diseased cat

Make me do your work everyday and cause cats to get sick? I'll catch you in your lies and get you fired.

This woman who I’ll call Tootles worked with me at an animal shelter as cat caretakers. We work opposite days and the first thing that she did to piss me off was telling me she had cleaned under furniture/restocked/refilled cleaning bottles. She sneakily just made it clean enough that you couldn’t tell she was barely doing anything all day. It would take me at least 30 min to an hour everyday to clean all the stuff that she hadn’t done the day before, and I had to do that in addition to my already extremely busy job. So some days I’d have to stay late, and I have two jobs so I’m always exhausted, and then I have a 45 min drive home where I’m blasting music and chain smoking just to stay awake.

I tried to tell my boss about this but she said that I need to have a better attitude, and that I was complaining too much about Tootles. She only told me this bc she’s a jerk most of the time and she didn’t want to deal with all the hassle of finding a new employee in a rural area.

Basically, when you have 20 cats housed in multiple rooms, it becomes a breeding ground for disease and infections. The point of cleaning every single surface and under the furniture with chemicals is to kill these germs and what not. After I started working there she got lazier and never did a single thing that she thought wouldn’t be noticed since my boss had no problem with what she was doing to me.

Because she wasn’t cleaning according to procedure, we now have almost every single cat (except the older ones with strong immune systems) come down with an upper respiratory tract infection. We have to now take those sick cats and quarantine them. For each cat, we have to now put on a gown, booties, gloves, and a mask if we are even going to touch them. These are all single use, extremely wasteful, and very expensive, but required by law. We also have to give them meds two or more times a day for the uri. This takes even more time(3x the amount of time I’d need to take care of a healthy cat. I knew immediately that the outbreak was her fault for not cleaning and the boss was very angry at the whole situation, wondering why this is happening. So before I leave I take tiny cat toys and hide them under every single thing shes supposed to clean under. I then make tiny marks with sharpie on all the kennels she has to scrub( we use a chemical that would dissolve the sharpie, and then rinse out and dry the cage so the cats paws aren’t affected.) I also put tiny marks on the bleach bottles showing how much was in them so I’ll also have proof she’s not cleaning the toilets. I come to work the day after hers and surprise surprise the same amount of bleach, sharpie marks still on kennels, all the toys still where I left them. So I tell my boss what I’ve done, I was nervous she would say I was kinda psycho but she said I should have done this sooner and yelled at me a bit(I told you this was happening already.). We sign a log required by law and we have to initial that we completed every single thing so boss just calls her up, asks if she’s actually done these things, which if she just admitted to being lazy she could have just been yelled at and kept her job. She lies and says she always follows procedures so boom she’s fired for lying about doing her work. It’s been like 3 months, she’s still out of a job I think, and the outbreak of disease amongst the cat has completely cleared up. She apparently really loved her job based on her fb so idk why she’d be so lazy and cause the cats suffering like that.

other tips for new cat owners / people who may get cats soon:

no, getting a grown cat won’t be boring / less cute! they’ll become just as attached to you as a kitten. get a cat that speaks to you (literally or figuratively, maybe you want a cat that’s chatty). older cats will be so appreciative to have a home. 
people get rid of their cats for all kinds of unfair reasons. just the ones i’ve seen on the craigslist listings in the last 5 minutes: “i am just more of a dog person (7mo old kitten)”, “we hoped she would get over her kittenish behavior, she has not (2yr old cat)”, “i need to get rid of my cat before my baby is born (3yr old cat)”.
you can totally pick up a beautiful, loving, grown up kitty who will be needing some comfort after getting dumped. just look at this girl.

(taken off craigslist) she would be more than happy to live her cat life with you. is she not cute? she is. she is cute. so, ultimately, adopt whatever cat you like, but don’t rule out older cats!

nextly: no no, do NOT declaw your cat. DON’T DO IT. I’M TELLIN YA.
it’s a deeply painful procedure, actually removing the entire first knuckle, not JUST the nail. it causes long-term and potentially permanent pain in the cat, and can lead to nasty infections, behavioral problems, and helplessness if they ever find themselves outside and in need of protection or climbing abilities.
“but i don’t want my cat to scratch me / my kid / my furniture!” okay, i feel you, but there are other, cheaper, less inhumane options. my favorite of which are claw caps.

you gently press on your cat’s foot (to unsheath their claws), and place the soft cap onto their claw using the glue that’s included in any soft paw kit you get. it might take some getting used to on the cat’s part, but it should under no circumstances be painful, and when the kitty’s claws grow, the cap just kinda falls off, and you’ll put another one on.
you can also file or clip their nails down! if you’re too nervous or clumsy to do it, your vet will usually do it for a small fee, or a groomer can take care of it. Personally, I just let my cats’ claws hang out and accept the pokes when they knead on me, since i don’t have any little babies or expensive upholstery in my home. 

No, cats ain’t “low maintenance”. This is a living, social creature, not a chiapet. Especially if you’re raising them from kittenhood, they need a lot of attention and resources. cuddles, playtime, training, health care, feeding, cleaning up their facilities. you get a pet to interact with, not to buy and leave it be! a cat that you don’t socialize is going to be very moody and sad. get a pet if you plan to invest the time and energy they need- if not, maybe we can come back to that cactus idea? 

Cats need meat. I repeat, cats cannot survive without meat. Dogs need meat too- but cats are incapable of creating taurine in their own, and where do you find taurine? meat! hallelujah!! 
Feeding cats a vegan or vegetarian diet is a slow form of starvation and animal abuse. If you’re not comfortable feeding an animal meat, please do not adopt a carnivore. There are plenty of vegetarian mammals that you would be much better suited owning, but do not abuse your cats just because of your own feelings about protein. 
Without enough taurine in a cat’s diet, severe health problems will follow, like blindness, weak and decaying teeth, weak heart, and digestive issues. This is terrible. This objectively sucks. So pretty please give your cat a proper diet!

It’s way way safer to have an indoor cat. I don’t need you to tell me that you want your cat to be with you for many years, ‘cause I already know you do. Outdoor cats are exposed to wild animals, animal abusers, poisonous substances, cars, harsh weather, kidnapping, and diseases. Cats like rolling around in grass and grabbing birds from trees, and that’s great, but having an outdoor cat makes for a steep decrease in their estimated lifespan. The average lifespan of an indoor cat is 16.8 years, whereas outdoor cats average out to a hard-hitting 5.6. Ouch. 
So it’s definitely safer to keep a cat indoors! If you’re adopting a young kitten, it won’t be hard, since they won’t be expecting outdoor time already. If you’re still really into that whole grass idea, you should totally grow some indoor grass for your cat to chill in. 

good.

that’s everything i can think of for the moment, but please don’t be afraid to do your own research on animal care. there are tons of resources out there, and if you have a good vet, they’ll answer any questions you have! 

thank you for readin’ about cat care. as a reward, i’m adding a picture of toby as a baby. enjoy.

Common infectious diseases of Feline population

So you’ve got a half-cat, half human hybrid made in a secret laboratory. Or a race of tiger-people in the jungle outskirts. Or a race of cats that evolved a human shape on a spaceship over the last three million years.

Originally posted by allsortsofsmeg

Whether human-cat hybrids, sapient cats or anything in between, felines of many varieties suffer ailments that differ from our familiar human population. These are a few of the more notable ones that may be useful in fiction writing.

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) is the viral agent that causes Feline Aids. The virus does more or less what it says on the tin; it causes an immunodeficiency similar to HIV in humans. It is from a different viral family than HIV though, which is why there is a vaccine available for FIV. However, the vaccine for FIV works by creating high levels of circulating antibodies, which means the vaccine must be boosted every 12 months to remain effective. It is spread as you would expect with sexual contact, but also via saliva coated penetrating wounds typical of cat bites. Cats are a fairly bitey species at the best of times. It’s worth noting that this virus can also cause lymphoma and leukemias. Domestic cats and bit cats like lions can all be infected by this virus.

Feline Leukemia Virus is a similar virus that can also cause lymphoma and leukemia. It is also spread by saliva, a particular issue for a species that mutually grooms. Some cats will only be transiently infected before ridding themselves of the virus. Others may incubate the virus for months or years before succumbing.

Cat flu is the most common disease of domestic cats kept in large groups. Technically it’s not one disease, but a combination of herpesvirus, calicivirus, and chamydia bacteria. This combination of diseases causes very sick cats with an awful combination of supprative conjunctivitis, eye ulcers, mouth ulcers and snot. Unsurprisingly the young and the old are worse affected by this and the inappetance it inevitably causes. Herpesvirus in particular is never really gone and may resurface in times of stress or leave the feline with chronic eye issues.

Ear mites are a common, easily transmitted parasite specific to cat ears. If your character just happens to have kitty ears on that otherwise humanoid head, they may well be prone to these parasites. They’re very easy to catch, live in the ear canal and are intensely itchy. Sometimes they look like moving dandruff.

Feline Panleukopenia is another nasty, highly infectious viral infection of cats. It basically attacks stem cells, mostly affecting the bone marrow (causing immunosuppresion) and sometimes diarrhoea. It’s caused by a parvovirus and is common in unvaccinated kittens. By contrast, human parvovirus causes a skin rash and mild stomach upset. In a hybrid species, who knows which parvovirus will be causing trouble.

Toxoplasma is a single celled parasite that infects both humans and felines. I’ve written a little about it in terms of a zombie apocalypse, but it is a fascinating pathogen that causes different symptoms in different species. In an intermediate host, like a mouse, sheep, kangaroo or human, the parasite forms cysts in tissues awaiting a feline to come eat the current host. In the intestines of the feline host, Toxoplasma reproduces and has a merry old time. Generally speaking the symptoms of toxoplasa in the intermediate host (the one expected to be eaten) are more severe than in the feline. These symptoms may include muscle pain, fever, neurological issues, blindness or even birth defects and abortion. By contrast, infected cats usually have little more than a fever and some diarrhoea. Interestingly you can sometimes see either set of symptoms in felines, so a humanoid feline could show any range of symptoms associated with toxoplasma.

Of course it’s your reality, your rules, but this list should be food for thought with any fictional feline population, whether they just have cat ears or a whole feline evolutionary history.

Confession #2,519

My cats are wonderful. I swear they know when I’m flaring up because they stay in bed and cuddle with me all day. I have trouble staying warm and they’re so helpful. I had another cat that passed away last November and he’d follow me into the bathroom too (I have crohn’s). If I stayed on the toilet too long, he’d meow, stand on his hind legs, and pat my shoulder as if to ask if I was okay. I don’t know what I’d do without them.

anonymous asked:

I know you probably have a lot on your plate so I'm sorry in advance, but I was wondering about vaccines as I was reading your vaccine tag as well as reading this other blog/webpage on cat vaccinations. I trust your opinion more so I was wondering how serious are adjuvants wrt sarcomas? You mentioned that feline Leuk vaccine is more strongly associated with ISS. I was also wondering if there was actually a correlation between vaccinations and nephritis?

I practice veterinary medicine in Australia, and our vaccination protocols are a bit different to the USA and most of the rest of the world. In particular, we don’t have rabies.

The vaccines for cats that are in common use here are:

  • F3 (calicivirus, herpesvirus and panleukopenia)
  • F4 (same as F3 plus chlamydia)
  • FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus)
  • FeLV (Feline Leukemia Virus)

With rabies vaccines only being used for export.

Most cats get at least an F3 or an F4, and annual vaccination is recommended most of the time, because the herpesvirus component doesn’t seem to grant immunity for much more than 12 months. Outdoor or indoor/outdoor cats often, but not always because humans are slack, get FIV vaccinations. FeLV vaccines are not in common use, and are mostly used in high stress situations (eg breeding catteries) or in the face of an outbreak.

So most of our feline vaccinations are F3, F4 and FIV.

I’ve seen one Injection Site Sarcoma (ISS) in seven years of practice. It was in a 3 year old purebred cat, so he hadn’t had that many cumulative injections in his life, but he did get FIV vaccines. I suspect he was unlucky.

It’s also worth noting that in Australia, the general public is a bit on the slack side with bringing their cats in for annual vaccinations. Most cats get their kitten doses, and maybe an adult booster for the first two or three years, and then are ‘forgotten’ to bring in to he vet unless there is a problem or they’re dying.

Rabies vaccine seems to have a stronger association with ISS. Whether this is because people are more diligent about their rabies vaccine, or whether it’s an adjuvant issue, I’m not in a position to speculate.

There is also a stronger association between the retroviral vaccines (FIV and FeLV) and ISS. Whether it’s because these killed vaccines have different adjuvants, or whether it’s an intrinsic property of the retroviruses, I don’t know. But the association is there.

But it is worth noting that Injection Site Sarcomas can result from any injection, as they all cause some tissue trauma.

So how much of a risk is it? Well, the last conference I went to presented data that put the odds of a cat developing ISS with annual vaccination at around 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 100,000.

Now, that’s not a huge risk, though the consequences of developing ISS are severe. However it’s relative risk that we consider.

The Relative Risk of my cats, in Australia, developing rabies infection is zero. The risk of them developing ISS from rabies vaccination is very small, but it is higher than zero, and so we do not vaccinate for rabies. If we were in a rabies endemic country then you can bet your happy little backside that we would vaccinate for rabies, because the risks of potential rabies infection far exceed the risk of ISS.

The Relative Risk of my cat Wonka contracting FIV through a bite or a fight was extremely small when he was an only cat with a strictly indoor lifestyle.

Once we had Bael living with us, who was lovely but FIV positive, the Relative Risk of Wonka contracting FIV became much higher, certainly higher than a 1 in 10,000 chance, and so he was vaccinated for FIV.

I am aware of this risk, but I choose to do it anyway in this context.

I do routinely administer FIV vaccines over the right scapula though. My reasoning being that if a patient does develop an ISS, then at least there’s a solid barrier in the scapula to hopefully prevent it going deeper, which improves the odds of removing it in only one surgery without removing ribs.

I know an immunologist that vaccinated his cats in the tail tip, so that if they do develop an ISS he will just amputate the tail. He knows this is probably excessively paranoid, but when you’re exposed to all that data all the time, it makes you worry. I haven’t figured out how to do this easily yet.

I don’t think there’s a particular increase with nephritis and regular vaccinations. Excessive immune complexes can damage kidneys, but that’s generally fairly severe and shouldn’t be happening with a vaccination, more likely a bacterial or immune mediated condition. And skipping twelve years of vaccines certainly doesn’t protect cats from kidney disease.

5

This last weeks theme of Everyday Folks. I actually almost forgot to post this set of “wonder women”. With that said, which was your favorite?

also, on a silly note, I accidentally made a double rainbow across each doodle sorta,  one using the colors of each background, and the other using the colors of each of there outfits



Support my health needs and check out the links below, every little bit helps out! But more importantly enjoy!

My Links!

naturallyugly-deactivated201707  asked:

Long time follower who has major respect for your knowledge! I'm a big fan of local wildlife & really enjoy watching animals around my house. We have about 15 bird feeders in our backyard. I was wondering if it would be ok to put out food/water for opossums, raccoons etc? We have highly tolerant (indoor) cats if that factors in and I live in rural Wisconsin for reference (I heard Eastern US is high risk for disease). If so, would cat food work? Thanks!

Generally, no, you really don’t want to feed local mammals. They end up becoming pests and you’re still going to be altering their natural behavior and their diet - cat food is very different than what they’d be eating. Raccoons are also major pests, and once habituated to you become pushy and potentially dangerous. They also stop at nothing to break into places they know have food (like your house) and are impossible to get rid of without killing after they figure it out. 

Feeding mammals also means you get animals you don’t intend - a high concentration of smaller mammals means you’ll attract larger predators, and bears also love the food you leave out. Just don’t do it. 

New role of cholesterol in regulating brain proteins discovered

A study led by researchers at the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM) and the Institute of Medical Physics and Biophysics at the Faculty of Medicine in Charité Hospital, Berlin, published in the journal Nature Communications, demonstrates that the cholesterol present in cell membranes can interfere with the function of an important brain membrane protein, through a previously unknown mode of interaction. Specifically, cholesterol is capable of regulating the activity of the adenosine receptor, by invading it and accessing the active site. This will allow new ways of interacting with these proteins to be devised that in the future could lead to drugs for treating diseases like Alzheimer’s.

The adenosine receptor belongs to the GPCR family (G Protein-Coupled Receptors), a large group of proteins located in cell membranes, which are key in the transmission of signals and communication between cells. GPCRs are therefore involved in the majority of important physiological processes, including the interpretation of sensory stimuli such as vision, smell, and taste, the regulation of the immune and inflammatory system, and behaviour modulation.

“Cholesterol is an essential component of neuronal membranes, where GPCRs reside along with other proteins. Interestingly, the levels of cholesterol in the membrane are altered in diseases such as Alzheimer’s, where GPCRs like the adenosine receptor play a key role”, explains Jana Selent, head of the GPCR Drug Discovery research group at the GRIB, a joint programme between Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM) and Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF). “This study has shown that cholesterol can exert direct action on this important family of proteins in neuronal membranes, the GPCRs, and establishes the basis for a hitherto unknown interaction pathway between the cell membrane and proteins”, adds the researcher.

Up to now, it was thought that membrane cholesterol could regulate the activity of these proteins through two mechanisms: either by altering the physical properties of the membrane, or by binding to the surface of the protein. In both cases, it was thought that cholesterol could only exercise its modulatory action from outside the protein.

However, by using latest-generation molecular simulations the researchers were able to detect the fact that cholesterol can leave the neuronal membrane and get within the adenosine receptor, in particular accessing the receptor’s active site. With this information, and in collaboration with Dr. Mairena Martin and Dr. José L. Albasanz from the University of Castilla-La Mancha, we designed an experimental protocol using cell assays to demonstrate that cholesterol is able to modulate the activity of this receptor by accessing its interior.

“Cholesterol levels in cell membranes could have a more direct effect than previously thought on the behaviour of key proteins in central nervous system diseases. In particular, high levels of membrane cholesterol like those present in Alzheimer’s patients probably block the adenosine receptor, which could in turn be related to certain symptoms observed in this disease”, explains Ramón Guixà González, a postdoctoral researcher at the Institute of Medical Physics and Biophysics at the Faculty of Medicine in Charité Hospital in Berlin and first author of the article. “Although other studies are needed to prove this relationship, this work provides key knowledge that could be used in the future in the development of new molecules that, like cholesterol, have the ability to get inside the receptor and modulate its activity”, says the researcher.

The results from this study represent a paradigm shift in the relationship between membrane cholesterol and GPCRs in the central nervous system, and open up new avenues of research in fields where the cholesterol-GPCR relationship is essential. It also appears that the cholesterol access pathway into the receptor is an evolutionary footprint. It is therefore necessary to discover whether the molecular mechanism described in this paper is present in other GPCRs and therefore potentially involved in a wide range of central nervous system diseases.

I don’t know if the requests are open are not. If not, please ignore. But you know how in Danganronpa 2 there was something called the “Despair Fever? ” How do you think the NDRV3 boys would react if their S/O had caught it? Sorry if it seems like a stupid idea. But if you do write headcannons for it, thank you! And good luck with the page! <3

Thank you so much!!

This is a very interesting idea! I literally made up almost every single disease the s/o catches, so I hope this is what you want!

Excuse the awful disease names

-Mod Kaito

Keep reading