I went to see Pancho, and on my way back I was attacked by a dog. It tried to bite my face and threw me down on the ground. I implored the Virgin of San Juan with the Lord’s Prayer because it seemed the demon himself attacked me Then the dog ran away and left me lying down. I didn’t have any scratch. Then I found out that the dog had rabies. I thanked and I promised to dedicate a retablo for delivering me from such disgrace of being beaten. Otherwise, it would’ve given me rabies. I bring this testimony of what happened to your feet. May you be blessed, Holy Virgin.

Your Petra Murillo
San Juan de los Lagos
December 8, 1955

anonymous asked:

What are some movies you think are underrated?

Oh, hmm.

Seven psychopaths


Mr. Brooks

Near Dark

Stephen Kings Riding the bullet

Man bites dog


That’s all I can think of now

anonymous asked:

Do you have an opinion on whether cats should be indoor or outdoor pets?

I think ideally, a cat should be indoor only.  Mostly from the perspective of health -  Outdoor cats are much more prone to illness such as FIV or FeLV as well as trauma (cat bite wounds, dog bite wounds, hit by car).  However, there are some cats, especially previous feral cats or cats that are used to being outside that have a poor quality of life and are really stressed out by being kept indoors.  As long as the owners are prepared for the risks, having an outdoor cat who is properly cared for, vaccinated, spay/neutered and is not declawed is okay.

…Any dog can bite, regardless of its breed, and more often people are bitten by dogs they know. It’s not the dog’s breed that determines risk – it’s the dog’s behavior, general size, number of dogs involved and the vulnerability of the person bitten that determines whether or not a dog or dogs will cause a serious bite injury. Dogs can be aggressive for all sorts of reasons. A dog that has bitten once can bite again, and a dog that has never bitten could still bite.

Don’t rely on breed stereotypes to keep yourself safe from dog bites. A dog’s individual history and behavior are much more important than its breed, and since you don’t always know a dog’s history or behavior, it’s not a good idea to make assumptions. Instead, concentrate on prevention: educate yourself, teach children about proper interactions and behaviors with dogs, and learn how to recognize risky and escalating situations with aggressive dogs. These steps – not breed-specific legislation – will lead to fewer dog bites.
—  (part of) American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) position on Breed Specific Legislation

As a contrast to the previous gifset, I wanted to make one with the classic video by Dr. Sophia Yin showing counter conditioning in action. This is a dog that had been displaying aggression severely enough to be up for euthanasia. The stimulus prompting aggression in this video is having his face blown on. While we don’t hear anything about the dog’s history, it’s pretty easy to assume that this is fear-related, as shoving your face at a dog’s face is pretty aggressive body language, a lot of smaller dogs have fear-related aggression due to their boundaries being ignored, and I don’t see any resource-guarding behavior.

You can’t draw a complete parallel, but there are a lot of similarities between this video of an aggressive dog and the video of the aggressive horse. This dog seems to be making a big aggressive display and then retreating, instead of continuing the attack with the intent of causing serious injury. The horse had its movement restricted to the round pen, and this dog has its movement restricted by a leash. Both are unhappy and dangerous animals.

Dr. Yin resolves the aggression by pairing the provocative stimulus (blowing on the dog’s face) with food. After only a few brief sessions and a bit of time, the dog no longer exhibits aggression when prompted. He doesn’t enjoy the stimulus (he still moves his head back and away, and there’s a bit of lip licking) but having his face blown on no longer provokes aggression. Instead you can see eagerness for the treatment and what looks like enjoyment of the exercise (tail wagging, what looks almost like a play bow or an attempt to get a reward with a behavior he was taught, ears forward, open relaxed mouth, looking up at her face). His emotional reaction and outward behavioral response are dramatically different.

I don’t present this as an example of why counter conditioning with food is a preferential miracle cure (dogs are a lot more likely to exhibit aggressive body language, so the horse probably had way more of a backlog of fear, whereas this guy’s fear could be worked around relatively quickly. I also wouldn’t ever recommend anyone tackle aggressive body language straight up with a leash restraining the dog, and definitely not by blowing into the dog’s face, where it’s so easy to get bit) BUT this shows a similar scenario, similar aggression, and a different protocol for resolving the problem that doesn’t involve the use of an aversive stimulus to work around aggression.