She ran under the banner of the Equal Rights party nearly half a century before women even had the right to vote. She was also the first woman to testify before Congress, arguing that the 14th and 15th amendments to the constitution – the ones granting equal protection under the law and giving black men the vote – also enfranchised women.
She was the first African American to run for the presidential nomination. She earned 152 delegates and used them at the Democratic convention as bargaining chips to have the rights of women, African Americans and the poor included in the party platform.
She was the presidential nominee for the New Alliance party, which no longer exists. During her 1988 run, Fulani was the first woman to appear on the ballot in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. At the time, she received 225,000 votes.