Bolognese painter Domenico Zampieri, known as Domenichino, was supposedly born on this day in 1581. A student of Denis Calvaert and a member of the Carracci Academy, Domenichino was one of the leading proponents of the classical style that dominated the Roman art scene in the early seventeenth century. Like the Carracci, Domenichino looked to the High Renaissance master Raphael as a model and received important commissions for altarpieces, fresco cycles, and portraits.
Reference: Elizabeth Cropper. “Domenichino.” Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press.<http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T023167>.
Madonna and Child with St Petronius and St John the Evangelist, 1629, oil on canvas, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome
Last Communion of St Jerome, 1614, oil on canvas, Rome: Pinacoteca Vaticana; photo credit: Scala/Art Resource, NY
St. Cecilia Distributing Alms and St. Cecilia before the Judge, 1612-15, fresco, Polet Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome
Diana and her Nymphs, 1616-17, oil on canvas, Galleria Borghese, Rome
Calling of the Apostles, 1624-5, fresco, Sant'Andrea della Valle, Rome
Portrait of Monsignor Giovanni Battista Agucchi, 1615-20, oil on canvas, York Art Gallery
A Sibyl (c.1620). Domenichino (Italian, 1581-1641). Oil on canvas. The Wallace Collection.
Pictures of Sibyls provided
artists with a legitimate excuse to depict beautiful young women in exotic dress. Domenichino painted at least two other Sibyls. The three closely-related works depict richly-attired women with elaborate headdresses. The Wallace picture exhibits greater freedom of touch and is generally considered to be earlier, and to date from around 1620.
Saint Cecilia [with an Angel Holding a Musical Score] (c.1617-1618). Domenichino (1581–1641). Oil on canvas. Louvre.
This painting, commissioned by the Cardinal Ludovico Lodovisi, was inspired by Raphael’s St Cecilia.
Domenichino upheld of the tradition of Bolognese classicism. By 1610, he was established as Rome’s leading painter and had a succession of major decorative commissions, among them scenes from the life of St Cecilia in San Luigi dei Francesi (1613-14).
September 30 marks the Feast of St Jerome, and is the date of the his death in 420 AD. Jerome is a doctor and father of the church, and often placed beside Augustine of Hippo, Ambrose, and Pope Gregory I. The second most prolific writer in ancient Latin Christianity, following Augustine. Jerome is the author of the first Latin, also called Vulgate, version of the Bible, parts of which he translated from Greek and from Hebrew. In works of art, Jerome is most often portrayed as a scholar, as an ascetic and (anachronistically) in cardinal’s robes.
Domenichino: Last Communion of St Jerome, oil on canvas, 1614, Rome, Pinacoteca Vaticana.
Antonio da Fabriano II: Saint Jerome in His Study, tempera, oil (?) and gold leaf on wood panel, 1451, Baltimore, The Walters Art Museum.
Domenico Ghirlandaio, St Jerome in His Study, tempera on panel, 1840, Chiesa degli Ognissanti, Florence.
Giovanni Bellini, St Jerome Reading in the Countryside, 1480-1485, tempera and oil on panel, National Gallery of Art, Washington DC.
Pier Francesco Sacchi, The First Doctors of the Church, tempera on panel, 1516, Musee du Louvre, Paris.
I this image the four Latin doctors are represented alongside copies of the four Gospels and the attributes of the Four Evangelists: St. Augustine with an eagle, St. Gregory the Great with a bull, St. Jeromewith an angel, and St. Ambrose with a winged lion