Animation: Environment Rendering

So say you have an animated show. Spend all that time and energy rendering these awesome characters. Boy they sure look great. Hyper bright and colorful. But what’s this? They don’t seem to fit against the background well. They kind of get lost in the shuffle of colors.

Now if this were a still image this might be okay, but remember things are moving. You do not have time to absorb every detail in a shot before we’re on to the next shot. So the environment has to work with the characters. It’s not the focus, the characters are.

Some shows solve this problem by having a very painterly background. As with Lilo and Stitch (and many other Disney films)

The background contrasts with the characters by being fully rendered with soft lights. There’s no line work. no black even (but characters can have solid black). So the flatly colored characters pop against the rendered background.

Unfortunately this method can be rather pricey as it takes a lot of time to render out backgrounds to this level. TV typically doesn’t have the budget a film has.

Some shows will keep the background very abstract, lacking dark lines still. But there’s far less contrast than on the main characters.

Here’s My Life as a Teenage Robot for example

These characters have colored lines or solid shapes (like the bg), but they’re generally darker than the bg. And the background has large areas of negative space for the characters to stand against. They’re almost always the most detailed thing in the shot.

Sometimes the background has just as strong a contrast as the characters (because it’s night, or spooky, or you’re just into colors like that).

So you keep the background abstract and full of strong shapes still. But maybe you make sure the lines on the characters are bold enough to stand out no matter how much dark might be in a scene. Toss some accent lighting on there too to keep it colorful and make sure big black shapes don’t melt into the background.

Or make the character the only thing of that particular color, and the bgs generally a complimentary, split-compliment or just rarely analogous color. 

Maybe they’re also generally the brightest, most saturated thing in the room too.

The original Ben 10 had a nifty trick. They wanted to keep the bg and character designs consistent to each other (with the exception of occasional, sparingly used, gradients). What do they do to keep the characters the focus of your eye always?

Put some perlin noise back there. It muddles the bgs just enough that your eye will go right to the characters. Handy trick that can keep costs low (the style is easily reproducible).

So that’s some subtle texture. But what if the bg is straight up textures?

We’re back to shape rules now, but now the bg is the most complex thing and the characters are the simplest.

What do all these shows have in common? That contrast. Something to make a character pop out. The ratio of more/less detailed, more/less saturated, darker/brighter always has to skew more one way or the other to make your characters stand out. Different scenes will have different solutions to this problem, but you can count on some style consistencies so it never looks like you suddenly jumped to a different show.

Something to keep in mind for you folks working on comics, animated projects, or “cartoon” styled illustrations. Next time you’re indulging nostalgia or enjoying your favorite animated fare, take note of how they solve issues like this. You can learn a lot and might find it applicable to your own work.
Taylor Swift's Tweets To Nicki Minaj Are Peak 'White Feminism'

I wrote about it, haha. Some excerpts:

It’s very easy to see why Swift might have thought the tweets were about her, and why they might have made her want to say something. Minaj’s mention of “other girls” with “very slim bodies” may very well have been in reference to Swift (after all, very slim Swift and bootylicious Beyoncé are the only two women nominated for Video of the Year). 

But as Minaj herself pointed out, nowhere in her tweets did she actually name or blame Swift for her grievances. Instead, she was speaking to her own experiences as a black female artist, and her observations on the ways she feels body politics, racism, and sexism within the industry and society at large have affected her career. She was calling out a system that favors women like Swift, a system that Swift is complicit in whether she likes it or not. There is a lot that can be picked apart here. Minaj did get three nominations in major categories for both “Anaconda” and “Feeling Myself” – just not Video of the Year and Best Choreography. 

And yet it’s too simplistic to label Minaj as greedy or cocky for wanting to be recognized for the biggest award of the night. The fact that an artist as insanely successful as Minaj –  an artist who in a lot of ways conforms to the beauty standards of acceptable blackness (light skin, “good” hair, “thick” but with a tiny waist) – still feels a racial disparity is significant, and should be acknowledged.  

The way Swift responded was the opposite of acknowledgement. 

Calling out White Feminism isn’t about demonizing all white feminists, or erasing the history of feminism and the role white women (and all women) have played in it. It isn’t about attacking women like Taylor Swift, who in recent years has proudly taken on the feminist mantle. And coming to Minaj’s defense does not mean that she epitomizes what it means to be a “good feminist,” while Swift epitomizes everything wrong with the movement.

But. Intersectionality is real, it’s important and it’s integral – the popularity of the#SolidarityIsForWhiteWomen hashtag, which called out the imbalances in feminist online media in 2013, signals as much. White Feminism turns Taylor Swift into the victim and Nicki Minaj into the bully. It cries “women make 78 cents to the dollar of men” but forgets that the missing qualifier is “white” – black and Hispanic women make far less. It compells Swift to say Minaj’s words “pit women against each other” instead of forcing her to examine how her whiteness and her thin body have contributed to her success.

There’s one thing Minaj wrote in the exchange that should perhaps be the biggest takeaway for Swift and those who support her.

“I love you just as much,” Minaj wrote. “But you should speak on this.”

anonymous asked:

This "strega fashion" thing is so inappropriate. Most of you guys arent even italian. Im really sad and disappointed that you support it.

I thought that the latest discussions about the term ended up with people deciding that using the Italian word for witch to describe the fashion was not appropriative? It doesn’t seem any more appropriative to me than someone using the English word “witch”. 

I also use another term I’ve seen: “Black Forest Mori”, but other people didn’t latch onto it has strongly as they did “strega”. 

BUT, I’m interested in hearing what other people think! So let’s open this up for discussion - speak up folks! Using the word “strega” as in “strega fashion” - okay, or appropriative as hell and we should knock it off?

Reasons for break ups!

Originally posted by brokxnn

Guys I would like to see different side of Views in this issue. Since angst is my thing (According to you guys and actually I find myself more with angst.) let’s have a small discussion on this issue. I would love to see your point of view and what you think. You can also use it as promotes :)

Why couple break up? What would be the worst situation of never making up again? 

anonymous asked:

I was wondering if Arabs/ Middle Eastern people are considered POC? Also, I think I read somewhere that Jewish people were considered to be non-white before WWII. Is that accurate? Thanks!

Yup! And that’s also true. Our view of race is socially constructed and has changed over time. I read this essay for my women of color class by a Jewish woman called “How Jews Became White Folks” and it explores the way Jewish people slowly gained access to the affirmative action that White people received after World War II and how over time they began to be seen as White and gained privilege. It was a really interesting and informative read!

anonymous asked:

Not very urgent: I was wondering if it was an INTJ thing to know someone's argument is flawed but can't grasp the words to explain why. I feel like I'm not smart enough to explain why they're wrong, don't have enough knowledge on the subject, but I know they're wrong.

I know this feeling. I think it might have something to do with our Ni and with the subconscious mind. Because we take in a lot more information than we can store consciously. And if then some argument feels wrong it’s probably because we’ve read something or heard about something before that proves it wrong but we’re simply not able to recall what exactly it was we read / heard. And this again makes it almost impossible to explain why the other person is wrong. That’s at least what I think about this.

Anyone else who can relate or wants to add something? Leave a comment!



anonymous asked:

Besides all the strega nonsense, aunt jilli it makes me sad that you agree with ppl that use the terms "cultural appropriation" and "political correctness" with disdain. May i ask what your feelings are on CA?

I believe that cultural appropriation is a real thing, and that people need to be damn careful about it. Remember when I asked about bridal saris and such, asking if using them as part of a gothy Victorian wardrobe was appropriative? 

If someone is going to use a symbol or item from a culture, that someone needs to do their research and know if their referencing it would be disrespectful, or cause people grief or harm. So, don’t wear warbonnets, don’t use the term g*psy, don’t get symbols tattooed if you don’t know what they mean, and so on. 

But, in this specific instance and as many other people commented, “strega” means witch. It doesn’t have any Italian-specific connotations or references, it means witch. Just like striga, strzyga, strix, hexe, bruja, stria, or gwrach. So using it as a descriptor for a fashion isn’t that far of a stretch, and isn’t intended to be disrespectful.

As for “political correctness” - I am wary of the phrase for a lot of reasons, but mostly because it gets wielded as a dismissive shorthand to shut conversations down. I think the phrase is pointless, because it should never be about saying the “correct” things, it should be about treating everyone with respect.  HOWEVER, there are times when it feels like (especially on tumblr) someone is looking to be offended by something at all times. Which is why, when someone pings me about cultural appropriation, my usual reaction is to make a public post and ask for discussion. I don’t want to live in an echo chamber, but I will always ask for discussion and references about something. 

With that said: if I say something hurtful, insensitive, or culturally appropriative, let me know. I may not agree with your interpretation, but I will try and acknowledge something I did was interpreted not as I intended.

silly-chilly-philly asked:

This is kinda random, but I was watching Shane Dawson's conspiracy theory videos, and I started thinking about how Cartman can remember Kenny's Deaths. I wonder: Is it because he has Kenny's eyes? Is Cartman also immortal? (Probably not true but I could go into detail.) Does Cartman also have something to do with Cthulhu?

My answer for that is yes, it is because he has Kenny’s eyes. The eyes allow him to be aware of when Kenny dies and reforms at all times. 

And as for Kenny, because of the fact that Carol and Stuart were part of that occult, it can be assumed that the cult was trying to summon Cthulhu like the oil company did. 

They probably tried to use Carol as a human sacrifice, but when she didn’t die, the cult assumed it didn’t work. But instead what happened was they summoned part of Cthulhu’s consciousness and infused it with Kenny’s soul. Since he was meant to be a sacrifice but was unborn when the ritual was performed, Kenny wasn’t hurt during the ritual, but the powers of the ritual keep trying to take him back over and over, trying to keep their sacrifice.

But since part of his soul is fused with Cthulhu’s consciousness he’s unable to die and keeps coming back. 

And, the only relation Cartman has to Cthulhu is through Kenny. For one, he has Kenny’s eyes. When Cthulhu leaned in really close to look at Cartman, it could’ve been either to recognize him, or to look at his eyes. 

Or both. But he probably recognizes that at least part of Cartman’s body is part of the body with shared consciousness. And of course he doesn’t want to destroy part of what holds his own consciousness and risk destroying himself. And the reason he allows Cartman to convince him to do his bidding probably stems from Kenny’s memories, of recognizing Cartman as a friend. And I know it’s a little shoddy in earlier seasons whether or not these two are friends, but all things considered, Cartman and Kenny did call each other best friends in “Kenny Dies,” and this still rings true in season 17 and 18.

Similar to the way Cartman always got Kenny to be his partner in crime in earlier seasons like “Club Houses” and later in “Scrotie Mcboogerballs,” Cthulhu became Cartman’s partner in crime in a similar fashion. He even gets agitated at not being given credit, like Kenny does.

(…Where did they get a shirt that big)

But despite the irritation, Cthulhu continues to be friends with Cartman. Probably because of those memories of recognizing Cartman as Kenny’s friend, through that separated consciousness. But it also helps that he legitimately thinks Cartman’s adorable.

Female Characters in Media

I’ve asked everyone to consider why they think it’s important to have more complex, intelligent, strong, positive female characters on television. It might seem like a dumb question, because duh, obviously it’s good to have more of those types of females to look up to in media. But I really don’t think the “powers that be” get it. I think writers get it, and individuals who work on our favourite shows get it, but the people in charge don’t seem to understand what we’re looking for. I believe we have to spell it out for them, in very personal terms. It might not make a difference, but I think it’s an important dialogue that needs to be had.

That said, my own reasons are probably fairly common, but still deeply personal. As a child, I was shy, and quiet, and awkward, and had I not been born in the 80s, I’m guessing they would have caught on to an Autism spectrum disorder at that time. I was very interested in science and mythology and things that weren’t considered “cool.” I loved to read, and play by myself, and I never thought it was weird until other kids would point out that I was weird. That’s why it was so wonderful to have characters like Matilda, Alex Mack, Eliza Thornbury, and Miss Frizzle to look up to as a kid. Here were girls and women who were quiet but powerful, intelligent and unapologetic, independent yet fiercely loyal and strong. They read and loved science and biology and had secret powers that they used for good. They made me feel that I could be a girl and be smart and love to read and still be a “normal” girl. I wanted their magic powers, sure, but it was okay that I didn’t have them, because their powers weren’t what made them great characters.

As a teenager, I loved watching Bones because an intelligent female scientist, a powerful but gentle female investigator, and an innovative and passionate female forensic artist led the show. I saw some of myself in each of them, and it made me anxious to pursue my passions in science and art. I loved Charmed because it was a show about positive female relationships, and how women could work together to achieve great things.

I hated shows like The Real World because women were frequently pitted against one another for no reason other than to create controversy. I think far too often in media, drama and cattiness are valued above cohesion and support amongst women and girls in particular. I understand that those dramatic moments increase ratings, but at what cost? Kids really do absorb media like a sponge. I’m so glad that I had positive female role models to look up to in my formative years.

That’s why I think it’s important to show those types of characters on TV. Not just for girls- for everyone. The majority of women in the real world are a little mix of a lot of things: attractive AND kind, or intelligent AND funny, loving AND independent, or strong AND flawed. Women on TV should be representative of that, for the girls and women looking up to them, for the boys and men desperate to understand them, and for the people who feel alone or “other” who might use them as a guiding light.

Rome wasn’t built in a day, but I think a lot of good can come from recognizing the issues and talking about them. So what’s your story? Why do you want to see more great female characters in media?


“But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.” Matthew 5:44 NIV

“All who fear the Lord will hate evil.” Proverbs 8:13 NLT

Satan is God’s evil enemy, so does God love him or hate him? 

 "God is Love" 1 John 4:16 … So Can God hate?

This question popped into my head when I was reading John. Literally popped into my head. It was such a sudden thought, that I really felt like God gave me this question for a reason. I’m not sure if he wants me to try and answer myself it or just to spread it around for people to think about. Well, there’s no harm in doing both right?

Here were my initial ideas on the question:

I think that in order to have a standard of love, you have to know a standard of hate. I also feel that since we humans are capable of hate, and we’re made like God, that means that he is capable of hate…the only difference is God hates what is evil. We humans are more childish, and hate things more easily than God.

So now I’m also wondering, is evil inside of Satan or is Satan pure evil?

If evil is only inside of Satan, than God does’t hate Satan, he hates the evil inside of him. Buttt, if Satan is pure evil, then that raises my initial question again.

Ok, so I texted this same question to a few people and here are some of my responses:

Here’s another one from my pastor:

I also texted a friend who texted her pastor Trevor the same question. Here’s what her pastor said. It’s very similar to what my pastor said, but in the end their opinions differ. Pay attention to Trevor’s analogies:

“When God says we are to love our enemies we have to ask, who are our enemies in this context? Other people.  When God says we are to love our enemies, Satan and his demons are not part of that group.  Though they are our enemies, but this context it is clearly people. This is from the Sermon on the Mount and Matt 5.43 Jesus is saying you have heard to love your neighbor (people, Satan and demons are not neighbors) and to hate your enemy.  Then he goes on to say, I tell you now in this age to go a step further and love your enemy and pray for those who persecute you (again people).

In regard to whether or not God loves or hates Satan, I would say this… God is love, and He hates Satan’s action, He hates what Satan has done and will do, and He will judge Satan accordingly.  However, God created Satan, and in accordance to who God is, I would argue that God does love Satan in the fact that Satan is a created being which God created. Don’t misunderstand me though.  God will aggressively judge Satan when the time comes, in fact judgment has already been passed it just hasn’t arrived yet. God can hate, b/c He hates all evil. One cannot be love if one cannot hate.  B/c love is not the acceptance of all things, but the acceptance of only some things. Example; if you say you love pizza, yet show the same kind of affection and preference to all kinds of food, do you really love pizza? No. Now, let me back up some. Satan is pure evil now, wasn’t always, but is now.  When I say God probably loves Satan, I say that in the sense of a parent who loves their child who has grown up to be Hitler. (Does that make sense?) And perhaps I am wrong, maybe God has no love for Satan, but I would need something in Scripture to clearly state that.  After all, God is love, and His great mercy will amaze us on the day of judgment.” -Trevor

What do you guys think of all this?

Do you agree? Do you disagree? Would anyone online be interested in exploring this with me further? Please share your opinions! I’d love to hear everyone’s take on this.

its-scar-bitches  my-savior-lives life4christ godslittlescribbler

thelordsrevolution soy-la-marienkaefer lovelyishe missionarysasha

trusting-in-him unbrokenhope desera10 asexualchristian

queerly-christian trenchcoats-anonymous pastorjachin


If deities aren’t your thing, you can always try ancestral worship. You can call upon both your ancestors of blood and spirit. Call upon the spirits of LGBTA+ folk long gone, and seek their advice and guidance.

You can also try heroic cultus, in which you honor LGBTA+ heroes that helped pave the way for better rights and justice. 


10ft x 10ft chalk pastel drawing

 Recreated by: elliciamyles and Sarah Lentz 

 Date start: 7/10/2015 

 Date Completed: 7/12/2015 

 Summary: Every year on our town we have a weekend where people can sign up and get a 6ft x 6ft square and a box of chalk pastels. It’s a massive event, more than 500 people signed up this year and even more came just to see the art; it’s called chalkfest. On the second day, or sunday, all the artists receive a ballot to vote on whom they feel are the top 5 artists. Last year i was on crutches and couldn’t do a square by myself; so, I asked my cousin Sarah to help me. The pic from last years chalkfest is on my tumblr somewhere. 

We ended up winning the “artists choice award”, which means that the next year we get to work on a bigger, more public space of our town square- named the 400 block- and we get free chalk pastels. In the blink of an eye it was almost time for chalkfest again. My cousin and I both agreed that we wanted to do something that was artistic but also had a message. I, being very involved in black equality and rights, felt that I wanted to “wake up” our primarily white and Asian Wisconsin town to the struggles of the black community. My cousin, being the gem she is, agreed with my idea. I found the picture on pinterest but could not find the artist(s) who had originally created the piece. 

 As we worked on our piece we got a lot of compliments on it, and a lot of people said that they would stop by later to see it finished. A majority of the compliments were about our art skills and how pretty the piece looked. The names, locations, and quotes were the last thing to be added. Once we started to add them the comments we received immediately changed. Instead of commenting on the beauty of the piece we started to here “those must be those people killed” and “those quotes are so sad”. A few people came up to us and thanked us for bringing awareness to our community. 

 Later that day I received multiple texts, snap chats, and Facebook messages telling me about how they “received the message” of our piece. I was really proud of my community and my friends. Although this doesn’t mean that racism in my town is over, it is creating discussion and bringing awareness to the issues of black people. 



I finally got around to doing my lyric post about David’s song lyrics. I’m so sorry that it took so long.  Just a friendly disclaimer…I in no way am saying that this interpretation is correct. Everyone interprets songs differently and like any art, it’s all subjective. The only person who knows for sure what or who these songs are about is David, so, please keep that in mind. This is just a fun post for some discussion.

I’m not going to discuss all of the songs.  I’m picking out the ones that I think are interesting and possibly have some Gillovny ties…cause’ let’s be honest…that’s the whole reason you wanted me to do this post anyway ;)

There are three things I know for sure about this album:

It’s about love. 

David must like the rain. Seriously. 

David likes pet names. Babe, baby, my love, my darlin, all appear on the album and babe and baby are repeated several times.

Hell or Highwater 

This song seems to be about a man who loves a woman unconditionally. No matter what.  But, the woman seems hesitate. Maybe she doesn’t trust him? Or maybe things have just been so complicated over the years that she’s afraid? He wants to prove it to her that he’ll always be there, but she’s not letting him. She’s not giving him that chance. He can’t erase the past, but he can make himself better for the present and will stand by her and their love no matter what happens and he’s going to prove it to her, and wait for her, until she gives him a chance.

Done some good and done some bad like any man I bet
A man of words is a man of lies but words is all I get
I can’t make you feel safe and sound but they got guns and crosses for that
I can only hang around until you realize where it’s at

I won’t wipe away the tears you cry with any tissue of lies
You can build your life on empty promises or with man who promises to try
See cause I can stand out in the rain, and I can work under the sun, and I can out wait your disdain til all this nonsense is done.

This song could be about Gillian. Especially if you think that they’ve had something going on for a year or two (which I do, as you all know). On the surface it could be assumed that it’s his marriage that he’s talking about, but that doesn’t make much sense for me. Since they are no longer together and haven’t been together for a long time. He said that he wrote these songs during/after his divorce because he had tons of time and had a creative streak. Maybe he wanted things to get a bit more serious with Gillian, but she didn’t trust him….or was afraid to trust him…or feared that their history was just too much. What if he has been proving it to her for awhile that he can be serious and can be in something?

Let it Rain 

“We don’t get black and white, ours is only shadowed light.” Right off the bat I’m hooked on this song. It’s actually one of my favorites. This song is also about love. But a complicated love that isn’t always good. Things aren’t black and white for them. It exists in some grey area. They should both walk away at times. They should both stay at times. It’s up. It’s down. He isn’t sure if it’s he’s just seeing things. Making it more than it is. “My glass ceiling could be your ground floor.” “It could be that I am wrong, mistaking breaking dusk for dawn.” “Like the earth that splits and moves” Their love is beautiful and great but also can be destructive and intense. He doesn’t see it as bad, he just sees the positive parts. “I don’t see cracks and seals, only see how the light gets in.” He will stand by her no matter what. Even if she hurts him, or says mean things, or does bad things. He’s ‘imagined worse anyway.’ Pretty intense song which I think could also be about Gillian. We have no idea what their past is. Bottom line. But, we all know some shit went down and at some point, they both got hurt. At times things were destructive and not positive and they both knew they should walk away, but couldn’t. Or maybe, wouldn’t. This and Hell or Highwater are actually the two songs that I think are about Gillian for sure. 

The Rain Song 

This song emphasis one of David’s new life motto’s ‘love is all you need.’ In a recent twitter chat he mentioned that he reminds himself of that when he gets down. Well, along those lines. Seems like this song is about a relationship, again, and more rain (lol)

Most people want to find a place in the sun, to get out of the rain but the girl (or whoever) in this song wants to see clouds. They want the rain to come. Rain has a very therapeutic ‘wash everything away’ quality about it that some people are naturally drawn to, plus it makes for a great metaphor. The person in this song wants that because that’s how they are and that’s how they love and he gets that and is going to give it to them. So he’s gonna write a song about rain, so that they can always have that and be
reminded of it.

Years from now when you’re old and brave
Stories of your beauties just empty here and say
The way I look at you will make you young again
This humble cross will gather clouds above
My words will see these clouds with love
Our memories will ring sweetness round again
A fist full of love
And a box of rain

If you’re feeling down
Nothing of this storm can ever belong
It’s always raining in this song

I honestly have no clue who this song is about. Or if it’s about anyone in perticular. It could be about Gillian and their complicated thing or it could just be a general life story. Either way, I like it and it’s really interesting to think about. It’s also interesting to note that the three songs that I think could be about Gillian are the three  songs where he uses pet names. That didn't sway me, I just find it interesting because they seem more personal than the others. More like talking ‘to someone’ instead of just telling a story if that makes sense. 


This is a good song too. Seems like the man has regrets. Big ones. And on the open road, when you are by yourself, it’s easy to get lost in those regrets, but his heart accept them, even if his mind can’t. David said this song is about driving with someone who isn’t there but is always with you(or something along those lines). He hasn’t seen the person in five years but doesn’t grieve them because they are always there with him in his heart. ‘My ever present right hand girl.’

This song actually reminds me of Mulder and Scully more than David and Gillian. Especially with all of the car references. But, I’m not sure who it’s about. And the whole car and open road could even be a metaphor for something else, like ‘the road of life.’ But who knows. Could be Gillian. Or just love in general. Or even his Dog, but I assume if it was for his dog he would have mentioned that, because he said the one song that isn’t on the album is for his daughter. So seems like he has no issue saying what song are about when he can. Obviously if any are about Gillian he couldn’t come out and say it.

-Okay. So that’s all I’m doing for now. It’s very clear that these songs are very personal to him and they are meant to tell a story and mean something to other people, as well. I do think that his life and the people in it played a part in them, as almost all art does. He’s a writer by nature and writers write what they know, even if they don’t think they do. You can really see through his lyrics that he made mistakes and has regrets and that shit is complicated at times, but that he tries to make it better and tries not to live in that past and tries to be a better man and remind himself that it’s all about love, in the end. Which…is rather sweet and a bit melancholy. This whole album is that way. You want to hug him and cry at the same time.

-Oh! Side note.  I really wanted to think about Lately it’s Always December, because I do think that has some Gillian possibilities as well, but sadly, the lyrics on are horrendous and I can’t make his words out clearly on the album because he mumbles. So if anyone has the lyrics to that song, feel free to message me and I’ll think on it that one too. 


By Rory Padgett

“we must continue to imagine blackness outside the white supremacist gaze.”

The overarching narrative of black life in entertainment and news media has been saturated with enslavement, rape, gang violence, and police murder. Violent trauma has colored the imaginings of the black experience to the point of voyeuristic pleasure. Constant images of murdered black bodies on 24 hour news channels is a contemporary example of this. The whip and truncheon have undoubtedly caused extraordinary suffering - but so too has the slow death of poverty. Amidst the anti-black violence of the late 60s and early 70s, many of the filmmakers of the LA Rebellion [2] found powerful ways to picture black suffering, tragedy, and trauma without spectacular violence. They expanded the cinematic rhetoric of blackness through examinations of the mundane day-to-day anguish black people endure. I will look at three films from this movement that offer a complex portrayal of black life: Haile Gerima’s Bush Mama (1975), Charles Burnett’s My Brother’s Wedding (1983), and Julie Dash’s Daughters of the Dust (1991).

At the beginning of Bush Mama, Dorothy (Barbara O. Jones) walks across LA to various welfare agencies to secure money for her, her daughter, and her new boyfriend. Her crosstown journey is overcrowded with the sound of police sirens, helicopters and the incessant questions from unemployment insurance and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) agents: How much do you receive in child support? Have you ever received non-cash gifts in the form of free rent, free housing, free food, free utilities? These questions, which repeat and overlap, seem designed to find excuses to not give people the money they need in order to survive. In one of the offices, Dorothy waits with other black women in need of financial help. One woman comments to another that despite all the paperwork she’s filling out, “Money? You ain’t gettin’ nuthin’.” Similar scenes of Dorothy walking and waiting occur occasionally throughout the film. The Blaxploitation films of the 70s and the ‘hood films of the 90s have depicted the violence of poverty as gang and police violence. Hollywood portrays poverty as an inconvenient hurdle to jump with hard work and dedication. The flash of bullets and blood, and the perseverance of an everyman against the odds turn poverty into consumable entertainment. However, with these scenes in Bush Mama, Haile Gerima emphasizes the soul crushing, Sisyphean work poor people must do to survive until the next week.

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The truth about Lashton :
  • Ashton :Baby, why are you avoiding me? What did I do wrong?
  • Luke :leave me alone ashton, don't play it innocent saying that you don't know what you did, go fuck your bitch... What's her name? Oh yeah, bryana. And don't you dare to call me baby again, I'm not your baby Ashton, not anymore!
  • Ashton :no, lukey please let me explain... I'm... I'm just doing this to protect you.... To protect us, you know that you are my only love and I want to protect us from the rumours about Lashton hemwin... And... I love you so much. I'm just using Bryana to cover about rumours that's it.
  • Luke :is... Is it the truth?
  • Ashton :hell, of course it is baby.
  • Luke :I love you to the moon and back ashy.
  • Ashton :I know babe, I do too.

anonymous asked:

I'm blind but still "watch" Castle. I love listening to fanfiction. I think Stana is an amazing person. How would you describe her to a blind person? My mum described Nathan to me and I think he's great too but I kinda fangirl over Stana and I'm too embarrassed to ask someone in person. Thanks in advance.

Oh wow, that’s incredible, like that’s so awesome that you can still listen to fic and watch Castle and everything. 

I’m not exactly sure how good at this I’ll be, but more people can feel free to add on!!

Also, sorry if this is an insensitive question, but have you been blind your whole life? I just realised I was gonna use colours but you might not know them? But ok i’ll use them cause Idk how else to? I’ll put it under a read more, I hope that’s ok!

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