It has come to my attention that, regrettably, there are certain exotic animal owners who knowingly and willfully try to hide the law and will attack those who share it openly online because they believe that knowledge of the law puts their “community” at risk of being busted.

Well I’ve never been a big fan of online bullies, much less online bullies who try to hide laws. So I’m gonna go ahead and remind all 8,100 of my beloved followers that the rabies vaccine in the USA is proven to work on domestic dogs and cats in clinical trials only. This means if you have an exotic like a raccoon, a fox, or a wolf or wolf hybrid and it bites someone, it can be forcibly removed from your care and destroyed so its head can be sectioned to test for rabies.

The rabies vaccine offers these animals NO legal protection even if it does actually prevent rabies, because the government does not recognize the vaccines efficacy on a legal level. This is the sad truth of the law. It isn’t scientific but it’s there.

This information is important to anyone ever considering adopting, fostering or even temporarily caring for an exotic mammal. Why certain people in these circles wish to keep such potentially fatal information hidden is beyond me.

So, again, I reiterate (just to make them mad) that the rabies vaccine offers no legal protection to an exotic such as a fox, raccoon, wolf or wolfdog if it bites someone. (Wolfdogs are occasionally treated like domestic dogs but dont count on it!)

Lack of knowledge of rabies control law can lead to tragedy for anyone responsible for exotics.

Big Ol’ Honkin’ OC Question List-- Long Post Ahead!

  Alright, here we go– I put together a list of questions about OCs that you can reblog and have people send in asks for you! I set it up so you can be like, “A3″, “D2″, et cetera… Keep checking in here to the original post in case I add some more to the list! In the meantime, I hope y’all have some fun with this and maybe use it to learn a little bit more about your OCs or get to share things about them!!

A. Psychology

  1. What of the Meyers-Briggs personality types they most fit into? INFP, ENFT, et cetera…
  2. What alignment are they? Chaotic neutral, lawful evil, et cetera…
  3. Do they have any emotional or psychological conditions? Are they aware of it? Do they try to treat it? 
  4. Are they a pessimist or an optimist? 
  5. Are they good at handling change in their life?
  6. Does your OC tend to assume their interpretation of events and reality is correct, or do they question it? I.e., “I’m sure that’s what you said” versus “It’s possible I misheard you.”
  7. Is your OC confident in their reactions to life in general, or do they get embarrassed or easily shamed for it? I.e., if something startles them, do they insist it WAS scary? When they cry, do they feel like they overreacted?
  8. Is your OC a martyr?
  9. Does your OC make a lot of excuses? For themselves? Others? 
  10. Does your OC compromise easily? Too easily?
  11. Does your OC put others’ needs before their own?
  12. Does your OC have any addictions? If so and problematic, have they admitted it to themselves? 
  13. Does your OC have any phobias? If so, where did they come from?
  14. Is your character empathetic?
  15. Is your character observant?
  16. Does your OC have to go through their own trials to learn a lesson, or do they listen and learn from observation and lecture? I.e., does your OC listen when someone tries to tell them the importance of budgeting, or do they have to go experience what happens if you don’t budget first?
  17. What’s one of your OC’s proudest moments of themselves?
  18. Do they get jealous easily? Do they feel bad if they do?
  19. What instantly irritates them or puts them in a bad mood?
  20. Are they harsh on themselves?
  21. Do they make excuses often?
  22. Is your OC intended to be found generally attractive? Unattractive? Average? Is there a reason why?
  23. Does your OC place much importance on their appearance? Do they feel confident in it?
  24. What are some of your OC’s biggest personal obstacles? This could be emotional, physical, social… Are they aware of it? Are they trying to overcome it?

B. Social

  1. Do they believe you have to give respect to get it, or get respect to give it?
  2. Do they get frustrated when lines at places like pharmacies, check-outs, delis, banks, et cetera, are moving slowly?
  3. Under what situations would they get angry at servers, staff, customer service, et cetera?
  4. Do they tip well? How easily can they be moved to not leave a tip?
  5. Do they hold doors open for people?
  6. Would your OC let someone ahead of them in line if your OC had a big cart and the person behind them had very few items?
  7. How do they respond to babies crying in public?
  8. Is your OC considered funny? Do they believe they’re funny?
  9. What kind of humor does your OC like the most? Slapstick, ironic, funny sounds, scare pranks, xD sO rAnDoM…
  10. Does your OC find any “bad” or “mean” humor funny? Do they wish they didn’t?
  11. Your OC is running late to meeting someone: Do they let the other person know? Do they lie about why they’re late?
  12. Your OC orders something to eat and gets their order done in a pretty wrong way, something they can’t just pick off or whatnot to correct, or something major is missing. What do they do?
  13. Do they have a large or small group of friends?
  14. Do they have people they are genuinely honest with about themselves?
  15. Does your OC enjoy social events, such as parties, clubs, et cetera..?
  16. Does your OC like to be the center of attention or more in the mix?

C. Morality

  1. Does your OC have a moral code? If not, how do they base their actions? If so, where does it come from, and how seriously do they take it?
  2. Would your OC feel bad if they acted against their morals? If not, would they find a way to excuse themselves for it?
  3. Is it important for them to be with people (socially, intimately, whatever) whose major ideological tenets align with their own?
  4. Do they consider themselves superior or more important than anyone else? Lesser?
  5. Do your OC’s morals and rules of common decency go out the window when it comes to those they don’t like, or when it’s inconvenient? Aka, are their morals situational?
  6. What do they do when they see someone asking for money or food? If they ignore them, why? If they help, how so?
  7. Do they believe people change over time? If so, is it a natural process or does it take effort? 
  8. Is your OC more practical or ideal morally? I.e., do they hold people to high expectations of behavior even if it’s not realistic for the situation, or do they have a more realistic approach and adapt their morality to be more practical?

D. Religion and Life and Death

  1. How religious is your OC? What do they practice, if anything? If they don’t associate with any religion, what do they think of religion in general?
  2. Do they believe in an afterlife?
  3. How comfortable are they with the idea of death?
  4. Would they like to be immortal? Why, why not? If they are immortal, would they rather not be?
  5. Do they believe in ghosts? If not, why? If so, do they think they’re magical/tie into their religion, or are they scientifically plausible?

E. Education and Intelligence

  1. Would you say that your OC is intelligent? In what ways? Would your OC agree?
  2. Which of the nine types of intelligence is your OC strongest in? Weakest? (Linguistic, existential, naturalist, et cetera)
  3. How many languages do they speak?
  4. Did they enjoy school if they went to it?
  5. What’s their highest education level? Do they want to continue their education?
  6. Do they enjoy learning? Do they actively seek out sources of self-education?
  7. Are they a good note-taker? Are they a good test-taker? Do exams make them nervous?
  8. What’s one of your OC’s biggest regrets?

F. Domestic Habits, Work, and Hobbies

  1. What sort of home do they live in now, if at all? How did they end up there?
  2. What’s their ideal home look like? Where is it?
  3. Could they ever live in a “tiny home”?
  4. How clean are they overall with home upkeep?
  5. How handy are they? Can they fix appliances, cars, cabinets, et cetera?
  6. How much do they work? What do they do? Do they enjoy it?
  7. What’s their “dream career” or job situation?
  8. How often are they home?
  9. Are they homebodies and enjoy being home?
  10. Do they engage in any of the arts? How good do you intend them to be? Would they agree they are?
  11. What are some of their favorite things to do for recreation? How did they get into it? What part of it do they like the most?
  12. Would they enjoy a theme park?

G. Family and Growing Up

  1. Is your OC close to their family?
  2. Who makes up your OC’s family, at least the more important members to them?
  3. Does your OC find their family supportive? If not, what would be an example why not?
  4. What kind of childhood did your OC have?
  5. Did they go through any typical phases growing up?
  6. Do they have any favorite childhood memories?
  7. Do they have any childhood memories they’d rather forget or be less affected by?

H. Romance and Intimacy

  1. What is your OC’s orientation, romantic and/or sexual? Has it ever been a source of stress for them? Have they always been pretty sure of their orientation?
  2. Is your OC a thoughtful partner, in whatever aspect of that you want to cover?
  3. Does your OC believe there’s only one ideal partner (or multiple ideal if not monogamous) for everyone, or that there are many people who could be right?
  4. Does your OC believe in love in first sight?
  5. Does your OC believe in marriage (or their culture’s equivalent)?
  6. Has your OC ever cheated on anyone or been cheated on?
  7. What do they look for in partners? (Emotionally, mentally, physically..)
  8. What’s your OC’s idea of a perfect date?
  9. What are some things that your OC finds to be an instant turn-off in potential partners?

I. Food

  1. What are their favorite kinds of flavors– Sweet, salty, sour, spicy, creamy, et cetera?
  2. Do they have any eating requirements or preferences? Allergies, vegetarian, organic-only, religious restrictions…
  3. Are they vegan/vegetarian (if their overall culture/species generally aren’t)? If so, why? Do they think animal products are wrong in all circumstances?
  4. How often do they cook? Do they order out a lot?
  5. Are they a good cook?
  6. Could they eat the same thing they enjoy over and over and not get bored of it quickly?

J. Politics, Current Events, Environmental Aspects

  1. Where does your OC stand most politically? What would they align with most?
  2. How politically aware are they?
  3. How politically active are they?
  4. Is your OC the sort to fall for fake news? If not, do they ignore it or make a point to clarify that it’s wrong?
  5. Are they or would they protest for a cause they’re passionate about?
  6. How do they react to people whose political viewpoints are very opposite of theirs?
  7. How much interest in environmental health do they have?
  8. In reality-based or applicable worlds, do they believe in global warming? Do they recycle?

K. For OCs in Reality-Based Worlds Who Are Unusual in Paranormal Ways (such as magical abilities, being another species, having a curse like lycanthropy, sci-fi abilities, being from another time, et cetera)– Also for OCs where the scenario is similar even if their universe isn’t based on reality

  1. Does your OC have to keep their paranormal aspect (PA) a secret from general society? If so, how? I.e., they can’t discuss their abilities, they have to hide a tail, they have an alter-ego, et cetera. What would happen if society found out about it?
  2. Are there others in their universe with the same or a similar PA as your OC? I.e., others from different dimensions, others of their same species. Do they know about it?
  3. Does your OC have any friends who know about their PA? Any enemies?
  4. Does your OC ever use their PA to get an advantage? I.e., use their ability to be invisible to steal or get out of things, compete in track while their species is a naturally superior runner, use their invulnerability in careers like police work… If so, do they have any hang-ups about it?
  5. Does your OC feel isolated or unrelatable due to the experience their PA brings with it? If so, how do they deal with it?
  6. Does their PA cause issues in daily life? I.e., if they’re inhuman in a human universe and they can’t go to a doctor or risk the doctor realizing they are not human, super abilities with physical drawbacks, they don’t have control of their abilities and must keep to themselves, et cetera… If so, how do they feel about it?
  7. Does your OC’s PA affect their dietary habits so that they are unusual or problematic by their society’s standards?
  8. What are some routines, if any, of self-care that your OC must engage in that are not typical of their society? I.e., having to file their teeth, maintaining magical rituals, drinking blood…
  9. Does your OC have knowledge that they can’t share with the rest of their world that could improve it if it didn’t cause chaos? I.e., a character from the future knowing about technology not yet invented, but they can’t reveal themselves by sharing it?
  10. Would your OC give up their PA if they could? Why or why not?

L. For the Writer/Owner

  1. How have your characters changed since you created them?
  2. What do you consider the biggest themes in your character, if any?
  3. Did you create the character to be like yourself, did they end up being like yourself, or are they very different from you?
  4. Would you hang out with your OC if you could?
  5. Which OC do you think is the most decent morally or behaviorally?  AKA, which is supposed to a “good guy”?
  6. Which OC do you think is the worst morally or behaviorally? AKA, which is supposed to be a “bad guy”?
  7. Which OC do you think is the most attractive?
  8. What’s the longest you’ve had an OC for?
  9. How did you come up with your OC?
☕ coffee magic ☕

(reposting bc i deleted the original post, whoops)

a compiled list of easy correspondences for witchcraft on the run! or, to start your mornings with a simple potion, ingredients/flavors you can add to your coffee to have a magic start to your day

🌾 sugar

love and attraction, positive attention

🍼 cream

nurturing, prosperity, and protection

🍬 caramel

love, kindness, domestic works

🍃 cinnamon

divination, fortune, healing, power, prosperity, protection, psychic abilities, spirituality, wealth, and wisdom.

🌰 almonds

prosperity, wealth, and wisdom

🎃 pumpkins

banishment, divination, healing, prosperity, and protection

🍇 blueberry


🍫 chocolate

love, lust, health, prosperity and money

🌾 vanilla

happiness, love, and lust

🌰 hazelnut

fertility, protection against evil, creativity, intuition, and psychic abilities

🍇 raspberry

love and protection

bumble-key  asked:

I was watching the tv show Zoo and I saw that the Bronx Zoo used the cheetahs as ambassador animals. They trained them as cubs with puppies so that they would be used to people. The cheetahs would be put on leashes and talked about to crowds of people as educations animals. I was wondering if you had any thoughts about this because in my opinion it doesn't seem super safe but the people at the zoo are professionals.

This is actually a pretty common practice - most of the big zoos with cheetah programs do use them as ambassador animals. They’re pretty much the most safe cats to do that sort of program with (although I’m not sure the actual official written reason for that - mostly what I’ve heard said is that they’re “more doglike” which is pretty obviously a colloquial reason). Cheetahs are not considered as dangerous as the rest of the big cats - even the highly restrictive language in H.R.1818 about big cats and public contact leaves a loophole for these ambassador interactions to continue while forbidding everything else. 

I wrote USDA to ask about their restrictions on handling big cats in public, and they responded that:

“Our handling regulations ( 2.131) specify requirements for humane and safe handling of animals.  2.131©(1) requires that during public exhibition, any animal must be handled so that there is minimal risk of harm to the animal and the public…; 2.131(d)(3) requires that during public exhibition, dangerous animals such as lions, tigers, ….must be under the direct control and supervision of a knowledgeable and experienced animal handler.”     

Not included in their response - because of how I phrased my question - is the requirement that dangerous animals be a sufficient distance away from the public or behind a barrier. 

Now, what’s really interesting about the Bronx ambassador cheetah program… is the tack they use on their cheetahs in public, and the story behind it. It’s an important story because it emphasizes both a) why you never make assumptions about how a zoo handles animals until you talk to someone who works with them and b) exactly how hard it can be to pin down what regulatory bodies or people influence how a zoo chooses to do things. 

What I noticed when I watched the show that I absolutely could not explain? Is that the ambassador cheetah boys at Bronx wear prong collars. 

(Yes, I literally did just take photos of the TV screen. Go with it). 

Now, as someone who is very familiar with prong collars from working with domestic dogs, this choice confused the hell of out me. My thought process was this: prong collars can be really traumatizing for sensitive dogs, cheetahs are known to be super sensitive snowflakes with regards to stress, so what the hell are they doing putting those on those animals?? I asked around to a few people in various aspects of the animal management world, and nobody had ever heard of facilities using prong collars on cheetahs nor could think of why this choice would be made. At which point, I was pretty appalled - but they’d made the choice to allow it to be shown on TV, which meant there had to be something more to the story. 

I was incredibly lucky in that a couple of weeks later, I got the chance to actually talk to the director of the Bronx Zoo at an event. I asked him straight out if he would clarify something for me that had kind of shocked me when I watched the show (and since I hadn’t run into any program animals staffers, could he please spare the time) and described my thought process. He was immediately receptive - honestly, it seemed like a question he’d been expecting at some point- and we spent a good five minutes chatting about the choice and why it was made. 

The director told me that the prong collars were required under USDA regulations as a backup to the harnesses the cats wore. If you look closely in the show, you can see that there are two leashes coming off each cheetah - the one attached to the harness is the primary leash, and the one attached to the prong is carried by the backup handler in case the primary handler drops the leash or loses control of the animal somehow. It was explained to me that the prong collar was required because in case the leash was dropped because the cheetah’s prey drive kicked in, the tack the backup leash was attached to had to be something the cat wouldn’t just run straight through. At which point, yes, the collar is meant to be aversive on the off-chance it’s needed - but that’s to save someone’s life, at that point. I was surprised the cats didn’t find having the collar on aversive in normal circumstances, but I was told that the leash attached to the prong is never supposed to be used to control the cat except in an emergency. This all makes sense, and although in the world of dog training it’s not ideal management of prey drive, I can absolutely understand the reasoning behind it when used with a large, fast, predatory cat. 

…except that it’s not actually a USDA requirement. No other facility I know of uses prong collars with their cheetahs in public. I had asked the director during our chat where I would be able to look up the regulation, but he didn’t really know, so I emailed USDA to ask and got the response in quotes above. I don’t think it’s likely the director lied to me - even if you don’t believe that zoo staff operate in good faith, that’s just way too easy of a lie to get caught in for someone in his position to risk - so what could explain that discrepancy?

Local USDA inspectors. I asked around a bit, checking in with people who have spend their careers interacting with the USDA, and it seems most likely that whomever is the inspector for the Bronx is the person who decided that prongs as backups to the harnesses were necessary for ensuring public safety. USDA inspectors are supposed to do an impartial job of inspecting facilities according to the AWA standards, but in reality they do have a lot of power as individuals. Some inspectors abuse this, some don’t, some just get weirdly involved in how things run. My educated guess is that it sounds like this is a case of the latter - someone within USDA requiring actions from the zoo above and beyond the actual standards. (It would, in theory, be possible to track down who the inspector is for the Bronx and ask them, but I haven’t followed up on it at this point because I have the most important information - the thought process behind the use of tack and the fact that it’s a purposeful choice to balance welfare and safety). It could also be possible that the use of prongs is how the staff member who is in charge of program animals for Bronx chose to interpret the USDA regulations. 

Whatever the reason is, though, it’s an interesting deviation from standard practice to note. I don’t think it’s a bad or abusive choice - it’s just different. I do wonder if their public program training protocols are different from those at other places with cheetah programs that don’t use prongs, but that’s mostly academic. The animals aren’t bothered unduly by the collars and the public is kept safe. 

TL;DR Government regulations and the requirements imparted by the people who enforce them are complicated and confusing, and even I run into situations where I have to ask zoo staff why they do what they do because my assumptions are way off base. 



In 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War, Southern states passed “Black Codes” which were laws to restrict the freedom of Black people in the region. In the North these codes were viewed as a way for the South to get around the 13th amendment and to allow slavery to exist under a different name. The defining feature of the post-Civil war Black Codes were vagrancy laws which allowed for the newly freed Black population to be arrested and sentenced to hard labor.

Examples of Black Codes included, but were not limited to: no Black person (“freedman”) could own property or guns, Black people were prohibited from marrying white people, Black people were restricted in where they could live or rent, Black people could not join the militia, Black people needed permission to do work other than agricultural labor, domestic (service) work, or manual labor, no voting rights for Black people, Black people were not allowed to change jobs, and if a Black person had no job they could be arrested and forced to work for no pay, Black people could not testify against white people in a court of law, Black people were not allowed to assemble together without the presence and approval of a white person, it was illegal to teach Black people to read or write, and all public facilities were racially segregated, including cemeteries and all forms of transportation. (These discriminatory racial codes served as the model for many of America’s current unwritten social norms - as well as some written government policies - that are still in effect today, and not only in the South).

In 1866 Congress reacted to the Black Codes by placing the Confederate States under the rule of the American Union Army and as part of Reconstruction, passed laws such as the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the 14th Amendment.

Unfortunately, due largely to The Compromise of 1877, Reconstruction would last in the “former” slave states of the South only until 1877, for eleven short years.

Its gonna take a bit of work
Oh oh work
Now that you’re here
Whoa oh work

Cause people come and go
But I think you should know
That I
I think this will work

It’s gonna take a little time
But with you by my side
I won’t let go
Till I got what’s mine

Cause people come and go
But you should know
That I, that I
I will take it slow


song playing while Cosima and Delphine are sitting on bed together S05E08 ‘Guillotines decide’ - Charlotte Day Wilson, Work

beaureqard  asked:

you characterized human walking as controlled falling--does animal walking take more effort because they have 4 legs, they have to push off each one? what about the relative stresses of human vs animal running? is there an example of a well-muscled animal that doesnt have such trouble with fragility, or a social animal that can care for wounded members of its group? we've sort of gotten away from anthropology huh lmao Sorry! I guess... what pressures selected for the above in humans?

Actually, a lot of this is still anthropology! Bipedalism- one of the defining characteristics of hominins- and its origins are extremely important to physical anthropologists and primatologists.

Human walking is divided into two parts: stance phase and swing phase. As an experiment, stand up, take a slow walking step, and really think about what you’re doing. Then sit down again because things tend to get weird when you actually think about what you’re doing when you walk- it’s kind of like remembering to breathe or being aware that you can feel your tongue in your mouth. By and large as a species*, our brains are so used to the motions of walking that thinking about it can throw us off our stride. This is why learning to walk again after an injury can be so challenging- actively thinking about locomotion is not something the human brain likes to do. To walk, we pick up a leg, swing it forward, land on it, roll off the toe of the other leg, pick it up, swing forward, land on it… it goes on forever. Here’s an illustration of what that looks like!

This doesn’t actually require a lot of energy, from a caloric standpoint. It’s just falling with style. Running is quite similar; it’s just more energy put into it. It’s still the same motion; the leg just gets lifted a little higher. There’s a phase where both legs are off the ground (which you can’t see in this gif, unfortunately)- same as when a horse moves from walking to galloping. 

 Let’s compare that to a horse- the first gif is a horse walking, the second is a horse galloping.

Much of the stress in four-legged running comes from body weight; a horse is going to be a lot heavier than a human, so that’s a lot of force put on the knees. Running is always going to be more stressful than walking, but for humans, our relatively small body size is going to make it comparatively less stressful and more efficient.

Now, this isn’t to say that other animals aren’t efficient for what they are/can do; it’s just to say that we’re more efficient. There’s only two animals that can really keep up with us: domesticated dogs and domesticated horses. We’re going to keep looking at horses because horses and the energetics of their movement are really well-studied; horses have had a long working relationship with humans. Unlike most other animals, it’s unlikely we domesticated them just to eat- equines are real dynamos and are able to do a tremendous amount of work. Now, this is where things kind of get into physics, but bear with me for a moment. Consider for just a second: animals (us included) as machines. There’s an input: oxygen and calories. There’s an output that we call “work,” which is using a force to move an object a distance when both the force and the motion of the object are in the same direction. That’s what we mean when we’re talking about “work,” the ability to move an object (at bare minimum, the animal’s body) a distance. Horses have been selectively bred over millennia for stamina and speed, and as a result the domesticated horse’s maximum work output is about 3.5 times higher than what it should be**. So back to that question of two feet versus four feet: It’s not just about quadrupedalism versus bipedalism, but also about aerobic potential, lung capacity, metabolism… there’s a lot to it

Efficiency versus the capacity for speed is one of those evolutionary tradeoffs. There’s quite a lot of them in locomotion, including the fragility of various species. Horses and other leggy ungulates are typically more fragile than most other quadrupeds. If we look at predators- let’s use coyotes as an example- they might not be as fast initially as an ungulate, but they’ve also got some padding around their ankles. They’re less likely to shatter a bone. Bigger carnivores, like lions? Even more padding, with hunting strategies to match. Lions like to chase their prey into ambushes rather than just chase it down. To escape these ambushes, prey species need speed; like all things evolutionary, those fragile legs are a tradeoff. 

As far as social animals caring for wounded members of their group, you’ll sometimes see this in other primates- they’ll lick each others’ wounds, pick off debris, that sort of thing. There’s some evidence that they’ll chew plants with medicinal properties, but interpreting these actions is really difficult because there’s so much we don’t know about great apes’ cognition. There’s an excellent book, The Evolution of Sickness and Healing, that has loads of information. While it’s a little older- it was published in 1997- it’s a great jumping off point. The whole thing’s available for free online here. Chapter 2 in particular has a lot of good information on what chimpanzees have been observed doing, including one of my favorite Jane Goodall anecdotes about a 23-year-old male chimpanzee (so, an adult) who got hurt in a fight with another chimp and started screaming; his elderly mother came running from about half a kilometer away and started grooming him, which got him to calm down. Even for chimps, mom’s attention can make it all better. 

As always, footnotes and references/further reading under the jump!

Keep reading

It has come to my attention that, regrettably, there are certain exotic animal owners who knowingly and willfully try to hide the law and will attack those who share it openly online because they believe that knowledge of the law puts their “community” at risk of being busted.

Well I’ve never been a big fan of online bullies, much less online bullies who try to hide laws. So I’m gonna go ahead and remind all 8,100 of my beloved followers that the rabies vaccine in the USA is proven to work on domestic dogs and cats in clinical trials only. This means if you have an exotic like a raccoon, a fox, or a wolf or wolf hybrid and it bites someone, it can be forcibly removed from your care and destroyed so its head can be sectioned to test for rabies.

The rabies vaccine offers these animals NO legal protection even if it does actually prevent rabies, because the government does not recognize the vaccines efficacy on a legal level. This is the sad truth of the law. It isn’t scientific but it’s there.

This information is important to anyone ever considering adopting, fostering or even temporarily caring for an exotic mammal. Why certain people in these circles wish to keep such potentially fatal information hidden is beyond me.

So, again, I reiterate (just to make them mad) that the rabies vaccine offers no legal protection to an exotic such as a fox, raccoon, wolf or wolfdog if it bites someone. (Wolfdogs are occasionally treated like domestic dogs but dont count on it!)

Lack of knowledge of rabies control law can lead to tragedy for anyone responsible for exotics.

The Uncalled-For Chore

The Uncalled-For Chore

A cleaning woman, on her way,
Came by a house she broke into
In doing her housework for pay,
(As dishes in the sink she’d do)

And coffee pots to be washed out
As well as mopping up the floors;
So, she would potter roundabout
By doing sundry cleaning chores.

And having done it all, unasked,
When finishing her cleaning up,
The lady, who was multi-tasked,
Made coffee she drank in a cup.

She’d made the bill and left that on
The kitchen table which she signed
And when upon her way she’d gone
She left her phone-number behind.

The owners of the house returned,
And found how she had broken in
To leave a bill of what she earned,
Albeit—asked—she had not been—

Calling the cops upon the phone,
The owners did report the crime
Of all she’d done, upon her own,
As she’d be tried, & do her time.

[NEW] My 20 year old Idol Husband - A BTS Fanfic

20 yr old Jungkook, at the top of his idol boyband career, has a secret only he & his bandmates know – An underground relationship, with you, a girl he met at a fanmeeting. Things get a little out of hand and you find out you’re pregnant. 

All Chpts: #My20YearOldIdolHusband

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Trauma Reading List

1. Complex PTSD: from Surviving to Thriving by Pete Walker
The author is both a therapist and a former child abuse victim, and apparently very organized. This book is focused on understanding and recovering from childhood abuse and/or neglect. It explains types of trauma responses and then how to deal with them. It’s very practical and recovery-oriented in a way that doesn’t feel judgemental.

2. Why Does He DO That? by Lundy Bancroft
This is probably one of the most popular, and focused on domestic abuse. The author works with abusive men to try to help them better themselves and their behavior. Although the examples are all straight male abusers, he notes at the beginning that this can apply to abusers of all genders and orientations. It explains types of abusers and the why, and then talks about how change is possible. This one may be more helpful in understanding than in helping oneself.

3. Adult Children of Emotionally Immature Parents by Lindsay Gibson
This is another one I’ve seen multiple recommendations for, and for the most part it is very good. One thing I would warn about is that it seems to assume that an abuser may be mentally ill (true), that they are more likely to be abusive because of that (false), and that the victim who is reading the book is not themselves mentally ill (often false). Otherwise, though, it’s pretty good, explaining types of emotionally immature parents and how they’re harmful, how children may react to their situation, and how to work on recovering.

4. Toxic Parents: Overcoming Their Hurtful Legacy and Reclaiming Your Life by Susan Forward
Much like the last but with a slightly different take and focus, this book first explains the different types of toxic parents and their affect, and then how to heal and break the cycle.

This is actually a sadly small number for me to know, feel free to add more if you know them

Is this my familiar?

this is a post dedicated to strictly working with domestic familiars (an animal familiar that lives with you), and is geared towards people who think that might have found theirs. this a response to the multiple asks about familiars i have received recently. this is one of a few posts about them to come 

First off what is a domestic familiar? 

The domestic Familiar is an animal that stays with the Witch, it is an animal that you have a strong connection with, Both psychically and magically. They may offer guidance, teachings aid in magical working and form a deep connection with us for the remainder of their natural lifespan. 

I have a cat can i make them be my familiar? 

Just because you own an animal doesn’t automatically make it a domestic Familiar, so don’t start thinking that you can suddenly force your beloved pet cat into some form of magickal service for you. The animal must choose you and want to work with you of its own free will.

if you start to preform a ritual and the animal suddenly leaves, let it go. it doesn’t want to participate. if the animal only remains becuase you force it to, it is not your domestic familiar. nor will it ever be most likely. 

I want a familiar how do i get one? 

as mentioned above you cant simply force an animal into being your familiar. but when you are ready your familiar will find you. it might take awhile, and keep in mind that is not something you need, many modern witches have beloved amazing pets in their lives who are not familiars. having/not having one doesn’t make you any more or less of a witch.   

But if you are determined to find one you can, it just takes time. they could be in your life already and you might not even know it, or they could be at a shelter, an adoption agency, a pet store, the stray that hangs out all the time, ect ect  as long as an animal is willing/wants to work with you it can become your familiar. 

if you do not have an animal in you life that acts as your familiar, give it some serious thought before you go out and get one. after all an animal is a life, they require, food, proper housing, possibly medical care ect ect. you have to make sure that you can meet all the requirements that they will need to happy live and thrive in your home.  They will find you when the time is right and you are ready. 

“So i have become a witch recently and my cat has been acting strange and touches my altar does this mean they are my familiar?” 

before you go and assume that this animal is your familiar you should maybe ask yourself some of these question. 

  • Why are they doing this, is it a normal behavior for them?
  • if its a new animal could they just be getting used to you?
  • What reasons could they be performing this behavior? 
  • what reasons could be making them attracted to my work (curious, new smells or sounds)
  • How uncommon is this behavior for the animal overall as a species?
  • How persistent are they in showing this new behavior or interest?
  • Is the animal okay medically (did they start any new medications)? 
  • How long does this behavior continue?
  • do they show signs of wanting to work with me?
  • am i ready for this?
  • Is this safe for them?

This concludes the beginning of my familiar posts, there will be more to come in the future, Next is Familiar safety. If you have any questions feel free to ask me
- honeycoyote -
Helping in the Household

You know that trope how women not only do the majority of domestic labour, but whenever a man contributes in any way, he expects to be acknowledged and praised for it, no matter how small the task?

Well, being raised in the patriarchy just like most of us, even though in a liberal household, I am the same. My wife was, back when we first moved in together, understandably annoyed with that, and we talked it out. We found a solution.

The solution was not, however, that I no longer expected praise for my contributions - it was that she deserved, demanded and got praise for her’s as well! I mean, why the HELL would we do it any other way? Do you know how nice it is if, after doing some annoying chore like vacuuming, cleaning the bath room or scrubbing the kitchen, the person you love most in the world praises you for how great it is that you did that, what a good job you did, and what an amazing person you are?

Let me tell you, it’s pretty damn nice. We are not giving up on that, neither of us!

anonymous asked:

I heard u read practically every fic on ao3; do you have any fluffy Jikook fics to recommend? I've already read More Golden than a Golden Snitch, You're a Hard Soul to Save With an Ocean in the way (but I'll get around it), and Flower Talk

mostly of these are short fluff and smut

bloom by mnsg  [T, 2k]
jimin has a soft spot for jeongguk the size of jupiter and it’s hard not to take advantage of that, sometimes. especially when jimin looks so good and sweet and happy jeongguk could just…eat him.

books and bubble baths by soft_hobi  [T, 2k]
jungkook comes home to see an extra fluffy jimin crying over a book, of course the only way to make him feel better is with a bubble bath and a large pizza.

i’ll stick to you like glue-cose by cygnus (lucid_wisteria) 💖💗💘 [T, 7k]
jimin merely wanted to study in peace, yet a certain five-foot ten frat boy - unfortunately also a past hook up - that epitomizes the very definition of smugness in one entire body whose ego is as big and full-scaled as the national debt, won’t let him.

just the way you are by drpuffles [T, 3k]
jungkook wants to propose to jimin. things don’t go as planned.

the wreath-er outside is frightful by closingstatement [T, 9k]
jimin’s a cashier that works at a store in the city, jungkook’s a customer with a penchant for buying too many wreaths, and they’re both people in need of their own little christmas miracle.

domestic jikook by bangtansweaterpaws [T, 7k]
this is a serie and contains two works of domestic fluff morning cuddle jikook

if the waves belong to the sea by teecysh [T, 6k]
jungkook lives a quiet unassuming life in busan, working as a teacher for the city’s primary school. jimin is the son of a sailor. he’s not meant to stay.

i can come home to you by angstjimin [T, 2k]
jeongguk’s glad at the end of a tiring day, he could come home to his loving husband and adorable son.
jikook’s married life adventures with their son.

be mine by unspokenpromises [E, 4k]
“jimin stills, his mind reeling from shock. jungkook whispers it likes it’s a secret. a confession that was never meant for anyone’s ears. he blinks up at jungkook, his heart beating rapidly in his chest.
“what?” jungkook doesn’t hear him though, of course he doesn’t. his body and mind have already succumbed into a deep slumber but jimin is suddenly very wide awake.“

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OctoberFicFest Day 13:  Foolish (inktober prompt)

I got literally none prompts for the meme, so here’s some more cabinfic.

She wakes up early on his birthday to make biscuits and gravy.  She rolls over, extricating herself gently from his embrace, and gazes at him for a long moment.  Twenty years and she’s still giddy about him.  The way he breathes rasps at her heart.  There is no sound more reassuring than the murmur of his body at rest.  They are still here.  They are both still here.  She kisses his forehead and slips out of bed.  

She makes her mother’s biscuits and her grandmother’s gravy, flecked with sausage and pepper.  She rolls out the dough this time and cuts perfect circles, rolling the ends of the dough together until it all comes out even.  Whoever owns this cabin likes to cook.  She likes learning these little things about them, though she feels more archaeological than investigatory.  They have a vegetable peeler; they like vegetables.  They have a set of cheese knives that look like they’ve never been used.  There’s an ice cream machine in a cabinet.  It doesn’t put a face on the shadow that lives just out of sight, but it helps the place feel more like a home.

While the biscuits bake and the gravy bubbles, she sifts and measures and stirs up a cake.  Mulder has a weakness for chocolate and for cream cheese frosting.  She makes the most decadent recipe she can find.  She researched on their slow satellite internet for a week to find the most ridiculous cake and went into town herself for the ingredients.  

The happy housewife is not her role in life, but she is enjoying playing it, in a limited run.  She thinks he is happy as her counterpart, sharing the domestic work and peering into the oven to check on his pot roast.  During this retreat from themselves, they are rediscovering talents they thought they had forgotten or never knew they had.  Perhaps it’s more of a reincarnation than a retreat.  She does not feel as if she has lost.  Instead, today, she feels victorious, giddy.  She brushes hair out of her face and she can feel the streak of flour across her cheek.  Her reflection in the window looks foolish, grinning at itself, a portrait she might not have recognized a year ago.

“You remembered my birthday,” Mulder says, shuffling into the kitchen.  There’s a note of astonishment in his voice, even after all these years.  She has never forgotten his birthday.  She has never neglected to celebrate him.

“I hope you’ll return the favor,” she says, using her new strength to coax the too-firm cream cheese to blend with the powdered sugar.  It doesn’t get warm enough in the house to soften completely.  She should have put it in the pocket of her robe.  

“I will,” he vows, and kisses her good morning.

They have something precious here.  There is the promise of a blue sky and a life something like what she wanted, once upon a time, before what she wanted was Mulder.  For a while, they get to live in this liminal space, between mountains and sky, between reality and dream.  The trees shade down from the slopes into the fields, creating spaces where different creatures flourish; they shape domestic ecosystems for themselves as if they have always been a couple, always negotiated the occupied territory between them.  In a way they have, she things, pouring batter into the pans that Mulder floured for her.  In the cabin, they are living a truth, one strand of an infinite universe woven from a trillion potential truths.  How many times will they rise from their own ashes?   How many times will they burn themselves to the ground, an immolation of holy fire, a sacrifice beyond counting?  

Like the cat in the box, she never knows if her life contains poison.  She goes forth as if it does not.  She is and isn’t a mother.  She is and isn’t a seeker of truth.  She is and isn’t Mulder’s one true passion.  She is and isn’t a dutiful daughter, sister, partner, friend.  The certainty she has is centered in herself: she knows what she has been through, and what she has to celebrate.

And there is Mulder, the creases around his eyes half laugh lines and half crows feet from decades of squinting anxiously into the shadows, his chest hair going grey where it peeks out of his Henley long underwear.  Her heart lifts, flips, goes over like a swallow on a summer afternoon.  There are things she can still be foolish about.  She cherishes that and she cherishes him.  They have made it, struggled out of their mire of conspiracy to some small island of solid ground where they can be silly about each other, and luxuriate in it.

“Happy birthday,” she says.  “I won’t sing.”

“And I was going to get out the karaoke machine,” he jokes.  

They put the cake in the oven together, taking out the biscuits as they go, working in wordless synchronicity, and she closes her eyes against the swell of her own happiness, so hard won, and yet, she fears, so little deserved.  She will take it and hold it, a wild bird in the hand, a miracle with a thudding heart.

Since Summer is upon us and Riverdale is on hiatus we thought we would have a bit of fun to pass the time.

The aim of this challenge is for all Bughead shippers to get involved and get creative during the break.


  • Anyone can enter but please remember NO ship bashing. Any Anti-Bughead posts will be ignored
  • Your entries must be completed before the deadline provided.
  • You must tag ’Bughead Summer Hiatus’ in the first five tags of your post so we can reblog them. You can also tag ’Bugheadcentral’ but it’s not necessary.
  • The content should feature Bughead in some form. HOWEVER, we will accept character focused posts (as long as the characters are of Betty or Jughead).


  • Challenge 1 (Monday 5th June - Sunday 18th June) - Edits: Best Of Us // Fanfiction: An Unpredictable Moment
  • Challenge 2 (Monday 19th June - Sunday 2nd July) - Edits: You Brought Colours Into My Life // Fanfiction: Three Wishes
  • Challenge 3 (Monday 3rd July - Sunday 16th July) - Edits: I’ll Write You A Song // Fanfiction: With This Ring
  • Challenge 4 (Monday 17th July - Sunday 30th July) - Edits: Lips // Fanfiction: Thankful I’m A Writer
  • Challenge 5 (Monday 31st July - Sunday 13th August) - Edits: We Have Suffered Enough // Fanfiction: Moral Dilemma
  • Challenge 6 (Monday 14th August - Sunday 27th August) - Edits: Skin // Fanfiction: Home Sweet Home
  • Challenge 7 (Monday 28th August - Sunday 10th Septemeber) - Edits: Family // Fanfiction: Voice

A few examples (if you are having troubles with any of the prompts):
Best Of Us - What are your favourite Bughead moments?
You Brought Colours Into My Life - Create a colourful gif or edit.
I’ll Write You A Song - Create an edit with song lyrics.
With This Ring - How would you imagine a Bughead proposal?
Skin - Physical touches, intimacy etc…
Home Sweet Home - Create a scene featuring Domestic Bughead.
Voice - Create work featuring a beautiful speech (such as wedding vows) or an all-dialogue fic showcasing funny moments between them.


  • Please feel free to reblog this post to give us a signal boost.
  • If your post does not appear in the tags due to tumblr issues - please SEND US A MESSAGE and we will be happy to reblog your post.
  • If we miss your post for any reason PLEASE LET US KNOW and we will reblog this for you.
  • Any creative content is welcome (gifs, edits, fanmixes, fanfics, videos etc…)
  • Whilst we have provided separate prompts for edits and fanfiction please feel to choose either of them. If you want to write a fanfiction using an edit/gif prompt then please do so and vise versa.

anonymous asked:

I'm a lil sad, could I have a smol usuk drabble please?

Of course you can, sweet anon! I never refuse a friend. I hope domestic omegaverse fluff works for you. I wrote it as fast as I could, so I’m sorry if it seems off! 


“Babe, I’m home.”

Arthur’s face was scrunched into maternal determination as he wrangled the baby into what he deemed a more secure position in his arms.

A defiant wail. Chubby hands threw themselves out from under the pale pink blanket, one that Arthur had most probably spent forever tucking him into, judging by his defeated sigh.

As Alfred always said, Jones boys were peculiarly strong.

Arthur smiled. “Peter, love, look who’s home? It’s daddy! Daddy’s home!”

Peter was in no position to crane his neck, and Arthur certainly wasn’t in a position to heave that heavy little body up to meet its father’s eyes so Alfred would have to settle for a welcoming twitch of that little teeny baby toe.  

Arthur cooed to the swaddled lump on his lap, “Yes, it’s daddy! Yes it is, yes it is!”

He then turned to his mate, clearing his throat back into a normal pitch, “How was work, sweetheart?”

It was comical, the voice Arthur would use with their baby. Alfred had been smacked on the arm rather viciously the last time he made fun of it, so he opted for a smirk in silence.

“Uneventful.” He let his bag slide off his shoulders, kicking his shoes off at the door before appearing at his husband’s side. His poor little husband, shoulders droopy, smile weary as he held Peter to his chest. “You look tired, Arthur want me to-?”

“It’s fine, I slept enough last night,” Arthur said, the dark circles under his eyes proving otherwise. Alfred had a set of his own. He’d once lovingly referred to them as the equivalent of matching tattoos.

Peter gurgled.

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