Image BV4515 (Color Enhanced Severe Alzheimer’s Disease)

This color enhanced and labelled coronal (frontal view) gross anatomic brain specimen demonstrates evidence of severe, endstage Alzheimer’s disease.

There is marked atrophy of the hippocampal formations (aqua) (which are very important for memory) with associated enlargement of the temporal horns (red) of the lateral ventricles. There is also prominent generalized atrophy of the remaining portions of the temporal lobes (yellow) with enlargement of the sylvian fissures.


Additionally, the image shows atrophy with enlargment of the third ventricle and bodies of the lateral ventricles. The lentiform nucleus of the basal ganglia is pink. The thalamus is dark blue with a small lacunar infarct in the left (on viewers right) thalamus. The caudate nuclei of the basal ganglia are purple.

© Living Art Enterprises / Science Source
Ex-hedge funder buys rights to AIDS drug and raises price from $13.50 to $750 per pill

A former hedge fund manager turned pharmaceutical businessman has purchased the rights to a 62-year-old drug used for treating life-threatening parasitic infections and raised the price overnight from $13.50 per tablet to $750.

According to the New York Times, Martin Shkreli, 32, the founder and chief executive of Turing Pharmaceuticals, purchased the rights to Daraprim for $55 million on the same day that Turing announced it had raised $90 million from Shkreli and other investors in its first round of financing.

Daraprim is used for treating toxoplasmosis — an opportunistic parasitic infection that can cause serious or even life-threatening problems in babies and for people with compromised immune systems like AIDS patients and certain cancer patients — that sold for slightly over $1 a tablet several years ago.  Prices have increased as the rights to the drug have been passed from one pharmaceutical company to the next, but nothing like the almost 5,500 percent increase since Shkreli acquired it.

This is absolutely monstrous. He’s like a parody of a capitalist from a Marxist propaganda film. Jesus H. Christ what a piece of trash.

Spread his face around. Don’t let him be anonymous. Let everyone know his name and what he looks like so that he’ll never, ever be able to go about in public again without being utterly terrified.

Purple Skittles don’t taste the same in every country. In the UK, Europe, and Australia, they have the robust, tarty flavor of blackcurrants. However, because the US banned blackcurrants due to the plants carrying a disease known as white pine blister rust, purple Skittles are grape-flavored in America. Source

In March of 2015, 8-year-old Gabriel Marshall was diagnosed with a rare form of cancer called anaplastic astrocytoma. After surgery, he told his dad, Josh, that he felt like a “monster” due to the large scar on the side of his head. Josh, a doting father, responded by getting a tattoo of a scar on the side of his own head to resemble his son’s scar - “I told him if people wanted to stare, they could stare at both of us.”

The hand of an early X-Ray technician, showing obvious radiation burns from the process required for calibration. Clarence Madison Dally, a glass blower who worked with Thomas Edison, would test X-Ray tubes on his own hands. He would later die after developing an aggressive cancer in his hands, which also resulted in him having both of his arms amputated in an unsuccessful attempt to save his life. 

Poor Cancer Care For Native Americans Is A Treaty Violation

There’s a cruel joke often told in Indian country: “Don’t get sick after June.” The sick truth beneath those words is that by summertime the Indian Health Service—tasked with providing basic health care to the nation’s 2 million Native Americans and Alaska Natives—has typically blown its meager fiscal year budget for its Catastrophic Health Emergency Fund. Perhaps even more dangerous to the health of Natives across the United States: The IHS does not typically provide coverage for preventive services. Without those types of checkups—the mammograms, colonoscopies and other services that are mandated by the Affordable Care Act—cancers don’t get found until it’s too late.

This infuriates many community advocates, like Donald Warne, the first Native American doctor to serve on the national board of directors of the American Cancer Society. “People are suffering and dying unnecessarily,” says Warne, who is also the chairman of the department of public health at North Dakota State University, the only master’s of public health program with a Native American concentration. “If someone does not have insurance, and they’re dependent on IHS, a [cancer] screening does not occur.”

Some in Indian country are doing their best to change that. In 1990, Greg LaFontaine was a construction worker struggling with a drinking problem when he moved into the Indian Neighborhood Club, a Minneapolis facility that houses 20 Native American men working through addiction. LaFontaine—a Sisseton Wahpeton Oyate —found sobriety there and decided to pay it forward. He got a job at the center, and by 2011 he was 57 and serving as its director. That’s when he got a call from Joy Rivera, a health navigator for the American Indian Cancer Foundation (AICF), who wanted to drop by his center’s morning Alcoholics Anonymous meeting to talk about the importance of colorectal cancer screening. “Why the heck not?” LaFontaine recalls thinking. During her presentation, he found out for the first time that, as a Native American, his risk for colorectal cancer was startlingly high.

Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer among Native Americans, behind lung cancer, and it afflicts this population in an outsized way: Northern Plains Native Americans, for example, face an incidence of the illness 53 percent higher than whites, and among Alaska Natives the incidence is 115 percent higher. Some of these risks are the result of genetics and lifestyle (obesity, alcohol and tobacco use, due to poverty and neglect), but poor care and lack of screening are also to blame. And much of that is due to appallingly meager funding for tribal health systems.

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¨Faces of Cystic Fibrosis¨ - Kyle Monk

Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that includes progressive damage to the respiratory system and chronic digestive system problems.  Airway clearance techniques and nebulizers are treatments that help people with cystic fibrosis stay healthy and breathe easier.  Nebulizers break down medication into a mist, and allows a patient to inhale the medication through a face mask or mouthpiece.  

Some quotes from children photographed in the series:

¨My nebulizer is a machine that turns my liquid medications into a mist so that when I breathe in while wearing the nebulizer mask the medication can go deep into my lungs.¨

¨It’s like a disease where you have to take pills whenever you eat and you have to do your breaking and shaking every morning and every night. Then you have to do this nose stuff to wash out your nose and that’s all. It’s really easy.¨

¨I was ten-and-a-half when the doctor walked into the exam room and told my mom and I the devastating news. My mom was sad and trying not to cry - we both knew about this disease because a relative died at the age of twenty-two. I asked the docter if I was going to die and he said ¨It’s possible…¨ The doctor told me that I would have to use a machine called the VEST every day for the rest of my life to break up the mucus in my lungs.¨

16 Reasons to Eat Vegan in 2016

1. Protect Animals From Abuse and Neglect

Animals on modern factory farms are subjected to extreme confinement, mutilations without painkillers, and a merciless slaughter.

2. Battle Climate Change

Climate change is easily one of the biggest issues threatening our very existence on the planet. By ditching meat and other animal products, you’ll significantly reduce your carbon footprint.

3. Save Money

A vegan diet is loaded with inexpensive fruits, veggies, grains, legumes, beans, nuts, and more! Click here for seven tips for eating vegan on a budget.

4. Protect Endangered Species

According to the Center for Biological Diversity, reducing meat consumption is one of the best ways to save wildlife, including endangered species.

5. Prevent Disease

Many of today’s top killers are directly related to what’s on our plates. A vegan diet has proven helpful in preventing diabetes and cancer.

6. Help Feed the Hungry

To put it simply, there are over 800 million people who do not have enough to eat, while 90 million acres of land are currently used to grow corn to feed factory-farmed animals.

7. Save Water

It takes 576 gallons of water to produce one pound of pork, 880 gallons of water to produce one gallon of milk, and a whopping 1,799 gallons of water to produce one pound of beef.

8. Lose Weight

Last year, a study conducted by the University of South Carolina found that a vegan diet is best for weight loss.

9. Stave Off Antibiotic-Resistant Superbugs

The practice of cramming animals together on factory farms while pumping them full of antibiotics creates a breeding ground for dangerous antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

10. Protect Workers From Unsafe Conditions

Factory farm workers are exposed to countless workplace hazards, including injuries, respiratory illness, PTSD, and exposure to antibiotic-resistant bacteria. In fact, the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine found that 10 out of 22 workers who were tested carried potentially deadly bacteria.

11. Prevent Pollution

Animal excrement and other agricultural runoff from large-scale farms has polluted nearly one-third of rivers in the U.S.

12. Preserve the Rainforest

The World Bank reports that the majority of Amazon deforestation has been to clear land for cattle grazing and growing feed for farmed animals.

13. Respect Farmed Animal Intelligence

According to Christine Nicol, a professor of animal welfare at Bristol University, chickens are capable of mathematical reasoning and logic, including numeracy, self-control, and even basic structural engineering. These traits are not seen in children until the age of four.

14. Live Longer

According to a report published in Men’s Journal, a large-scale study of 73,000 Americans shows that eating a vegetarian diet promotes longevity.

15. Enjoy Delicious New Foods

With the wide array of delicious plant-based foods on the market, there’s never been a better time to ditch meat, dairy, and eggs.
For a list of meat and dairy alternatives, click here.

16. Create a Better World

Factory farms, and the widespread problems they create, are simply out of step with the values of the majority of Americans. We can all work towards a less violent, more compassionate (and sustainable) world just by eating vegan versions of our favorite foods.

So there you have it! 16 great reasons to eat vegan in 2016!

Click here to take the pledge to go veg in 2016, and we’ll send you a FREE Vegetarian Starter Guide along with a bunch of tips and tricks to make the transition easy!

Click here for a list of things every new vegans need to know.

This massive virus with its own immune system could hold the future of medicine

French researchers think they’ve found a giant virus big enough to house its own virus-killing devices using a system like CRISPR, and it could be a completely new form of life.

Called a mimivirus, it was first found growing in amoebae in a water tower. At four times the size of a typical virus, you can even see it under a light microscope

When the mimivirus encounters another virus, it stores some of the invader’s genetic material. That way, when it encounters the same kind of virus again, the MIMIVIRE system goes into gene-editing berserker mode, finding the key genes of the virus and cutting them to inert oblivion. This could have major applications.

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