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‘Making Lanterns’ by Edward Docker painted in the late 19th century. For children in Victorian Britain Halloween wasn’t complete without carving weird and wonderful faces into different hollowed-out vegetables to make lanterns. The boy in the painting is hollowing turnips to make his lanterns, but swedes and mangelwurzels were also commonly used before the American pumpkin became widely available and popular in the latter half of the 20th Century. Traditionally in the evenings leading up to and including Halloween, children would carry their lanterns in a procession through their village, sometimes having their creations judged in a competition at the end. In the South West of England these lanterns were nicknamed ‘spunkies’ or ‘punkies’ after the local term used to describe the eerie lights which were sometimes seen above marshland. In the East of England they were called ‘Jack o’Lanterns’ after the same phenomenon.

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Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann (天元突破グレンラガン ) illustrations capturing Team Dai-Gurren (founded by Kamina) through their journey by animator Shinagawa Hiroki (品川 宏樹) ! Look at them, my heart is melting… T_T

One of the most important things I have learned since I started working is that it’s okay to not know things. This was really surprising for me because in uni I always felt like I should already know everything - if a professor mentioned something they were not teaching in that course I mostly didn’t ask since I thought it was a prerequisite.

At work, no one cares. Or rather, everyone knows that you can’t know everything because there are SO MANY tools and frameworks and methods of doing stuff that you can’t possibly know them all. Especially if you’re fresh out of uni/college! Man, programming at uni and actually building software in the industry are so vastly different, it’s like learning to program all over again. And your colleagues know that you didn’t use Tomcat or Docker or Hibernate or Java EE because why would you? It’s okay!

This is why I don’t hesitate to ask anything, even things that seem to be self-evident to everyone else. Because I’ve never gotten a bad reaction from anyone finding out I didn’t know something. No condescension, no irritation, no confusion. Just explanations in a reasonable tone of voice in a way I could understand. So don’t be afraid, it might take some getting used to but this way you’ll learn so much and will be a lot more relaxed.
(That’s not to say I don’t have any problems at work or that there is no awkwardness. The social and organisational stuff is not as easy, but I never feel bad asking about technical stuff.)

Towards a New Left Movement

These are just some of my thoughts on the state and future of the Left as of late, feel free to ignore or to debate or to reblog, but it’s mostly just because I want to shape my scattered thoughts into solid form.

I’ll begin with my thoughts on how I believe our praxis should look in an era of right-wing hegemony and neoliberal consensus. I believe that our fundamental focus should be building dual power in several forms, which I’ll outline. The first [and most important, in my opinion] is localized dual power. We should be helping people organize into a system of nesting, democratic councils, similar to those in west Kurdistan, that begin on the street level, then the district level, then the city level, then the region level, and so on. These councils can then be used to create strong, participatory local politics, whether by organizing mutual aid programs for food assistance or healthcare or getting “socialist” [left-center Democrats or Socialist Alternative etc] candidates into local office or organizing neighborhood people’s defense from white supremacists, neo-nazis, ICE, and police. The second form is unionized dual power. I think in the deindustrializing global North, labor unions aren’t nearly as useful nor militant as they used to be, but I believe workers in certain key industries [particularly those put forward by Monsieur Dupont in Nihilist Communism and discussions I have had with @gendernihilistanarchocommunist] have immense power over global Capital because they work in its arteries—the logistics industry. For decades now, an ostensible supply chain revolution has taken place to so-called “just in time” manufacturing, in which transportation, manufacturing, shipping, etc are timed to have no wasted moments in between. The advantage of this, for us, is that if dockers shut down a port, the factory that those commodities were going to gets shut down, and the factory that that factory’s commodities were going to gets shut down, and so on, rippling through the economy and causing multi billion dollar losses to Capital, inching closer and closer to capitalist crisis. One idea would be to salt these immensely powerful unions, such as the ILWU, and push them [as much as possible] towards more disruptive, more radical, more frequent action.

The second, and I think less important question, is how I believe we as the Left should organize in order to enact this praxis. I think that anything from affinity groups to communist parties would be capable and effective at organizing dual power, salting select unions, organizing self-defense and mutual aid, rallying behind left-center electoral candidates, etc. I think the best option, however, would be for us to organize a nonsectarian, multi-tendency party that would serve to organize militants across a broad geographic space [hopefully across the country and even more hopefully the world] who would act both as long-term, dedicated organizers of dual power as well as “agents of intensification” [stole that from Endnotes] in the situation of uprisings, strikes, protests, and eventually, hopefully, revolutionary situations. The Communist Labor Party in the Pacific Northwest seems to be the closest model to this I see in the US, and I think similar parties [or additional chapters of the CLP] could and should be organized nationally and internationally. If we are going to organize local dual power, it would be incredibly helpful and power-leveraging to be able to link, say, the dual power system of Seattle to the dual power system of New York City to the dual power system of Mexico City to the dual power system of Mumbai, and I think that can be best organized through an efficient party form. The same goes for linking “salted” militants in, say, an Oakland dockers’ union to “salted” militants in a Shenzhen dockers’ union, and bringing a single, albeit powerful, strike action to a potentially world-economy-destroying strike action.

I think through these organizational forms—a local dual power system, “salted” labor unions in key industries, and a nonsectarian, multi-tendency party—we can restore power to a broad Left [from anarchocommunists on the left all the way [in my opinion] to left-center liberals or maybe DSA on the right] in order to crush the Right and work towards building socialism. Questions of state seizure are certainly not relevant now, and I think in a world of high-tech, asymmetric warfare [cue marxism-leninism-memeism disagreeing, lol] and multi-continent supply chains, making economic autarky in the face of embargo very difficult [although, as proletarianization and industrialization continue to develop in the global South, chances for surviving and even thriving of marxist-leninist states look increasingly higher], questions of state seizure may never be relevant, as worldwide implosion of capitalism and communization in its bones may be the only option left. Either way, I think that left unity is paramount in the face of the Left’s weakness and the Right’s strength, and we need to be organizing on a nonsectarian, multi-tendency, anti-capitalist basis.

I think this is a good start as far as solidifying my thoughts goes, and I may add more later on, but I’d like to hear people’s thoughts on it if anyone is interested!

ちょい待てアマゾンが物流に参加ってのみて「ヤマトが大変だから」とか「佐川がどうの」とかそういう古風なビジネスのだいたいとか「中抜きがなくなるどうの」とかじゃないぞ。

そもそもプログラマー・ウェブの「配送」の仕組みは物流という世界で最も大事だった市場の「手本」となるほど進んでいて、アマゾンはこのプログラマーの世界で成立していってるイノベーションを、古臭い物流の世界にも提供することを考えている。絶対そうだ。それが分からない(プログラマーが考えていることがわからない)ならアマゾンが物流でやろうとしてることの意味なんてわからない。勉強すると良いと思う。

cdnでもdockerとかのlayer差分を例にとってもいいが、予測・機械学習がデータの配送、パケットサイズの次の標準の定義とかグラデーション化とかに、強烈に機能する領域になる。

コンビニってのは「バッファ」でしかない。ミニバッファだ。家、コンビニ、都心の非常に多くの敷地はバッファでしかない。流通経路(道や電車網をシェアしながら機能している物流基地など)もバッファ量やルーティングの仕組みで見ていくとこうしたバッファやペイロード以外の部位を最小化し、「利用あたりの物理空間コスト」などを極限まで短くするシステムを考えてるのがアマゾンで、その時にソフトウェアやウェブ技術などがここまでに積み上げてきた手法たちがフルスタックで転用できる。自動操縦カー(ロボ猫がやってるようなのの進んだやつ)とか、ロッカーとかそういうのも全部その数段進んで、かつ統合されたやつが登場する。


いままでは提携会社をハックしながらやろうとしていたが、一気に統合した方法を構築することで、ものを一個届ける(というか「利用し、消費する」)までのコストそのものを激減させ、流通コストそのものを激減させる方法をとったときに、ヤマトも佐川もなにも、勝てない。コンビニもウォルマートも勝てないかもしれない。

例えば「あなたは明日水が必要になります」という予測があり、「この地区にはこのリットル数の水がこの粒度のコップでこの回数必要です」っていう水道局かよみたいな予測が可能になる。水のペットボトルで、2リットルの水が500ミリボトルより安いのは、「バッファと流通の全体最適の極限化」の可能性を示してる。多分水は500ミリボトルの1/20とかの値段まで落ちてく。2リットルのボトルが、とかではなく。そして「商品の粒度」すら変えていくだろう。

これがアマゾンが考えてることで、ロングショットの革命を狙ってるのはアマゾンだろうというのは「こういう最終形式までロボットや自動操縦や配送。オンラインでいうcdnの基地に値するアマゾンカーとかアマゾンタワー(アマゾンバッファー)みたいなもんを主要街において流通させる処理効率とか「使われる予定のあるものだけが近くにいる。コンビニにイクより安く、必要を察知して激安でそこにおいといてくれる」をやるのがアマゾンだろうとおもう。

思うに25階建てくらいのアマゾンタワー(平米数は少ない)を一駅に一つくらい(というか陸の孤島とかに)立てといて、バッファにして、そっからドローンとかuber的シェアリング(今回個人事業主1万人を導入する意図のさきにはコレ考えてると思う。)やるといいんじゃないかなと。

anonymous asked:

Sorry for bothering, but do you know how to get Krita to let you paint color inside lines? For example, I drew line art and now want to color it entirely purple, how do I make it so the purple doesn't go outside the line art even if my cursor does?

Do you mean you want to color your actual lines, or if you want to fill your drawing with color (like a coloring book)?

Coloring Your Lines

For coloring your actual lines, you’ll want to lock the alpha of your layer. Sounds complicated. But its actually a one button fix. It makes it so that you can only draw on parts of the layer that have already been drawn on. 

Now you should be able to color your lines any color you want to. You can fill them, use a brush, gradient, etc. 

Coloring Inside Your Lines (Fill Tool)

If you have CLEAN line art. You can actually use the Fill Tool.

(An example of clean lineart. No breaks. Clearly defined, solid lines.)

Make a layer under your lines for your color. 

You can find your fill tool on your Toolbox Docker. (Any missing dockers can be found under Settings>Dockers)

In your Tool Options, there is a setting that can make filling your line art very quick. Its called Grow Selection.

And if you set the number up till about 2 pixels, it should expand your fill tool so that it fills the line art nicely. Here’s an example of what the fill tool will do with and without the use of Grow Selection.

Now you can use the Fill Tool to click inside spaces and fill them with color. You can do each color on its own layer, if you wish. 

You may have to go in with a brush and clean up small areas that the fill tool may not have reached, but this is a nice way to quickly fill clean line art. 

You can also turn on alpha lock for color layers as well, and color inside them easily. 

Coloring Inside Your Lines (G’MIC Filter)

If you’re like me, and you use sketchy, pencily lines, or you have a lot of breaks in your line art, the fill tool probably wont work so well. But there is a filter you can use to help. 

First, create a layer under your lines like you did the last time. Now, fill in spots of the image with the color you’d like them to be. Make sure to set a color outside the lines, otherwise the filter will fill it with one of your other colors and the filter won’t work correctly. The color I used is lime green. 

Now. SAVE your file. 

Now, with your color layer selected, go to Filters>G’MIC. 

Now choose “Active and Above” for Input. This tells G’MIC to consider your color layer and your lines layer, which is above it. 

Next, in the filters list, under Black & White, choose Colorize (Comics). 

(Don’t worry too much about what the Preview looks like, here. Mine always look chaotic and messed up. The actual filter looks much better)

Now, to the right. I usually have it set so that it creates a layer for each color.

After that, hit OK to run the filter. 

Your result should look something like this. 

From here, you can delete your background color layer and do any necessary clean up.  If you want all of your colors on one layer, you can select them all by clicking on them while holding Shift, and merge them with Ctrl+E. 

Now, this extra step is optional, but since my lines can sometimes be thin and see through, I tend to do this. 

If you turn off your Line Art Layer (Its name is probably different, but it will be the layer above all the colors. You’ll see that the edges of the color are pretty sharp and not anti-aliased. 

It can look kind of gross behind thin and seethrough lines. I use the Blur filter to fix it. 

I set it to a radius of just 1 pixel. It usually does the trick. 

Hit OK and run the filter, and your results should be a lot nicer behind your lines.

For more complicated line art, sometimes I use the filter fill the entire inside with just one color, alpha lock the layer, and color it by hand with a brush tool. 

I hope this tutorial was helpful!