domingo de las ramos

Holidays, Festivals, & other important days
  • (la) Navidad = Christmas
    navideño/a = Christmas (adj) / Christmastime
  • (la) Nochebuena = Christmas Eve
    (la) víspera de Navidad = Christmas Eve [lit. “Christmas vesper”]
  • (el) Día de los Reyes Magos = Three Kings’ Day
  • (el) Adviento = Advent
    (el) Advenimiento de Cristo = Advent
  • Hanukkah / Chanukah = Hanukkah
  • (la) Nochevieja = New Year’s Eve
  • (el) Año Nuevo = New Year’s Day
  • (el) Año Nuevo Chino = The Chinese New Year
  • (el Día de) San Valentín = Valentine’s Day
  • (el Día de) San Patricio = St. Patrick’s Day
  • Halloween = Halloween
  • (el) Día de los Muertos = Day of the Dead
  • (el) Día de Todos los Santos = All Soul’s Day
    (el) Día de los (Fieles) Difuntos = All Souls’ Day [lit. “day of the loyal/faithful deceased”]
  • (el) Día de Todos los Santos = All Saints’ Day
    Todos los Santos = All Saints’ Day
  • la Cuaresma = Lent
  • Mardi Gras = Mardi Gras / “Shrove Tuesday”
    Martes de Carnaval = Mardi Gras / Fat Tuesday / Carnevale 
  • (el) Miércoles de Ceniza = Ash Wednesday
    (el) Día de Ceniza = Ash Wednesday
  • (el) Jueves Santo = Holy Thursday / “Maundy Thursday”
  • (el) Viernes Santo = Good Friday
  • (el) Sábado Santo = Holy Saturday
    (el) Sábado de Gloria = Holy Saturday
  • (el) Domingo de Ramos = Palm Sunday
  • (la) Pascua = Easter
  • (la) Semana Santa = Holy Week / Easter [the week surrounding Easter Sunday]
  • (el) Día de Independencia = Independence Day
  • (el) Día de los (Veteranos) Caídos = Memorial Day [lit. “day of the fallen (veterans)”]
    (el) Día de Conmemoración de los Caídos = Memorial Day [lit. “Day of Remembrance of the Fallen”
  • (el) Día de Acción de Gracias = Thanksgiving
  • el cumpleaños = birthday
    el cumple = birthday (slang)
  • el bautismo = baptism / christening
  • la boda = wedding
  • el funeral = funeral
  • el entierro = burial
  • (el) Ramadán = Ramadan
  • (el) Yom Kippur = Yom Kippur
    (el) Día de Perdón = Yom Kippur [lit. “day of forgiveness”]
  • la estación = season
  • el mes = month
    mensual = monthly
  • el año = year
    anual = yearly / annual
  • la primavera = spring
    de primavera / primaveral = springtime
  • el otoño = autumn / fall
    de otoño / otoñal = autumnal / fall (adj)
  • el verano = summer
    de verano, veraniego/a = summery / summertime
  • el invierno = winter
    de invierno, invernal = winter(time), wintry
  • el equinoccio de primavera = spring equinox
  • el equinoccio de otoño = autumnal equinox
  • el solsticio de verano = summer solstice
  • el solsticio de invierno = winter solstice
  • las vacaciones = vacation / day off
    la feria = day off, holiday / “fair” or carnival
  • ir de vacaciones = to go on vacation/holiday
    veranear = to spend summer (somewhere) / “to summer”
  • el feriado = holiday
    feriado/a = a day that is a holiday, an “observed” holiday
    (el) día festivo, (el) feriado religioso = holy day, religious holiday
  • el puente = “bridge”
    [sometimes “long weekend” or “Bank Holiday”; a puente are the days off before or after a big holiday, so if Christmas falls on a Wednesday, you’d typically get the Tuesday off for Christmas Eve and probably the Monday off as your puente… not technically a holiday, but some places won’t make you come in to work that day; Black Friday (the Friday after Thanksgiving) in the U.S. is a puente as well, where you then have the weekend off and go back to work on Monday]

  • la fiesta = party / feast day, holy day, holiday
    las fiestas = parties / holidays (in this sense it more means observed holidays, so las fiestas de España means “the holidays/festivals of Spain” which can include national holidays or more regional holidays or what they call “popular holidays” like La Tomatina or something like that that’s unique to a city or region]

  • (el) día santo = saint’s day
    (el) día del santo patrón = saint’s day [lit. “day of a patron saint”]
  • celebrar = to celebrate
  • pasar = to spend (time), to observe a holiday
    pasarlo bien = to have a good time [can be pasarla bien if it’s specifically la fiesta or a feminine noun]
    disfrutar (de) / gozar (de) = to enjoy something
  • regalar, dar un regalo = to give a gift
  • el regalo = gift, present
  • ¡Feliz ___! = Happy ___!


*Note: With some exceptions, this list is mostly designed around the holidays observed in the U.S. and particularly Christian ones; other countries and religions have their own holidays that may or may not be included on this list so feel free to add any big ones I’ve missed.