I hate.. any glorification of war, but I think there is something very sweet about animals getting medals for doing a great job. I especially love it when they get to retire to comfy, non-demanding lives after their service.
In WWII, 32 out of the 53 medals issued to animals went to pigeons. They’re so helpful and brave, its a tragedy we think so little of pigeons now!
Look at this dashing picture I found of GI Joe! He flew 20 miles in 20 minutes, and saved a thousand people from a bombing in Italy. He retired alongside other pigeon heroes and lived a long life of 18 years!
Another good pigeon war story is that of Kaiser, who became the most famous jailbird
he was originally a German bird who became a prisoner-of-war after he was caught by Americans. Upon capture he was drafted into a breeding program and sired over 100 children for America’s side. He died at 33 (that is a ridiculously long life for a pigeon - almost unbelievable. An extremely healthy bird!) making him the only pigeon to serve in both world wars.
me, waking up in the middle of the night: isnt it kind of fucked up that emma frost has no female friends and the closest thing she ever had to a one was with kitty in astonishing x men and since then emma’s relationship with kitty and p. much every other x woman has consisted of petty bitchy comments every now n then like she doesn’t even have a good relationship with her own goddamn daughters
I saw the percheron post you reblogged but I'm shamefully ignorant about most things horse even though I love them. I'm curious about what you meant about American-bred percherons, though? Why are they freaky?
Well first here are some French percherons :
“Trait Percheron”, aka the traditional breed standard : short, thick legs and neck, a straight and strong back, a massive shoulder and croup. A working horse all-around, bred for tracting heavy weights and working the fields.
The “Diligencier Percheron” : a slightly lighter type, his flanks are shorter, he has slightly longer legs proportionally. Bred for tracting medium weights, more for parade driving and riding.
Basically it seems the American are really into the Diligencier type, but the breeding tends to get into some freaky trends.
As a results, some animals over there in the States end up with weird conformations, which diverge a lot from the breed standard :
Honestly they look more like Friesians than original Percherons. They’re not made for a practical use at all. You don’t need legs like that on a draft horse…
Also the Americans only seem to breed for black Percherons? And the hooves are kept super long because??
So yeah, there’s some bullshit halter industry aesthetic going on.
This skull is from an enormous mare. Definitely had to be some sort of draft breed.
She also has an equally enormous hole in her head. That’s not postmortem. That happened while this horse was still very much alive.
The bone all around it is rough, inflamed, and porous with no clean breaks anywhere around the edges. It all just crumbled away and disintegrated. That is the result of some sort of utterly devastating cancer or possibly a tumor that completely ate away her eye, most of the eye socket, and all of the surrounding bone. There may have been some additional remaining bone that fell away after the carcass rotted down but still this is an incredible trauma. I can’t imagine how this was allowed to go on for so long but it seems very likely that it was the cause of her death in the end because her teeth are in pretty good shape so she wasn’t horribly old.
Poor gal certainly had a hard time of it while she was alive but she is in loving hands now. I’m looking forward to getting her all cleaned up, repairing the damage to her nasal bones ( which is postmortem damage) and getting her ready to hang out with Phineas Gage.
The Shire horse is a breed of draught horse or draft horse. The breed comes in many colours, including black, bay and grey. They are a tall breed, with mares standing 16 hands and over and stallions standing 17 hands and over. Wikipedia
This is a very buildable shine and also very subtle with only one layer.
The reason this is name Halter Stock Horse Shine is because it is meant to simulate the conformation of stock type halter horses. More muscle, typical shoulder angles, etc. This isn’t to say that you can’t use it on other breeds, but this would look a little wonky on warmbloods, arabians, etc. This might actually look quite nice on draft breeds as well.
1. Mick Rory’s a bay Shire horse and even for that breed he’s big. He keeps his mane shaved and the tufts of hair on his elbows has long since been singed off for good. Certain people will mistake him for less intelligent, because he’s a draft breed and thus clearly lower class. Certain people are mistaken.
2. Leonard Snart’s a grey Fjord Horse. He keeps his mane in the traditional close-cropped style, and both it and his tail has black sections among the otherwise pure white hairs. He’s not as huge as his husband, and seems downright small standing next to the other stallion.
3. Lisa Snart’s a Palomino, because of course she is.
4. Barry Allen’s a chestnut Thoroughbred. Before the lightning strike, he had never quite managed to grow out of that gangly coltish stage. Now, when the Flash starts to gallop, his hooves spark lightning.
5. Iris, Joe and Wally West are Barb horses. The various Wells’es are Thoroughbreds, while Cisco Ramon is a bay Galiceno. Caitlin Snow is an Icelandic Horse whose dark coat and mane has started the inevitable process of turning into her mature pale grey colour.
6. As for the Legends, Sara Lance is a white-born leopard Appaloosa with a fierce kick, while Ray Palmer is a pinto American Saddlebreed with a unusually cheerfully disposition. The Hawks are both Arabians - when calling upon their god aspects, they’d transform into a pegasus (Kendra) and a hippogrif (Carter). Rip Hunter is a brown Hackney horse. Stein and Jax are both American Warmblood - when they merge, their otherwise blue dun (Stein) and smoky black (Jax) coats become a blood bay with flames dancing everywhere. Nate Heywood’s a brown Thoroughbred, while Amaya Jiwe is a zebra.
7. Not a headcanon, but I have spent far too long googling regional horse breeds and coat patterns for this.
Horses have been present in the American West since the 1500s, when they arrived with Spanish explorers. Many escaped, were released by the Spanish or stolen by Native Americans. Their descendents crossed with horses who escaped from or were released by other European settlers, including draft breeds brought by farmers and wagoneers and lighter riding horses brought by the United States Cavalry. Horses of French descent also moved across the border from Canada to contribute to the herds. The mixture of these breeds created the Mustang present in the western portion of the US today. By the early 1970s, it was assumed that due to crossbreeding, the original Spanish stock had been eliminated from feral herds. In 1971, the Wild and Free-Roaming Horse and Burro Act was passed, giving the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) the authority to manage the feral horse populations in the American West.
Discovery of the Kiger Mustang was the result of a BLM Mustang roundup in the Beatys Butte area in Harney County in 1977. During the roundup, it was noticed that among the horses collected from the area, there was a group with similar color and markings. DNA testing by the University of Kentucky showed close relation to the Spanish horses brought to the Americas in the 17th century. These distinct horses were separated from the other horses and the BLM placed two groups in separate areas of Steens Mountain to preserve the breed. Seven horses were placed in the Riddle Mountain Herd Management Area (HMA) and twenty in the Kiger HMA.
In 2001, the Kiger Mustang was proposed as the state horse of Oregon. State Senator Steve Harper proposed Senate Joint Resolution 10 after being encouraged to do so by the Kiger Mesteño Association. The resolution, however, failed to pass. Kiger Mustangs have been used as models for model horses and animated films. The original herd stallion Mesteño was used as the model for a series of Breyer Horses, showing the horse at several ages from foal to old age. It was the first time the company had made a series of models showing the same horse. The artist’s model for the title horse of the animated film Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron was a Kiger Mustang named Donner, also known as “Spirit”, who lives at the Return to Freedom American Wild Horse Sanctuary.
Kiger Mustangs are most commonly dun in color, although the breed registry also allows bay, black and roan horses to be registered. There are numerous shades of dun, all variations on a tan base, and many shades have their own names. The Kiger Mesteño Association separates dun shades into four categories: dun, red dun, grulla, and claybank. “Dun” as used by the Kiger registry covers dun horses with black points, and adds the terms zebra dun, dusty dun, smutty dun or coyote dun, depending on the exact shade of body color. Red dun, or the variation “apricot dun”, covers horses with points that are red, brown or flaxen. Grulla covers horses with blueish, mousy or slate-colored bodies and black points, and these horses may also be called lobo duns, olive grullas, silver grullas or smutty grullas. Claybank, another variation of red dun, describes Kiger horses who have golden body coats with red or orange tints and darker red points. Dun horses may have primitive markings, which include any of the following: a dorsal stripe, lightened outer guard hairs on the manes and/or tails, zebra-like stripes on the upper legs, transverse striping over the upper shoulders, dark color around the muzzle, and ears with dark outlines and lighter interiors.
Kiger Mustangs generally stand 13.2 to 15.2 hands high. They are compact, well-muscled horses with deep chests and short backs. In general, they are agile and intelligent, with the stamina and sure-footedness seen in many feral horse breeds. They are generally bold but gentle and calm. They are used for pleasure riding as well as endurance riding, assorted performance competition under saddle, driving, and many other situations where an athletic horse is desired.
The Black Forest horse, also called Schwarzwälder Kaltblut, St. Märgener, and Wälderpferd, is a small, tough draft breed with a high fertility rate and a long life span. This hardy animal is bred almost exclusively in the Black Forest in southern Germany.
Thought to date back as many as 600 years, the Black Forest horse is a very old native. For many years the breed was used almost exclusively for forestry work, enhancing their already robust constitution. Similar in looks to a large Haflinger, or a small Noriker, they are well suited for the intense climate of their native highlands.
In 1896 an association was formed to standardize/document the breed and it was established that only Belgian draft blood would be added to increase size. However, many locals continued to use native stallions, wanting to preserve the characteristics they found valuable on their farms. During WWI the authorities realized that the Belgians were not suiting the needs of the locals and the studbook was opened to local stock.
As with many heavy breeds of Europe, their numbers have declined as their jobs became mechanized during the 20th century. The breed became endangered, with only 160 registered broodmares reported in 1981. At this point the government stepped in to help protect the Black Forest horse and only the finest stock was used to maintain the best qualities of the breed.
Okay so heels are really, really important. Having a strong base of support under the leg is what keeps the bones aligned and keeps horses sound. Let’s take a look at what good heels look like:
Those heels are well under the leg and the appropriate length. Keeping them at an appropriate length is essential to having a 30 degree hairline, something that is a constant in all animals with hooves.
Now some bad heels. First, crushed and underrun. This means that the heels got too long but the wall was weak or exposed to severe concussion and the wall literally collapsed:
Then, simply long and forward:
And then just plain old high:
Heels can also be contracted (or too close together):
And they can also be sheared (or side swept):
Okay, so now let’s talk about actually trimming heels. There are some constants in the equine foot, and one of them is heel height. Now heel height varies based on the size of the horse, but it varies in small amounts because the coffin bone, no matter the size of the horse, does not get much taller or shorter than the average coffin bone. Here are the general heel heights:
Mini and Small ponies: ¾ inch
Medium and Large ponies: 1 inch
Average Horse regardless of weight: 1 1/8 inch
Drafts/Larger Breeds: 1 ½ inch
Club-foot capsules: generally add ¼ inch and reduce if the horse still weights the heel and stays comfortable
Obviously these are good guides, but not the rule. These measurements will achieve the 30 degree hairline, but if the horse is more comfortable with ¼ inch more heel height, that’s okay, particularly for the club-footed horses.
So where do you measure from? This is the best part! You measure from the hairline directly below the heel/collateral groove exit. The hairline is the most accurate sign of what is going on inside the foot, and measuring from there is the ONLY way to confirm that the heels are even relative to the internal structures. Sighting over the back of the heels is okay for an already in balance capsule or to make sure that the individual heel is flat, but for any kind of imbalanced capsule it will not work. Let me draw you an example from one of the hooves above.
Here’s what you would get out of this very deformed capsule if you just sighted over the heels to check them:
Check those purple lines. They aren’t even. One side of the hoof (the side that gets the least amount of wear from uneven loading) is still going to be jacked up. There is still going to be a medio-lateral imbalance.
How about if you measure from the hairline?
Ahh, that’s better! The joint alignment will be correct, and the hairline/lateral cartilages will finally get to relax down.
Just briefly, let’s talk about why these heels look this way. First of all, he’s been trimmed badly. Second of all, he weights his heel unevenly. Let me drive this point home: Heels do not grow at different rates, but they can be worn at different rates.
Okay so now that we understand how to properly measure them, let’s talk about actually trimming them. I like to measure the heels a couple times, marking the spot with a black marker. Usually, unless there’s just an astronomical amount of heel, I just use my rasp. The best way to trim a heel is to lay the rasp flat across it following the angle of the collateral groove and pull back towards you. It’s really important to keep the rasp flat. Your horse needs a flat landing surface. You want the “pointy” part of the heel to just touch the line you’ve drawn. I stop about ¼ inch away from the line on the heels, and then let the horse walk on them. I’m looking for comfort and proper weighting. There should not be an air gap between the heel and the ground. If the horse is happy with that height, and the foot is not clubbed, I will them go back and take the heel back to the baseline/correct height. Make sure that you have not made the heels lower than the quarters. You still need that air gap in the quarter for proper hoof mechanism.
After the heels are trimmed, it’s important to go back in and clean up the bars. They will usually mimic whatever is going on with the heels. If the heels are forward and underrun, there’s usually embedded/smeared bar on the sole. If the heels are tall, the bars are going to be even taller.
Here’s another important thing to note: it is OKAY to rasp into what looks like “live” sole in the seat of corn, even the quarters in some cases, if it is truly excess. I will post a link to Mike Savoldi’s article called “Uniform Sole Thickness” after this post. It’s an excellent read. This image is a good example of why is it important to not always assume that the sole you see is “sacred:”
Heels that aren’t getting enough wear or aren’t getting weighted will cause the hoof to fill in with excess sole, bar, and frog. The biggest clue that this is happening is collateral grooves that are unusually deep.
Okay, well how about contracted heels? Those are always caused by two factors 1. Imbalance and 2, disease. Balancing the hoof and treating the disease (usually in the central sulcus) and making the back of the foot more comfortable will spread out contracted heels.
Now, underrun heels are really interesting. Most traditional farriers will tell you that a horse with underrun heels has “no heel.” Well that’s not true at all! In fact, they have TOO MUCH heel. There are three important things to do when correcting underrun heels:
Getting the heels to the right length from the hairline.
Backing the toe so that breakover is correct in relation to P3
Rim notching the wall tubules in the heel quarters
A rim notch is exactly what it sounds like: putting a notching in the rim edge of the hoof wall. Here’s a picture:
The hoof wall is removed no more than a centimeter high and through the white line. This DOES NOT make horses in lame if done properly. I only perform this technique once there is some relative stability and balance to the foot (after about the 3rd or 4th trim). This technique encourages the wall tubules to stop growing excessively forward and start growing down and parallel to the pastern angle. This will also encourage the heels to stand up, and I usually see some very rapid heel remodeling when this technique is applied.
Okay, I’m going to wrap this up with a cool hint that the hoof gives us about where the heel height should be. It’s the periople curl:
Dropping the heels to the green line (about where the periople skin starts to curl) would put this hoof at the correct angle. This isn’t usually reliable for a hoof that is extremely overgrown, but a lot of hooves it’s a good way to estimate.
PS sorry for typos i’m trying to buy a house and i’m tired