directions of the four elements

now that i’ve begun working more with energy, i wanted to share my methods of casting circles! when i first started working with energy, it was really hard to find references for casting circles, especially ones not dealing with the traditional Wiccan god/goddess. here are some methods and uses of casting circles!

Why Cast a Circle?

the primary reason i cast circles is to protect me from outside energy influences. most people associate circles to protection from ‘malevolent’ spirits, however, it’s just a great barrier in general!

here are some following scenarios i cast circles:

  • divination- to protect me from energies that might influence my cards or my interpretation o the cards
  • spellwork- pretty self-explanatory. i cast circles to protect from energies i don’t want in my spells, or from potential spirit attraction.
  • meditation- again, for energy use and to also not be disturbed from anything spiritual.

Methods of Casting

1 - Invoking Elements

a very basic way, if not the go-to way, of casting is to place each of the four elements at each of the cardinal directions. Earth at the north, Air in the east, Fire at the south, and Water in the west.




  • stones or crystals (this is what i love to use! just be wary that some stones are aligned with other elements. clear quartz is a go-to.)
  • salt
  • dirt (from your backyard or specific, such as hospital or graveyard. make sure to cleanse it.)
  • herbs (especially roots)
  • brown or black colored items


alternatively, any of these could be replaced with a tarot card of the corresponding suit! (wands for fire, cups for water, pentacles for earth, and swords for air).

to close the circle, walk clockwise starting in the east (air) and complete a full walk around the circle. do this as many times as you feel needed to envision a complete circle! after your use for it is done, unwind it by walking the same number of times counter-clockwise.

note: if you live in the southern hemisphere, you may want to reverse fire and earth in your directions and walk counter-clockwise to close the circle, and clockwise to end it.

2 - Envisioning

this is a very, very simple way to cast a circle! if you have very little time, simply imagine a ring of light around your workspace. you could align color to purpose as well.

the only downsides to this method include the fact that it may not be as strong as a physical circle for beginners especially, as i have learned many times over as i find energy that i don’t want in the circle. on top of this, to make it very successful, you may have to keep this image in your head throughout your spell or energy work, which may distract or hurt your concentration.

however, like i said before, it’s very easy, discreet, and requires no clean up! with practice, it could be very easy to maintain.

3 - Salt Circle

by simply spreading salt in a circle clockwise (or counter-clockwise depending on your location), you can create a strong barrier. as you walk around, envision your purpose of protection and safety.

if you are working outside, do not use salt. it will kill plant life! instead, consider alternatives such as: egg shells, diluted salt water, crushed herbs, flower petals, etc.

if working inside, consider setting out foil, cloth, or a tarp for easy cleanup. 

4 - Cleansing the Room Itself

if you find that you for some reason cannot cast a circle, or maybe are just starting out, consider cleansing the entire room instead!

some methods include:

  • smoke cleansing (NOT smudging. please do not call this action smudging unless it is part of YOUR culture.)
  • salt or protective mixture
  • dance/song
  • salt/water spray
  • incense and candles

for smoke cleansing, light your bundle and start facing eastward, spreading the smoke and asking for protection from either the corresponding element or any deities/spirits/etc. you worship. move clockwise or counterclockwise.

for salt or protection mixtures, simply place a small pile in each corner of the room or at the cardinal directions.

dance and song can celanse the room when accompanied with smoke especially. 

the salt water spray can be used similar to the protection mixture – spray a little in each corner or at the cardinal directions.

incense and candles can be placed in corners, the directions, or just throughout the room to act as protective energy.

Final Notes

  • make sure to remove your circle after you’re done!! leaving it up isn’t safe and could be draining on your energy or health.
  • try not to leave the circle in the middle of your work, if it can be avoided. ive had to do it before and nothing bad happened, but sometimes it ocould break the circle, or bring unwanted energy or precense in.
  • do your absolute best to have all your materials in the circle before you cast it. bringing items that were not in the circle before could carry energy that you just do not want in your circle. i’ve messed up plenty spells because of it already. if it is really necessary, cleanse the item as thoroughly as you can (quickly if you need to), and enter the circle from the east.

if these methods don’t work right away, don’t worry! these take lots of practice. some easy ways to try casting daily include:

  • cast a circle before you meditate
  • cleanse your room before you do homework for a safe space to work
  • if you have a form of divination, cast a circle before drawing a daily reading (i do this in the morning to see how the day will go or seek advice for the day!).

good luck!

Concerning Dark Objects and How to Make Them

Originally posted by psychoticblood

These are inspired by the series The Originals. Davina and Kol started making these cursed objects and I liked the concept so now it’s a real witchy thing! I don’t if anyone came up with these yet, but I’ve never seen them around so here ya go!

What are Dark Objects?

Dark objects are basically active enchanted items. Items which you have linked a spell to, and is activated by a trigger set in place by the caster.

Components of a Dark Object:

The Focus: The Focus is the item itself, so a necklace, a ring, or something like that. I personally really like using jewelry as Foci, but that’s just my aesthetic. You could literally use anything, I’ve used a spoon before.

The Source: The Source is the source of power that fuels the item. The simplest one would be to infuse the object with all the energy needed for the spell. You can play with the source to turn it into more of a trigger.

The Trigger: The Trigger is what, well, triggers the spell. I like using a movement, or a small rhyme, as it’s pretty easy, but you could make it so it’s activated when the object is broken, or when a certain person does a certain thing.

The Link: Related to the trigger, this component is optional. It allows to make the use of this item reserved to a certain person.

The Glyph: This is more of a personal thing, but I like to use a glyph with different geometry in it to relate to the spell itself. It helps to redirect the energy into the object, and to govern the energies better. Circles are used to indicate the flow of energy, and to contain energy. Squares are used to represent the four elements, as each corner represents one direction. Lines are used to link different components to each other (more on that in another post). Triangles are used to implement structure and strength to the enchantment. Spirals are used to direct the energy of the Purpose 

The Purpose: Basically the herbs and objects you would use for the spell if you weren’t going to use it as a cursed object. I don’t reccomend poppets, or other types of representative magic, due to the fact that it could make a monkey’S paw effect take action, but anything else is good.

How to make a Dark Object:

Making these can take a little bit of planning, of course, but I personally think they’re worth it.

First you want to pick a Focus. I reccomend something related to the spell, and easy to carry with you. Then, decide on the spell you want to put into the Object. Gather your Purpose and make sure you have everything you need. Then you want to design the glyph, if you’re going to use one. I reccomend using one of my chalk recipes depending on what you want to do. You should also decide on what you want your trigger to be. I reccomend a rhyme, rubbing the object, destroying it, or doing a certain movement. You also want to set up anything that you’ll be able to draw power from, like candles, crystal elixirs, music, whatever helps you raise energy. 

Trace your glyph out, and set everything up. Place your Purpose on the assigned spots of the glyph, or just throw them in a box. If you’re going to use the glyph, make sure the Purpose is placeed at the end of a spiral going towards the Focus or lines going towards it. If using a glyph, your candles should be used as Purpose, to send power to the Focus. Now, it’s time to start casting.

Write out a contract stating the trigger, and the overall intention of the spell using whichever alphabet you prefer. I like using Ogham or runes, but you can also use regular script. If using a Link, wrap it up in the contract, or smear your blood or the person’s blood unto the word. or phrase stating the trigger. If the Source isn’t physical or premeditated, state what it will be when you need to use the object, for example feelings, or entropic energy. Burn the contract and mix the ashes with water or a brew related to the spell. Anoint the object with the mixture. Now you want to raise energy and direct it into the object. Visualize the object sucking in all the energy of the purpose and the Source, if used. Chant the intention of use of the object, preferably rhyming, and visualizethe use of the object. Act as if you were casting a regular spell, but isntead of sending it into the world, send it into the object so it may act as a vessel.

Using the Dark Object:

You want to carry the object with you for when you use it, obviously. Use your trigger and state the target of the spell. Once cast, the object will probably feel different. Less charged, or lighter even. Once the object has been used, you can reenchant it with the same spell you used, or cleanse it in salt and moonlight for an entire night and use a different spell on it.

Depending on what Source you link to the dark object, for example your feelings, you could probably cast the spell as many times as the Source is powerful enough.

Ideas for Dark Objects:

A pendant used to suddenly make you extremely attractive to all around you.

A bracelet used during a test to remember the answers.

A ring to bring intense luck when gambling.

An earring rubbed to curse that one person who wronged you isntantly.

A knife with storms as Source used to cut the clouds and make the sun shine.

The possibilities are endless! Have fun with it :)

Elemental Servitor Glyphs- Axlun

Element: Fire

Direction: South

Temperament: Playful, feisty, energetic

Each Elemental Servitor Glyph represents a servitor spirit I’ve created as part of my personal UPG, but anyone is free to call upon them! These servitors are meant to help boost the magickal energy of the elements they represent, as well as assist in calling on the four directions when casting a circle. 

SALTWATER SCHOOL:  Casting a Circle for Beginners

Originally posted by thewitchystuff

Witchlings and Baby Witches, gather ‘round to learn how to cast a simple Circle.  You may be wondering, “Why do we cast Circles?” and that can be easily answered!  Most of the time, we cast Circles to create a sacred space where our spellwork and rituals can be conducted.  There are other various reasons, but you can discover that with time, research, and practice.  For this lesson, we are going to focus on creating that sacred space for you.


**Circles can be cast alone or with others.  If you are participating with other witches, you may want to print them off a “script” of what will be said and done that way everyone can participate.  Change “I” in the script to “we”, “me” to “us”, and so on and so forth.

**Circles can be cast indoors and outdoors.  However, I do caution you not to cast Circles without getting the permission of the person who owns said space, home, property, etc.  

**You can decorate and dress up for your Circle casting.  Using the appropriate colors, plants, stones, and meaningful objects can aid in powering your Circle.  This, however, is not necessary.

**Decide in advance what will be done in the Circle.  Make a plan of what you want to do inside your circle, whether it worship, prayer, spellwork, or meditation.  Don’t feel rushed and take your time.  

**Music may be used to accompany the Circle casting and rituals.  I typically choose songs that don’t have words.  (I get distracted easily by music.)

**Feel free to customize these words and tailor them to fit your own practices.  You can substitute “walls and floors” with “foliage, stones, and ground” if you are casting outside.  Names for Gods and Goddesses may be used in place of “Lord and Lady.”

**There is no right way to cast a Circle.  There are many traditions that different witches use.  Find what you like, experiment and customize your circle casting ritual.

**NOTE**  This is just one example of how to cast a Circle (one I used when I was just starting out.)


Candles, incense, matches (or a lighter), representations of the four corners, decorations, an athame (ceremonial knife) or wand. 


1.  Ground and center, and then lay out where your Circle will be cast.  This doesn’t have to be physically marked, but I have seen people use cord, chalk, and candles.  (Note: using lit candles can be dangerous.  Please take precautions when doing this.  We don’t want anyone or anything getting hurt.)  I used to create a small altar at the direction North with representations of the four elements.

2.  Light incense and candles, and make your announcement:  The Circle is about to be cast and I freely stand within to greet my Lady and my Lord.

3.  Take one candle in hand and begin walking the Circle.  Here, we are acknowledging the Four Quarters (North, South, East, and West.)  We will stop at each direction and call out the corresponding greeting found below.  For this, we will walk deosil around our Circle.  To move deosil is to move in a clockwise (or sunwise) direction.  Once you have finished acknowledging the directions, return to North.

–North:  I call upon Light and Earth at the North to illuminate and strengthen the Circle.
–East:  I call upon Light and Air at the East to illuminate and enliven the Circle.
–South:  I call upon Light and Fire at the South to illuminate and warm the Circle.
–West:  I call upon Light and Water at the South to illuminate and cleanse the Circle.

4.  Return the candle to its rightful place and raise the athame or wand into your hand facing North.  Call out:  I draw this Circle in the Presence of the Lady and the Lord that They may aid and bless me in my work.

5.  Lower the athame or wand and walk deosil once more around the Circle, envisioning a blue light shoot out from the Circle’s boundary.  Call out:  This is the boundary of the Circle, around me, through walls and floors, above me and below me as a sphere is the Circle cast and consecrated to the Lady and the Lord that They may work with and through Their child, (your name/Craft Name).  This Circle is charged by the power of the Ancient Ones!  Only love shall enter and leave.

Begin your ritual, spellcasting, meditation, or any other word you wish inside the Circle.  Within it, you will be protected.  However, a word of caution: if you are a witchling, make sure you do not over exert yourself inside the Circle.  Casting any magic can make anyone grow weary or tired, so be aware of how much energy you are expending.  Like any magic, it takes time and practice.  When you have finished your work, you will open your Circle.


6.  Take the athame or wand in hand both hands facing North.  Call out:  Lord and Lady, I have been blessed by Your sharing this time with me; watching and guarding me; guiding me here and in all things.  I came in love and I depart in love.

7.  Raise the athame or wand high in the air in salute.  Call out:  Love is the Law and Love is the Bond.  Merry did I meet, merry do I part, and merry will I meet again.  The Circle is cleansed.

8.  Kiss the flat of the blade or the tip of the wand.  Here, we will bid farewell to the Quarters and move widdershins.  Widdershins, which can be spelled withershins, widershins, widderschynnes, appears to come from German and Lowland Scottish. In German, widersinning means “against the senses”, that is “not the usual”, or “against the grain.”  For our purposes, it means to move counter-clockwise.  So, we will go from North to West, South, and East.  As you move, this would be the time to blow out candles if they are how you laid out your Circle.  Once you have finished saying goodbye to the Quarters, return North.

–Depart in peace, Elemental Earth.  My blessings take with you!
–Depart in peace, Elemental Water.  My blessings take with you!
–Depart in peace, Elemental Fire.  My blessings take with you!
–Depart in peace, Elemental Air.  My blessings take with you!

9.  Raise your arms into the air with athame or wand in hand.  Call out:  Beings and powers of the visible and invisible, depart in peace!  You aid in my work, whisper in my mind, and bless me from the Otherworld.  Let there ever be harmony between us.  My blessings take with you.  The Circle is cleared!

10.  Take the athame or wand in hand, and move widdershins once more around the Circle, calling out:  The Circle is open yet the Circle remains as its magical power is drawn back into me.  The Circle has been cleared.  My ritual has ended.

11.  Place athame or wand aside, and take a seat on the floor (you may also lie on your back.)  Close your eyes and focus on grounding excess energy by touching your palms to the floor.  Let the magic in the room (or outdoors) disperse and settle.  Take a few deep breaths, open your eyes, and begin cleaning up your space.

I hope all of you find this helpful.  Again, Circle casting can be completely tailored and customized for your needs, and you don’t have to cast one this way.  It is meant to be a resource for those just starting out.  If you have any questions, you can reach me via ASK or by messaging me.

Blessings, little ones!

Other lessons in the Saltwater School series:  Making Your Own Tarot Workbook

Astrological Key Terms

it’s hard to learn more about astrology if you don’t know the basic astrological vocabulary, so here is a list of astrological key terms and definitions. If I am forgetting any important terms, let me know so I can add them! I didn’t add the zodiac signs, for the sake of brevity, but if you’re interested in learning more about the zodiac signs, check here.

  • Air:  The third of the four elements of the zodiac. The air signs are Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius. Air signs are defined by their intellect, social character, and idealism.
  • Anaretic degree: The 29th degree of any zodiac sign. If a placement is in this degree, that part of the person’s essence may be awkward or uncomfortable.
  • Angular houses: The 1st, 4th, 7th, and 10th houses, all ruled by the cardinal signs. These are the most important houses, and they show us how we are in contact with the world around us and how we take action. The cusps of the angular houses are the ascendant, imum coeli, descendant, and midheaven.
  • Ascendant: Also known as a person’s rising. Often symbolized by the abbreviation “AC” or “AS.” The cusp of the 1st house. Our ascendant shows us how we express ourselves and how the world around us sees us.
  • Aspect: An aspect is a special angle formed between two planets or points on an astrological chart that show the relationship between those planets or points. The major aspects are conjunction, opposition, square, sextile, and trine.
  • Biquintile: A minor positive aspect of 144º with a possible orb of ±1º.
  • Cadent houses: The 3rd, 6th, 9th, and 12th houses, all ruled by the mutable signs. These show us how we are think and how we use our resources.
  • Cardinal: The first of the three modalities of the zodiac. The cardinal signs are Aries, Cancer, Libra, and Capricorn. Cardinal signs are defined by their leadership qualities and dynamic personality.
  • Ceres: A popular asteroid. This asteroid shows us how we nurture others and how people have nurtured us. The asteroid is also strongly linked with motherhood, fertility, and gardening.
  • Chart ruler: A chart’s ruler is the ruling planet of the ascendant. A chart’s ruler shows which planet leads the chart forward.
  • Chiron: A popular asteroidesque planetesque celestial body. Chiron is strongly connected with our health and healing. It shows us how we’ve been wounded and how we’ve healed, and it shows how we strengthen ourselves through our pain and hardship. It is also associated with wisdom.
  • Conjunction: A major neutral aspect of 0º with a possible orb of ±10º. This is considered the most important and powerful aspect. It indicates a focal point in the chart.
  • Critical degrees: Critical degrees within any sign show points of heightened sensitivity.
  • Cusp: A cusp of two signs is the area between the 29th degree of one sign and the 1st degree of the next one. You can be born within a cusp, but you cannot be a cusp sign.
  • Cusp of a house: The cusp of a house is the point where a particular house begins.
  • Decan: Each zodiac sign is separated into three equal subdivisions, called decans. Each decan emphasizes a different part of the sign’s archetype.
  • Descendant: The cusp of the 7th house. Our descendant shows us what traits we are attracted to and what gives us balance.
  • Detriment: A planet is detriment in a sign if the sign it’s in is the sign opposite the sign the planet rules. A detriment planet can feel uncomfortable or awkward in the sign.
  • Dominant: A person’s dominant sign, planet, element, or modality is the one with the strongest influence over a person’s natal chart. Sometimes, it’s the sign/planet the person relates most to.
  • Draconic chart: A person’s draconic chart shows the substance of the person’s soul and of the self beyond their body and this world.
  • Duality: One of the classifications of the zodiac signs. A sign’s duality shows where the sign directs its energy, inwards or outwards.
  • Earth: The second of the four elements of the zodiac. The earth signs are Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn. Earth signs are defined by their dependability, patience, and practicality.
  • Element: One of the classifications of the zodiac signs. The four elements simply show us basic personality traits associated with the zodiac signs’ archetypes
  • Empty house: An empty house is one with no luminaries or planets in it. Empty houses indicate a part of your life that isn’t as prominent as other parts, since each house represents and encompasses a different part of your life. 
  • Exalted: A planet is exalted in a sign if the sign’s archetype pairs well with the planet’s archetype without being in the sign it rules. An exalted planet can feel comfortable in the sign. 
  • Fall: A planet is fall in a sign if the sign it’s in is the sign opposite the sign the planet is exalted in. A fall planet can feel uncomfortable in the sign. 
  • Feminine: Also considered the introverted, passive, or yin duality. The second duality. The feminine signs are Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, and Pisces. The signs all direct their energy inwards. They tend to be more introverted and less direct.
  • Fire: The first of the four elements of the zodiac. The fire signs are Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius. Fire signs are defined by their passion, outgoing character, and courage.
  • Fixed: The second of the three modalities of the zodiac. The fixed signs are Taurus, Leo, Scorpio, and Aquarius. Fixed signs are defined by their determination and stubbornness. 
  • Generational planets: Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto are the transpersonal or generational planets. They move very slowly and affects large generations of people rather than individuals.
  • House: The positions of the houses in a natal chart are calculated using the person’s time of birth and geographical birth location. While the zodiac signs and the planets in the zodiac signs are based on the earth and the other planet’s revolution around the sun, the houses and the planets in the houses are based on the earth’s own rotation about its axis. Each house represents a different part of a human life. Read this post for more information.
  • Imum Coeli: Abbreviated as IC. The cusp of the 4th house. The lowest point of the circular chart. Our Imum Coeli gives us insight into our childhood and roots. 
  • Inconjunct: Also called a quincunx aspect. A minor negative aspect of 150º with a possible orb of ±2º.
  • Juno: The asteroid related to long term partnerships. It is associated with our soulmate, commitment, and true love. Its influence is similar to Venus’s, but the love associated with Juno is more long term, fundamental, and, often times, more subconscious.
  • Jupiter: A social planet. Jupiter in any astrological chart symbolizes expansion, largeness, generosity, and luck. The planet rules the zodiac sign Sagittarius.
  • Lilith: A person’s Lilith, which is based on the moon at the time of their birth, shows their primitive side and how they seek revenge.
  • Luminary: The sun and moon.
  • Mars: A personal planet. Mars in any astrological chart symbolizes the person’s physical attraction, raw energy, drive, and aggression. The planet rules the zodiac sign Aries.
  • Masculine: Also considered the extroverted, active, or yang duality. The first duality. The masculine signs are Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, Sagittarius, and Aquarius. The signs all direct their energy outwards. They tend to be more extroverted and more direct.
  • Mercury: A personal planet. Mercury in any astrological chart symbolizes the person’s communication style, mental processes, and superficial intelligence. The planet rules the zodiac signs Gemini and Virgo.
  • Midheaven: Also known as medium coeli and abbreviated as MC. The cusp of the 10th house. The highest point of the circular chart. Our midheaven shows us what we aspire to and what our reputation is like.
  • Midpoint: The point physically equidistant from two planets, which shows how the two planets comes together. The most popular midpoint is the Sun-Moon midpoint.
  • Modality: One of the classifications of the zodiac signs. The three modalities show us how the signs interact with the world around them. 
  • Moon: A luminary and personal planet. The moon in any astrological chart symbolizes the person’s internal stuff, including their emotions, fears, and strongest desires.
  • Mutable: The third of the three modalities of the zodiac. The mutable signs are Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius, and Pisces. Mutable signs are defined by their flexibility and adaptability. 
  • Natal chart: Your natal chart shows the positions of the planets, asteroids, and other points at the moment of your birth, relative to the zodiac signs. Each zodiac sign is designated a 30º portion of the celestial dome, and our natal chart shows where the celestial bodies are positioned in the dome. For example, I am a Gemini moon, which means that at the moment of my birth, the moon was present in the portion of the dome assigned to Gemini. Your natal chart as a whole maps out how you express yourself, perceive reality, and interface with the world around you. It does not necessarily determine your fate.
  • Neptune: A generational, trans-personal planet. Neptune in any astrological chart symbolizes deception, illusions, and psychic ability.
  • Nodes: The nodes are points in an astrological chart that shows what parts of a person’s soul or spirit were well-developed or under-developed when entering their life.
  • Opposition: A major negative aspect of 180º with a possible orb of ±8º.
  • Orb: The distance between an aspect’s exact, theoretical position and an aspected planet’s position. For example, if the moon in a chart forms a opposition aspect with the sun, but, instead of being exact 180º apart, they are 178º, the that opposition aspect has an orb of -2º.
  • Pallas Athene: Usually just called Pallas. A popularly used asteroid. Pallas shows us where are talents lie and how we figure out things like patterns. The asteroid is also associated with injustice and equality and father/daughter relationship.
  • Personal planets: The personal planets are the sun, moon, Mercury, Venus, and Mars. These planets move the fastest around the sun, which means that they pass through zodiac signs the quickest. The effects of these planets on the person’s psyche are the strongest.
  • Pluto: A generational or trans-personal planet. Pluto in any astrological chart symbolizes secrets and endings.
  • Progressed chart: Your progressed chart defines you at any given day or year and how you’ve evolved throughout your life unlike your natal chart which encompasses your entire life as a whole. The younger you are, the more similar your progressed chart is to your natal chart. Generally (depending also on how late in a placement you were born), as a teenager, your moon sign is the only sign that dramatically progresses.  
  • Quintile: A minor aspect of 72º with a possible orb of ±1º.
  • Ruling planet: A planet rules a certain sign if the planet’s archetype matches the sign’s archetype well.
  • Saturn: A social planet. Saturn in any astrological chart symbolizes a person’s limitation, work ethic, or reaction to authority.
  • Semi-sextile: A minor aspect of 30º with a possible orb of ±2º.
  • Sesquisquare: A minor aspect of 135º with a possible orb of ±2º.
  • Sextile: A major positive aspect of 60º with a possible orb of ±6º.
  • Sister signs: The opposite sets of signs. These signs are both or either repelled by or attracted to each other.
  • Social planets: Jupiter and Saturn are the social planets. They represent the two possible reactions of a person to the people around them and to society, in general.
  • Solar arc: A solar arc is the distance between a person’s natal sun and a person’s progressed sun on a certain day. This distance can be added to all placements in a person’s natal chart to create a solar arc directions chart, which is used in predictive astrology.
  • Solar return chart: A solar return chart is used in annual predictive astrology and is based on the moment during a year where the sun returns to the sign and degree it was in at a person’s birthday.
  • Square: A major negative aspect of 90º with a possible orb of ±7.5º.
  • Stellium: A stellium exists when 3 or 4 planets are positioned in one house or sign. The exact definition of a stellium is debated by astrologers.
  • Succedent houses: The 2nd, 5th, 8th, and 11th houses, all ruled by the fixed signs. These show us how we administer and enjoy what we do.
  • Sun: A luminary and personal planet. The sun in any astrological chart symbolizes the person’s expression, sense of self, or ego. 
  • Synastry: The study of relationships and compatibility using astrology and inter-chart aspects
  • Trine: A major positive aspect of 120º with a possible orb of ±8.3º.
  • Uranus: A generational, trans-personal planet. Uranus in any astrological chart symbolizes discovery, change, progression, and technology.
  • Venus: A personal planet. Venus in any astrological chart symbolizes the person’s “relationship style” and what they look for in a relationship or partner, along with style, beauty, and other classically “feminine” things.
  • Vesta: A popular asteroid. It is associated with how we direct our energy and focus. It also has connections to sexuality, but it’s not like raw Mars or primitive Lilith. It has more to do with focused and pure sexuality along with virginity.
  • Water: The last of the four elements of the zodiac. The water signs are Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces. Water signs are defined by their intuition, sensitivity, and emotion.
Magickal Circles


Circles are powerful magickal constructs that can help power you’re working, and help you in your rituals, and spellcraft. These constructs can be constructed, and used in order to direct specific energies two specific places. By understanding the ins-and-outs of the magickal circles one can construct unique powerful designs that will incorporate metaphysical understandings, occult understandings, correspondences, associations, shapes, alphabets, glyphs, sigils, and words to create beautiful designs that will act as tools to help you direct energy in very specific ways. By incorporating all these things together a practitioner can allow these things to work in harmony, so that they can help manifest their will. The practitioner will need to learn how the different parts are connected to each other, and what they stand for in order to create powerful magickal circles. In this post we will be familiarizing ourselves with the different parts of the circle, and how they interact with the energies, so we can put them together in some form of a system that will help us in specific forms of magickal working.

The Main Circle(s):

The first thing we are going to talk about is the basic part of the circle which is the circle itself. Magickal circles are generally made with a main circle that goes around the center, that acts as the space in which the practitioner can move around, and interact with their working. The main circle is going to act as a doorway between the two worlds of the spiritual, and physical, and will be the place magick is performed from. This circle will represent the unity of the two worlds, and will also be the area where energy will gather, so that you can use it for your spell, or ritual. The circle is connected to the spiritual realms, and the higher planes of existences, and we’ll call energies down from the universe in order to help you, and your practice allowing you to raise a cone of power. Energy is going to pool and gather inside this main circle empowering you and the rest of the circle. The circle will also bring in feminine, and yin energies into your working, and will protect you from outside forces you do not wish to interact with while you are doing your practice. You can have more than one main in your design these will act as different levels in the overarching paradigm of your design.

Smaller Circles:

Other circles can be incorporated into your design, these will be treated like smaller versions of the main circle, and will be places for energy to pool, and to form their own cones of power. Inside the circles will be good places to put sigils, glyphs, names, and/or symbols, so that energy taken into the circles will be able to empower the symbol within. This will result in the energy inside the circle taking on the intent of the sigils, glyphs, names, and/or symbols allowing you to use that to affect your practice. If you have other practitioners helping you out in your practice, this could also be a spot for them to reside in to help you with your working instead of using some form of a sigil, glyph, name, and/or symbol. These circles will also provide protection for whatever resides within that circle just like the main ones do, and will also bring feminine, and yin energy into your circle.


The center is the middle point of your circle. This is a very important point, because it controls, and affects everything else in the circle. This is where the main intention, or the controller of the magical circle is placed. You are usually the controller of the circle, or you can put a sigil, glyph, name, and/or symbol in this place. Whatever is in the middle of the circle will act like the generator in a crystal grid, and will act as a conduit to the rest of the energy in the circle, so that it’s will can be acted out. The center will act in this way in middle of every single shape, so it is important to be aware of this. By understanding how to get the most out of the controlling center points of the shapes that exist within your design will greatly help you understand the energy flow through out your circle, and how it will empower your desire.


Squares can also be incorporated into your design to help empower your practice. They will bring forth the energies of the elements, and directions along with the masculine, and yang energy that the square embodies. The square is also connected to the physical world, and when the square is brought together with the circle the square supports, and fortifies it empowering the circle, and creates perfect balance with its female, and yin energy. This will create a good balance in your circle, and will allow your circle to represent duality. You could also put a sigil, glyph, name, and/or symbol inside the square.  that would give whatever is inside stable, balanced, and grounded energies that it can use to fortify and support itself, so it can do its job more effectively, and use the energy of the four elements, and four cardinal directions to help it in it’s working.


The cross just like the square is also connected to the four elements, but is instead connected to the five directions (the five directions include center as the 5th direction). The cross is also connected to choice, hope, balance, masculinity, physicality, sun, life and yang energy. The cross in magickal circles will direct energy to the center, and will compartmentalize other energies into the four slots that it creates. The cross can be a tricky thing to incorporate into some circles, but when used right it can be very effective.


The energies of the triangle can be brought into your design of your magical circle. These triangles will stand for, and will be greatly connected to creation, and manifestation. Triangles are used primarily in circles to create, manifest, or call a specific energy into the circle, so that you can work with it. The triangle is also connected to the balance between the trinities, and will bring balance of those energies in to your magickal circle. Triangles have both masculine, and feminine energies , and yin, and yang energies depending upon which way they are facing. An upright triangle is a triangle that manifests things to you, while the inverted triangle is one that manifests your desires upon the external world. The upright triangle is the one who embodies the feminine, and yin energies, while the inverted triangle is the one who embodies the masculine, and yang energies. Upright, and inverted will be decided upon the triangles relativity to the center of the circle. These are also used as the places to summon entities through invocation, and evocation. The traditional version of a evocation triangle is call the triangle of art. Triangle of arts are upright because it is used to manifest entities to you. When the triangle is used for evocation it is put outside the circle in order to give the practitioner some protection, and space in between them, and the entity. These triangles usually have names of powerful spirits or deities around them to act as a form of binding, so that the practitioner can control, and worked with the entity safely. These triangles also usually have circles inside them to allow the entity to have its own space that will be in between  the physical, and the spiritual worlds, and will also allow them to build up more energy to help you in you’re working. Depending upon where your triangles are placed will communicate, if yours magick circle is a evocative circle, or invocative Circle. Triangles can be very useful when trying to manifest constructs, and will be very important tools to incorporate into your magical circles.

Lines, And Curved Lines:

Lines, and curves are used to combine two points, so that their energies can directly interact with each other. Lines represent the masculinity and yang energy, while curved lines represent feminine, and yin energy. Lines, and curved lines also stand for the energy of balance, and duality. When two constructs are connected with a line, or curve the two points, become the two extremes on a polarity spectrum with a line in the middle representing the space in between those two energies. These lines, and curved lines will also be used to move energy through out your circle. This is done, because energy will take these lines as paths to follow, and a physical mark of your intention, so the energy will enjoy moving on these lines like the water in a river. These lines, and curved lines will take on the energy around them, or that interacts with them, so by writing symbols, names, and/or glyphs under, above, and/or near will Infuse those lines with that type of energy, given that line its properties, associations, and magical correspondences allowing it to flow throughout the circle. It is important to remember that these lines, and curved lines make up all shapes that will be used in the magickal circle. This will truly apply to any place within the circle and must be kept in mind, so you can use it effectively to empower your working.

Pentagram, and Pentacle / Inverted Pentagram, And Inverted Pentacle:

The pentagram, and pentacle along with the inverted version of both of these can be brought into the design of your circle to bring in energies of power, protection, connection to the five western elements, and connection to the wu-xing (the five phases). These will greatly empower your circles by allowing the energies they produced to run throughout it in order to charge, and power your working. Depending upon what you are doing with your circle will determine whether you will want to include upright pentagrams, or inverted pentagrams, or you might even try to include both of them. Whether it is a inverted, and upright pentagram, or pentacle will depend on its relativity to the center of the circle. Using the upright pentagram would bring the energies of the external, feminine, yin, and spiritual world to help you in you’re working, while using the inverted pentagram would bring the energies of the internal, masculine, yang, and  physical world to help you in you’re working. The Inverted pentagram is a lot more connected to the self, where the upright pentagram were connected to the collective, both are very wonderful symbols and can help you out on in creating your own magick circle. Simply by adding a circle around the pentagram, it will become the pentacle. inverted, or upright the circle of the pentacle will add energies of unity, and protection to the already existing power of the pentagram, but it is up to you to decide when to use which.


Another wonderful shape that you can bring into your magickal circle creation would be the hexagram. The hexagram is made when an upright triangle, and an inverted triangle meet to form the shape, because of this the hexagon shares correspondences with both triangles, and is also made out of masculine, and feminine energies, and yin, and yang energies. The hexagram also corresponds to the four elements and the Trinity because of the triangles that is made out of. The hexagram is also connected to the planetary energies, and  is also connected to the western four elements. Due to the fact the hexagram is made of the connection of the two triangles it is connected to both external, and internal manifestation, which makes it a good tool to have in magick circles that are related to invocation, and evocation.

Sigils, Glyphs, Names, And Symbols

Sigils, glyphs, names, and symbols are going to be powerful tools that will help you in the creation of your own magickal circle. All of these constructs have energies that are going to be used in order to empower, and guide you’re working towards your desire. Every one of these sigils, glyphs, names, and symbols is going to have its own correspondences, energies, and associations that will add different effects based on which one you choose, and how you choose to implemented into your circle. These can be taken from anywhere, or even created. This will not only personalize your circle, but will also provide energies that will be helpful with specific rituals, and practices. you can also choose to incorporate names of specific entities in order to invoke them to your ritual to help you accomplish your desires through the use of the circle.  All you would need to do is to write an entity’s name in, around, or near a specific aspect, or shape to connect their energies to that construct, so that their energies can help out your circle to manifest your desires. Their energy will usually show up to help you out, if they are willing to help you in your endeavors. Any surface that is blank in your magickal circle can be filled with some form of sigils, glyphs, names, and symbols to empower that specific part of the circle to represent a specific energy. By learning how these energies interact with each other, and work together to form one common goal the practitioner can craft a very effective circle in order to help them out with specific intents. Any shape that surrounds, or is near these sigils, glyphs, names, and symbols will be influenced by their energy.


Learning all of these elements of the circle will allow you to bring all these aspects together in perfect harmony to create a magical circle, that will be good for the workings that you want to do. It is a very creative, and magickal process that will push the extent of your metaphysical, and occult knowledge. But, through the creation of a magickal circle you will greatly be able to empower you working, and to better your magical effectiveness.

examples of concept:

The four directions and four elements: ginkgo and mugwort for earth in the north, the huntress’ bow and arrow for the airy east, a tamed fire in the south, and a droplet of water in the west. By Pony Reinhardt in Portland, OR.  For more, follow on IG: freeorgy 

Dissecting the Magic/Sacred circle

In many forms of witchcraft and throughout a majority of the mystery religions Sacred and Magic circles are an integral part of the meditation, rituals and general spiritual and energy workings involved in them. What makes them so sacred? What makes them so magical? It is because simply put, they can represent almost everything to do with our world and our lives. 

Why is that and what do the circle and its parts all represent? To answer these questions the easiest and simplest answer can be found in nature. 

It is common knowledge that we, as humans, tend to view things like life and time in a linear fashion (yet we represent our linear time with a circular, infinite shape *clock* but… that’s philosophy and I digress!) We see life as a line, beginning at birth and ending at death. And anything that happens thereafter is simply a continuation of that line on into infinity. 

In more religions around the world, however, a circle is a better representation of life and the world in general. Some view life as infinite, spiraling on and on through different cycles (reincarnation is one of these points of view but there are many others.) 

How does the circle relate to nature?

  • Age/ Stages of life
  • Day
  • Year/ Seasons
  • Elements


It’s rather simple to correlate the aging of a person to the circle, as Pythagoras used a circle to split the aging of people into four equal quarters of twenty years. In “Magic Mirror” Cornelius Agrippa also broke the life cycle into four quarters, though he set each quarter at twenty one years. 

Now given circles with numbers representing ages on them, we can exchange those numbers for stages of life rather simply.

In non-linear thinking, the circle begins and ends at Birth (the top of the circle.) Instead of ending at death, like a line would in linear thinking. Instead, the top of the circle is not only represented but birth and death, but also by rebirth. This is the key to linear thinking. As the physical life ends, our spirit, our soul, the divine within us carries on and is (in some spheres of belief) thrown back into the physical world in some way or another. 

We go around the circle clockwise (the same way we tell time on a clock) and move from birth/ rebirth into youth and infancy, into childhood and development. Where we begin our journey of learning. 

At the bottom of the circle is middle age, where we begin the culminating of our lives and planting the seeds of future generations. This is the point in our lives when we (by most standards) reach the point of parenthood, and true adulthood. Being in the depth of our careers and some say the ‘prime’ of our lives. (Though I’m rather sure we all view the prime of our life at different stages, depending on our own experiences.)

On the left side of the circle is where we become elderly and begin looking toward the horizon of our lives. We’ve grown wise and wrinkled and pass on knowledge and look back over our lives and all things we have done and on toward the next stage.


With the circle now connected to the life cycle of a person, let us turn to the cycles of the Earth, and let us start with a single day compared to the circle. Imagine the Sun at the center of the circle and the circle is the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. In doing so, the circle will now look like this. To make things easier, we now will use Cardinal Directions to help in the continuity of the circles. 

As we compare the circle to our lives, so we have to keep the correlation the same when we compare the circle to a single day. The North, where death, rebirth and birth are at now becomes midnight, the turning point in every night where the Sun begins its return to the horizon. 

Following the movement of the sun, we come into Dawn in the East, where our youth and childhood is. When compared to the single day, this is where the day is still new, it is the morning, the rise of the sun into the sky. As we grow around the circle, so too does the day grow around the circle.

And so we move into Noon, the middle of the day, in the South. As our lives are in their prime, at their peak, the day is also at its peak here.

From there we move into Dusk, as in our lives when age catches up to us and the light in us begins to fade, so too in this circle does the Sun begin to set. 

The circle continues into the depth of midnight and is reborn after midnight as the Sun begins to appear again the following day. Endless, continuous, infinite.

Year/ Seasons

From comparing the circle of a day to the circle of our own lives, it is easy to see how the comparisons will continue and how essential the sacred and magic circle is to almost everything to do with our lives. Now we will look at the circle in comparison to the seasons. 

In continuing the same themes, as the Sacred circle does, we can compare the North to death/rebirth/birth, Midnight, and also to Winter. They all share the same theme. Winter is the dark part of the year, and so like our lives, we begin in darkness and emerge into growing light. Winter is a time of death leading into Spring, the time of birth and rebirth for the for the world. 

Spring, (East) in full bloom, is the youth of the year. Everything is new and pretty, we are growing and learning. This is where our lives grow and where the day grows with the rising sun into Dawn.

To the South is Summer, which is the prime of the year, the brightness of Noon and the prime of our lives. We find hear the great joys of life, 

And so like our lives age, Summer turns to Fall in the West and we can see the world changing. Leaves begin to fade from green to brown and red, trees begin to ‘die’ and the world grows slowly colder and darker. As in our lives, the signs of an aging year and the seasons begin to become apparent. 

Again into the North and Winter where the world dies and slumbers waiting to be reborn once again. So the circle is once again, the center of the year and of the seasons. 


In many religions and in witchcraft the four directions are typically related to the four elements with Spirit at the center. In comparing this schism to the aforementioned day and year circles, we can clearly see the relationship they have. A circle representing the Earth’s path around the Sun and given the cardinal directions can overlay one where those same cardinal directions are given to the four elements.

With the Sun at the center, representing Spirit (as the Sun so often does in many religions around the world) we can then find the four elements around that circle. 

The four cardinal directions are most often associated with the four elements in this fashion





Understanding the Center

In the center of the circle is the Sun, Spirit, our essential self. If the circle represents us, then the center represents the divine within us. In comparing the circle to ourselves, to a single day, to the world, and to the elements, we can find connection between all these things. And this, this continuous and ever flowing circle that represents all things, we find the Sacredness and the Magic of the circle. 

When creating a magic circle or sacred circle, the space within represents the unity of all things and can be represented by you, by a candle, by an altar or any other thing that you feel holds that symbolism. We often thank the elements, acknowledge them and their associations in ritual and or rites. 

In most mystery religions we use sacred circles as opposed to temples or churches because, let’s face it, we don’t have them and often don’t even need them. It’s stereotypical and often misunderstood and misinterpreted, but nature, the world around us, truly is our church. 


If anyone has any info they’d like to add to this post, send links to me, or reblog and add the info :) 



Laurel’s Circle Casting 101

In this post I will discuss my own personal way of casting a circle. Please note that there are many ways to cast a circle, and many reasons for doing so. My way is not the only way. Do what is comfortable for you.

For more information about Sacred Space and Circle Casting, please see this post.

Originally posted by yumekaze

What is a “Circle”?

To me, a circle is a protective “bubble” that you cast around your magickal working area. I typically only cast circles when I am performing a ritual, and not necessarily for spell work.

Why do I cast Circles?

I normally cast circles for ritual because I see it as a formal act. Rituals are sacred and formal acts of magick for me, and so I cast a circle to keep with that theme. Very rarely will I cast a circle for spell work unless I find that I need the circle to harness energy or to keep stray energies or spirits from interfering with my spell.

What is Sacred Space?

Sacred Space is what I normally operate in, instead of a circle. Sacred space serves the same basic principle as a circle: to serve as a protective space for magickal purposes. However, a sacred space is constant. I do not have to “cast” a protective space every time I perform a ritual or spell. I choose my area that will serve as my sacred space, and when I need some “spiritual” or “witchy” time, I go to my sacred space.

How do I cast Circles?

My way of casting a circle is more or less, very simple. There are three basic steps I take to create my circle:

- Draw the Circle
- Invite the Elements
- Invite Deity

Keep reading

Occult Media, Appropriation, and Content Validity

Signposts of questionable content, or How to Use Discernment to Interpret Metaphysical Books for Appropriation and Biases

[LONG POST] As requested by @zeddembi, and as sourced by me literally going through witchcraft, energy magic, and divination books and pulling examples as they show up. These notes are NOT conclusive evidence. They just indicate that you might want to be wary of the content’s validity.

  • Relies on Wicca as the primary system of interpretation. Although Wicca can be good when altered from its original state, it has a history of appropriation and restrictive thinking. Following notes labeled with [W] are issues often found in Wicca.
  • Enforces the gender binary of male/female to the exclusion of any other genders or gender roles. Other signposts for this issue include referring to biological sex or the “energy” of genitalia (i.e. phallic or yonic energy), which often reinforces gender stereotypes as well as implying that Western, US-centric ideas of gender roles are applicable to global individuals. [W]
  • High versus Low, Light versus Dark, Good versus Evil. Although not necessarily bad, these binaries are often applied in a way that can be ableist, racist, and sexist, and all in all exclusionary. Watch out for any media that implies one type of magic is inherently better than another. The magic hierarchy might not be a problem, but it’s almost guaranteed that there will be other hierarchies of power in the media that might be fueled by stereotypes and biases. [W]
  • The Law of Rebound. The Threefold Law. Karma. Etc. If a book states that your negative energy will come back to get you, especially about curses or hexes, odds are that it is based on a misinterpretation of the Wiccan Rede (Harm ye none) and/or the Western bastardization of Karma. Note: Do not separate the religious concept of Karma from its intended religious context. It’s not your convenient shame-tactic to throw at others. [W]
  • The Four [BLANK]. A personal pet peeve of mine. When a book starts to lay down the law about how a practice works by defining a limited number (usually four) of things that you must stick to or else... that’s when you need to rethink the concepts. Examples are: The Four Elements, The Four Planes, The Four Directions, etc. Keep in mind that limitations imposed by others on your practice mean that it’s no longer your practice. Define your own system. 
  • Isolating deities from their pantheons without mention of proper religious context. For example, if a book goes out of it’s way to mention Egyptian deities without saying the words Kemetic, heka, or ma’at, it’s very likely that the author has cherry-picked the deities out of context without respect for their cultural background. Be very aware of this when it comes to deities that belong/ed to primarily POC cultures. [W]
  • Mention of rituals/items from closed practices. Notably: indigenous populations (Native Peoples), voudou/hoodoo, santería, shamanism (esp. Korean shamanism), Africa and the African diaspora, and traditions from closed practices – meaning groups that require initiation to learn/participate.
  • Mention of indigenous items, such as dreamcatchers and totems. For good measure, I recommend googling indigenous items if mentioned in a book to make sure that it’s okay for you to be using said thing/ritual. It may be totally okay in some instances, but you’re better off checking first. 
  • Reiki and chakras, out of context from their original teachings. If a book suddenly switches from mediumship/psychic talk to the necessity of aligning your chakras… be aware. Reiki requires initiation and alignment to properly use, and chakras are specific to various South Asian religions and practices.
  • Rainbow color systems that adhere to a Western standard. Here’s my go-to check for this problem: If your book has a section on the energy color white, does it say it means purity and does not mention any other meanings? In Japanese culture, white signifies death. If a book on energy color correlations is inextricably tied to Western ideas of color meanings, it’s not worth listening to. The energy manipulation techniques might be valid, but I wouldn’t bother with the actual color meanings. [W]
  • Names of practices/exercises that use a deity’s name and an artifact. Although not necessarily bad, I’m always wary when I see exercises in an otherwise irreligious book labeled “Aphrodite’s Shell” or “Nefertari’s Crown”. It’s usually indicative of the isolating deities perk listed above.

The Star of David is allied with Jewish mysticism and still holds to the original representation of the star tetrahedron also known as the Merkaba.  

The upward pointing star represents the sun, fire and masculine energy.  The downward pointing star represents the moon, water and feminine energy.  As always, when the symbol is placed within a circle we see the trinity.

In the Kabbalistic tradition the hexagon symbolizes the six directions of space, the divine union of male and female and the four elements.

Non-wiccan witchcraft books

First off, before I start my list, usually when people request this, they don’t actually know what they are asking, but with further examination they actually mean: books that aren’t about: casting circles call guardians of the four directions with classical elements, the eight sabbats, harm none and rule of three ethics, god and goddess consort pairings, maiden mother crone, and/or attention to moon phases. Some of these things are not actually unique to Wicca, and some are not even really a part of or a significant part of Wicca. A few things that are uniquely Wiccan, or created for Wicca of that list: the 8 Sabbats (a blending of Celestial Observances (Solstices and Equinoxes) and Celtic Fire Festivals (November Eve-Samhain/Halloween, February 1s/2nd-Imbolc/Candlemas, May Eve/May Day-Beltane, August Eve/August 1st-Lughnassadh/Lammas). Not all lines of Initiatory Wicca use the directional elemental callings. Maiden Mother Crone was pretty much an add on, as White Goddess wasn’t put out until after Gardner really got things going. The God and Goddess pairings appear in other kinds of witchcraft–for example, Gospel of Aradia. Although Harm none and the rule of 3 are in Wicca to some extent, they come from Theosophic and other philosophical traditions and aren’t actually central to the ethic. Other witchcraft traditions have varying degrees of attention to ethics and philosophical ideas about blow-back (or lack there of)–a witchcraft having ethics does not make it Wiccan. Attention to Moon-phases and celebrating on Full Moons is in Gospel of Aradia too.

So, that being said, the combination of all those things, does dominate the popular witchcraft press and it was derived from what at least people thought Wicca was, even if it was an inaccurate potrayal.

All that said, here are some non-wiccan witchcraft books. They do not contain all the above in combination, usually only one or two of the points.

A Crones Book of Words and a Crones book of Charms by Valerie Worth

Call of the Horned Piper by Nigel Jackson

Treading the Mill by Nigel Pearson

Black Toad and Traditional Witchcraft by Gemma Gary

Traditional Witchcraft for— (anything from the series) by Mesuline Draco

Gospel of Aradia by Charles Leland

Jambalya by Luisah Teish

Teachings of an Outlaw Witch by Kali Tara (She is technically Wiccan, but really looking outside the box a lot–and we need more WOC on this list).

Faerie Mysticism by Ari Devi

Irish Witchcraft from an Irish Witch by Lora O'Brien

Evolutionary Witchcraft by T Thorn Coyle

@fyeahmyths Two Week Summer Myths Event

Day 12: Asian Pairing/Creature/Event

(I’ve taken a little liberty here and done four creatures instead of one.)

In Chinese mythology, The Four Symbols represent the four seasons, the four directions and four of the elements. The Black Turtle of the North, the Azure Dragon of the East, the Vermilion Bird of the South and the White Tiger of the West. These four animals are also culturally important in Korea, Vietnam and Japan. (Hey, another four!)


The four suits in playing cards, clubs, diamonds, hearts, and spades, collectively represent the four elements, the seasons, and cardinal directions. They represent the struggle of opposing forces for victory in life. 

I don’t think a lot of people realize this, but the Eye of Dashi is basically a God’s Eye or Ojo de Dios.  An Eye of God is a wooden cross with an intricate weaving of yarn around it, typically with a hole or small mirror at the center.  This hole represents the path to the Spiritual world, while the four points represent the four elemental directions of earth, water, fire, and air.  God’s eyes represent confidence in all-seeing Providence, as well as the power to see and understand things unknown.  The spiritual power contained in a God’s Eye is why they are typically created as a part of extended meditation or prayer.  A tradition among the Huichol Natives in Western Mexico is to have the father of a newborn make an Ojo de Dios.  A new Ojo de Dios is added for each year of the child’s life until the child reaches the age of five.  The God’s Eyes that are added after the initial one are smaller, and attached adjacent to the four points of the larger, central God’s Eye.  This is meant to act as a symbol of protection and long life for the child.

What does this all mean for the Eye of Dashi?  Well, with Dashi being the creator of Xiaolin, he effectively is like a god in a sense.  Furthermore, he was able to see spiritual power and come to understand things unknown to the masses.  After the events of XC’s finale, wherein Moonata, the spirit of the first Xiaolin Dragon of Water, showed how she created the famous Orb of Torpedo in a solitary setting, it is likely that Dashi–the first Xiaolin Dragon, and first to create a Shen Gong Wu–created the Eye of Dashi during a long meditation.  Interestingly enough the colors of the Eye spell a rather intriguing story.  Red (the central gem that produces lightning; the spiritual gate) represents Life, brown (the majority of the structure or housing) represents soil, and black (the trim) represents death.

Typically the Huichol gather and take Peyote to have visions, and then base the design of their Ojo de Dios off of that vision.  Based on the design of the Eye, there are four out of five paths.  Potentially Dashi mastered multiple elements, or opened himself to those elements, but was unable to attain the fifth.  This is reflected in all of the Heylin affiliates who exhibit use of, or against, at most three elements.  The crescent shaped prongs mildly suggest that the Eye was meant to be part of something larger at some point, but the crescents could also just be to make the Native American influence less obvious.

Remember the center of the Eye, and how it represents the Spiritual realm?  It can also act as a path or portal to the Spirit World.  Sound like another Eye-themed Shen Gong Wu?

While the Eye of Onyx was never shown in use, Tigress warned Kimiko that when combined with the Mask of the Green Monkey it would have the power to close all dimensional portals.  It is a feasible stretch then, that on its own the Eye of Onyx can open and close dimensional portals, or simply create one at a time for the user.

soliloquy-on-ghouls  asked:

I just saw your post about the lesser banishing rituals and the steps and Im curious as of where could I read more about the procedure and the keyword youre talking about. Im on the shamanic path but this ringed a bell.

Sacred Texts and Thelemapedia both have excellent write-ups of the LBRP as well as explanations of each element of the ritual. 


Tumblr’s posting tools are acting weird, so I figured I’d just respond this way.  

There’s a good many banishing rituals that we’ve talked about here.

The most common one is the Lesser Banishing Ritual of the Pentagram, which came out of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn’s variant work with a Hebrew prayer that had become part the Christian Kabbalistic movement of the mid-1500s.  Sorta — even that’s a simplification of a complicated chain of transmission.  It calls upon God through the use of four names, four angels, four directions, and the four elements. The easiest sources to consult about the LBRP are probably Israel Regardie’s books, but others have written about them more recently as well, like Dolores Ashcroft-Nowicki, Don Michael Kraig, John Michael Greer,  and even Jason Augustus Newcomb.  

Once one has mastered the LBRP, there’s a second-step ritual called the Lesser Hexagram Ritual (LHR), which involves calling the energies of the seven visible planets [Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn] into your life.

There are also ‘greater’ versions of these two rites, which are reserved in the Golden Dawn magical system for initiates of higher rankings. Each of these ‘Greater Rites’ involve the use of the same texts and gestures that are used in the Lesser versions, but expand upon these with additional text and gestures. Thus, it’s important to learn the Lesser forms first, because those are the foundations of the more elaborate practices.

The Lesser Banishing Ritual of the Pentagram is used to clear the self and the immediate zone around you of negative and undesirable influences, and to call up the presence of the elemental forces as represented by the four angels of the directions.  The Lesser Hexagram Ritual is designed to call celestial forces down into that zone that’s been cleared, and use that space and time for ever-more-focused activities.  

Keywords.  The rituals hinge upon certain keywords.  In the LBRP, these keywords are four-letter god-names in Hebrew, the vibrated names of the Archangels of the Elements, and other formulas.  In the LHR, the keywords include other names of god, including the anagrammatic ARARITA, which is a formula attesting to the unity of God.  The Golden Dawn in the 1800s and early 1900s had a particular formula, associated with body positions and movement around the temple, based on a Greco-Egyptian expression of divine unity in three persons,  I-A-O.  The story of these powers was revealed through the initiation rites of the Golden Dawn, and the Analysis of the Keyword was intended to awaken and reawaken the awareness of these powers each time it was performed.  One of the Golden Dawn’s key principles was that “by names and images are all powers awakened and re-awakened.”

So there’s a lot to work with in the Golden Dawn tradition for someone operating in a shamanic system… but the Golden Dawn tradition is largely theurgical and thaumaturgical — connecting to God, and working wonders through that connection.


Quartz Crystal

Folk names: Crystal, Witch’s Mirror, star stone, iris (from the prismatic effect of crystal quartz), Zaztun (Mayan)

Energies: Projective, receptive

Planets: Sun, Moon

Elements: Fire, water

Deity: The Great Mother

Associated Metals: Silver, copper, gold

Associated herbs: Copal, mugwort, chicory, sage, sweetgrass

Powers: Protection, healing, psychism, power, lactation

Magical/Ritual lore: Long thought by ancients to be solidified water or ice, quartz crystal has been used in religious and shamanistic systems for thousands of years. Because of its connection with water it has been utilized to magically create rain in many parts of the Pacific, including Australia and New Guinea.

Traditionally, quartz was utilized in the Eleusinian mysteries to produce the sacred fire by concentrating the heat of the Sun to ignite wood chips. I say “traditionally” because we don’t know much about these ancient, secret rituals. 

Quartz was in common use among North American Indians in rite and spell, and ceremonial wands topped with quartz crystal has been found in southern California. Cherokee shamans, acknowledging the crystal’s power, kept it wrapped in buckskin when not in use. At regular intervals it would be “fed” deer’s blood. It is a common component of shaman’s power bags or medicine bundles. 

Contemporary Wiccans wear quartz, often combined with silver, during Full Moon rituals. Because it is also Goddess-symbolic, quartz crystal spheres are often placed on the altar during lunar rituals. It’s icy cold temperature represents the sea. 

Two quartz crystals can also be placed on Wiccan altars to represent God and Goddess, the two primal, creative powers of the universe. Some place a natural crystal to represent the God and a sphere for the Goddess. 

In shamanistic terms, the quartz crystal is the shaman, and the shaman is the crystal. There is no difference between the two. As such, it is the perfect tool of the shaman and it is utilized in rituals throughout the world. 

Mystically, quartz crystal is symbolic of the spirit and intellect of human beings.

Quartz crystals are currently enormously popular. Their use in healing, altering consciousness, and magic have linked them to the spirit of the New Age. Long neglected by most of the world, save for their industrial applications, quartz crystal are today a huge commercial business.

There are a few herbs specifically used to cleanse quartz crystal. Sage and sweetgrass, two North American healing and purifcatory herbs, are both associated with quartz crystal and, in shamanism, are herbal counterparts to the stone. Make an infusion (tea) of either or both of these herbs by adding two tbs to nearly boiling water. Let them sit for at least a day in the infusion, the dry and hold in your receptive hand. if the stone feels “cleared”, it is ready for magic. If not, return to the infusion until it has done its work.

Clear or white quartz crystal is perhaps best known to the general public for stimulating psychism. Though most crystal spheres sold today are plastic or glass, true quartz crystal spheres are also available at fantastically expensive prices. Though well worth the cost to those who can afford them, crystals need not be worked by human hands to be magically effective, nor must they be pure, or free of inclusions.

In fact, many crystal scryers ir gazers utilize the inclusions, veils, and tiny prisms within crystals to enhance themselves. And simply gazing into any crystal point can produce psychism.

In the Renaissance, most scrying stones, or crystal balls, were fashioned of beryl, not clear crystal quartz. Crystal, however, was used in magical operations. It was sometimes half covered with pure gold and set on a base of ivory or ebony wood. This was used as an instrument of contemplation to awaken the psychic mind.

In nineteenth century European magic, the crystal sphere was placed beneath the pillow to create a rapport with the scryer, enhancing its effectiveness.

A crystal sphere can be exposed to the light of the Full Moon to strengthen its powers. Before scrying, a tea of mugwort or chicory is sometimes drunk, and fresh mugwort rubbed onto the crystal.

For protective purposes this stone is worn, carried or placed in the home. In the fourteenth century, the quartz crystal was engraved with the image of a man in armor holding a bow and arrow. The stone guarded its wearer and the place where it was situated.

Quartz crystal is used as a powerful amplifier during magic. It is worn or placed on the altar for this purpose. Wands of crystal are also quite popular at this time.

Thirteen crystals (representing representing the lunar year) or twenty one crystals (thirteen Full Moons plus the eight ritual occasions of Wicca) can be used to physically construct the magic circle, in which Wiccan rituals and magical rites are held. Situate the crystals with the points facing inward for religious ritual, meditation, or general magic, and with the points outward for defensive or protective magic. Quartz pebbles or tumbles polished stones may also be used.

A “crystal garden” can be easily fashioned if you have several crystals. Fill a large wooden or white earthenware bowl with white sand. Then set the crystals in the sand with their points upward. There are no particular directions as how to place the crystals, so use your imagination.

You may wish to trace a pentagram (five-pointed star) on the sand using a crystal then place one at each point and one in the center. This confers magical protection.

Workers utilizing the power of the elements may use five stones, four aligned with the directions (which relate to the elements) with the fifth in the center, representing Akasha, or the fifth element. This will empower your elemental magic.

Crystals may be set in a spiral formation for use as a focal point during meditation. The spiral is symbolic of spiritual evolution and reincarnation.

The crystal garden is a place of power, an altar of stone magic, a meditative device, and a protective ward for the home.

In magic performed in salt, earth or damp sand at the beach, runes or magic images can be traced with the tip of a quartz crystal. While drawing, send energy through the crystal to the image.

(Source: Cunningham’s Encyclopedia of Crystal, Gem, and Metal Magic)

(Photo source:

The Wiccan Rede (explained)

I picked up a book a couple of months ago called the Ultimate Encyclopedia of Spells by Michael Johnstone. The title is a little over the top but so far i think it’s pretty good :) I’m not usually one to buy ‘spell books’ i much prefer information books and design my own spells from what i’ve learned but it was £2 from a second hand book shop so i thought why not.

It does have some very good information and a great explanation of the Wiccan Rede which i thought i would share with you guys :)

Bide the Wiccan Law you must, in perfect love and perfect trust.

(Keep the laws of Wicca lovingly and with perfect trust)

Live and let live, fairly take and fairly give.

(Treat both nature and people as you would like to be treated)

Cast the circle thrice about, to keep unwelcome spirits out.

(When making magic, Wiccans usually cast a circle around themselves. They do this three times because the number three stands for the three phases of the Lord and the Lady)

To bind the spell every time, Let the spell be spoke in rhyme.

(By speaking their spells in rhyme, Wiccans believe it give the conscious mind something to think about, while the unconscious mind taps into the energy of nature and the magic is done)

Soft of eye and light of touch, Speak ye little and listen much.

(Wise magic users are gentle. They listen and learn)

Doesil go by the waxing moon, Sing and dance the Witches’ Rune.

(When the moon is waxing - moving from slim crescent to plump fullness, it is time to move round the ritual circle clockwise as this draws in good things)

Widdershins go when the moon doth wane, And werewolves howl by the dream wolfsbane.

(When the moon is waning it is time to move round the circle anti-clockwise as this takes away negativity. Wolfbane’s toxicity makes it a feared plant)

When the Lady’s moon is the new, Kiss thy hand to her times two.

(Welcome the new moon - just visible in the sky after the being dark for three nights - welcome her by kissing the index and middle finger twice)

When the moon rides at her peak, then your hearts desire speak.

(When the moon is full, you can ask her for anything as she will grant the heart’s desire)

Heed the north wind’s mighty gale, Lock the door and trim the sail. When the wind comes from the south, Love will kiss thee on the mouth. When the wind blows from the east. expect the new and set the feast. When the west wind blows o'er thee, the departed spirits restless be.

(These lines refer to the elements with the four directions)

Nine woods in the cauldron go, Burn them quick and burn them slow, Elder be the Lady’s tree, Burn it not or cursed ye’ll be

(There are nine different magical woods burned in the cauldron during various rituals - apple, birch, fir, hawthorn, oak, rowan, vine and willow. Elder wood is never burned because the tree is sacred to the Lady)

When the wheel begins to turn, Let the Beltane fires burn. When the wheel hath turned to Yule, Light the log and let pan rule.

(This refers to the cycle of the year. Beltane, the spring Sabbat and Yule the winter one, sit at the opposite ends of the wheel of the year)

Heed ye flower, bush and tree, and by the Lady Blessed Be!

(Nurture and respect nature and you will be blessed)

Where the rippling waters flow, Cast a stone and truth you’ll know.

(Actions spread, like the ripples caused by a stone cast on the water, affecting and everything around)

With a fool no seasons spend, nor be counted as his friend.

(Others associate you with the company you keep. If you mix with fools, that’s how you’ll be regarded)

Merry meet and merry part, Bright the cheeks and warm the heart.

(The company of friends is the best company there is)

Mind the threefold law you should, Three times bad and three times good.

(Always remember that whatever you do, good or bad, comes back to you three times)

When misfortunes is enow, Wear the blue star on your brow

(When trouble beckons, visualize a blue pentagram on your forehead for protection)

 True in love ever be, Unless thy love is false to thee.

(Always be loyal in love, but if you are let down, move on)

Eight words the Wiccan Rede fulfill, 'And it Harm none, do what ye will’.

(Feel free to do whatever takes your fancy, as long as in doing so, no one is harmed) ”

This just one version of the Rede and one interpretation of it but i thought it was a good example of one explanation.