Counting step sequences is difficult and requires a lot of practice to be able to discern the steps and turns the skater is doing in order to achieve the highest level. Most of this is from the ISU Handbook (for singles skating; step sequences in ice dance are a whole other beast) but I think watching a step sequence with all the steps/turns written out helps. There’s a video listing all the turns and steps in Yuzuru Hanyu’s 2017 ACI SP here; you can watch it in slow-mo on Youtube.
The basic things that skaters do with their feet (gifs of ice dancers doing some of these turns/steps can be seen here and here):
Turns: twizzles, brackets, loops, counters, rockers, three turns
Steps: toe steps, chasses, mohawks, choctaws, change of edge, cross rolls
Turns/steps that are considered “difficult” (by the ISU):
All of these are turns on one foot. The choctaw uses 2 feet but you are stepping to change to the opposite edge on the other foot (eg. from a backward outside edge to a forward inside edge).
To get a level 4, you need to do a minimum of 11 difficult turns and steps and you have to do the steps in both clockwise and counterclockwise directions. Each step cannot be counted more than twice. In terms of ice coverage, it must either use the entire length of the ice or double the width of the ice.
Other level features:
1) Rotations in both directions with full body rotation covering at least 1/3 of the pattern in total for each rotational direction.
2) Use of upper body movements for at least 1/3 of the pattern. Easy to understand - is the skater using varied arm movement? Arms moving around affect your balance, can help you steer your body around the turns. Is their torso moving too or does it only stay upright over their center of gravity?
3) Two different combinations of 3 difficult turns executed with a clear rhythm. By this they mean that within the 3 different, difficult (of the 5 turns listed above) turns you do, the ending edge of the 1st turn must be the starting edge of the 2nd turn and the ending edge of the 2nd turn must be starting edge for the 3rd turn. By 2 different combinations, it means 1 on right foot, 1 on left. (For example, in the Yuzuru video above, he does the first combination on his left foot at 00:13 and the second combination on his right foot at 00:23.)
Some mistakes that can affect levels:
1) A skater may not be able to hold an edge during a turn and as a result do a hop; this may make them lose 1 of the 11 difficult turns/steps they have planned and lose a level.
2) The edges in the turns are considered too shallow to be counted in the step sequence; counted as not enough steps/turns.
3) Not enough ice coverage; this can invalidate the entire step sequence.
TL;DR Did the skater do at least 11 hard thingies with their feet? Did they do the hard thingies in both directions and used both their feet? Is their upper body moving too? Did they cover a lot of ice and show deep edges? If so, it’s probably a level 4.
As per anon’s request for 500 followers extravaganza:
Imagine having an age gap while dating Aaron Hotchner
Okay, okay sorry for the delay on the 500 Follower fics, but I’ve been busy studying, which I need to start doing now unfortunately… But! This fic ended up being waaaaay longer than I intended, but it was worth the effort! I really enjoyed writing this one. This is a spiritual sequel to Afraid, but you don’t technically have to read it. But I hope you guys enjoy!!
A long teasing audio :) I didn’t go too mean since that’s not everyone’s cup of tea, but I did include some name calling and a bit of a mocking tone.
I can’t believe how much you’ve grown, piggy. Look at that gut spilling into your lap. Stand up for me. Ha! Just as I thought, almost half way down to your knees. Now walk a few steps if you can manage it. Look at your flab jiggle as you waddle. Stay standing while I examine you. Wow… do you even realize how huge you’ve gotten? How much you’ve let yourself go? Not many people get as fat as you have. And you’re not even done yet, are you? I’m really impressed with how wide you are. I noticed when you sit your thighs spread quite a bit and practically double in width. My poor pig is probably so embarrassed when you have to sit next to someone in public. Your fat ass and thighs overflowing into the seat next to you. Do you get dirty looks because of it, piggy? Someone sees a huge porker like you sitting on a bus or in a waiting room, they roll their eyes and wonder how someone can do that to themselves. I bet it’s not much better riding in your own car. Your gut squeezes up against the steering wheel, doesn’t it? When you pull into the McDonald’s drive thru for the second time that day, the employees all snicker… Your shirt riding up, exposing your stretch mark covered belly, the seat belt extender straining to contain it all. Oh I just thought of a question for you, tubby. What do you do if there are no seats available? A bloated pig like you can’t stand for too long. Don’t think I haven’t noticed how easily you get out of breath just from a few measly steps. It’s quite amusing actually. I like when we go out to the buffet for dinner… You’re so eager to fill up your plate but it’s just so much work now, isn’t it? You come back to the table and you’re trying to disguise all those gasps for air as contented sighs. I really should just start getting your food for you, but it turns me on to watch you struggle. Not to mention you look so cute coming back to the table all red faced and tuckered out. When we met I had hoped we’d be able to go on short walks every night, just to spend time together and get a little exercise. That’s done now though, right fatty? I guess I shouldn’t expect much movement from you at all anymore. You’re lucky I like taking care of fattened hogs. I mean, you can’t even tie your own shoes anymore. I knew I’d have to do a fair amount of the cooking and housework when you started growing, but you’re so helpless without me now. I’m not complaining. I like controlling every single bite that goes into that greedy mouth. Remember when 6000 calories used to count as a stuffing? Ha! That’s a daily minimum for you now. I suppose that’s why funnels were invented. I don’t even need to tie your chubby hands to anything anymore. As soon as you see me walk into the room with a funnel and a gallon of shake, you turn into such an obedient pig. You lay back and wrap your lips around the tube, inhaling it faster than I can pour. Your chubby cheeks and double chin look even bigger when you’re swallowing huge mouthfuls like that. My favourite part is when your hands naturally gravitate towards your gut while you’re eating. It turns you on, doesn’t it? Being treated like a true pig that only eats their meals through a tube? I guess one of the downsides is not being able to find clothes that fit your massive, blob of a body. Oh well… guess you’ll just be stuck in too-small clothes for a while. Does that bother you? I know at home it’s not so bad, having your obese body exposed all the time. But when we go out to dinner or to get groceries, you must be so nervous. Any second a button could burst open or a seam could rip. It’s adorable watching you tug at your shirt, trying to pull it down over your massive middle. Do you think it’s actually possible to cover that? Keep dreaming, piggy.
Summary: Loki is up to his usual antics. And by antics I mean trying to poach you from the Avengers and turn you Loki-evil (outside of a coffee shop no less). But when your ex-husband approaches, he finds out that he’s not the scariest thing in your life. When he finds out why you’re more scared of a Midgardian than you are of him, things get messy.
Finally, after a hellishly long time that to Fox felt like forever, she heard the doctor speak.
“Okay! Scan’s done, prep for sedation!”
Fox kept her eyes locked on Eric’s, crooning softly to him. The panic in his eyes had faded, but had been replaced with misery and anguish instead. He stared desperately at Fox, pleading with her to stay, please don’t leave me alone like this.
I’ve done a double-height one of these before, but this is the first double-width I’ve needed. I think Deerling is just adorable, even if it’s oddly forgettable for something that has both a special gimmick and a unique type combination.
I got a job interview! It’s for a place that would have hired me two years ago except they had to give the position to a transfer from another store. Let’s hope that doesn’t happen again!
I’m going to start the Astrid tutorials with her skirt! This was the most time consuming part of the project due to several reason. 1) I didn’t have the appropriate needles for my sewing machine so I had to sew by hand, 2) I did a lot of trials in order to achieve the right look, 3) it was repetitive work (not difficult, just repetitive). I’d also like to note that I used pleather for her skirt because I like to avoid using leather if possible. So this tutorial may/may not be helpful if you decide to use leather instead because the two materials are used differently.
About ½ yard fake brown leather
Three sheets of 12x18″ foam (the thin stuff aka craft foam), preferably brown or black
Brown/black thread and a LARGE sewing needle
Bobbie pins or other clips
Paper, pens, ruler, markers, etc. (for template making)
Okay so, keep in mind, this tutorial is kind of long, the entirety of this wig is very expensive (overall, it cost me a little under 250$ CAD but if you’re NOT dealing with the horrific USD/CAD exchange rate, it probably won’t be as expensive). Also, disclaimer that I’m not a professional, most of this is pure bullshit, and if I ever did this wig again I’d want to change a LOT on how I went about it. Also, if this wasn’t clear before, I don’t recommend this as a beginner project if you don’t already have experience with some intermediate cosplay stuff. Some tutorials I based this off was echoing-artemis’s (DA) Rapunzel wig tutorial and quite a few scattered wig dyeing tutorials.
The stuff I got for this were: 2x Epic-cosplay Asteria Wigs in Fusion Vanilla Purple 3x Matching long wefts (also from Epic Cosplay) Wig clips Those little hair combs you sometimes see added to Arda wigs. I didn’t get these because I had no idea where to get them from and I ran out of time but it probably would’ve made a huge difference. 1/2m of thick batting (idk how much I used really but 1/2m is probably a safe bet) FW ink in purple for the gradient 2x bottles of rubbing alcohol Empty spray bottle Gloves for dyeing Long necked wig head. This will subsequently be destroyed 2x Wig stands. Okay, you’ll need at least one, but mine BROKE halfway through so…keep a spare one handy. Or you’ll be duct taping your wig head to the table and also plying friends to come over to hold your wig head for you. Wefting needles. Whatever kind you like working with. Wefting thread/Upholstery thread. Something thick, not that all-purpose kind. Tacky glue Caulking Hairspray (I used got2b) Spray adhesive. Everything is temporary, except for Kryolan Easy-Tack. Kryolan Easy-Tack is forever….(seriously, protect your surfaces when working with this shit) Wig combs/brushes and spray detangler Probably some kind of container your wig can drip into while it dries from the gradient dye.
(^2x wigs + 3x wefts)
First, take your first wig, and harvest it’s wefts. I basically took off all the wefts and left the skin top. So yeah, very carefully get all your wefts out. You now have an entire wig’s worth of wefts. Sew this into your second wig, making sure to brush out the wig roughly every couple wefts you sew in, because if you don’t it WILL get tangled just because of how friking long this thing is.
Next, add that first pack of wefts to it. Make sure you also add the wefts for the bangs, don’t skimp on the bangs.
(^ still wefting…)
Hooray. Now your wig weighs as much as your small dog.
Next, you want to sew in your wig clips. I just put two at the very front, because I’m a butt and forgot to put two at the back. If you do have those hair combs, definitely insert those as well. The more support the better. I didn’t put it on a scale to weigh it, but I did hold up my 10lb dog and also held up the wig, and they weighed pretty much the same so…
Okay now dye it. Go search up some tutorials on wig dyeing. I just mixed 12 drops of FW ink into my spray bottle, and stuck in about half a cup of alcohol. That’s supposed to be overdoing it, but my wig did not end up crunchy or felt like it had product in it, so I just went with it because I didn’t want to dye it 4 times since the alcohol smell gave me a headache. You might want a face mask in this step it gets pretty stinky. Make sure you protect your surfaces somehow because this mixture will stain. Spray dye your wig up to the gradient. Let it dry. Repeat. I did mine twice until I was happy with the colour.
(^ dyed and brushed out)
Okay so this is where the fun ended and I started hating my life. Brush out your wig. Make it nice and smooth. Brush it out again, if you have any tangles here, GET RID OF THEM, or there is no going back once you proceed. First, I divided the wig into two large sections, plus two smaller sections for the braids. I braided the two smaller sections and just put some elastic on it and pinned them at the top so they’re out of the way. Now, with your two large sections, divide those again. The Harvest Goddess’s hair in Magical Melody are these two big twists. They’re not really braids, they’re just like…twisted pieces?? So there’s your twisted pieces, you have pieces 1, 2, 3, 4. Cut a length of batting matched roughly to the length of the wig. My batting wasn’t thick enough by itself, so I cut double the width, folded it lengthwise and just quickly basted down along the edge using my sewing machine so it stayed put.
(^ cut batting)
(^ folded in half and basted. You can see the one I already attached to the wig in the background)
Cut the batting to the length of your wig. You don’t want it exactly as long as your wig because you do want it slightly shorter so you can get that point at the end of her twists. Get your glues (I used tacky glue and Kryolan Easy Tack for this step). I would recommend actually just taking that batting, spraying easy tack all over one side. I originally tried to do it with tacky glue and tbh wasn’t worth it, the hairs ended up tangled and everywhere. So now you have that batting nice and soaked on ONE SIDE, attach that one side carefully to one of your sections of hair. Make sure you smooth everything down so that at least the majority of your hair pieces are stuck to the batting. Don’t worry if not all of them are. You just want to cover the batting in as much hair as possible so the batting doesn’t show. Now spray the other side. You’ll want to place some kind of protective plastic sheet or something behind so you don’t get easy tack on anything other than that batting. Attach the other side. Okay great, now repeat for all four sections. Now you should have four wig covered batting sections. This bulks out your wig.
(^ you can see where I did the braids and pinned them on top of the wig just to get them out of the way. I used some large hair clips to keep each section of hair separated. The big thick chunk in front is the fully attached wig-covered batting piece. What I’m holding up is the massacred remains of the first wig that I took apart for wefts)
Take the remnants from the skin top of the first massacred wig and start caulking the ends and filling any gaps. The less gaps you have now the easier it’ll be in the next step.
Once everything is dry, you can start twisting the hair together to form her giant twists. This is the part where my wig stand finally broke, and my wig came crashing to the floor which made all the fibres mess up so…that was a lot of clean up and fixing to do. Hopefully this doesn’t happen to you…
(^Wig laying on the ground. One side is halfway done being twisted, and the other is the two separate sections ready to be twisted)
Twist those giant sections together, and then secure the end with an elastic. I used caulking to style the ends of her twists into a point. Then, take your second pack of wefts, cut off the bulky top part so you have pure fibre, caulk the fibres together, and start patching up the wig again. Patch. Keep patching. Don’t stop patching until everything is nice and filled and you cannot see batting. Blend into the original wig fibres. You can do this on the stand or on the floor. I really don’t know if most wig stands can take this weight right now tbh so the floor might be safer. Also, don’t forget to cover up that elastic at the end with a lock of wig hair. It looks a lot better that way trust me.
Take your hairspray and kind of spray that wig in place. I didn’t glue all the fibres down pat because I didn’t want it to look like it was stiff, but you’ll want to spray that then so those stray wig fibres have less of a chance of getting loose. Style your braids accordingly. Good thing you pinned them up beforehand huh. At this point, I actually redyed my wig a THIRD time because those wefts I put in to patch up the wig no longer matched the gradient colour.
Style the bangs. I just honestly pushed them back and sprayed/glued them in place. I wanted a lace front at first for her hairline, but there was just no way I could find a lace front wig in that length, nor that colour. If you have the time to turn your lace into a lace front, look into that I guess? For me, just pushing back the bangs and spraying them worked fine. This probably is letting some cosplay secrets out of the bag, but I got a bunch of the fake flowers you see on the final cosplay and glued them on my wig in parts where I could see either patches of batting showering, or where my patched fibres weren’t blending in as nicely with the original wig fibres. Shh….no one will know in the final piece… Plus they matched the ones on my dress so…
I don’t know if you want to do this too, but I attached fishing line from my wrist to the wig so that I could pose my hair. It didn’t actually relieve that much of the weight, but it did make it so it didn’t just drop down and so it could hold that curved shape that you see in the games. To do that, I looped fishing wire through a small button and just hot glued it straight to the ends of each twist/braid where I had secured the elastic. I made little like…fabric bracelets, put some vines and tiny flowers on it to make it look pretty and just stuck the end of the fishing wire straight through the fabric, knotted it, and hot glued in place again. The fabric bracelets had a snap closure to go around my wrist. This method worked for me, I didn’t have any costume malfunctions and the hot glue was strong enough to hold it. I just stuck a flower over where the fishing line attached to the wig to cover it up.
I think that’s it? Overall, it took me about a month and a half and I never want to do this again. If I could do it again, I would probably not make that wig one big piece and do the braids separately and just attach them to the base wig.
Again, this is just how I did it. I can pretty confidently say this was the wrong way to do it, but it worked out for me in the end so take what you will from this tutorial. I ended up staying 6.5 hours in the cosplay, and most of the time was in horrific pain from how heavy that wig was. It’s not going to be a comfortable cosplay to be in so I’m not going to sugarcoat it but it was a good learning experience and it was pretty fun being a beautiful fairy thing and also being too large to fit in the washroom. Anyway, remember, if it looks bad, stick a flower on it.
I had a few questions for your wonderful Sonia costume. First, did you buy it or make it, and if you made it, what materials and the like did you use? And did you buy the blouse like it was or did you make it? Also where'd you get that pretty wig? And finally, the one thing that keeps frustrating me, where did you get your blue bow pin? I'm having trouble finding anything to use omg sorry for all the questions, I keep asking around for advice but no ones really giving a simple answer omg
Ah, I would love to help you, Anon! :) First of all, I made/editted the entire cosplay. The dress, the shirt and both bows were all made from scratch. The Thigh highs were made from stockings, the brooch made editted from a brooch purchased, and the shoes painted.
quickie tutorial time! most of the cosplay bow tutorials i see out there result in a pillowy, unrealistic-looking bow since they usually involve no loops. this is how i make bows that result in one that looks slightly more “tied” in place with no visible seams.
start with a long rectangle that’s double the width of your bow and at least twice the length. if your fabric is too flimsy to hold its shape, you may want to add interfacing. double this over and sew to make a long tube, which you will want to press with the seam centered in the tube.
with the seam on the inside, pin the two ends where you want it to meet in the middle so it is the width you want. cut off any excess because we don’t want extra bulk.
sew that pinned bit together to make your tube into a ring. if you want your bow to have tails, now is the time to make them. you can do so using the same method as the first tube, but then closing off the ends.
tie it together in the middle, being careful to “crimp” the middle in a way that will be visually-pleasing. make a small second tube that’s long enough to fit around the middle and then some. if you have tails, you may wish to tie them onto your bow now.
hand sew the middle tube around the bow, and ta-da! you’re done!
there’s tons of different ways to attach this to your hair or wherever. you can sew/glue on clips or snaps, or if you’re super lazy like me, you can just loop a hairband through that middle part on the back. it’s more likely to sort of rotate that way, but meh. good enough for me!
So I was inspired to do my own Goggles by Mo'Brien‘s video. The only problem was that we don’t have a Dollar Store like that in Austria. So I made many mistakes, and I didn’t really like my first version.
A friend helped me out and showed me another way to make my googles, and that’s what I did. :)
All in all I needed a transparent cover, fabric, corrugating medium, a glue gun, some wire, nail polish, painting colours, pringels, some sticky tape and thumb tacks. :D
That’s what my friend did for me, I only had to do the other one, and find out how to put them together.
I’ve alredy had the the brown form from my first try. I’ve cut them out of the pringels box and then glued the ends together, so that the goggle had a smaller radius. Don’t forget to paint them! ;)
After that I had to take the corrugating medium and form it like one of the googles. The corrugating medium has to fit inside the main form. Close the ends of the corrugating medium with some sticky tape. After that I had to glue the transparent cover over the corrugating medium form and push it into the main form. It fitted, so I glued it inside of the main form with the glue gun.
When that was done I was able to decorate my goggles with thumb tacks and corrugating medium.
I’m not good at sewing, but I’ve managed to do it. :D My fabric was to thin for my opinion. That’s why I doubled the width.
I’ve just sewd with no length in mind. The longer the better in this case.
Then I had to turn around the fabric. I didn’t like that part. So, yeah … here’s a heart. <3
I’m sorry to say that but I had to iron the haert out.
Repeat the sewing steps. And repeat it again with a piece of fabric that will sit perfectly over your nose!
First I thought it was a good idea to stick the fabric to lenses with my glue gun. It didn’t look that good, but I’ve let the smaller piece for the nose stay in it’s space.
I took some of my wire and formed it in a way so it would be the perfect holder. I’ve painted the wire golden to fit the colours and glued it to the sides of the main form with the glue gun.
I thought It wouldn’t hurt either to paint the cold glue golden, too.
After that I cut the other fabric strips, so that they would fit my head perfectly. Then I had to sew one end together and put the other end around the holder and the sew it together.