.

“There could be many more,” Snyder said.

Advocates hope the events in Flint will help drive more awareness about both the risks of lead exposure, and environmental injustice as a whole.

Flint could be “the tipping point where people are saying, ‘No more,’ ” says Bullard. “We should be taking precautions, especially toward our most vulnerable populations.”

The best result, some say, would be a broader push for preventive approaches, especially in poorer communities.

“We have this problem where we wait for children to be exposed to lead, then we try to fix it,” says Martha Glynn, a nurse-practitioner at a public health clinic in Chicago and Walker’s primary-care provider.

“But we do not fix the problem at the beginning,” she says, noting that of about 50 children she saw for school physicals last fall, five or six showed high levels of lead.

CHA says it wants to lower its lead level standards to match the standards of the Chicago department of public health, which are half the HUD standards for children 1 to 6. “We really think HUD should take a look at this” says Katy Ludwig, the CHA official in charge of the housing voucher program. “It should really be the same across the country.” Also, CHA is working with local advocates on how to improve inspections, which are required before a family in the voucher program moves into new housing, to prevent lead poisoning before it happens.

In some ways, the crisis in Flint has already had a ripple effect. In Sebring, Ohio, for instance, local officials quickly issued an advisory for children and pregnant women to avoid drinking tap water after a possible lead-contamination issue emerged last week. The state EPA is investigating whether Sebring officials’ actions led to any mismanagement.

“It may be a little early to tell, but it seems that Flint might be the straw that broke the camel’s back, a turning point in terms of raising people’s awareness about the environmental contaminants that potentially could affect us all,” says Mohai. “I’m hoping that [the Flint crisis] will motivate all of us to begin to look at these other communities that have high levels of pollution and take their concerns seriously.”

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Miss Jenny Penny drinking from her own little fresh rainwater tap. It rained the entire time I was with my parents back in Bridgetown this week 😫 #cat #cute #rain #catsofinstagram #country (at Bridgetown, Western Australia)

accidentaloptimist asked:

☂ lucien & marissa!

  • yells at the other for leaving wet towels on the bed: Marissa and Lucien hates it because it makes the bed damp.
  • whines when the other forgets what they wanted after going grocery shopping: Both. They are both really busy and forget stuff for each other all the time.
  • leaves five half drank bottles of water in their room: Marissa? I dont think Lucien drinks bottles water. He probably just drinks from the tap.
  • initiates a quickie while at somewhere they shouldn’t: Both? I feel like they like to be adventurous and get each other into sticky situations.
  • surprises the other with their favorite fast food for dinner: Lucien. I imagine he gets the day off and marissa is working late so he brings food to her.
  • is massively hungover after celebrating their anniversary: Marissa. Lucien even had to carry her home because shes such a light weight XD
  • argues for double stuffed Oreos over regular: Lucien definitely. He would much rather her buy the regulars and then he stack them.
  • buys $200 worth of baby things after finding out they’re expecting: Marissa. It’s how she surprises him with the knowledge that they are having a baby.
  • insists that they each get their own popcorn at the cinema: Neither. I dont think they eat popcorn. They are more the candy and slushie type movie watchers. Or they sneak in wine and drink it from a straw from Marissa’s purse.
Reconnected (1feb2016)

I would describe this past weekend as exhausting and beautiful. We went to a little town in the mountains called Capulalpam, where not a single person is living in poverty and you can drink the water from the tap. Not your typical Mexican village. We went on a couple of very long walks through the steep streets and lush pathways and listened to some of the town members talk about the community’s sustainable practices and resistance to harmful outside industries. The pueblo is deemed magical, and they seemed to be living up to those standards of miraculousness (or maybe witchcraft if you’re into destructive reform and capitalist propaganda). 

I was reborn, by the way. I experienced a Temazcal, which is a traditional practice of sitting in a small, dark, warm stone house - or Madre Tierra’s womb, if you prefer. I don’t want to get into too much detail, because it is a very intimate ritual, but afterwards I felt calm and giddy and sweaty and new.

I didn’t take any photos this weekend, which I’m okay with because it was potentially the most captivating place I have ever been. I was so connected to the sky and earth and myself that I won’t be able to forget my time there. Sorry if you wanted a pic but you’ll just have to see for yourself :)


too much lead

orange liquid they convinced me to drink from the tap… it was safe, they said, but my tongue burned differently, not like habaneros do, but the water scorched my throat… i can’t help wonder, i can’t help doubt… is this why i can pull clumps of hair from my scalp? is this why my skin sizzles under the shower? why i turn red submerged in water? what’s in the water, we asked, the water is too orange…

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mankindsdestroyer asked:

"Hello big brother. Seems you have really made a name for yourself." Gabriel sat at the bar signaling the bar tender that he would like a beer from the tap.


“I know,i’m the most popular girl around.”He said with a smirk,Maze moved to pour some beer from the tap ,giving the drink to Gabriel.”So how it’s going Gabriel ?.”