dividing opinions


first things first, gaze upon this majestic fucker:

and, in case you felt like sleeping tonight, gaze upon him again:

this is denver international airport’s fabled demon horse, a gigantic 32-foot, 9000-lb statue embodying the terror and eldritch nature of death itself. locals have lovingly nicknamed it “bluecifer”, because we love our murder child

and i do mean murder

in case the GLOWING RED EYES staring into your soul weren’t enough to tell you old bluecifer is bad news, you should know that in the process of its construction the thing was responsible for the death of its creator. part of it injured him fatally.

we welcome people to the state of colorado with a murderous demon horse that haunts your nightmares for the rest of time. we’re a nice place, really

people are divided on their opinions of the thing for obvious reasons, but for those of us that enjoy having an elder god living on our doorsteps, someone has created and runs a twitter account for bluecifer that acts… well, exactly the way you’d expect a giant blue murder horse should

all hail our horse overlord

anonymous asked:

I don't know if you've discussed this before, but what are your views on Scarlet Johanson being cast as the lead in GitS? I know lots of people believe this to be white washing, but there are divided opinions.

I’m of the firm opinion that Hollywood making a Ghost in the Shell adaptation is iffy in the first place when the original manga is so intrinsically tied to Japanese history. The manga itself was a reflection and reaction to post-war Japan’s economic dependence on technology, and a lot of its power comes from the emotional nuance that the author threaded into its story as someone who grew up in that time period. One of the primary themes of the manga is how technology blends with Eastern philosophy. The fact that Hollywood decided to grab at the monumental task of adapting this franchise without understanding the weight of it offends me as a storyteller. Even then, I might have watched it if the cyberpunk aesthetic was pretty enough.

However, in my view, proceeding to cast Scarlett Johansson as the main character is nothing short of a disgrace. In the end, that is the reason why I am choosing to not watch the film. Now, hang onto your hat, anon, this is going to be a long ride under the cut:

Keep reading


The kea is beautiful, intelligent, hilarirous..and in serious trouble.  In the last decade kea numbers have plummeted, and there are many reasons why.  Like many New Zealand species, the kea has been greatly affected by invasive mammalian predators such as rats, stoats, and possums.  A study has shown that only about two thirds of kea chicks survive to fledging due to nest raids by these predators.  Unfortunately, government efforts to eradicate these creatures are also affecting the kea, as the curious birds will often consume poisoned bait and be caught in traps.  

The kea’s curiosity and intelligence may also work against it.  Many kea have died from lead poisoning, as they will chew on the roofs and gutters of old buildings, which often contain lead.  In addition, chewing on buildings and cars leads kea into increasing conflict with humans.

Humans are deeply divided in their opinion about the kea, and both of them can be harmful.  Many people love the kea, and travel to the national parks just to see them.  These same people, however, charmed by the kea’s fearlessness, will feed them unsuitable and harmful foods such as chips, ice cream, and chocolate.  This also encourages the kea to seek out people, which can lead them to approach those on the other side of the spectrum.  For other humans consider the kea a terrible nuisance due to its attacks on sheep and destructive nature.  Despite protection by the government, many locals still actively hunt and shoot kea.

There may be as few as 1000 kea left in the wild.

My favorite lyrics from divide
  • Eraser: Welcome to the new show I guess you know I've been away/ where I'm headed who knows my heart will stay the same
  • Castle On The Hill: These people raised me and I can't wait to go home
  • Dive: Maybe I waited too long/ maybe I played my cards wrong
  • Shape of You: Last night you were in my room and now my bedsheets smell like you
  • Perfect: Darling just kiss me slow your heart is all I own
  • Galway Girl: She played the fiddle in an Irish band but she fell in love with an English man
  • Happier: I could try to smile to hide the truth but I know I was happier with you
  • New Man: You're still a young girl trying to be loved so let me give it to ya
  • Hearts Don't Break Around Here: she is the lighthouse in the night that will safely guide me home
  • What Do I Know: Aint got a soapbox I can stand upon but god gave me a stage a guitar and a song
  • How Would You Feel (Paenan): we were sitting in a parked car stealing kisses in the front yard
  • Supermarket Flowers: A life with love is a life that's been lived
  • Barcelona: I've got two left feet and a bottle of red wine
  • Bibia Be Ye Ye: I remember less and less and mostly things that I regret
  • Nancy Mulligan: On the summer day when I proposed I made that wedding ring from dentist gold
  • Save Myself: I drove miles and miles but would you do the same for me oh honestly

progression-of-the-soul  asked:

What do you think the good reasons to hate Trump are, then?

He’s an authoritarian nutcase. He abuses executive power. He doesn’t understand how the economy works. He’s a nationalist. He alienates other foreign leaders for no reason. He thinks he can run a country like he runs he businesses: doing whatever the hell he wants with no regard for consequences and punishing all who oppose him. He thinks if a poll doesn’t agree with him it’s automatically fake news (polling practices are far from perfect, but even the FOX poll shows a sharp divide in public opinion for his “extreme vetting”). He held up green card holders from their families and livelihood. He has said all manner of vile things about women. He launched his campaign with faulty statistics about immigrant crime rates. He suggested an unconstitutional religious test for citizenship. He suggested killing the families of terrorists. He has advocated for limitations of first amendment rights and freedom of the press. He routinely lies. He makes claims with absolutely no foundation. He’s a blustering populist with no regard for the Constitution or basic human decency. And he has really bad hair.



Wizarding Schools (3/11) - Castelobruxo

“ The Brazilian school for magic, which takes students from all over South America, may be found hidden deep within the rainforest. The fabulous castle appears to be a ruin to the few Muggle eyes that have ever fallen upon it (a trick shared by Hogwarts; opinion is divided on who got the idea from whom). Castelobruxo is an imposing square edifice of golden rock, often compared to a temple. Both building and grounds are protected by the Caipora, small and furry spirit-beings who are extraordinarily mischievous and tricky, and who emerge under cover of night to watch over the students and the creatures who live in the forest. Former Castelobruxo Headmistress Benedita Dourado was once heard to laugh heartily, on an exchange visit to Hogwarts, when Headmaster Armando Dippet complained of Peeves the poltergeist. Her offer to send him some Caipora for the Forbidden Forest ‘to show you what trouble really is’ was not accepted.”

huei-doodles  asked:

hello! idk if i've ever sent you this message before, but i was scrolling thru ur blog just now, and i wanted to say that your stuff is very pretty! your style is so cute, and artistic! <3

As you can see, opinions are divided but thank you

Writing essay in french : part 4

4 The mechanics of the argument

4.1 Expressing facts / certainty

il s'agit de - this is

il y a / il existe - there is / there are

on peut constater / remarquer / observer / noter que - it can be observed that

on peut soutenir que - it is arguable that

il est certain / exact / sûr que - it is certain that

il est évident que - it is clear that

il ne fait aucun doute que - there is no doubt that

nul ne saurait douter que (+ subj) - nobody can doubt that

incontestablement / indubitablement - unquestionably

il est indéniable que - it cannot be denied that

il apparaît que - it appears that

tout semble indiquer que - everything seems to indicate that

cet incident met en évidence … - this incident demonstrates …

il faut reconnaître / admettre que - we must recongize / admit that

il va de soi que / cela va sans dire que - it goes without saying that

chacun peut constater que… – anyone can see that

il y a fort à penser que / il y a tout lieu de penser que - there is every reason for thinking that

force est de constater que– one cannot help stating that

Avoiding using être

Il s'agit là d'un progrès décisif par rapport aux méthodes traditionnelles - 

This is a real advance on traditional methods

Le pays se trouve confronté à de grosses difficultés économiques - 

The country is faced with major economic problems

Le déficit du budget s’élève à / atteint 10 milliards - The budget deficit is 10 billion

L'opinion publique reste divisée sur cette question - Public opinion is divided on this question

Les actions du gouvernement constituent une attaque contre les principes du syndicalisme - The government’s actions are an attack on the principles of

La compagnie figure au premier rang des exportateurs de… - The company is among the leading exporters of

Le déficit représente plus de 3% du PNB - The deficit is more than 3% of the GNP

Avoiding using avoir

Le ministre éprouve des difficultés à convaincre le public des bénéfices de cette politique - The minister is having difficulty convincing the public of the benefits of this policy

Le gouvernement dispose de plusieurs options pour résoudre le problème - the government has several options for solving the problem

Le musée recueille tous les meilleurs tableaux de l'artiste - The museum has all the artist’s best paintings

Le nouveau système présente plusieurs avantages - The new system has many advantages

4.2 Expressing probability / possibility / doubt

il est (bien) probable que - it is (very) probable that

il serait étonnant que (+ subjunctive) - it would be surprising if

il se pourrait (bien) / il est (bien) possible que - it is very possible that

il se peut que - it is possible that

il y a toutes les chances que / peu de chances que - it is highly likely / unlikely that

il est douteux que - it is unlikely that

il est encore trop tôt / prématuré pour savoir si - it is still too early to know whether

on ne dispose pas de suffisamment d'informations sur  - we do not yet have enough information about

reste à savoir si - it remains to be seen if

il faut se poser la question de - one must ask oneself the question

on ne peut pas écarter la possibilté que - One cannot rule out the possibility that

4.3 Expressing contrast / concession

mais - but

en fait - in fact

cependant, toutefois - however

au contraire - on the contrary

à l'inverse / par contre - by contrast

néanmoins, quand même - nevertheless

pourtant - yet

(il) reste que - the fact remains that

pour autant - for all that

quoi qu'il en soit - be that as it may

La contrepartie des avantages considérables présentées par Internet est le risque de dérives inhérent à un outil par nature difficile à contrôler
The downside to the considerable advantages offered by the Internet is the risk of
La presse à sensation est très critiquée par le public, toujours est-il que leur tirage ne cesse d’augmenter
Although the tabloid press is strongly criticized by the public, nevertheless their circulation keeps on increasing
Beaucoup d'analystes se félicitent des bénéfices de l'euro en termes de stabilité monétaire. Ceci dit, le pari n'est pas gagné.
Many analysts are pleased with the benefits that the euro is having with regard to monetary stability. That having been said, there is still some way to go
Cette déclaration va à l'encontre de la politique du gouvernement sur l'Europe
This declaration goes against the government’s policy on Europe
Certes, on ne peut pas reprocher au ministre les politiques de son prédecesseur. Mais
Admittedly the minister cannot be blamed for the policies of his predecessor. But…

4.4 Expressing the importance of something

On pourrait aller même jusqu'à dire que.. It could even be said that…

Le plus frappant est que … The most striking thing is…

Ceci constitue le point crucial / le point de mire du débat …This constitutes the crucial point / the focal point of the debate

Il est utile de s'attarder sur… It is worth dwelling on…

Il faut insister sur le fait que / l'importance de…We must emphasize that / the importance that…

Jouer un rôle primordial / prépondérant dans…To play a major part in…

Il convient de souligner l'importance historique de l'immigration dans le développement économique de cette région
It is important to stress the historic importance of immigration in the economic development of the region
Il faut bien préciser / souligner que c'était le ministre lui-même qui a lancé l'enquête
It should be emphasized that it was the minister him/herself who launched the enquiry
De nos jours, l'opéra est vu comme élitiste, d’autant plus que les spectacles sont de plus en plus chers
Nowadays the opera is considered to be elitist, all the more so considering that performances keep on getting more expensive
Il n'est pas exagéré d'affirmer que le développement d'Internet aura des conséquences considérables sur la vie quotidienne.
It is no exaggeration to say that the development of the Internet will have significant consequences on our everyday life.
La situation dans la région est on ne peut plus grave
The situation in the region couldn’t be any more serious

4.5 Clarifying / moderating a statement

En d'autres termes, / Bref , il a changé d'avis /In other words / In short he has changed his mind

Cela revient à dire que… / This boils down to saying that…

Sans vouloir critiquer cette façon de procéder, on peut constater que…Without wishing to criticize this course of action, it can be said that …

L'auteur a raison dans l'ensemble, mais… /The author is broadly speaking right, but…

Il serait injuste de reprocher à X… / It would be unfair to blame X for…

Il faut néanmoins nuancer cette affirmation en disant que… 

This claim should nevertheless be qualified by saying…

Il est clair que les deux sociétés convergent vers le même objectif,à savoir

une reconnaissance sur le plan international / It is clear that the two companies are moving towards the same objective, namely international recognition

Il ne s'agit pas à proprement parler d'une récession /This is not strictly speaking a recession
Malgré tous ces problèmes, le catastrophisme n'est pas de mise
Despite all these problems, it is not all gloom-and-doom

4.7 Indicating the reason for something

parce que - because

à cause de - because of

grâce à- thanks to

puisque- since

être dû à- to be due to

avoir pour origine / trouver son origine dans- to be a result of

être la conséquence de- to be a consequence of

provenir de- to stem from

résulter de- to result from

cela expliquerait- that would explain

en effet - this is because

c'est pour cette raison / pour cela que - this is / that’s why

L'usage de la voiture en ville présente des risques importants; l'année dernière il a occasionné / causé 2 400 décès et plus de 100 000 blessés / The use of cars in towns creates significant risks; last year it caused 2 400 deaths and more than 100 000

L'hésitation des Français envers Internet s'explique par leur attitude habituelle à l'égard des nouvelles technologies /The coolness of the French towards the Internet can be explained by their usual attitude towards new technologies

La crise dans nos hôpitaux est la conséquence de/ suite directe d‘années de manque d'investissement / The crisis in our hospitals is a direct result of years of underfunding

Le PDG a cité comme raison profonde des mauvais résultats la chute du niveau des exportations / The MD cited the fall in the level of exports as the prinicpal reason for the poor results

On peut attribuer le succès de l'extrême droite aux dernières élections à une désillusion générale face à la politique /The success of the far right at the last election can be put down to a general disillusionment with politics 

Si les électeurs ont rejeté le gouvernement, c'est qu'ils n'ont plus confiance dans son intégrité politique / If the voters have rejected the government, it’s because they no longer have any confidence in their political integrity

L'émission retrace les événements qui sont à l'origine de la crise au Moyen Orient / The programme traces the events that lie at the root of the Middle East crisis

Les problèmes qui ont résulté du krach boursier se font toujours sentir
The problems that resulted from the stock exchange crash can still be felt

Les mauvais résultats de la compagnie tiennent à une baisse du cours du dollar / The company’s poor results were due to a fall in the rate of the dollar

4.8 Indicating the consequences of something

par conséquent / en conséquence / par voie de conséquence - as a result

dans ces conditions - in these conditions

pour cette raison - for this reason

avoir pour conséquence / résultat de - to have the effect of

dès lors, de ce fait - so, consequently

il en résulte / découle (fatalement) que - the (inevitable result) of this is

il s'ensuit que - it follows that

face à cette situation - given this state of affairs

Les conséquences de cette politique mal conçue se font toujours sentir /The consequences of this ill-conceived policy can still be felt today

A la suite des attaques récentes on a pris des mesures plus rigoureuses en matière de sécurité / As a result of the recent attacks more rigorous security measures have been taken

Il y a plusieurs facteurs qui touchent l'industrie aérospatiale en ce moment
There are several factors affecting the aerospace industry at the moment

La réduction du temps de travail aura certainement une incidence sur les coûts de production / The reductions in the working week will certainly have an effect on production costs

L'accroissement des dépenses en matière de santé répond à une inquiétude croissante parmi le public à propos de l'état de nos hôpitaux / The increase in health spending is a response to growing worries among the public about the state of our hospitals

Ce nouveau plan de redressement ne peut que déboucher sur des augmentations de tarifs / This new recovery plan can only lead to price increases

Ces mesures devraient permettre / favoriser la création de nouveaux emplois dans le secteur / These measures should ensure / encourage the creation of new jobs in the sector

Source : Manchester Metropolitan University

We want peace within the riverdale community!

We’re only 6 episodes In and the shipping wars have already caused so much destruction through the fandom and it’s really bothering me. Don’t get me wrong, I adore teen wolf, but it turned into a battle ground over [especially stydia and stalia] shipping wars. It was horrible to see such a community divided by the harsh opinions on each others ships. I really want us to be able to come together as a fandom and appreciate the talent of the actors and the incredible show that we are all so committed to. Repost if you agree♥ #RiverdaleStrong #WeWontBeDivided

Originally posted by riverdaleselite

Got A Melancholic Temperament (that's what they said to me)
An Archive of Our Own, a project of the Organization for Transformative Works
By Organization for Transformative Works

A new meta with a strange ability has public opinion divided on whether she’s a menace or a miracle-worker. The jury’s still out on the matter when the Snart siblings get caught in her crosshairs.

Or: Leonard and Lisa end up temporarily de-aged. It’ll wear off, but in the meantime, Team Flash has to figure out what the heck to do with them and how to keep them safe. Inviting them to live at the West house seems like a natural, if terrible, solution.

Originally posted by all-decay

Baby Daddy (Series)


News about the baby had spread among your peers by the next morning. Some who have been misinformed sent congratulatory gifts to the hospital and your phone was filled with congratulatory messages as well.

The biggest obstacle was to confine the information as close as possible in the hopes that the media would not be able to catch on the fact that Jay Park, CEO of a trendy hiphop label, had found an abandoned child at his family’s restaurant.

Amidst all the noise that was occupying your head, you were still wrapping your it around the fact that Jay was taking everything like it was not a big deal. There was something wrong and you could feel it in your gut but could not possibly put your finger as to what it was.

You paced the hallway outside the hospital room trying to push aside unwanted thoughts. You took a deep breath and exhaled sharply and went back inside the room.

Everyone else had either gone home or went to work except for you and Jay.

Keep reading

Unpopular Opinion

Divided tanks are a risk and you shouldn’t even try them. If you want two bettas, get two tanks. If you can’t afford two tanks? You get one betta. You’re not obligated to a fish and you shouldn’t place two fish in an unsafe position in order to have two bettas.

Sixteen years before Elizabeth’s own natural death in old age, Mary was beheaded at the age of forty-four. That one act of regicide, a queen killing a fellow queen, a mythology of justification, romance, accusation and blame has been spun that retains its force to the present day. Of all the monarchs of these islands it is Elizabeth I and Mary Queen of Scots who most stir the imagination. They divided powerful opinion in their lifetimes and were the focus of passionate debate in the centuries that followed their deaths. Murderess, ‘whore’, daughter of the devil were epithets flung at both queens by their detractors, while their supporters claimed Elizabeth as hero and saviour, Mary as martyr and Saint. It was the relationship between them that heightened these extremes of partisan feeling. Even in death, through history and myth, they continued locked together in complex rivalry, somehow embodying the ancestral character and mutual suspicion of their respective kingdoms.

- Elizabeth & Mary by Jane Dunn

So one of the questions during Misha’s panel at Phoenixcon was about the “rumours” pertaining to an “AU!Cas” and how that Cas would be different.

Misha asked the person where they got the rumours from (it was you, Misha, during JIB smh) and the person responded “Twitter” and then there was some back-and-forth about how Twitter was a very unreliable source (which is true).

But then he said “I wouldn’t put too much stock in those rumours.” and that was it. That’s pretty much all he had to say about it. Which makes sense seeing as he probably hasn’t seen a single script aside from the Scooby Doo one yet, so he honestly doesn’t know.

I know there’s a lot of spec about this and opinions are divided, which is fine, that’s always part of the fun. I personally don’t think we’ll get to see an AU!Cas. I think when they bring Cas back he’ll be different somehow, because as Misha did say during JIB: what’s important about Cas’s death is how it will transform him. Maybe he’ll be human. Maybe he’ll be something else completely controlled by Jack the nephilim. But he’s not just gonna come back exactly the same, that would be kinda pointless.

But an AU!Cas from bizarro world? I doubt it. I don’t think they need to introduce an AU!Cs to tell their story. But hey, I could be wrong. Maybe we’ll have an AU!Cas who will interact with Mary/Luci (Bobby?) but never with Sam & Dean. Maybe he’ll even be in a different vessel. But yeah, my money’s on not seeing AU!Cas at all.

Man this hellatus is really dragging on and it hasn’t even been a month yet!

Based on me & my cousin goofing off

Riza: (opens door) Ed? You okay? 

Ed: (Listening to Linkin Park) Yes.


Ed: ‘Like an army, falling' 

Riza: ‘One by one by one' 

Ed: (turns stereo off) ‘And your voice was all I heard.‘ 

Riza: ‘That I get what I deserve' 

Ed & Riza: (Using a comb and dry eraser as microphones) 'SO GIVE ME REASON! TO PROVE ME WRONG! TO WASH THIS MEMORY CLEAN! LET THE FLOODS CROSS, THE DISTANCE IN YOUR EYYYYYYYYYYYES! Give me reason to fill this hole! Connect the space between! Let it be enough to reach the truth that lies! ACROSS THIS NEW DIVIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIDE!' 

(1 hour later) 

 Roy: (opens door) What’re you two doing? 


chocolettestarfish  asked:

How does Aarush Fawkes feel about Omnics? He comes from a background where there may have been a divide in opinion, so I'm curious what sort of opinion he formed on them, through influence and self-discovery. (I like his whole name, ahah.)

To reiterate, we all know jamison has prejudice/discriminatory feelings for Omnics, while satya (tho i am unsure if there is any canon proof of this, but I’m just assuming ) has no ill feelings towards them. 

Within the household, Aarush grew up with these two very different view points. But as he learned more of his world and gained more knowledge, his views on Omnics themselves have settled in positive light. He understands his father’s view point on why he has an inherent hate for them, but Aarush’s beliefs settle on bridging those prejudice feelings and to learn and respect others for their differences. 

Aarush Fawkes everyone. o/

anonymous asked:

I have to disagree with the previous anon, I mean I get why people think that ereri can't be canon. That is a possibility. But look at all the official art, The ereri novel created by Isayama himself plus all the hints in the manga. Why would they all exist if there wouldn't be a chance? I think that there is a chance that it will become canon, I just don't know how big it is. We need to believe 🙏

Anonymous said: I’m aware that Ereri will never be canon, and at this point, has to be one of the most sunken ships in this fandom. It pains me to admit this sad truth and I don’t like to be pessimistic about my otp because I love Ereri so much it hurts. But I have to face reality. BUT. I would AT LEAST want Isayama to make them interact more. I would beg for one more touching moment between them. Shake hands, give each other a friendly hug Idk just let them PLEASE TALK because they never do. :’(

Anonymous said: do you think isayama will give ereri a shot to be canon?

I had several asks regarding the same thing both here and on my main, so I’m putting them together. This seems to be a popular subject atm :P. (There was a 4th one but I won’t post it since it wasn’t appropiate for this blog, but if you read this anon, this response works for you too.)

Well, like I was saying the other day, this shows how the opinions are divided lol.

But that’s alright. There’s people who want to believe it can be canon. And the possibility is still there. As long as they are both alive, there’s a chance! 

And there’s also people who think that it’s not possible for a manga like this to make any ship canon. We have to always remember what kind of manga SnK is, and it’s definitely not a romance focused one. And that point of view is perfectly valid too.

And what do I think? Well… it depends on the day. Some days when I re-read or re-watch their interactions, and all the canon stuff, visual novel, interviews, etc… I think it might definitely be possible for them to get somewhere. But then, I also am up to date with the recent chapters, interviews with Isayama saying he wants to end the manga as soon as possible, and things like that… and I think that there might not be enough time for it, or simply Isayama won’t take the time to focus on something like that. I really don’t know!

On top of that I don’t want to be dissapointed, so I always try to not expect anything to not have my heart broken later, especially with ships.

But I have to disagree with the statment saying that Ereri is one of the most sunken ships in this fandom… I don’t see it like that at all! In canon, they’re still in good terms even if they went through a very difficult situation, and in fandom, is still the most popular ship!

The only problem is that because of how the manga has progressed, it’s been a long time since they had any meaningful interaction. And if we look at the anime, we have the same situation but in reverse: it’s going to be a while until their next moments get animated. So right now things are a bit slow in that sense. But trust me, once we get to the good stuff, the fandom will be all over it again ^^.

But well, whatever it happens, remember that it’s not good to obsess about any ship being canon. What makes Ereri great, it’s not only what happens in the manga. I’m very thankful to Isayama for creating this amazing story and characters! But the fandom made them even better, with their stories, art, headcanons, etc. The Ereri we love is going to keep existing no matter what happens on Isayama’s manga.

Like I was saying to a friend the other day, SnK is just a story, like any other. But there are thousands of stories out there where Eren and Levi are together and happy, really good stories! The only difference is that they’re not official, but at the end of the day, does that even matter that much? Both are just stories. As long as they bring you happiness, they’re as good as any official stuff for me ;).


Turnbull Early-Printed Fragments 1: Letter from the Pope

Following on from our most recent post about unidentified early-printed leaves held by the Alexander Turnbull Library here is the first - and what may turn out to be our most interesting - identification.

This bifolium is part of a lengthy letter written by Pope Pius II (1405-1464) and addressed to the Ottoman sultan Mehmed II better known as Mehmed the Conqueror (1432-1481). 

In what is known as his ‘Epistola ad Mahumetem’, Pius sought to convert the sultan to Christianity by attempting to convince Mehmed that Christ was the redeemer. Although it is agreed the letter was never sent, scholarly opinion remains divided over Pius’s true motivation for writing it.

The letter was originally written in 1461 and first published in Cologne in 1464. The Turnbull fragment comes from an edition printed in Rome by Stephan Plannck around 1490. Plannck is perhaps best known as the printer of the 1493 Latin translation of Christopher Columbus’s letter describing his discoveries in the New World the previous year.