May 20, 1743: Birthday of Haitian revolutionary Toussaint L'Ouverture
He was a Haitian patriot and revolutionary. He led the first successful Black revolt against slavery in 1791 in the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean Sea. The western part of Hispaniola was long a French colony called Saint-Domingue; the eastern part was long a Spanish colony named Santo-Domingo. By 1801 Toussaint L'Ouverture had gained control of the whole island and ruled the island until French troops were sent by Napoleon to to conquer the island and reintroduce slavery.
Toussaint L'Ouverture was captured and imprisoned for the rest of his life in a prison in France, but his followers continued the revolt. The slaves remained free and the French-controlled part of the island of Hispaniola became an independent country with the name of Haiti in early 1804. In fact, it was the first independent country in Latin America.
Toussaint L'Ouverture’s uprising gave great inspiration to the Black slaves working in the plantations and factories of North and South America. They now realized that slavery would not have to be their fate forever.
Via Black History Mini Docs